A model of an export version of the PL-12, SD-10A, (bottom-left corner) with a Pakistan Air Force JF-17 on display at the Farnborough Airshow 2010.
|Type||Medium-range, active radar homing air-to-air missile|
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Used by||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force
|Mass||180 kilograms (400 lb)|
|Diameter||203 millimetres (8.0 in)|
|Engine||Solid fuel rocket|
|70–100 kilometres (43–62 mi)|
The PL-12 (Chinese: 霹雳-12; pinyin: Pī Lì-12; literally: 'Thunderbolt-12') is an active radar-guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the People's Republic of China. It is considered comparable to the American AIM-120 AMRAAM and the Russian R-77.
The first public information of the Leihua Electronic Technology Research Institute's PL-12 – then called the SD-10 – emerged in 2001. Development was assisted by Vympel NPO and Agat of Russia. Liang Xiaogeng is believed to have been the chief designer. Four successful test firings were made in 2004. By 2005, the missile was also known as the PL-12.
The PL-12 may have initially used the radar and data link from Russian R-77, or systems benefiting from technology transfers from Russia ,with indigenous systems being the rocket motor and airframe among others. The PL-12 may have a passive homing mode for use against jammers and AEW aircraft.
- SD-10 (ShanDian-10, 闪电-10) - Export version of the PL-12. There is also a SD-10B.
- DK-10A - Surface to air missile with range from 3 to 50 km and altitude from 30 m to 20 km. Also called Sky Dragon 50, SD-50, Tianlong 50, GAS2.  Very similar to NASAMS.
- SD-30 -Surface to air missile, first unveiled at 2018 Zhuhai Airshow.
- LD-10 (雷电-10) - Anti-radiation missile.
- Pakistan Air Force (PAF), 800 ordered.
- DK-10A missiles used by Sky Dragon 50 SAM system.
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