Hawaii's 1st congressional district

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Hawaii's 1st congressional district
Hawaii's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Hawaii's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Colleen Hanabusa (DHonolulu)
Distribution 99.27% urban, 0.73% rural
Population (2010) 692,981
Median income $74,905
Ethnicity 18.8% White, 2.0% Black, 54.3% Asian, 5.4% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 7.8% other
Cook PVI D+18

Hawaii's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district is located entirely on the island of Oahu, encompassing the urban areas of the City and County of Honolulu, a consolidated city-county that includes Oahu's central plains and southern shores, including the towns of Aiea, Mililani, Pearl City, Waipahu and Waimalu. The district is smaller and more densely populated than the 2nd Congressional District (which includes the rest of the state). It is the only majority-Asian district in the United States.

The district is currently represented by Colleen Hanabusa who was elected by special election to fill the term of Democrat Mark Takai who died July 2016. Hanabusa was also elected to the seat for the regular term beginning January 3, 2017.

History[edit]

When Hawaii and Alaska were admitted to the Union in 1959, both new states were granted one at-large Representative to Congress pending the next United States Census. In the reapportionment following the 1960 U.S. Census, Hawaii was entitled to a second U.S. Representative. Instead of creating two congressional districts, the state continued to elect its Representatives at-large. Two representatives were first elected in 1962 and Hawaii was first represented by two U.S. Representatives on January 2, 1963 upon the convening of the 88th Congress.

The 1st Congressional District was created in 1971 when Hawaii began electing its representatives from districts instead of electing at-large Representative statewide.

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races[1]

Year Office Result
2000 President Gore 55% - Bush 39%
2004 President Kerry 53% - Bush 47%
2008 President Obama 70% - McCain 28%
2012 President Obama 70% - Romney 29%

List of representatives[edit]

District established and redistricted from seat B of the at-large district following the 91st Congress.

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history District map
Spark Matsunaga.jpg Spark Matsunaga Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92nd Re-elected in 1970. [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
93rd Re-elected in 1972. [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
94th Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
CecilHeftel.jpg Cecil Heftel Democratic January 3, 1977 –
July 11, 1986
95th Elected in 1976.
96th Re-elected in 1978.
97th Re-elected in 1980.
98th Re-elected in 1982. [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
99th Re-elected in 1984.
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii.
Vacant July 11, 1986 –
September 20, 1986
Neilabercrombie.jpg Neil Abercrombie Democratic September 20, 1986 –
January 3, 1987
Elected to finish Heftel's term.
Lost renomination.
Pat Saiki.jpg Pat Saiki Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
100th Elected in 1986.
101st Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Neil Abercrombie, 109th Pictorial photo.jpg Neil Abercrombie Democratic January 3, 1991 –
February 28, 2010
102nd Elected in 1990.
103rd Re-elected in 1992. [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
104th Re-elected in 1994.
105th Re-elected in 1996.
106th Re-elected in 1998.
107th Re-elected in 2000.
108th Re-elected in 2002. HI district 1-108th.gif
109th Re-elected in 2004.
110th Re-elected in 2006.
111th Re-elected in 2008.
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii.
Vacant February 28, 2010 –
May 22, 2010
Charles Djou.jpg Charles Djou Republican May 22, 2010 –
January 3, 2011
Elected to finish Abercrombie's term.
Lost re-election.[2]
Hanabusa 160x240.jpg Colleen Hanabusa Democratic January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2015
112th Elected in 2010.
113th Re-elected in 2012.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Current boundaries, see above
NEW KMT Official Photo.jpg.2600x3467.tall.jpg Mark Takai Democratic January 3, 2015 –
July 20, 2016
114th Elected in 2014.
Died.[3]
Vacant July 20, 2016 –
November 8, 2016
Hanabusa 160x240.jpg Colleen Hanabusa Democratic November 8, 2016 –
Present
Elected to finish Takai's term.
115th Elected in 2016.

Election results[edit]

197019721974197619781980198219841986 (Special)1986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010 (Special)201020122014

1970[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga 85,411 72.89
Republican Richard K. Cockey 31,764 27.11
Total votes 117,175 100.0
Democratic win (new seat)

1972[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 73,826 54.70
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 61,138 45.30
Total votes 134,964 100.0
Democratic hold

1974[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 71,552 59.32
Republican William B. Paul 49,065 40.68
Total votes 120,617 100.0
Democratic hold

1976[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel 60,050 43.64
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 53,745 39.06
Independents for Godly Government Kathy Joyce Hoshijo 23,807 17.30
Total votes 137,602 100.0
Democratic hold

1978[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 84,552 73.26
Republican William D. Spillane 24,470 21.20
Libertarian Peter David Larsen 4,295 3.72
Aloha Democratic Party Debra Figueroa 2,095 1.82
Total votes 115,412 100.0
Democratic hold

1980[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 98,256 79.77
Republican Aloma Keen Noble 19,819 16.09
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 5,106 4.14
Total votes 123,181 100.0
Democratic hold

1982[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 134,779 89.91
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 15,128 10.09
Total votes 149,907 100.0
Democratic hold

1984[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 114,884 82.73
Republican Will Beard 20,608 14.84
Libertarian Christopher Winter 3,373 2.43
Total votes 138,865 100.0
Democratic hold

1986 (Special)[edit]

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 1986[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 42,031 29.88
Republican Pat Saiki 41,067 29.20
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 39,800 28.30
Democratic Steve Cobb 16,721 11.89
Democratic Louis Agard 566 0.40
Nonpartisan Blase Harris 460 0.33
Total votes 140,645 100.0
Democratic hold

1986[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki 99,683 59.20
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 63,061 37.45
Libertarian Blase Harris 5,633 3.35
Total votes 168,377 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

1988[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki (incumbent) 96,848 54.71
Democratic Mary Bitterman 76,394 43.16
Libertarian Blase Harris 3,778 2.13
Total votes 177,020 100.0
Republican hold

1990[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 97,622 60.00
Republican Mike Liu 62,982 38.71
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,107 1.29
Total votes 162,711 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

1992[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 129,332 72.87
Republican Warner Sutton 41,575 23.43
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 6,569 3.70
Total votes 177,476 100.0
Democratic hold

1994[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 94,754 53.62
Republican Orson Swindle 76,623 43.36
Best Party of Hawaii Alexandria Kaan 2,815 1.59
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,514 1.42
Total votes 176,706 100.0
Democratic hold

1996[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 86,732 50.37
Republican Orson Swindle 80,053 46.49
Nonpartisan Mark Duering 4,126 2.40
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 1,295 0.75
Total votes 172,206 100.0
Democratic hold

1998[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 116,693 61.56
Republican Gene Ward 68,905 36.34
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 3,973 2.10
Total votes 189,571 100.0
Democratic hold

2000[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 108,517 69.03
Republican Phil Meyers 44,989 28.62
Libertarian Jerry Murphy 3,688 2.35
Total votes 157,194 100.0
Democratic hold

2002[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 131,673 72.86
Republican Mark Terry 45,032 24.92
Libertarian James H. Bracken 4,028 2.23
Total votes 180,733 100.0
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 128,567 62.97
Republican Dalton Tanonaka 69,371 33.98
Libertarian Elyssa Young 6,243 3.06
Total votes 204,181 100.0
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 112,904 69.35
Republican Richard (Noah) Hough 49,890 30.65
Total votes 162,794 100.0
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 154,181 77.14
Republican Steve Tataii 38,104 19.06
Libertarian Li Zhao 7,591 3.80
Total votes 199,876 100.0
Democratic hold

2010 (Special)[edit]

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 2010[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles Djou 67,610 39.44
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 52,802 30.80
Democratic Ed Case 47,391 27.65
No party 11 others 1,682 0.99%
Total votes 171,417 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

2010[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 94,140 53.23
Republican Charles Djou (incumbent) 82,723 46.77
Total votes 176,863 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2012[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa (incumbent) 116,505 53.47
Republican Charles Djou 96,824 44.44
Blank Votes 4,467 2.05
Over Votes 80 0.04
Total votes 217,876 100

2014[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Mark Takai 93,390 51.2
Republican Charles Djou 86,454 47.4
Blank Votes 2,366 1.3
Over Votes 58 0.0
Total votes 182,268 100

Living former Members[edit]

As of November 2016, there are three former members of the House who are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Mark Takai (2015–2016), who died in office on July 20, 2016.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Neil Abercrombie 1986–1987
1991–2010
(1938-06-28) June 28, 1938 (age 78)
Pat Saiki 1987–1991 (1930-05-28) May 28, 1930 (age 86)
Charles Djou 2010–2011 (1970-08-09) August 9, 1970 (age 46)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 21°19′22″N 157°54′21″W / 21.32278°N 157.90583°W / 21.32278; -157.90583