Fairmount Heights, Maryland

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Fairmount Heights, Maryland
Town of Fairmount Heights
World War II Monument
World War II Monument
Official seal of Fairmount Heights, Maryland
Seal
Location of Fairmount Heights, Maryland
Location of Fairmount Heights, Maryland
Coordinates: 38°54′6″N 76°54′52″W / 38.90167°N 76.91444°W / 38.90167; -76.91444Coordinates: 38°54′6″N 76°54′52″W / 38.90167°N 76.91444°W / 38.90167; -76.91444
Country United States of America
State Maryland
County Prince George's
Incorporated1935
Government
 • TypeMayor-council government
 • MayorLillie Thompson-Martin
Area
 • Total0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Land0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
98 ft (30 m)
Population
 • Total1,494
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,567
 • Density5,500/sq mi (2,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Code
20743
Area code(s)301
FIPS code24-27400
GNIS feature ID0597387
Websitewww.fairmountheightsmd.gov

Fairmount Heights is a town in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States.[4] The population was 1,494 at the 2010 census.[5] The town was formally incorporated in 1935, making the town the second oldest African-American-majority municipality in Prince George's County. The town is composed of six subdivisions: Fairmount Heights (1900), Waterford (1907), Mount Weissner (1909), North Fairmount Heights (1910), West Fairmount Heights (1911) and Sylvan Vista (1923).

History[edit]

Two Washington, DC land developers and lawyers, Allen Clark and Robinson White, platted the first subdivision of Fairmount Heights; separate developers platted the remaining five. Land speculators had purchased the farms that were previously in the area and consolidated the land for development. Clark and White sold the lots to African-Americans. Service on the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway to the Gregory Station of nearby Seat Pleasant was established in 1908.[6] Fairmount Heights incorporated in 1935 with all six subdivisions. The [[Fairmount Heights Historic District]] was put on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.[7]

Mayors[edit]

  • Robert S. Nichols (1935–1937)
  • Ulysses Mackall(1941–1943)
  • James A. Campbell (1943–1955)
  • Doswell E. Brooks (1955–1967)
  • Lawrence L. Brooks, Sr. (1967–1973)
  • Charles C. Davis (1973–1977)
  • Robert R. Gray (1977–1991)
  • Ruth S. Brown (1991–1993)
  • Jerome T. Countee (1993–1997)
  • Kathleen T. Scott (1997–1998)
  • R. Dean Cooks * (1998–1999)
  • Johnnie R. Saxton (1999–2003)
  • Lillie Thompson-Martin (2003–2007)
  • Madeline E. Richardson (2007–2009)
  • Nathaniel R. Mines, Jr. (2009–2011)
  • Lillie Thompson-Martin (2011–2015)
  • Patricia M. Waiters (2015–2017)
  • Lillie Thompson-Martin (2017–Present)[8]

(*)- Served as acting mayor

Government[edit]

The Town Council of Fairmount Heights consists of six elected councilmembers and an elected mayor who sits as chair of the council. The mayor and councilmembers are elected to serve for two years. The following are current officers of the town:[9]

  • Lillie Thompson-Martin Mayor, 2017
  • Marshon S. Moreno, 2017
  • Sherri Downing, 2017
  • Jacqueline Wood-Dodson, 2016
  • Elysha Saunders, 2016
  • Dean Cook, 2016
  • Patricia Ukkundo'Oohwaka, 2017[10]

Prince George's County Police Department District 3 Station in Landover CDP serves the community.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

The following is a list of historic sites in Fairmount Heights identified by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission.[12] On November 18, 2011, the Town of Fairmount Heights was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Fairmont Heights Historic District.[13]

Site name Image Location M-NCPPC Inventory Number Comment
1 Samuel Hargrove House 5907 K Street 72-009-17
2 W. Sidney Pittman House 505 Eastern Avenue 72-009-18
3 Alice Dorsey House 910 59th Avenue 72-009-23
4 Fairmount Heights (Grace) Methodist Episcopal Church 716 59th Avenue 72-009-25
5 Trammell-Taylor House 717 59th Avenue 72-009-26
6 Towles-Brooks House 708 59th Avenue 72-009-27
7 Louis Brown House 701 58th Avenue 72-009-28
8 World War II Monument Corner of 59th Avenue and 59th Place 72-009-29
9 Isaac Brown House 715 59th Place 72-009-30
10 William B. Coles House 730 60th Avenue 72-009-31
11 John S. Johnson House 612 60th Place 72-009-32
12 Henry Pinckney House 608 60th Place 72-009-33
13 Cornelius Fonville House 602 60th Place 72-009-35
14 Doswell Brooks House 6107 Foote Street 72-009-36
15 Charity Hall 715 61st Avenue 72-009-38
16 Robert S. Nichols House 802 58th Avenue 72-009-39
17 Bungalow Row House #1 610 62nd Avenue 72-009-41
18 Prince Albert Washington House 949 Eastern Avenue 72-009-43
19 Bungalow Row House #2 700 62nd Avenue 72-009-45
20 Bungalow Row House #3 709 62nd Avenue 72-009-46
21 Bungalow Row House #4 711 62nd Avenue 72-009-47
22 Tyrone and Caroline Bush House 5603 Addison Road 72-009-48

Bordering areas[edit]

Geography[edit]

Fairmount Heights is located at 38°54′6″N 76°54′52″W / 38.90167°N 76.91444°W / 38.90167; -76.91444 (38.901761, −76.914504).[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19301,218
19401,39114.2%
19502,09750.8%
19602,30810.1%
19701,972−14.6%
19801,616−18.1%
19901,238−23.4%
20001,50821.8%
20101,494−0.9%
Est. 20161,567[3]4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,494 people, 517 households, and 370 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,533.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,136.4/km2). There were 589 housing units at an average density of 2,181.5 per square mile (842.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 2.9% White, 88.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 5.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% of the population.

There were 517 households of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.0% were married couples living together, 33.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.4% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.34.

The median age in the town was 37.3 years. 24.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 1,508 people, 498 households, and 361 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,622.7 people per square mile (2,156.5/km²). There were 561 housing units at an average density of 2,091.7 per square mile (802.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 1.13% White, 95.82% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.60% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 498 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 26.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.52.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,250, and the median income for a family was $53,304. Males had a median income of $34,107 versus $34,327 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,966. About 6.9% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Fairmount Heights is a part of the Prince George's County Public Schools system.[17]

Zoned elementary schools for town are Robert Gray and Seat Pleasant.[18] All residents are zoned to G. James Gholson Middle School and Fairmont Heights High School.[19][20]

Originally Charity Hall housed the school in Fairmount Heights. The previous Fairmount Heights Elementary School building, in the hip-frame style and two stories tall, is used as a church. Designed by W. Sidney Pittman, who headed the committee for the building's construction, the building opened in June 1912. Residents asked the county government for one in the beginning of 1911, and in April of that year the county board asked for the establishment of the school. The Mount Zion Apostolic Faith Church purchased the building in 1934; at that time a brick school building on Addison Road, with eight classrooms, became the new school building.[21]

Transportation[edit]

View northwest along Addison Road, the largest road completely within the borders of Fairmount Heights

The main road through Fairmount Heights is Addison Road. Other significant roads include Eastern Avenue, which forms the southwest border of town (adjacent to Washington, D.C.), and Sheriff Road, which forms the northwest and north border of the town. No state highways enter Fairmount Heights. The closest state highway is Maryland Route 704 in adjacent Seat Pleasant.

References[edit]

Reference list[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fairmount Heights, Maryland
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Fairmount Heights town, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
  6. ^ Historic Fairmount Heights, p. 1 (PDF p. 3/28).
  7. ^ Historic Fairmount Heights, p. 3 (PDF p. 5/28).
  8. ^ "Fairmount Heights, Prince George's County, Maryland". Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Fairmount Heights, Prince George's County, Maryland". Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Fairmount Heights, Prince George's County, Maryland". Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  11. ^ "District 3 Station - Landover." Prince George's County Police Department. Retrieved on September 9, 2018. " 7600 Barlowe Road Landover, MD 20785 ". Beat map. See 2010 U.S. Census Map of Landover CDP.
  12. ^ M-NCPPC African-American Heritage Survey.
  13. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/14/11 through 11/18/11. National Park Service. 2011-11-25.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Fairmount Heights town, MD." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 31, 2018.
  18. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 31, 2018.
  19. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD MIDDLE SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 31, 2018.
  20. ^ "NEIGHBORHOOD HIGH SCHOOLS AND BOUNDARIES SCHOOL YEAR 2018-2019." Prince George's County Public Schools. Retrieved on August 31, 2018.
  21. ^ Historic Fairmount Heights, p. 4 (PDF p. 6/28).

External links[edit]