Tasmanian Government

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Tasmanian Government
State Government
Logo of the Tasmanian Government and its agencies Tasmanian coat of arms
Formation
Founding documentConstitution of Tasmania
State Tasmania
Country Australia
Websitetas.gov.au
Crown
Head of state (sovereign)Monarch (Queen)
Vice-regal representativeGovernor
SeatGovernment House
Legislative branch
LegislatureParliament of Tasmania
Meeting placeParliament House
Executive branch
Head of governmentPremier
Main bodyCabinet of Tasmania
AppointerGovernor on behalf of the Queen of Australia in right of the State of Tasmania.
HeadquartersExecutive Building
15 Murray Street, Hobart
Main organExecutive Council of Tasmaina
Departments8 departments
Judicial branch
CourtSupreme Court
SeatSupreme Court building, Hobart

The Tasmanian Government is the democratic administrative authority of the state of Tasmania, Australia. The leader of the party or coalition with the confidence of the House of Assembly, the lower house of the Parliament of Tasmania, is invited by the governor of Tasmania to form government. The head of government is the premier of Tasmania.

Since 8 April 2022, the premier of Tasmania has been Jeremy Rockliff, leader of the Liberal Party. The current ministry of Tasmania is the Rockliff ministry, formed on 8 April 2022 and comprising eight of the 13 Liberal members in the House of Assembly and one of the four in the Legislative Council.

Constitutional framework[edit]

Tasmania is governed according to the principles of the Westminster System, a form of parliamentary responsible government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the bicameral Parliament of Tasmania, which consists of the governor of Tasmania (the sovereign), and the two chambers: the Legislative Council and the House of Assembly.[1]

Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the governor and senior ministers, and informally called the Cabinet. In practice, executive power is exercised by the premier of Tasmania upon the advice of the Cabinet, who are appointed by the governor, but who hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the House of Assembly.

Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of Tasmania and a system of subordinate courts. As with all states, upon federation, Tasmania accepted the authority of the federal High Court of Australia to overrule the state judiciary.

Current ministry[edit]

Tasmanian government agencies[edit]

The Tasmanian Government delivers services, determines policy, and issues regulations through a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility. Each portfolio is led by a Secretary, who reports to one or more government ministers, a member of Parliament. As of April 2016 there are eight government departments:[2]

A range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.

State-owned businesses[edit]

The Government of Tasmania also owns and operates a number of state-owned companies:[3]

  • Aurora Energy: electricity and gas retailer.
  • Sustainable Timber Tasmania: the manager of public forests and plantations for logging, sawmilling and woodchipping.
  • Hydro Tasmania: a large generator of electricity, management of hydroelectric schemes. Also owns a mainland Australian energy retailer, Momentum Energy.
  • Tasmanian Irrigation: tasked with the planning, construction and maintenance of the Tasmanian Irrigation Schemes culminating pipes, dams and pumping stations.
  • Metro Tasmania: a public transportation company, running busses in the metropolitan areas of the state.
  • Motor Accidents Insurance Board (MAIB): public insurance resulting from car accidents.
  • Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority: operates the tourism venture at Port Arthur, maintains the ruins of the gaol and historic site.
  • Public Trustee: an independent trustee organisation.
  • Tascorp: management of the other public companies' finances and government investment.
  • TasRail: rail freight transportation, railway management.
  • TasNetworks: electricity transmission and distribution.
  • TasPorts: port management and stevedoring.
  • Tasracing: the operator of Tasmania's horse and dog racing venues, management of betting.
  • TT-Line Company: operates the Bass Strait ferries.

Other levels of government[edit]

Federal representation of Tasmania[edit]

As a state of Australia, Tasmania is represented in the federal House of Representatives and Senate. Tasmania has five representative in the federal House of Representatives for the electoral divisions of Bass, Braddon, Denison, Franklin, and Lyons. Tasmania also has twelve Senators in line with other states.

Local government in Tasmania[edit]

29 local government elections are conducted under the Local Government Act using the Hare-Clark voting system of multi-member proportional representation. Elections for mayor, deputy mayor and half the councillor positions are held during September and October in each uneven numbered year. These include six cities (three in greater Hobart, one covering each of Launceston, Burnie, and Devonport) and twenty-three municipalities. The largest council (by number of eligible voters) is the City of Launceston and the smallest council is the Municipality of Flinders (which serves Flinders Island and the surrounds, with just over 800 electors)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution Act 1934 (Tas) s.10
  2. ^ "Tasmanian Government Organisations". Service Tasmania. Government of Tasmania. 14 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Tasmanian Government Businesses". Tasmanian Department of Treasury and Finance. Tasmanian Government.

External links[edit]