List of symbols of Indian states and territories

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This is a list of the symbols of the States and union territories of India. Each State and Union territory has a unique set of official symbols.

States[edit]

Andhra Pradesh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Bannerghatta blackbuck 01.jpg
State bird Rose ring parakeet (Psittacula krameri)[1] Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri male by Dr. Raju Kasambe DSCN8937 (3).jpg
State flower Jasmine (Nymphaeaceae)[2] Jasminum officinale.JPG
State tree Neem (Azadirachta indica)[3] Neem tree leaves.JPG
State fish Murrel(Channa striata)[2]
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image
State song Maa Telugu Talliki (To our Mother Telugu)

Arunachal Pradesh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Mithun (Bos frontalis)[4][5][6] B4 darjeling para-5 (cropped).jpg
State bird Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)[4][5][6] Great-Hornbill.jpg
State flower Foxtail orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa)[4][5][6] Rhynchostylis retusa, West Java.jpg
State tree Hollong ( Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)[7][8] Bhutan pine foliage.JPG
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Assam[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State Animal Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)[9][10] Rhinoceros unicornis, Kaziranga (2006).jpg
State Bird White-winged duck (Asarcornis scutulata)[9][10] White-winged.wood.duck.arp.jpg
State Flower Foxtail orchid (Rhynchostylis retusa)[7][9][10] Rhynchostylis retusa, West Java.jpg
State Tree Hollong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)[7][9][10][11]
State Anthem

O Mur Apunar Desh

State Seal Seal of Assam.png

Bihar[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Gaur (Mithun)[12] Indian Bison (Gaur) 1 by N. A. Naseer.jpg
State bird House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)[13] House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)- Female in Kolkata I IMG 3787 (cropped).jpg
State flower Kachnar (Phanera variegata)[14] Bauhinia variegata flower.jpg
State tree peeps tree (Phanera variegata)[15] Bauhinia variegata, Parque de la Alegría, Málaga (03).jpg
State seal Seal of Bihar Seal of Bihar.svg

Chhattisgarh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)[16][17] BUFFALO159.JPG
State bird Hill myna (Gracula religiosa)[16][17] Beo-2.jpg
State flower Rhynchostylis gigantea [18] Rhynchostylis gigantea.jpg
State tree Sal (Shorea robusta)[16][17] Shorea robusta - Simurali 2011-10-05 050368.JPG
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Goa[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Gaur (Bos gaurus)[19][20] Indian Bison (Gaur) 1 by N. A. Naseer.jpg
State bird Ruby Throated Yellow Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis)[19][20][21] Pycnonotus xantholaemus.jpg
State fish Grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)[22][23]
State tree Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera[24])[19][20] Cocos nucifera.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Gujarat[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)[25][26] Adult Asiatic Lion.jpg
State bird Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)[27] Greater flamingo galapagos.JPG
State flower Marigold (Tagetes)[28] African Marigold.jpg
State tree Disputed
Various official websites disagree on state tree.[29][26][30][31]
State seal Ashoka lot Government Of Gujarat Seal In Gujarati.png
State song Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat

Haryana[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Blackbuck (kala hiran) (Antilope cervicapra)[32][33] Antilope cervicapra from velavadar.JPG
State bird Black francolin (Francolinus francolinus)[32][33] Black Francolin.jpg
State flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)[32][33] Sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera.jpg
State tree Peepal (Ficus religiosa)[32][33] Ficus religiosa Bo.jpg
State seal Link to image

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Snow leopard (Uncia uncia)[34][35] Uncia uncia.jpg
State bird Western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)[34][35] WesternTragopan.jpg
State flower Pink Rhododendron[34][35] Rhododendron campanulatum AJTJ.jpg
State tree Deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara)[34][35] Cedrus deodara Manali 2.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Jammu and Kashmir[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Hangul (Cervus elaphus hanglu)[36][37] Cervus cashmeerianus Smit.jpg
State bird Black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis)[36] Stavenn Grus nigricollis 00.jpg
State flower Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) Lotus flower (978659).jpg
State tree Chinar tree (Platanus orientalis)[36] Platanus orientalis tree.JPG
State flag Flag of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu-Kashmir-flag.svg De jure state flag
State seal Seal of Jammu and Kashmir color.png

Jharkhand[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)[38][39] Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg
State bird Asian koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)[38][39] Eudynamys scolopacea - 20080801.jpg
State flower Palash (Butea monosperma)[38][39] STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
State tree Sal (Shorea robusta)[38][39] Shorea robusta in Chhattisgarh.jpg
State seal Link to image

Karnataka[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Asian elephant[40][41] (Elephas maximus) Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg
State bird Indian roller[40][41] (Coracias indica) IndianRoller1.jpg
State flower Lotus[40][41] (Nelumbo nucifera) Sacred lotus Nelumbo nucifera.jpg
State tree Sandalwood[40][41] (Santalum album) Sandal leaf.jpg
State flag Karnataka flag Karnataka Flag.svg Adopted unilaterally by state government in 2018
State seal Coat of arms of Karnataka Seal of Karnataka.svg
Song 'Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate'[42] (Victory to you Mother India)

state butterfly : Southern Birdwing

Kerala[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)[43][44] Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg
State bird Great hornbill (Buceros bicornis)[43][44] Great-Hornbill.jpg
State fish Green chromide (Etroplus suratensis)[45] Etroplus suratensis Day 89.jpg Green chromide was designated state fish by Government of Kerala in 2010.
State flower Kanikonna (Cassia fistula)[43][44] Konnamaram.JPG
State tree Coconut tree (Cocos nucifera)[43][44] Coconut green.JPG
State Fruit Jackfruit Jackfruit hanging.JPG Jackfruit was Declared as Official State Fruit of Kerala on 21 March 2018.[46]
State seal Seal of Kerala Emblem of Kerala state Vector.svg The emblem portrays two elephants guarding the state and national insignias.
The state insignia is the conch-shell of Lord Sri Padmanabha and the national insignia is the famous Lion Capital.[47]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Barasingha[48][49] (Rucervus duvaucelii) The barasingha.jpg
State bird Indian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)[50] Terpsiphone paradisi -near Amaya Lake, Dambulla, Sri Lanka-8.jpg
State tree Banyan tree [51] Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden - Howrah 2011-01-08 9797.JPG
State fish Mahasheer (Tor tor)[50] Tor tor Bhavani.jpg
State Flower Madonna lily (Lilium candidum)[52] Lilium-candidum-001-Zachi-Evenor.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Maharashtra[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Indian giant squirrel[53] (Ratufa indica) Ratufa indica (Bhadra, 2006).jpg
State bird Yellow-footed green pigeon[53] (Treron phoenicoptera) Yellow-footed Green-Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus) male-8.jpg
State flower Pride of India (Lagerstroemia speciosa)[54] Jarul.jpg
State tree Mango (Mangifera indica)[55] Mango blossoms.jpg
State butterfly Blue Mormon (Papilio polymnestor)[56] Papilio polymnestor by Kadavoor.jpg
State seal Seal of Maharashtra.png

Manipur[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii)[57][58] Cervus eldii4.jpg
State bird Nongyeen (Syrmaticus humiae)[59] Syrmaticus humiae.jpg
State flower Siroi lily (Lilium mackliniae)[57][58] Lilium mackliniae.jpg
State tree Uningthou (Phoebe hainesiana)[60]
State seal Link to image

Meghalaya[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)[61] Clouded leopard.jpg
State bird Hill myna (Gracula religiosa)[62][63] Gracula religiosa robusta-01.JPG
State flower Lady's Slipper Orchid (Paphiopedilum insigne)[18] Paphiopedilum insigne Orchi 01.jpg
State tree Gamhar (Gmelina arborea)[64] Gmelina arborea 2.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Meghalaya.svg

Mizoram[edit]

Title Symbol[65][66] Image Notes
State animal Himalayan serow (Capricornis thar) Himalayan Serow Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary East Sikkim Sikkim India 13.02.2016.jpg
State bird Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) Syrmaticus humiae.jpg
State flower Red Vanda (Renanthera imschootiana)[18] Renanthera imschootiana 01.jpg
State tree Indian rose chestnut (Mesua ferrea) MesuaFerrea IronWood.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Mizoram.svg

Nagaland[edit]

Title Symbol[67][68] Image Notes
State animal Mithun Mithun.jpg
State bird Blyth's tragopan (Tragopan blythii) Tragopan blythii01.jpg
State flower Tree rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)[18][25] Manaslu-Circuit Rhododendron.jpg
State tree Alder (Alnus nepalensis)[25][29] Alnus nepalensis.JPG
State seal Link to image

Odisha[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor)[69][70] Sambhar Deer by N A Nazeer.jpg
State bird Indian roller[71] (Coracias benghalensis)[69][70] Indian Roller Bandhavgarh.jpg
State flower Asoka (Saraca asoca)[69][70] Sita-Ashok (Saraca asoca) flowers in Kolkata W IMG 4146.jpg
State tree Indian fig tree (Ficus racemosa)[69][70] Ficus racemosa foliage.jpg
State reptile Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) Saltwater crocodile.jpg
State seal Seal depicts the Konark Sun Temple Horse Seal of Odisha.png
Song Bande Utkala Janani

Punjab[edit]

Title Symbol[72][73] Image Notes
State animal Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) Antilope cervicapra from velavadar.JPG
State bird Baaz (Accipiter gentilis) Northern Goshawk ad M2.jpg
State flower Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus) Acidanthera.jpg[18]
State tree Sheesham (Dalbergia sissoo) Dalbergia sissoo.jpg
State seal Asokaswave bull and sword of wheat Emblem-Punjab-Protocol-Manual-page98-appendix12.svg

Rajasthan[edit]

Title Symbol[74][75] Image Notes
State animal Chinkara (Gazella bennettii) Chinkara.jpg
State mammal Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) Camelus dromedarius 1.JPG
State bird Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) Sonchiriya.jpg
State flower Rohida (Tecomella undulata) Rohida (Tecomella Undulata).jpg
State tree Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) Khejari (Prosopis cineraria).JPG
State seal
State plant cactus (cactaceae)

Sikkim[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)[76][77] RedPandaFullBody.JPG
State bird Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)[76][77] Blood Pheasant.jpg
State flower Noble dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile)[76][77] Dendrobium nobile - flower view 01.jpg
State tree Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum)[76][77] Rhododendron niveum AJT Johnsingh P1020212.JPG
State flag Flag of Sikkim Flag of Sikkim (1967-1975).svg De jure to 1975 then unofficial
State seal Seal of Sikkim Seal of Sikkim color.png

Tamil Nadu[edit]

Title Symbols[78][79] Image Notes
State animal Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Niltahr.jpg
State bird Emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) Emerald dove444.jpg
State flower Gloriosa lily (Gloriosa superba) Gloriosa Superba.jpg
State Fruit Jackfruit ("Artocarpus heterophyllus") Jackfruit hanging.JPG
State tree Palm tree (Borassus flabellifer) Palm Tamil Nadu.jpg
State seal Seal of Tamil Nadu TamilNadu Logo.svg
State Song Tamil Thai Valthu

Telangana[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal (Spotted deer) Jinka (Axis axis)[80] Chital or Spotted Deer.JPG
State bird (Indian roller) Paala Pitta (Coracias indica)[80] IndianRoller1.jpg
State fish Korameenu (Channa striatus)[81]
State flower Tangidi Puvvu (Senna auriculata)[80] A Cassia auriculata shrub.jpg
State tree Jammi Chettu (Prosopis cineraria)[80] Khejri.jpg
State fruit (Mango) Maamidi Pandu (Mangifera indica)[citation needed] Mangifera indica (Manguier 4).jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image
State song "Jaya Jaya He Telangana"

Tripura[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei)[82][83][84] Phayre's Langur, Trachypithecus phayrei in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (21134240148).jpg
State bird Green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea)[82][83][84] DuculaAenea.JPG
State flower Indian rose chestnut (Mesua ferrea)[82][83][84] Flowers of Mesua ferrea Kaziranga TR AJTJ P1010329.JPG
State tree Agarwood[82][83][84] Gardenology.org-IMG 8103 qsbg11mar.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Tripura.svg

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)[85][86] The barasingha.jpg
State bird Sarus crane (Grus antigone)[85][86] Grus antigone Luc viatour.jpg
State flower Palash (Butea monosperma)[85][86] STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
State tree Ashoka (Saraca asoca)[85][86] Sita-Ashok (Saraca asoca) flowers in Kolkata W IMG 4146.jpg
State seal ROHU and BOW Seal of Uttar Pradesh.png

Uttarakhand[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster)[87][88] Moschustier.jpg
State bird Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus)[87][88] Himalayan Monal Adult Male East Sikkim Sikkim India 11.05.2014.png
State flower Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata)[87][88] Brahma kamal.jpg
State tree Burans (Rhododendron arboreum)[87][88] Rhododendron arboreum 2009.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

West Bengal[edit]

Title Symbols Image Notes
State animal Fishing cat[89][90] (Prionailurus viverrinus)[91] Fishing Cat Pessac zoo.jpg
State bird White-throated kingfisher[89][90] (Halcyon smyrnensis) White-throated kingfisher BNC.jpg
State flower Night-flowering jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis)[91] Flower & flower buds I IMG 2257.jpg
State tree Chatim tree (Alstonia scholaris)[91][92] Alstonia scholaris.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Link to image

Union Territories[edit]

Andaman and Nicobar Islands[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Dugong or sea cow[93][94] Manatee.jpg
State bird Andaman wood pigeon (Columba palumboides)[93][94] ColumbaPalumboides.jpg
State flower Andaman Pyinma (Lagerstroemia hypoleuca)[18] Phalaenopsis speciosa 1.jpg

Proposed

State tree Andaman padauk (Pterocarpus dalbergioides)[93][94] Andaman padauk 02.JPG
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.svg

Chandigarh[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Indian grey mongoose[95][96] (Herpestes edwardsii) Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg
State bird Indian grey hornbill[95][96] (Ocyceros birostris) Indian Grey Hornbill I IMG 4051.jpg
State flower Dhak flower[95][96] (Butea monosperma) STS 001 Butea monosperma.jpg
State tree Blue jacaranda[95][96] (Jacaranda mimosifolia) Jacaranda mimosifolia 3707.jpg
State seal

Dadra and Nagar Haveli[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State bird Not designated[1]
State flower Not designated[18]
State tree Not designated[29]
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.svg

Daman and Diu[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State bird Not designated[1]
State flower Not designated[18]
State tree Not designated[29]
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Daman and Diu.svg

Delhi[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Nilgai[84] (Boselaphus tragocamelus) Boselaphus tragocamelus1.jpg
State bird House sparrow (Passer domesticus)[97][98] House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)- Male in Kolkata I IMG 5904.jpg
State flower Alfalfa[18]
State tree Flamboyant[29]
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.svg

Lakshadweep[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Butterfly fish (Chaetodon falcula)[99][100] Bep chaetodon falcula.jpg
State bird Noddy tern (Anous stolidus)[99][100] Anous stolidus by Gregg Yan 01.jpg
State flower Strobilanthes kunthiana Kurinji Flowers.jpg
State tree Bread fruit (Artocarpus incisa)[99][100] Breadfruit Tree.jpg
State seal

Puducherry[edit]

Title Symbol Image Notes
State animal Indian palm squirrel[101][102] (Funambulus palmarum) Squirrel Eating a peanut.jpg
State bird Koel[101][102] (Eudynamys scolopaceus) Asian koel.jpg
State flower Cannonball[101][102] (Couroupita guianensis) Lingam Flower.jpg
State tree Bael fruit tree[101][102] (Aegle marmelos) Bael (Aegle marmelos) tree at Narendrapur W IMG 4116.jpg
State seal Ashoka lot Seal of Puducherry.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Andhra Pradesh was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). bsienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
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  5. ^ a b c "Symbols of Arunachal Pradesh". knowindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Symbols of Arunachal Pradesh". Archived from the original on 11 March 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "State Trees and Flowers of India". flowersofindia.net. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  8. ^ "State Tree of Arunachal Pradesh" (PDF). Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Symbols of Assam". knowindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
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  11. ^ "Assam" (PDF). ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  12. ^ "State animal of Bihar (Gaur) – complete detail – updated". natureconservation.in. 
  13. ^ "Sparrow to become the state bird of Bihar | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2016-10-15. 
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  15. ^ "State Tree of Bihar" (PDF). Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
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  21. ^ "Ruby-throated yellow bulbul". The Goan. Retrieved 2016-10-15. 
  22. ^ "Shevtto declared state fish as it is extensively found throughout year". www.navhindtimes.in. 
  23. ^ http://fisheries.goa.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/newmullet.pdf
  24. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/coconut-palm-declared-state-tree-of-goa/article19409874.ece.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
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  55. ^ "State Tree of Maharashtra" (PDF). ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
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  61. ^ "Meghalaya Biodiversity Board | Faunal Diversity in Meghalaya". megbiodiversity.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-10-15. 
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  64. ^ "State Tree of Meghalaya" (PDF). Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
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  66. ^ "Symbols of Mizoram". Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
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 102-Journal de Kanpur  Vol-3/ year 2018
 GSV Journlism Research Center.India.Kanpur

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