Gulf of Tadjoura

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Gulf of Tadjoura
الخليج للدمار
Gulf of Tadjoura.png
Basin countries  Djibouti  Somalia
Max. length 40 mi (64 km)
Max. width 16 mi (26 km)
Average depth −1,078 m (−3,537 ft)
Islands Moucha Island, Maskali Islands
Settlements Djibouti Djibouti city, Tadjoura, Sagallo, Obock and Loyada, Somalia Lawyacado

The Gulf of Tadjoura (Arabic: خليج تدجورا‎‎), (Somali: Badda Tajuura) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean in the Horn of Africa. It lies south of the straits of Bab-el-Mandeb, or the entrance to the Red Sea, at 11°42′N 43°00′E / 11.7°N 43.0°E / 11.7; 43.0. The gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive coral reefs, and abundant pearl oysters. Most of its coastline is the territory of Djibouti, except for a short stretch on the southern shore, which is part of the territory of Somalia.

The Gulf other marine habitats include sea grass beds, salt pans and mangroves.


In August 1840, the conclusion of a treaty of friendship and commerce between the Sultan Mohammed bin Mohammed of Tadjoura and Commander Robert Moresby of the Indian Navy is tracking the sale of Moucha Island to Great Britain for ten sacks of rice. The sale will however follow any occupation. In 1887, Britain cedes sovereignty of the island to France at the same time it recognizes the French sphere of influence in the Gulf of Tadjoura, in exchange for the abandonment by France of any right in Zeila and the neighboring islands.


The area of the gulf is 347 km2 (900 sq mi). The length (from the Sagallo to Obock) is 64 km (40 mi) and the width varies from 26 km (16 mi).The gulf is relatively shallow with the depth decreasing from the entrance to the gulf to the continent. The coast is mostly sloping; there are abundant sandy dunes, with occasional palm trees.The southern shores are smooth and shallow.

At the entrance of the Gulf is the group of small islands of Moucha and Maskali. At the bottom of the Gulf, separated only by a narrow neck of land, lakes are Ghoubet and Assal (54 km ²). Geologically, formerly covered the Gulf to Lake Assal, which is now about 155 meters below sea level


The limits of the Gulf of Tadjoura as follows:

On the West – The western limit of the Gulf of Aden (A line joining Obock and Lawyacado).
On the East – The meridian of Ghoubet Lake.


The temperature of the Gulf of Tadjoura varies between 26 °C (79 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).

Towns and cities[edit]

The main towns and cities on the Gulf of Tadjoura coast are:


Khor Ambado and the Gulf Of Tadjoura

The Gulf of Tadjoura is one of the major tourist attractions for Djibouti, believed to be a perfect place for snorkelling with whale sharks, diving and underwater photography. There are two important towns on the gulf: Obock, where Afar and Somali sultans had sold settlement rights to the French, and Tadjoura, which houses seven important mosques and offers magnificent views from the sea.

Tadjoura is beautifully surrounded by the green Goda Mountains. The hills of this mountain are 1700 meters. Due to coral reefs, the Gulf of Tadjoura is a heaven for divers and snorkelers. It attracts 40% of foreign tourists visiting Djibouti.


Passenger transport on the gulf includes a number of ferry lines which connect the following ports: Djibouti City, Tadjoura and Obock.


External links[edit]