Hatf-VIII (Ra'ad)

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Raad (Hatf VIII)
Pakistan air force 1.png
Ra'ad is displayed with F-16s system functions.
Type Air-launched cruise missile (ALCM)
Place of origin Pakistan
Service history
In service Raad-I (2007)
Raad-II (2017)
Used by Pakistan Air Force
Production history
Manufacturer Air Weapons Complex (AWC)
Unit cost Unknown
Weight 1,100 kg
Length 4.85 m
Warhead 450 kg HE or nuclear 10 to 35 kt[1]

Engine Turbofan
Raad-I:350 km
Speed Subsonic
Combat aircraft
External media
Ra'ad test flight
Zoomed in view from TV image
Ra'ad on Display
Ra'ad during Pakistan Day Prade
Youtube video of Ra'ad test launch

The Raad (Urdu: رعد‎, "Thunder") is an air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) developed by Pakistan and operational with the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Though initially launched from a PAF Dassault Mirage III ROSE combat aircraft during testing, the missile is planned to be integrated with and launched from other PAF platforms such as the JF-17 combat aircraft.[2] The Ra'ad's current range is stated to be 350 km.[3]

Ra'ad is designed to attack fixed enemy installations (such as radar posts, command nodes and stationary surface-to-air missile launchers) at stand-off range, keeping the launching aircraft away from enemy air defence systems. The missile can also be armed with a 10–35 kt nuclear warhead.[1] The accuracy of the missile is reported to be comparable to Pakistan's Babur cruise missile, which can avoid radar detection and has "pinpoint accuracy" according to official sources.[4]


The Ra'ad, with a range of 350 km, has been tested several times since its first test in 2007. The Ra'ad-II, an improved version of the Ra'ad ALCM, was revealed during the Pakistan Day Parade on March 23' 2017 and has a range of 550 km. Although the Ra'ad-II was in PAF colors, indicating that it is operational, no public tests have taken place.

Development and design[edit]

After a successful test-launch in 2005 of the Babur (also known as Hatf VII), Pakistan's first cruise missile, it was stated by officials that the Babur would be modified to be launched from airborne platforms. But the Ra'ad, developed by Pakistan's Air Weapons Complex and NESCOM,[5] appears to be an entirely new missile, as is evident by the new name and a new official designation of Hatf VIII.

The Ra'ad's airframe is designed with stealth capability,[6][7] provided by the shape of the airframe and the materials used in its construction, to give the missile a low detection probability and allow it to penetrate enemy air defence systems.[3] Designed to carry conventional or nuclear warheads, the missile would most likely be used for precision air strikes on enemy command centres, radars, surface-to-air missile launchers, ballistic missile launchers and stationary warships.[8]

Operational history[edit]

A ROSE Mirage IIIDP with Ra'ad system.

Ra'ad was tested for the first time on 25 August 2007. An official press-release by the military at the time of the test declared that the missile gave Pakistan Air Force a "strategic standoff capability on land and at sea," indicating that Ra'ad may be launched at sea-based targets such as ships, as well as land-based targets.[3][9][10]

On 8 May 2008, Ra'ad was tested for the second time, this time fired from a Dassault Mirage III ROSE fighter of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF).[11][12]

A third successful test of Ra'ad (ALCM) was carried out on 29 April 2011, this time again fired from a Dassault Mirage fighter of Pakistan Air force.[13][14][15] Fourth test of Ra'ad (ALCM) was carried out on 30 May 2012. Another test of Ra'ad (ALCM) was carried out on 2 Feb 2015.[16]

See also[edit]

Related developments
Similar missiles
Related lists


  1. ^ a b http://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/hatf-8/
  2. ^ Article by Usman Ansari; "Despite Missile Integration, Nuke Role Unlikely for Pakistan’s JF-17." Published online by DefenseNews.com on 7 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Ra'ad Test Launch-Aljazeerza Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Ra.27ad_Test_Launch" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ Babur Cruise Missile Test Launch
  5. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3823118
  6. ^ http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/nbc/nuclear/pakistan
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20161027062103/http://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/hatf-8/. Archived from the original on 27 October 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ Ra'ad Missile
  9. ^ Ra'ad Test Launch-Pakistan times
  10. ^ Pakistan Missile Test
  11. ^ Geo Ra'ad Launch
  12. ^ Ra'ad test – The News
  13. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110504042914/http://www.asianage.com/international/pakistan-tests-hatf-8-cruise-missile-864. Archived from the original on 4 May 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Pakistan tests nuclear-capable Hatf-8 cruise missile". The Indian Express. April 29, 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Pakistan tests nuclear capable cruise missile". News.xinhuanet.com. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  16. ^ Desk, Web. "Pakistan test-fires new cruise missile Ra’ad – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 

External links[edit]