Geneva, Illinois

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Geneva
City
Fabyan Windmill-13.JPG
Fabyan Windmill
Official name: City of Geneva
Country United States
State Illinois
County Kane
Elevation 725 ft (221 m)
Coordinates 41°53′N 88°19′W / 41.89°N 88.31°W / 41.89; -88.31Coordinates: 41°53′N 88°19′W / 41.89°N 88.31°W / 41.89; -88.31
Area 9.99 sq mi (26 km2)
 - land 9.74 sq mi (25 km2)
 - water 0.24 sq mi (1 km2)
Population 21,707 (2011)
Founded 1835
 - Incorporated (As Village) 1867[1]
 - Incorporated (As City) 1887
Government Council-Manager
 - location 22 S 1st St
Mayor Kevin Burns
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60134
Area code 630 & 331
Location in Kane County and the state of Illinois.
Website: geneva.il.us

Geneva is an affluent city in and the county seat of Kane County, Illinois, United States.[2] It is located on the western fringe of the Chicago suburbs.

Geneva is part of a tri-city area, located between St. Charles and Batavia.[3][4] As of a July 2011 official US Census Bureau estimate, the city had a total population of 21,707.[5] The area is currently experiencing a high level of population growth as Chicago's urban sprawl spreads farther west.

Geneva is a popular tourist destination with its scenic location along the Fox River and numerous shops and restaurants. There is an extensive bike trail system in Geneva including portions of the Fox River Trail and the Illinois Prairie Path. Geneva has an active historical society, the Geneva History Center, located in downtown Geneva as well as the Fabyan Windmill, an old Dutch windmill dating back to the 1850s. In 2013 it was nominated by Bloomsberg Business Week as the best place to raise a kid in Illinois.[6]

Geography[edit]

Geneva is located at 41°53'9" North, 88°18'42" West (41.885722, -88.311771),[7] 36 miles (58 km) west of downtown Chicago.

According to the 2010 census, Geneva has a total area of 9.994 square miles (25.88 km2), of which 9.75 square miles (25.25 km2) (or 97.56%) is land and 0.244 square miles (0.63 km2) (or 2.44%) is water.[8]

History[edit]

Geneva was first settled in the 1830s on an important route from Chicago. Daniel Shaw Haight was the first settler in Geneva. Haight sold his claim in 1835 to James and Charity Herrington, who were influential in the creation of the town of Geneva.[9] A local's connections with Col. Richard Hamilton, a prominent Cook County politician, led to the naming of Geneva as county seat in 1836. The town was platted a year later and was probably named after Geneva, New York.[10] Before the name Geneva was chosen, the names LaFox, Big Spring, and Herrington's Ford were used.[11] A courthouse and jail were among the first major works. Geneva was incorporated as a village in 1867. While its site as a county seat attracted attention, the village's location on the Fox River provided the most economic opportunities. Early goods manufactured in Geneva included cheese, butter, milled grains, and packed meat. The connection of the railroad in 1853 provided increased demand for industry, and by 1900, Appleton Manufacturing, Howell Foundry, Bennet Milling Co., and Pope Glucose Co. became major employers. This resulted in major civic improvement projects such as a pumping stations and water mains in 1896. Geneva was particularly noted for its flux of Swedish immigrants, who comprised half of the population by 1900. A year later, Geneva was connected to other Fox Valley communities through the Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company.

Historical sites[edit]

Fabyan Windmill[edit]

Main article: Fabyan Windmill

The Fabyan Windmill is an authentic, working Dutch windmill dating from the 1850s located in Geneva, Kane County, Illinois, just north of Batavia, Illinois, off Illinois Route 25.[12] The five-story wooden smock mill with a stage, which stands 68 feet (21 m) tall, sits upon the onetime estate of Colonel George Fabyan, but is now part of the Kane County Forest Preserve District.

On June 4, 1979, the windmill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Dutch Mill.[13] The following year, the windmill was selected to be on a U.S. postage stamp, as part of a series of five windmills in a stamp booklet called "Windmills USA."[14][15] It originally operated as a custom grinding mill.[14]

Riverbank Laboratories[edit]

Riverbank Acoustical Laboratories is a NVLAP accredited acoustical testing agency founded by Wallace Clement Sabine in 1918. The acoustical laboratory building was funded and built by Colonel George Fabyan on his vast Riverbank Estate in Geneva, IL. In the facility's early days, It also housed a cryptology team that worked to decipher codes from the works of Sir Francis Bacon, Shakespeare, and enemy military communications.[16] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 2003.

Elizabeth Place[edit]

Main article: Elizabeth Place

Elizabeth Place, or the Henry Bond Fargo House, is a historic residence in Geneva, Illinois in the Mission Revival style. The house was owned by Henry Bond Fargo, a prominent local businessmen who brought several early industries to Geneva. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 12, 2008.

Sports[edit]

Geneva has been home to the Kane County Cougars of the Midwest League since 1991 when the Wausau Timbers relocated to Geneva from Wausau, Wisconsin.[17] The Cougars currently play at Fifth Third Bank Ballpark. In 2015 the Chicago Steel of the United States Hockey League moved from Bensenville, Illinois to Geneva.

Transportation[edit]

Geneva METRA Station

Geneva is served by Chicago Midway International Airport (MDW), Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD), and Dupage Airport (DPA). The city also benefits from highways running through the city, including State Routes 25, 31, 38 with easy access to Interstate 88.

Bus[edit]

Geneva is also serviced by the PACE bus system run by Chicago's suburbs. The following bus routes run through this city:

  • Route 529 - Randall Rd / 5th Street[18]
  • Route 801 - Elgin / Geneva[19]
  • Route 802 - Aurora / St. Charles[20]

Train[edit]

As a part of the Chicago metropolitan area, Geneva has a station on the Union Pacific/West line of the Metra commuter rail system; it provides frequent service to downtown Chicago, 36 miles (58 km) away, and extends west to Elburn.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 997
1880 1,239
1890 1,692 36.6%
1900 2,446 44.6%
1910 3,006 22.9%
1920 3,327 10.7%
1930 4,607 38.5%
1940 4,101 −11.0%
1950 5,139 25.3%
1960 7,646 48.8%
1970 9,049 18.3%
1980 9,881 9.2%
1990 12,617 27.7%
2000 19,515 54.7%
2010 21,495 10.1%
Est. 2015 21,806 [21] 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]
Kane County Courthouse
Kane County Government Center

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census there were 21,495 people, 7,865 households, and 5,927 families residing in the city.[23]

The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 0.05% African American, 0.01% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 1.20% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.90% of the population.

There were 8,278 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% are non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 33% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $93,588. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 3.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those ages 65 and older.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 19,515 people, 6,718 households, and 5,186 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,321.4 people per square mile (895.9/km²). There are 6,895 housing units at an average density of 820.2/sq mi (316.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.50% White, 1.02% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.

There were 6,718 households out of which 45.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% are non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $95,467. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under the age of 18 and 4.9% of those ages 65 and older.

Education[edit]

Geneva School District 304 includes the following schools:

Elementary education schools[edit]

  • St. Peter Catholic School
  • Harrison Street Elementary School (built in 1929)[24]
  • Williamsburg Elementary School (built in 2008)[25]
  • Heartland Elementary School (built in 2002)[26]
  • Mill Creek Elementary School (built in 1996)[27]
  • Fabyan Elementary School (built in 2008)[28] Principal: Darcy Thompson
  • Western Avenue Elementary School (built in 1964)[29] Principal: Ronald Zeman

Middle schools[edit]

  • Geneva Middle School South (built in 1994), Principal: Mr. Terrance Bleau[30]
  • Geneva Middle School North (built in 2006), Principal: Mr. Lawrence Bidlack[31]

High schools[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The following fitness/recreation centers are part of the Geneva Park District

  • Sunset Racquetball and Fitness Center
  • Stephen D. Persinger Recreation Center
  • Peck Farm Interpretive Center

Also containing over 30 parks for recreation use.[32]

Annual events[edit]

Media and entertainment[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Geneva, IL - Official Website - History of Geneva". Geneva.il.us. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  4. ^ "60134 Zip Code in Geneva, IL - Neighborhoods, Schools, Real Estate, Demographics and Relocation Tools". Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Population in the U.S. - Google Public Data Explorer". Google.com. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Bloomsberg Business Week". Bloomsberg News. December 18, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2013. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  8. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ "story of Geneva, Illinois : 2001". Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  10. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 136. 
  11. ^ "Several Towns Named After Founders and Heroes". The Daily Herald. December 28, 1999. p. 220. Retrieved August 17, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  12. ^ Location taken from National Register of Historic Places: NRIS 79000843 (June 4, 1979).
  13. ^ Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  14. ^ a b "Fabyan Windmill". Forest Preserve District of Kane County. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Fabyan Windmill" (PDF). Kane County Forest Preserve District. Retrieved March 3, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Riverbank History from Geneva Historical Society". 
  17. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/register/team.cgi
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Route 801 - Elgin-Geneva". Pace Bus. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  20. ^ "Route 802 - Aurora-Geneva via Lake". Pace Bus. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  21. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  23. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  24. ^ "Harrison Street Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Williamsburg Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Heartland Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Mill Creek Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Fabyan Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Western Avenue Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Geneva Middle School South". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Geneva Middle School South Website". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Geneva Park District | Parks and Facilities Map". Genevaparks.org. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  33. ^ http://www.steveanderssonforstaterep.com/about.html
  34. ^ "Sid Bennett NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. December 30, 1971. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  35. ^ "The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Been There, Seen That: George Fabyan, Eccentric". Dees2.blogspot.com. June 19, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  37. ^ "EX-SENATOR FAIR IS DEAD; His Fatal Illness of But Very Brief Duration. AN ESTATE OF FORTY MILLIONS One of the Earliest Victims of the Gold Fever, He Turned His Attention to Silver and Made a Fortune.", The New York Times (New York, New York), December 30, 1894, He came to this country with his parents in 1843, and lived for a time at Geneva, Ill., where he obtained a rudimentary education... 
  38. ^ "Stu Linder : Biography". IMDb.com. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Michael J. Nelson : Biography". IMDb.com. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  40. ^ "John Scherer". Johnwscherer.com. June 20, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Kane County Chronicle | Archive". Nl.newsbank.com. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Dale Shewalter obituary". Arizona Daily Sun. January 14, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Joan Taylor - 20 Million Miles of Memories". Riflemanconnors.com. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  44. ^ "Joan Taylor - The Private Life and Times of Joan Taylor. Joan Taylor Pictures". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Answers - The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions". Answers.com. Retrieved March 22, 2016. 
  46. ^ "Full Biography". Retrieved March 22, 2016. 

External links[edit]