Florø

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Florø
View of the town
View of the town
Florø is located in Vestland
Florø
Florø
Location of the town
Florø is located in Norway
Florø
Florø
Florø (Norway)
Coordinates: 61°35′59″N 5°01′58″E / 61.5996°N 5.0328°E / 61.5996; 5.0328Coordinates: 61°35′59″N 5°01′58″E / 61.5996°N 5.0328°E / 61.5996; 5.0328
CountryNorway
RegionWestern Norway
CountyVestland
DistrictSunnfjord
MunicipalityKinn
Established as 
Ladested1860
Town Districts
List
  • Badevika
  • Botnaholten
  • Botnavegen
  • Brandsøy
  • Evja
  • Havreneset
  • Hesteneset
  • Kleiva
  • Krokane
  • Solheim
  • Tua
Area
 • Total6.45 km2 (2.49 sq mi)
Elevation7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total9,024
 • Density1,399/km2 (3,620/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Florøværing
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code
6900 Florø

Florø ladested
Official logo of Florø kommune
Florø within Sogn og Fjordane
Florø within Sogn og Fjordane
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictSunnfjord
Established3 Jan 1861
 • Preceded byKinn Municipality
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
 • Succeeded byFlora Municipality
Administrative centreFlorø
Area
 (upon dissolution)[3]
 • Total0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi)
Population
 (1964)
 • Total2,040
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1401

Florø  is a town and the administrative centre of the municipality of Kinn, Vestland, Norway. The town was founded by royal decree in 1860 as a ladested on the island of Florelandet, located between the Botnafjorden and Solheimsfjorden. Florø is Norway's (and thus the Scandinavian Peninsula's) westernmost town. It is the most western town on the mainland in the Nordic countries.

The 6.45-square-kilometre (1,590-acre) town has a population (2018) of 9,024 and a population density of 1,399 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,620/sq mi).[1]

The town encompasses the entire island of Florelandet and the western half of the island of Brandsøya. The Norwegian national road Rv 5 is the main road connecting Florø to the rest of Norway. The nearby villages of Brandsøy and Grov lie several kilometers to the east of Florø. The islands of Reksta, Kinn, Skorpa lie several kilometers to the west of the town. Florø is also home to Florø Airport and Florø Church.

Florø is also a former municipality that existed as an independent town-municipality for just over 100 years (1860-1964) before being merged into the municipality of Flora. On 1 January 2020, the town became part of the new Kinn Municipality after another municipal merger.

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the farm Flora (Old Norse: Flóðra) since the town of Florø was built on its ground in 1860. The name is probably derived from flóð which means "(strong) stream". The name of the town and former municipality of Florø has the same name, but instead of ending with an "a", it has the Danish word ø meaning "island" added to the end since the town is located on an island.[5]

History[edit]

The Florø post office cancel in 1866.

Florø was founded as a town (ladested) in 1860. Shortly after its founding, on 3 January 1861, it was removed from the (now) former municipality of Kinn and made into a municipality of its own with a population of 846. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Florø (population: 2,040) was merged with Eikefjord (population: 919), Kinn (population: 3,567), the parts of Bru located north of the Førde Fjord (population: 1,155), the Husefest and Breivik areas of Bremanger (population: 9), and the Steindal area of Vevring (population: 25) to form the newly created municipality of Flora.[6] On 1 January 2020, Flora was one of the municipalities that merged into a newly re-created Kinn municipality, much larger than the Kinn that existed until 1964.

Economy[edit]

The basis for the foundation of the town was the rich herring fisheries, symbolised by the three herrings in the town's coat of arms. Fishing is still an important part of the economy, in addition to shipbuilding and service industries. After the discovery of petroleum in the North Sea in the 1960s, Florø has been used as a supply base for the petroleum industry.

Government[edit]

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Bystyre) of Florø was made up of 21 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Florø Bystyre 1960–1963 [7]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:21
Florø Bystyre 1956–1959 [8]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:21
Florø Bystyre 1952–1955 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:20
Florø Bystyre 1948–1951 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:20
Florø Bystyre 1945–1947 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:20
Florø Bystyre 1938–1941* [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)4
Total number of members:20
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.
Florø Bystyre 1935–1937 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:20

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Florø, Flora (Sogn og Fjordane)". yr.no. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  3. ^ Helland, Amund (1901). "Florø ladested". Norges land og folk: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian). Vol. XIV. Kristiania, Norway: H. Aschehoug & Company. p. 482. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  4. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 357.
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  11. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  12. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-13.
  13. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1934" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1935. Retrieved 2020-05-13.

External links[edit]

  • Florø travel guide from Wikivoyage