Government of Peru

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Republic of Peru
Formation 1993
Legislative branch
Legislature Congress of the Republic of Peru
Meeting place Legislative Palace
Executive branch
Leader President of the Republic
Headquarters Government Palace
Judicial branch
Court Supreme Court of Justice
Seat Lima
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
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The Republic of Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The current government was established by the 1993 Constitution of Peru. The government is composed of three branches, being the executive, judicial, and legislative branches.

Executive branch[edit]

Main article: President of Peru
Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016
Prime Minister Fernando Zavala Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016

The head of state is vested in the President of Peru, who is elected to a term of five years; incumbents can not be re-elected for a second consecutive term. Family members may also not immediately succeed another family member's presidency.[1] The current president is Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, elected in 2016.[2] The executive branch, in addition to the legislative branch, may propose legislation. After legislation is passed by the congress, the President may promulgate the legislation, giving it the force of law.
In addition to the president, the executive branch contains the Council of Ministers, which, in addition to the Prime Minister, are appointed by the president.

Judicial branch[edit]

The judicial branch is represented by the Supreme Court Of Justice, a 16-member body divided into three supreme sectors:[3]

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative branch of Peru is vested in the Congress of the Republic of Peru, which is a 130-member unicameral house.[4] The legislators are elected for five year terms on a proportional representation basis. Legislation is voted on in congress, then sent to the president, who may approve it.


Main article: Elections in Peru

Universal suffrage is granted to all over the age of 18. Voting is compulsory until the age of 70.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Taj, Mitra. "Keiko Fujimori's brother says he will run for president of Peru in 2021 if she loses". Business Insider. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Constitucion Política Del Perú 1993 (Ultima actualización / Last updated: July 2011) Titulo IV De La Estructura Del Estado; Capitulo IV Poder Ejecutivo; Articulo 112°. El mandato presidencial es de cinco años, no hay reelección inmediata. Transcurrido otro periodo constitucional, como mínimo, el ex presidente puede volver an postular, sujeto a las mismas condiciones.
  3. ^ "Judicial Branch of Peru". World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Legislative Branch of Peru". World Fact Book. CIA. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  5. ^ [CIA World Factbook "CIA World Factbook"] Check |url= value (help). CIA World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 25 April 2016.