Hamilton County, Florida

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Hamilton County
Hamilton County Courthouse in Jasper
Hamilton County Courthouse in Jasper
Official seal of Hamilton County
Map of Florida highlighting Hamilton County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°29′N 82°57′W / 30.49°N 82.95°W / 30.49; -82.95
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedDecember 26, 1827
Named forAlexander Hamilton
SeatJasper
Largest cityJasper
Area
 • Total519 sq mi (1,340 km2)
 • Land514 sq mi (1,330 km2)
 • Water5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,004
 • Density29/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.hamiltoncountyfl.com

Hamilton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 14,004, down from 14,799 at the 2010 census.[1] Its county seat is Jasper.[2]

History[edit]

Hamilton County was created in 1827[3] from portions of Jefferson County. It was named for Alexander Hamilton, first United States Secretary of the Treasury.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 519 square miles (1,340 km2), of which 514 square miles (1,330 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5] It is the only county in Florida entirely north of Interstate 10.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major Highway[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Hamilton County, Florida[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,815 65.33% 1,963 33.61% 62 1.06%
2016 3,443 62.70% 1,904 34.67% 144 2.62%
2012 3,138 57.90% 2,228 41.11% 54 1.00%
2008 3,179 56.81% 2,364 42.24% 53 0.95%
2004 2,792 54.97% 2,260 44.50% 27 0.53%
2000 2,147 54.14% 1,723 43.44% 96 2.42%
1996 1,520 41.38% 1,735 47.24% 418 11.38%
1992 1,402 37.64% 1,622 43.54% 701 18.82%
1988 2,062 60.72% 1,318 38.81% 16 0.47%
1984 1,921 57.83% 1,401 42.17% 0 0.00%
1980 1,301 39.66% 1,923 58.63% 56 1.71%
1976 794 26.91% 2,053 69.57% 104 3.52%
1972 1,741 73.34% 626 26.37% 7 0.29%
1968 337 12.34% 820 30.03% 1,574 57.63%
1964 1,158 47.07% 1,302 52.93% 0 0.00%
1960 656 33.01% 1,331 66.99% 0 0.00%
1956 464 23.71% 1,493 76.29% 0 0.00%
1952 658 31.18% 1,452 68.82% 0 0.00%
1948 202 12.53% 1,071 66.44% 339 21.03%
1944 262 17.92% 1,200 82.08% 0 0.00%
1940 185 11.50% 1,424 88.50% 0 0.00%
1936 73 4.49% 1,554 95.51% 0 0.00%
1932 110 8.65% 1,161 91.35% 0 0.00%
1928 167 16.83% 741 74.70% 84 8.47%
1924 143 17.40% 619 75.30% 60 7.30%
1920 151 15.91% 706 74.39% 92 9.69%
1916 113 13.92% 675 83.13% 24 2.96%
1912 46 8.26% 405 72.71% 106 19.03%
1908 116 16.38% 452 63.84% 140 19.77%
1904 155 24.53% 455 71.99% 22 3.48%


Hamilton County Courthouse Annex and Administrative Offices

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830553
18401,464164.7%
18502,51171.5%
18604,15465.4%
18705,74938.4%
18806,79018.1%
18908,50725.3%
190011,88139.7%
191011,825−0.5%
19209,873−16.5%
19309,454−4.2%
19409,7783.4%
19508,981−8.2%
19607,705−14.2%
19707,7871.1%
19808,76112.5%
199010,93024.8%
200013,32721.9%
201014,79911.0%
202014,004−5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[1]

2020 census[edit]

Hamilton County racial composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,633 54.51%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,422 31.58%
Native American 43 0.31%
Asian 43 0.31%
Other/Mixed 408 2.91%
Hispanic or Latino 1,455 10.39%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,004 people, 4,381 households, and 3,082 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 13,327 people, 4,161 households, and 2,995 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 4,966 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 58.79% White, 37.72% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 6.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,161 households, out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 16.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.50% under the age of 18, 10.80% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 135.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 145.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,638, and the median income for a family was $30,677. Males had a median income of $26,999 versus $20,552 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,562. About 21.70% of families and 26.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.70% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.


Education[edit]

Hamilton County School District administrative offices

Hamilton County School District operates public schools in the county. The sole elementary school is Hamilton County Elementary School, and the sole high school is Hamilton County High School.

Hamilton County is served by the Suwannee River Regional Library System, which contains eight branches and also serves Madison and Suwannee counties.

Libraries in Hamilton County include:

  • Jasper
  • Jennings
  • White Springs

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Avoca
  • Bakers Mill
  • Bellville
  • Blue Springs
  • Crossroads
  • Hillcoat
  • Marion
  • Rawls
  • Watson
  • West Lake

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 31.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Hamilton County · Florida".
  7. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°29′N 82°57′W / 30.49°N 82.95°W / 30.49; -82.95