|García (Castillian), Garcicea (Basque), Garciandia (Basque), Gaztea (Basque)|
|Region of origin||Spain|
|Related names||Garci, Garza, Garcia, Garcés, Garcicea, Garciandia, Gassie, Gassion, Gaztea|
|Footnotes: Frequency Comparisons:|
It is attested since the high Middle Ages north and south of the Pyrenees (Basque Country), with the surname (sometimes first name too) thriving especially on the Kingdom of Navarre and spreading out to Castile and other Spanish regions.
Ramón Menéndez Pidal and Antonio Tovar believed it to derive from the Basque word (H)artz, meaning "(the) Bear". Alfonso Irigoyen suggests it may come from a Basque adjective garze(a) meaning "young", whose modern form is gaztea or gaztia. A third etymology suggests it may derive from the Basque word "Gazte Hartz", meaning "(the) young bear". Variant forms of the name include Garcicea, Gartzi, Gartzia, Gartze, Garsea, and Gastea.
It is a surname of patronymic origin; García was a very common first name in early medieval Spain. García is the most common surname in Spain (where 3.32% of population is named García) and also the second most common surname in Cuba. It has become common in the United States due to substantial Latin American immigration, and is now the 8th most common surname in the U.S.
In the 1990 United States Census, Garcia was the 18th most reported surname, accounting for 0.25% of the population. Quite rare before the 1st World War in France, except in the French Pays Basque, Garcia is now the 14th most common surname in France (the 8th one for the number of birth between 1966 and 1990), due to an important Spanish immigration. It ranked second in the region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur after the number of births 1966–1990. García is also the third most common surname amongst Spanish in the United Kingdom.
- "García Surname Meaning and Distribution". forebears.co.uk.
- "Garcia Last Name Origin".
- "Garcia Genealogy & History".
- "Garcia name meaning".
- Gartzia (Garzia, García) euskal deitura dela eta, language question presented to the Academy of the Basque Language answered by Xabier Kintana.
- For the lost r, compare the attested historic alternations bost~bortz 'five', oste~ortze 'sky', etc.
- "Nombres". Euskaltzaindia (The Royal Academy of the Basque Language). Retrieved 2010-10-12. Article in Spanish
- Albert Dauzat, Dictionnaire étymologique des noms et prénoms de France, réédition Larousse 1980, p. 280b
- DAUZAT 280b
- "Frequently Occurring Surnames From Census 2000". census.gov. August 27, 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- United States Census Bureau (9 May 1995). s:1990 Census Name Files dist.all.last (1-100). Retrieved on 2008-07-04.
- Garcia in France before WWI
- Garcia : births (naiss.) in France from 1966 to 1990
- List of the most common surnames in France
|This page or section lists people with the surname García. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|