Alberta Highway 93

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Alberta Highway 93 shield

Highway 93
Banff-Windermere Parkway, Icefields Parkway
Route information
Length: 268 km (167 mi)
Existed: 1940 – present
Major junctions
South end: B.C. border at Vermilion Pass
continues as BC 93
  Hwy 1 (TCH) near Lake Louise
Hwy 1A near Lake Louise
Hwy 11 at Saskatchewan River Crossing
North end: Hwy 16 (TCH) at Jasper
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
I.D. No. 9, I.D. No. 12, Jasper
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 88 SPF

Highway 93 is a north-south highway in the province of Alberta, Canada. This highway is also known the Banff-Windermere Parkway south of the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) and the Icefields Parkway north of the Trans-Canada Highway. It travels through Banff National Park and Jasper National Park and maintained by Parks Canada for its entire length.[1] It runs from British Columbia border at Vermilion Pass in the south, where it becomes British Columbia Highway 93, to its terminus at the junction with the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16) at Jasper.[2] The route takes its number from U.S. Route 93 and was initially designated as ‘93’ in 1959.[citation needed]

Route description[edit]

Banff-Windermere Parkway[edit]

The southern portion of the route is part of the Banff-Windermere Parkway, a 104 km (65 mi) highway that travels from British Columbia Highway 95 at Radium Hot Springs, through Kootenay National Park and Vermilion Pass across the Continental Divide, to the junction of the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) at Castle Junction.[3] The final 10 km (6.2 mi) of the parkway are in Alberta and Banff National Park. Prior to 1959, the highway was designated as Highway 1B.[4]

Trans-Canada Highway[edit]

Highway 93 connects with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1) at Castle Junction, midway between Banff and Lake Louise.[3] Highway 93 follows the Trans-Canada Highway for 28 km (17 mi) northwest, diverging from highway west of Lake Louise. Highway 1 continues west to Yoho National Park. The Bow Valley Parkway (Highway 1A) also links Lake Louise and Banff. This road parallels Highway 1 and, at the midpoint, passes Castle junction where links with Highway 93.[3]

Icefields Parkway[edit]

Looking north at the northern terminus of the Icefields Parkway

The Icefields Parkway (French: Promenade des Glaciers), is a scenic road in Alberta, Canada. It parallels the Continental Divide, traversing the rugged landscape of the Canadian Rockies, travelling through Banff National Park and Jasper National Park. It links Lake Louise with Jasper to the north. At its southern end, the Icefields Parkway terminates at the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). Highway 1 west goes to Yoho National Park in British Columbia and Highway 1 east to Lake Louise and the Town of Banff. A second parkway, the Bow Valley Parkway also links Lake Louise and the Town of Banff. Known as Highway 1A, this road parallels Highway 1 and, at the midpoint, passes the Castle Mountain junction where Highway 93 south, or the Banff-Windermere Highway, branches southwest into Kootenay National Park in British Columbia.[3]

The Icefields Parkway, 230 km (140 mi) long, was completed in 1940.[citation needed] It is named for features such as the Columbia Icefield, visible from the parkway.

The parkway is busy in July and August with up to 100,000 vehicles a month. The parkway is mainly two lanes with occasional passing lanes. It minimizes grades and hairpin turns but travellers must look out for wildlife, and vehicles stopped on the shoulder. Snow can be expected at any time of year and extreme weather is common in winter.

A Canadian national parks permit is required to travel on the Icefields Parkway; stations near Lake Louise and Jasper enforce the law. Commercial trucks are prohibited.[5] The speed limit is 90 km/h (56 mph) although the limit is reduced at Saskatchewan River Crossing and the Columbia Icefield area. In winter, chains or winter-rated radial tires are required by law and road closures are not uncommon.[citation needed]

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the south end of Highway 93:

National Park Location km mi Destinations Notes
Continues as BC 93 (Banff-Windermere Parkway) – Kootenay National Park, Radium Hot Springs, Invermere, Cranbrook
Banff National Park 0 0.0 AlbertaBritish Columbia border
Vermilion Pass – 1,680 m (5,510 ft)
Hwy 93 begins
Enters Banff National Park
51°13′44″N 116°03′02″W / 51.228776°N 116.050600°W / 51.228776; -116.050600 (Vermilion Pass)
Castle Junction 10 10 Banff - Windermere Parkway ends
Hwy 1 (TCH) east – Banff, Canmore, Calgary
To Hwy 1A (Bow Valley Parkway)
Hwy 93 branches northwest
Hwy 1 concurrency begins
51°15′52″N 115°55′56″W / 51.264565°N 115.932311°W / 51.264565; -115.932311 (TCH 1 east)
33 21 Crosses the Bow River51°24′08″N 116°09′32″W / 51.402339°N 116.159023°W / 51.402339; -116.159023 (Bow River)
Lake Louise 36 22 Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) / Lake Louise Drive 51°25′34″N 116°10′24″W / 51.426110°N 116.173373°W / 51.426110; -116.173373 (Lake Louise)
38 24 Hwy 1 (TCH) west – Yoho National Park, Field, Golden, Kamloops Hwy 93 branches north
Hwy 1 concurrency ends
51°26′29″N 116°12′04″W / 51.441419°N 116.201168°W / 51.441419; -116.201168 (TCH 1 west)
Icefields Parkway begins • National Park pass required
39 24 Park gate 51°26′40″N 116°12′33″W / 51.444582°N 116.209127°W / 51.444582; -116.209127 (South Park Gate)
71 44 Crowfoot Glacier (roadside pullout) 51°39′50″N 116°26′23″W / 51.663857°N 116.439681°W / 51.663857; -116.439681 (Crowfoot Glacier)
74 46 unnamed roadBow Lake 51°40′56″N 116°27′43″W / 51.682351°N 116.461960°W / 51.682351; -116.461960 (Bow Lake)
78 48 Bow Summit – 2,069 m (6,788 ft)
unnamed roadPeyto Lake
51°43′12″N 116°29′41″W / 51.719901°N 116.494699°W / 51.719901; -116.494699 (Bow Summit)
109 68 Mistaya Canyon (roadside pullout) 51°56′28″N 116°43′02″W / 51.941084°N 116.717254°W / 51.941084; -116.717254 (Mistaya Canyon)
112 70 Crosses the North Saskatchewan River51°58′14″N 116°43′13″W / 51.970431°N 116.720373°W / 51.970431; -116.720373 (N Sask River)
Saskatchewan
River Crossing
114 71 Hwy 11 east – Rocky Mountain House, Red Deer 51°58′24″N 116°44′35″W / 51.973260°N 116.742946°W / 51.973260; -116.742946 (Hwy 11)
150 93 Parker Ridge (roadside pullout) 52°10′37″N 117°03′22″W / 52.177048°N 117.055986°W / 52.177048; -117.055986 (Parker Ridge)
↑ / ↓ 159 99 Sunwapta Pass – 2,030 m (6,660 ft) 52°12′50″N 117°09′49″W / 52.213759°N 117.163609°W / 52.213759; -117.163609 (Sunwapta Pass)
Jasper National Park Columbia Icefield 163 101 Icefields Centre, Athabasca Glacier 52°13′11″N 117°13′29″W / 52.219679°N 117.224859°W / 52.219679; -117.224859 (Columbia Icefield)
212 132 unnamed roadSunwapta Falls 52°32′13″N 117°38′28″W / 52.537049°N 117.641038°W / 52.537049; -117.641038 (Sunwapta Falls)
235 146 Hwy 93A north – Athabasca Falls 52°40′08″N 117°52′54″W / 52.668965°N 117.881529°W / 52.668965; -117.881529 (Athabasca Falls)
258 160 Crosses the Athabasca River52°48′43″N 118°02′28″W / 52.811830°N 118.041064°W / 52.811830; -118.041064 (Athabasca River)
259 161 Hwy 93A south – Marmot Basin 52°48′51″N 118°03′02″W / 52.814144°N 118.050557°W / 52.814144; -118.050557 (Hwy 93A)
260 160 Park gate 52°49′07″N 118°03′10″W / 52.818584°N 118.052744°W / 52.818584; -118.052744 (North Park Gate)
263 163 Whistlers Road – Jasper Skytram 52°51′16″N 118°04′41″W / 52.854548°N 118.077977°W / 52.854548; -118.077977 (Whistlers Rd)
264 164 Hwy 93A north – Jasper 52°51′30″N 118°04′46″W / 52.858376°N 118.079377°W / 52.858376; -118.079377 (Hwy 93A)
265 165 Crosses the Miette River52°51′45″N 118°05′11″W / 52.862593°N 118.086487°W / 52.862593; -118.086487 (Miette River)
Jasper 266 165 Icefields Parkway ends
YellowheadShield.jpg Hwy 16 (TCH) – Prince George, Kamloops, Edmonton
Connaught Drive – Jasper
Hwy 93 ends
52°52′00″N 118°05′36″W / 52.866548°N 118.093284°W / 52.866548; -118.093284 (TCH 16)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
360° panorama of Mount Amery and the Alexandra River in the Icefields Parkway of Jasper and Banff national parks. Low clouds drift along as the morning sun rises over Mount Wilson.

Highway 93A[edit]

Alberta Highway 93A.svg

Just south of Jasper, a short spur of the parkway branches off as Highway 93A, providing access to businesses on the south side of Jasper and providing an alternative route into the community. Another Highway 93A spur farther south along the parkway provides alternative access to viewpoints and other attractions within Jasper National Park.

Highway 93A south of Jasper is narrow and the pavement uneven, with an average limit of 60 km/h. Brush grows up to the side of the highway so animals can be difficult to see.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Internal Audit and Evaluation Documents: Evaluation of Parks Canada's Through Highway Management". Parks Canada. November 22, 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2015 ed.). City of Edmonton Transportation Services for Alberta Culture and Tourism. § J–2, K–3, L–3, and L–4.
  3. ^ a b c d Google (November 5, 2016). "Highway 93 in Alberta" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Shell British Columbia-Alberta Highway Map". David Rumsey Map Collection. The H.M. Gousha Company. 1956. Retrieved June 23, 2016. 
  5. ^ Canada. "Banff National Park - Park Passes". Parks Canada. Retrieved April 26, 2016.

External links[edit]