Homoisocitrate dehydrogenase

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homoisocitrate dehydrogenase
Homoisocitrate dehydrogenase tetramer, Thermus thermophilus
EC no.
CAS no.37250-23-0
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a homoisocitrate dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(1R,2S)-1-hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate + NAD+ 2-oxoadipate + CO2 + NADH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (1R,2S)-1-hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate and NAD+, whereas its 4 products are 2-oxoadipate, CO2, NADH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (1R,2S)-1-hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating). Other names in common use include 2-hydroxy-3-carboxyadipate dehydrogenase, 3-carboxy-2-hydroxyadipate dehydrogenase, homoisocitric dehydrogenase, (−)-1-hydroxy-1,2,4-butanetricarboxylate:NAD+ oxidoreductase, (decarboxylating), 3-carboxy-2-hydroxyadipate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating), and HICDH. This enzyme participates in lysine biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 1X0L.


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  • Zabriskie TM, Jackson MD (2000). "Lysine biosynthesis and metabolism in fungi". Nat. Prod. Rep. 17 (1): 85–97. doi:10.1039/a801345d. PMID 10714900.