Vaksdal

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Vaksdal kommune
View of the Bergsdalen Church in Vaksdal
View of the Bergsdalen Church in Vaksdal
Official logo of Vaksdal kommune
Vaksdal within Vestland
Vaksdal within Vestland
Coordinates: 60°36′25″N 05°48′58″E / 60.60694°N 5.81611°E / 60.60694; 5.81611Coordinates: 60°36′25″N 05°48′58″E / 60.60694°N 5.81611°E / 60.60694; 5.81611
CountryNorway
CountyVestland
DistrictNordhordland
Established1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreDalekvam
Government
 • Mayor (2007)Eirik Haga (Ap)
Area
 • Total715.38 km2 (276.21 sq mi)
 • Land682.27 km2 (263.43 sq mi)
 • Water33.11 km2 (12.78 sq mi)  4.6%
Area rank160 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,977
 • Rank205 in Norway
 • Density5.8/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
−3.2%
Demonym(s)Vaksdaling
(Vaksdøling)[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4628
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Websitevaksdal.kommune.no

About this soundVaksdal  is a municipality in the county of Vestland, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordhordland. The administrative centre is the village of Dalekvam. Other villages in Vaksdal include Dalegarden, Flatkvål, Helle, Nesheim, Stamneshella, Stanghelle, and Vaksdal.

The 715-square-kilometre (276 sq mi) municipality is the 160th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Vaksdal is the 205th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,977. The municipality's population density is 5.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (15/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.2% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

In 2016, the chief of police for Vestlandet formally suggested a reconfiguration of police districts and stations. He proposed that the police station in Solund be closed.[5]

General information[edit]

Bergsdalen Church
View of the village of Vaksdal

The municipality of Vaksdal was created on 1 January 1964 after a major municipal restructuring after the Schei Committee's recommendations. Vaksdal was formed from the following places:[6]

Name[edit]

The municipality was named after the village of Vaksdal, one of the main villages in the municipality. The Old Norse form of the name was probably Vágsdalr. The first element is the genitive case of vágr which means "bay" and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". Alternately, the first part of the name could be derived from a local river name spelled Vaxa or Veksa which would mean the valley of the river Vaxa/Veksa.[7]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 16 November 1990. It shows three black shuttles for weaving on a yellow background. The shuttles were chosen to represent the textile industry of the municipality. The Dale of Norway company is based here and it is an international company renowned for its wool sweaters.[8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has six parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Vaksdal. It is part of the Hardanger og Voss prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Vaksdal
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Bergsdalen Bergsdalen Church Bergsdalen 1955
Dale Dale Church Dalekvam 1956
Eksingedal Eksingedal Church Flatkvål 1883
Nesheim Nesheim Church Nesheim 1908
Stamnes Stamnes Church Stamneshella 1861
Vaksdal Vaksdal Church Vaksdal 1933

Geography[edit]

View of Stanghelle and the surrounding mountains and valleys
View of the Eksingedalen valley

The municipality is mountainous, and stretches along both sides of the Veafjorden with adjacent valleys. It includes part of the island Osterøy. The Kallestadsundet Bridge connects the mainland of Vaksdal to the island of Osterøy. In the north, it includes the valleys of Eksingedalen and Bergsdalen, with its borders extending into the mountains. Major lakes in the municipality include Askjelldalsvatnet and Skjerjavatnet.

The main centers of population are Dale (pop. 1174), Vaksdal (pop. 957), and Stanghelle (pop. 767).[9] Dale and Vaksdal are industrial villages that arose around factories utilising the hydro-electric power resources provided by the mountainous terrain and rainy climate. The Bergensbanen railway line between Norway's two largest cities Oslo and Bergen, and the main road between the same two cities, European route E16, run through Vaksdal municipality. The Bergensbanen railway line has the following stations in Vaksdal: Bogegrend Station, Dale Station, Stanghelle Station, and Vaksdal Station

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1964*5,666—    
19705,498−3.0%
19804,851−11.8%
19904,519−6.8%
20004,192−7.2%
20104,107−2.0%
20194,045−1.5%
Source: Statistics Norway. *Vaksdal was created in 1964.

Vaksdal was created as a new municipality on 1 January 1964 after the merger of parts of Bruvik, Evanger, and Modalen municipalities.

During the German invasion of Norway during World War II, from 19 April to 24 April, there was heavy fighting within the borders of the present municipality, with German forces advancing along the railway line from Bergen towards Voss. The heaviest fighting was for the village of Vaksdal itself, from 19 to 23 April. Further fighting took place at Stanghelle and Dalseid on 23 and 24 April. Three Norwegian soldiers and one civilian, and a larger, but unknown, number of German soldiers fell in Vaksdal.[10]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Vaksdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[11] The municipality falls under the Bergen District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Vaksdal is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
Total number of members:21
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
Total number of members:21
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:21
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:21
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Local list for Stamnes/Eidsland
(Bygdalista for Stamnes/Eidsland)
2
 Local list for Vaksdal (Bygdelista for Vaksdal)3
 Unity and Development List (Samling og Utvikling)2
Total number of members:21
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local list for Stamnes/Eidsland
(Bygdalista for Stamnes/Eidsland)
4
 Environment and development list (Miljø og utvikling liste)1
 Independent Common List (Uavhengig samlingsliste)3
Total number of members:29
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Local list for Stamnes (Bygdalista for Stamnes)2
 Independent Common List (Uavhengig samlingsliste)3
Total number of members:29
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Local list for Stamnes (Bygdalista for Stamnes)2
Total number of members:29
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)13
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)
1
Total number of members:29
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)13
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Joint list of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
4
Total number of members:29
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:31
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:31
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:31
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høgre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:31
Vaksdal Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)18
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)1
Total number of members:31

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Vaksdal (incomplete list):

  • 2007–present: Eirik Haga (Ap)
  • 1999-2007: Øivind Olsnes (H)

Notable people[edit]

  • Harald Langhelle (1890 in Dale – executed 1942) a newspaper editor, politician and Norwegian resistance member
  • Bjørn Wiik (1937 in Bruvik - 1999) a Norwegian elementary particle physicist
  • Sjur Olsnes (1939–2014) a Norwegian biochemist and academic, grew up in Vaksdal
  • Helén Eriksen (born 1971 in Dale) a jazz musician, (saxophone and vocals), songwriter and music arranger
  • Frida Amundsen (born 1992 in Vaksdal) a Norwegian singer and songwriter

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Fjelltveit, Ingvild; Raunholm, Per Vidar (2016-12-20). "Foreslår å legge ned 17 lensmannskontor i Vest politidistrikt". NRK Hordaland (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 316.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  9. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2012). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  10. ^ Hansteen, Wilhelm (1971). Operasjonene til lands på Vestlandet og i Hallingdal og Numedal (in Norwegian). Oslo: Gyldendal. ISBN 8205001219.
  11. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Vestland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  13. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hordaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-10.

External links[edit]