Gulf of Tadjoura
|Gulf of Tadjoura
|Basin countries||Djibouti Somalia|
|Max. length||40 mi (64 km)|
|Max. width||16 mi (26 km)|
|Average depth||−1,078 m (−3,537 ft)|
|Islands||Moucha Island, Maskali Islands|
|Settlements||Djibouti city, Tadjoura, Sagallo, Obock and Loyada, Lawyacado|
The Gulf of Tadjoura (Arabic: خليج تدجورا), (Somali: Badda Tajuura) is a gulf or basin of the Indian Ocean in the Horn of Africa. It lies south of the straits of Bab-el-Mandeb, or the entrance to the Red Sea, at . The gulf has many fishing grounds, extensive coral reefs, and abundant pearl oysters. Most of its coastline is the territory of Djibouti, except for a short stretch on the southern shore, which is part of the territory of Somalia.
In August 1840, the conclusion of a treaty of friendship and commerce between the Sultan Mohammed bin Mohammed of Tadjoura and Commander Robert Moresby of the Indian Navy is tracking the sale of Moucha Island to Great Britain for ten sacks of rice. The sale will however follow any occupation. In 1887, Britain cedes sovereignty of the island to France at the same time it recognizes the French sphere of influence in the Gulf of Tadjoura, in exchange for the abandonment by France of any right in Zeila and the neighboring islands.
The area of the gulf is 347 km2 (900 sq mi). The length (from the Sagallo to Obock) is 64 km (40 mi) and the width varies from 26 km (16 mi).The gulf is relatively shallow with the depth decreasing from the entrance to the gulf to the continent. The coast is mostly sloping; there are abundant sandy dunes, with occasional palm trees.The southern shores are smooth and shallow.
At the entrance of the Gulf is the group of small islands of Moucha and Maskali. At the bottom of the Gulf, separated only by a narrow neck of land, lakes are Ghoubet and Assal (54 km ²). Geologically, formerly covered the Gulf to Lake Assal, which is now about 155 meters below sea level
The limits of the Gulf of Tadjoura as follows:
- On the East – The meridian of Ghoubet Lake.
The temperature of the Gulf of Tadjoura varies between 26 °C (79 °F) and 30 °C (86 °F).
Towns and cities
The main towns and cities on the Gulf of Tadjoura coast are:
The Gulf of Tadjoura is one of the major tourist attractions for Djibouti, believed to be a perfect place for snorkelling with whale sharks, diving and underwater photography. There are two important towns on the gulf: Obock, where Afar and Somali sultans had sold settlement rights to the French, and Tadjoura, which houses seven important mosques and offers magnificent views from the sea.
Tadjoura is beautifully surrounded by the green Goda Mountains. The hills of this mountain are 1700 meters. Due to coral reefs, the Gulf of Tadjoura is a heaven for divers and snorkelers. It attracts 40% of foreign tourists visiting Djibouti.
- Media related to Gulf of Tadjoura at Wikimedia Commons
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