Google Maps Navigation

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Google Maps Navigation is a mobile application developed by Google for the Android and iOS operating systems that later integrated into the Google Maps mobile app. The application uses an Internet connection to a GPS navigation system to provide turn-by-turn voice-guided instructions on how to arrive at a given destination.[1] The application requires a connection to Internet data (e.g. 3G, 4G, 5G, WiFi, etc.) and normally uses a GPS satellite connection to determine its location. A user can enter a destination into the application, which will plot a path to it. The app displays the user's progress along the route and issues instructions for each turn.


The application’s beta release was released on October 28, 2009, accompanying the release of Android 2.0 (Eclair) on the Motorola Milestone (known as the Motorola Droid[2]).[3] Google Maps Navigation Beta was initially released in the United States.[4] The application (version 4.2) was later released in the UK on April 20, 2010 and in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland on June 9, 2010.[5]



Instead of searching for an address or a street name, the application can also search by name, for example guide the user to a nearby restaurant by being given the name of the restaurant. The application can also take phrases such as “a place with burgers” and suggest nearby destinations that match the phrase.[6] The application can receive a voice input instead of typing the destination on the device.

Multiple views[edit]

  • Traffic: The application's traffic congestion map shows the route marks with different colours based on the current traffic along the route. The traffic is measured by data from local road services such as highway cameras, as well as speed and location information from other Android devices that are accessing Google Maps for Mobile.[7]
  • Satellite: The application displays a route from a bird’s eye view using Google’s satellite imagery.
  • Street: The Google Street View feature displays a route from first-person view as which automatically changes as the user travels along the route....[8]

Car dock mode[edit]

Users can dock their Android device in a car using a special car dock for the device (which may or may not come with the device). Once docked, the device will enter this mode, enabling for easier access to the navigation features at an arm’s length.[6]

Walking and transit[edit]

The application provides voice navigation for walking and previously for transit directions. In its current iteration navigation is not available for transit, only a list of directions is provided. The transit directions are available in 400 cities around the world.[8]

Offline guidance[edit]

Once the user has searched for a destination, the map will cache along the intended route. It is also possible to download a map over a certain area and store it on the phone, which can be useful when there are high roaming charges or expected slow connection. The application requires an Internet connection to search for the route unless an offline map is downloaded, but once a route has been found the user no longer requires an Internet connection as the route is temporarily saved onto the device, unless an offline map has been downloaded to the device's local storage.[6]


The application is available in the following regions, as of 27 November 2014:[9]

International availability of Google Maps Navigation (Beta), as of 27 November 2014:
  Available on both Android (with Google Maps Version 7 or higher) and iPhone/iPad (with Apple iOS 5.1 or higher)
  Available only on Android (with Google Maps Version 7 or higher)
  Not available

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Fun on the Autobahn: Google Maps Navigation in 11 more Countries". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Motorola MILESTONE – Full phone specifications". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  3. ^ Arrington, Michael (28 October 2009). "Google Redefines GPS Navigation Landscape: Google Maps Navigation For Android 2.0". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  4. ^ "Google Maps for mobile announce Navigation Beta for Android 2.0 – news". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  5. ^ Schroeder, Stan (9 June 2010). "Google Maps Navigation Navigation Now Works in Canada and Most of Europe". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Lam, Brian (2009-10-28). "Google Maps Navigation: A Free, Ass-Kicking, Turn-by-Turn Mobile App". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  7. ^ Nosowitz, Dan (26 August 2009). "Google Maps Crowdsources Traffic by Measuring Your Miserable Commute". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Google Maps Navigation for Mobile". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  9. ^ "Navigation (Beta) availability". Google Inc. Retrieved 27 November 2014.