Pioneer Woolen Mills and D. Ghirardelli Company
Ghirardelli Square Fountain
|Location||San Francisco, Calif., U.S.|
|Architect||William S. Mooser, Sr., William S. Mooser|
|NRHP reference #||82002249 |
|Added to NRHP||April 29, 1982|
Ghirardelli Square is a landmark public square with shops and restaurants and a 5-star hotel in the Fisherman's Wharf area of San Francisco, California. A portion of the area was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 as Pioneer Woolen Mills and D. Ghirardelli Company.
The square once featured over 40 specialty shops and restaurants. Some of the original shops and restaurants still occupy the square.
In 1893, Domenico Ghirardelli purchased the entire city block in order to make it into the headquarters of the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company. In the early 1960s, the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company was bought by the Golden Grain Macaroni Company which moved the headquarters off-site to San Leandro and put the square up for sale.
San Franciscan William M. Roth and his mother, Lurline Matson Roth, bought the land in 1962 to prevent the square from being replaced with an apartment building. The Roths hired landscape architect Lawrence Halprin and the firm Wurster, Bernardi & Emmons to convert the square and its historic brick structures to an integrated restaurant and retail complex,  It opened in 1964. In 1965, Benjamin Thompson and Associates renovated the lower floor of the Clock Tower, keeping the existing architectural elements, for a Design Research store. The lower floors of the Clock Tower are now home to Ghirardelli Square's main chocolate shop.
In 2008, part of the former clock tower building opened as Fairmont Heritage Place hotel. The hotel includes 53 residence-style rooms spanning four floors, and offers fractional ownership opportunities for all 53 of it's hotel rooms. It is one of the only 5-star hotels in the Fishermans Wharf.
- List of San Francisco Designated Landmarks
- 49-Mile Scenic Drive
- Fairmont Heritage Place, Ghiradelli Square
- National Park Service (2006-03-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "City of San Francisco Designated Landmarks". City of San Francisco. Retrieved 2012-10-21.
- "Lawrence Halprin, who has died aged 93, was an American architect responsible for transforming the centre of San Francisco by remodelling its main street as well as a former chocolate factory at Ghirardelli Square overlooking the city's famous bay.". The Telegraph. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- Janet Levy, "Design Research: Marketing 'Good design' in the 50s, 60s, and 70s", Master of Arts thesis at Parsons The New School for Design, 2004. Chapter 1, p. 15
- List of San Francisco Designated Landmarks No. 30
- Ghirardelli Square - Official site and source of info
- Guide to the Ghirardelli Square Architectural Records at The Bancroft Library
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