FIA Formula 4 is an open-wheel racing car category intended for junior drivers. There is no global championship, but rather individual nations or regions can host their own championships in compliance with a universal set of rules and specifications.
The category was created by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA)—the International sanctioning and administrative body for motorsport—as an entry-level category for young drivers, bridging the gap between karting and Formula 3. The series is a part of the FIA Global Pathway. Former Formula One driver Gerhard Berger was appointed as the FIA Single-Seater Commission president to oversee the creation of the category as a response to declining interest in national Formula 3 championships due to rising costs and alternate pathways to Formula One such as the Formula Renault and GP2 and GP3 Series, which had seen several national Formula 3 championships cancelled. In the place of the expensive categories, a number of separate categories running under the Formula 4 name have been created—British based BRDC Formula 4—but with no commonality between the cars from country to country. The FIA-endorsed category was formally created in March 2013, when it was approved by the World Motor Sport Council.
The first Formula 4 championships started in 2014 as a single-make category before the regulations were opened up to multiple chassis and engine manufacturers. Each championship uses a single make of engine, with the regulations mandating a 1,600 cc (1.6 L) capacity and capping the maximum power output at 150 bhp (111.9 kW). The engines are equalised so that no one Formula 4 championship is faster than the others, eith the long-term intention being to bring the cost down to under €100,000 per year to compete.
Homologated chassis manufacturers
To become an eligible FIA Formula 4, the chassis must meet the FIA homologation requirements respecting technical and commercial regulations. Three chassis manufacturer has been approved by the FIA: Tatuus, Mygale and Dome.
To become an eligible FIA Formula 4 engine, the engine must meet the homologation requirements. According to the homologation requirements a FIA Formula 4 engine must last at least 10,000 km and has a maximum purchasing price of €9,500. According to the FIA Formula 4 technical regulations only four cylinder engines are allowed. Both normally aspirated and turbo charged engines are permitted. The poweroutput has been maximized at 160hp. The engine displacement is unlimited. Currently four engines are homologated for use in the FIA Formula 4.
|Engine name||1.4L FTJ||1.6L EcoBoost||G-Power JLD-4G20||Honda K20 C1||3ZR|
|Engine type||inline 4||inline 4||inline 4||inline 4|
|Valvetrain||DOHC||CVVT DOHC||VVT DOHC|
|Engine management||Magneti Marelli||Life Racing F88GDI4|
|Cooling||Water and air cooler|
|Transmission||Sequential Sadev six speed||Sequential Sadev six speed||Sequential Sadev six speed||Sequential Toda Racing six speed|
|Fuel||Panta Racing Fuel|
FIA Formula 4 Championships
These championships are held to Formula 4 regulations and approved by the FIA as the national Formula 4 series. Drivers participating in these series can receive FIA Super Licence points, which are required to drive in Formula One.
|2014||Italian Formula 4 Championship||Italy||Tatuus F4-T014||Abarth 1.4L||Replaces Formula Abarth|
|2015||F4 Japanese Championship||Japan||Dome F110||TOM'S-Toyota 2.0L||Organised by GT–Association to host the Super GT. There is another JAF Japan Formula 4, organised by Japanese ASN JAF.|
|MSA Formula||Britain||Mygale||Ford 1.6L EcoBoost||Replaces the British Formula Ford Championship|
|ADAC Formula 4||Germany, Austria and the Netherlands||Tatuus F4-T014||Abarth 1.4L||Replaces the ADAC Formel Masters|
|Chinese Formula 4 Championship||China||Mygale||Geely G-Power JLD-4G20 (2.0L)||Organised by Narcar International Racing Development Co.,Ltd. to host the China Formula Grand Prix.|
|SMP F4 Championship||Russia, Finland and Estonia||Tatuus F4-T014||Abarth 1.4L||Organised by SMP Racing, Koiranen GP, Finnish and Russian ASN — AKK-Motorsport and RAF.|
|Australian Formula 4 Championship||Australia
|Mygale||Ford 1.6L EcoBoost||Newly established series by Australian ASN CAMS.|
|NACAM Formula 4 Championship||Mexico||Mygale||Ford 1.6L EcoBoost||Newly established series by Mexican ASN — OMDAI.|
|2016||Spanish Formula 4 Championship||Spain||Tatuus F4-T014||Abarth 1.4L||Newly established series by Spanish ASN — RFEDA and Koiranen GP.|
|United States Formula 4 Championship||United States||Crawford||Honda K20 C1 (2.0L)||Organised by SCCA Pro Racing (Sports Car Club of America) and United States ASN — ACCUS.|
|TBA||Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany||Tatuus F4-T014||Abarth 1.4L||Organised by Dutch ASN — KNAF.|
|Formula 4 South East Asia Championship||Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia and India||TBD||TBD||Replaces the AsiaCup Series. Organised by Malaysian ASN — AAM and Meritus GP (Asian Autosport Action Group).|
Other Formula 4 Championships
BRDC Formula 4 Championship
The BRDC Formula 4 Championship is an entry level motorsport series based in the United Kingdom which began in 2013. Run by the British Racing Drivers' Club and MotorSport Vision, the series used identical cars built by Ralph Firman Racing and engines from Ford, before switching to FIA Formula 4 regulations in 2015, using the Tatuus F4–T014 chassis. Although run to the FIA's regulations, it is not recognised by the FIA as an official Formula 4 championship.
French F4 Championship
The French F4 Championship is a Formula Renault series, aimed at graduates young drivers graduating from karting. The championship uses Formula Renault 1.6 cars, an entry level category, and is open to drivers between 14 and 21 years.
Formula 4 Sudamericana
The Formula 4 Sudamericana (Portuguese: Fórmula 4 Sul-Americana) is a Formula 4 racing class that debuted in 2014. The class uses the same chassis and engines used previously in the Formula Future Fiat.
JAF Japan Formula 4
Japan Formula 4 is a formula racing series in Japan. The series was founded in 1993 by the Japan Automobile Federation as a class between the FJ1600 series and the All-Japan Formula Three Championship. Japanese Formula 4 is an open formula, where competitors can choose the chassis and engine manufacturers.
- FIA F4 registered manufacturers
- "FIA Formula 4 Homologation Regulations" (PDF). FIA. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- "FIA 2014 Formula 4 Technical Regulations" (PDF). FIA. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- FIA F4 registered manufacturers
- "REGISTRATIONS OPEN FOR CAMS AUSTRALIAN FORMULA 4 CHAMPIONSHIP". cams.com.au. Confederation of Australian Motor Sport. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "About CAMS Jayco Australian Formula 4 Championship". cams.com.au (Confederation of Australian Motor Sport). Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "Launch Formula 4 FIA Mygale in Mexico" (PDF). mygale-cars.com. Mygale. July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Allen, Peter (28 October 2015). "Mexican FIA Formula 4 series to launch on Formula 1 grand prix bill". Autosport (Haymarket). Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Jackson, Connor (30 September 2015). "KOIRANEN GP ANNOUNCED AS PROMOTERS OF NEW SPANISH F4 CHAMPIONSHIP". The Checkered Flag. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "FIA Formula 4 revealed for North America". nbcsports.com. NBC Sports. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Simmons, Marcus (19 September 2015). "FIA F4 concept adopted for new Benelux F4 series". Autosport (Haymarket). Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- Allen, Peter (19 September 2015). "Formula 4 series for Benelux nations launched for 2016". PaddockScout.com (Paddock Scout). Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "Announcing Formula 4 South East Asia Championship". 16 November 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- Allen, Peter (25 November 2015). "F4 championship for South East Asia announced". Paddock Scout. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
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