View of the lake Løkjelsvatnet in Etne
Etne within Hordaland
|• Mayor (2015)||Siri Klokkerstuen (Ap)|
|• Total||735.27 km2 (283.89 sq mi)|
|• Land||691.16 km2 (266.86 sq mi)|
|• Water||44.12 km2 (17.03 sq mi)|
|Area rank||150 in Norway|
|• Rank||228 in Norway|
|• Density||6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||7.2%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1211|
|Official language form||Nynorsk |
Etne is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnhordland, although it is also sometimes considered to be part of the district of Haugaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Etnesjøen. Other villages in the municipality include Skånevik and Fjæra. The two largest villages in the municipality are Etnesjøen with 1,159 residents and Skånevik with 594 residents (all figures from 1 January 2015).
The 735-square-kilometre (284 sq mi) municipality is the 150th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Etne is the 228th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,135. The municipality's population density is 6 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) and its population has increased by 7.2% over the last decade.
A Norwegian motion picture called United was shot in Etne with local people as actors.
Etne was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Originally, Etne encompassed the area around the Etnefjorden and the surrounding valleys. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the neighboring municipality of Skånevik was dissolved and merged into its neighboring municipalities. All of Skånevik located south of the Åkrafjorden and east of the village of Åkra on the north side of the fjord (population: 1,493) was merged into Etne.
The coat-of-arms was granted on 16 December 1983. The arms are blue on the left and silver/white on the right with a dovetailed line vertically down the middle. They represent the strong unity between the two former municipalities of Skånevik and Etne that were joined together to form one municipality in 1965.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
Etne has a varied landscape, extending from the Etnefjorden, Skånevikfjorden, and Åkrafjorden at sea level, through the villages up to the high mountains. In the far north, there is a barren and heavily eroded mountain glacier, Folgefonna, where the municipality's highest point rises 1,638 metres (5,374 ft) above sea level. Folgefonna National Park is partially located in Etne. In addition to that national park, Etne has three nature reserves: Brattholmen, Skåno, and Langebudalen. Lakes in the area include Løkjelsvatnet. The famous waterfall Langfossen is located in northern Etne.
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Recent archeological findings indicate that the area was already inhabited around 500 BC.
All municipalities in Norway, including Etne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
|Party Name (in Norwegian)||Number of|
|Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)||5|
|Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)||4|
|Conservative Party (Høgre)||3|
|Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)||2|
|Centre Party (Senterpartiet)||6|
|Liberal Party (Venstre)||1|
|Total number of members:||21|
The European route E134 highway runs the length of the municipality connecting it to the city of Haugesund in the southwest and to Oslo in the east. The highway runs through Etnesjøen and then northeastwards along the Åkrafjorden before crossing into the neighboring municipality of Odda. There are many tunnels along the route, some quite long, including the Åkrafjord Tunnel, Fjæra Tunnel, Markhus Tunnel, and Rullestad Tunnel.
- Magnus V of Norway (1156–1184), King during the Civil war era in Norway
- Erling Skakke (1115–1179), Norwegian Jarl during the 12th century
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2013). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
- Store norske leksikon. "Etne" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2015-04-10.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-28.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 64.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2015-04-10.
- "Point on the glacier". Hordaland fylke. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Dette funnet er sensasjonelt" (in Norwegian). NRK.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Etne.|