Golden jubilee

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A golden jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 50th anniversary. It variously is applied to people, events, and nations.

China[edit]

Korea[edit]

Japan[edit]

In Japan, golden jubilee refers to a 50th anniversary and is called Go-Zai-i gojūnen kinen (御在位50年記念). Emperor Hirohito (or Emperor Shōwa), celebrated his golden jubilee on 10 November 1976. Showa Memorial Park was established as part of a project to commemorate his golden jubilee.

Singapore[edit]

The Singapore50 logo representing the golden jubilee celebrations.
  • For the year 2015, the "Singapore50" initiative launched in Singapore to celebrate 50 years of independence from Malaysia, with a logo that spells "SG50". The term SG50 has since been used to refer to the celebrations as a whole.[1] National Day Parade ceremonies for that year are themed Majulah Singapura - Our Golden Jubilee.

Thailand[edit]

The golden jubilee is a royal ceremony to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the accession of the king. The Thai word is kanchanaphisek (กาญจนาภิเษก). The first Golden Jubilee of Thailand was the celebration of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

The celebration[edit]

King Rama IX celebrated his golden jubilee on 9 June 1996, having acceded to the throne in 1946. He was Thailand's longest-reigning monarch.

The 545.65 carat Golden Jubilee Diamond was purchased by Thai businessmen as a gift for the king on the 50th anniversary of his coronation.[2] The diamond is held in the Royal Palace as part of Thailand's crown jewels.

In 1996, Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-archa and the Thai people celebrated the king with a multi-day celebration.

The symbol of the golden jubilee[edit]

The symbol of the golden jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej was designed by Wiyada Charoensuk, winner of a design contest.

There are three elements to the design:

  • The king's throne (in center) is a sign of the Jakkree dynasty (the dynasty of King Bhumibhol)
  • White tiered umbrellas of kingship, representing the constitution of Thailand
  • Two elephants, representing the Thai people

The Fine Arts Department wanted this design to:

  • Celebrate the king
  • Help Thai people remember Thailand's traditions
  • Show that Thais are proud to be subjects of the king
  • Show that Thais have a long history as a nation

United Kingdom and Other Commonwealth Realms[edit]

In the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms, a golden jubilee celebration is held in the 50th year of a monarch's reign. The golden jubilee of George III of the United Kingdom was celebrated on 25 October 1809, prior to the actual 50th anniversary in 1810.

For Queen Elizabeth II[edit]

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her golden jubilee in 2002, having ascended the throne in 1952.

For Queen Victoria[edit]

In 1887 the United Kingdom and the British Empire celebrated Queen Victoria's golden jubilee. Victoria marked 20 June 1887—the fiftieth anniversary of her accession—with a banquet, to which fifty European kings and princes were invited. Although she could not have been aware of it, there was a plan by Irish Republicans to blow up Westminster Abbey while the Queen attended a service of thanksgiving. This assassination attempt, when it was discovered, became known as the Jubilee Plot. At the time, Victoria was an extremely popular monarch.

In other countries[edit]

List of golden jubilees[edit]

Monarch Realm Accession Day Commemoration More information
Victoria United Kingdom and the rest of the British Empire 20 June 1837 1887 Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Franz Joseph I Austro-Hungary 2 December 1848 1898
Johann II Liechtenstein 12 November 1858 1908
Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Johor 7 September 1895 1945
Aga Khan III Shia Ismaili 1885 1935
Sobhuza II Swaziland 10 December 1899 1949
Haakon VII Norway 8 November 1905 1955
Hirohito Japan 25 December 1926 1976
Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 9 June 1946 1996
Rainier III Monaco 9 May 1949 1999
Elizabeth II United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms 6 February 1952 2002 Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Karim Aga Khan Shia Ismaili 11 July 1957 2007
Abdul Halim Kedah, Malaysia 15 July 1958 2008
Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 5 October 1967 2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SG50". singapore50.sg. Archived from the original on 2015-03-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ De beers: A Diamond is Forever "Golden Jubilee" (June 13, 2008) Retrieved October 25, 2013 Archived 2008-06-13 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-22. Retrieved 2016-11-21. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Kedah Sultan's Golden Jubilee Celebration Bernama.com, 12 July 2008
  5. ^ "Kingseat Hospital, Fifty Years, 1932-1982". google.co.nz.
  6. ^ "The 1946 Automotive Golden Jubilee". Detroit Public Library. Retrieved 2012-02-27.[permanent dead link]