Pre-flight safety demonstration
The pre-flight safety demonstration (also known as a pre-flight briefing, in-flight safety demonstration, safety instructions, or simply the safety video) is a detailed explanation given before takeoff to airline passengers about the safety features of a commercial aircraft.
On smaller aircraft this may take place in the form of a live briefing performed by flight attendants standing up in the aisles, while another flight attendant narrates over the public address system. Smaller regional jets and turboprops, where there may be only one flight attendant sometimes use recorded narration accompanying a live demonstration. On many larger aircraft equipped with in-flight entertainment, safety demonstrations may take place in the form of a video, which typically lasts 2 to 6 minutes. In consideration for travelers not speaking the airline's official language and for the passengers with hearing problems, the video may feature subtitles, an on-screen signer, or may be repeated in another language. Some safety videos are made using three-dimensional graphics.
By 2009 several airlines have striven to make distinctive safety videos. Many safety videos were uploaded to YouTube. Cebu Pacific choreographed the entire demonstration to Lady Gaga's Just Dance and Katy Perry's California Gull as an experiment during one of their flights. The flight attendant featured in the most recent Delta Air Lines video has become an internet celebrity known as Deltalina.
If an emergency happens once airborne, flight attendants are trained to calmly brief passengers with emergency procedures quickly.
Safety demonstrations are required by the basic international air safety standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization and national civil aviation authorities. A safety demonstration typically covers all these aspects, not necessarily in this order:
- demonstrating the emergency brace position (sometimes called the safety position) to be used during an emergency landing (not required in the United States or Canada)
- the use of the seat belt. Some airlines recommend or require that passengers keep their seatbelt fastened at all times in case of unexpected turbulence.
- the requirement that passengers must comply with lighted signs, posted placards, and crew members instructions (Generally only included in safety demonstrations on US and New Zealand carriers as the FAA (US) and CAA (NZ) require it to be stated)
- the location and use of the emergency exits, evacuation slides and emergency floor lighting
- the requirements for sitting in an emergency exit row (varies by country and airline), in the United States it must also be stated that exit row passengers may be required to assist the crew in an evacuation.
- the use of the oxygen mask (not included on some turboprops which do not fly high enough to need supplemental oxygen in a decompression emergency) with associated reminders:
- that the passenger should always fit his or her own mask before helping children, the disabled, or persons requiring assistance.
- that even though oxygen will be flowing to the mask, the plastic bag may not inflate (required in the United States after a woman fatally removed her mask thinking it was not working). Some planes such as the Boeing 787 does not include Plastic Bags in the oxygen masks.
- the location and use of the life vests, life rafts and flotation devices (not always included if the flight does not overfly or fly near vast masses of water although is required by the FAA (US) on any aircraft equipped with life vests)
- the use of passenger seat cushions as flotation devices (typically only included on aircraft that do not provide life vests)
- reminders -
- that smoking is not allowed on board, including in the lavatories (some airlines also ban electronic cigarettes).
- that federal law prohibits tampering with, disabling or destroying lavatory smoke detectors (required verbatim in the United States - similar warnings in most other countries)
- that the use of mobile phones is not allowed during flight, unless placed in "flight safe mode" or the wireless capability is turned off
- that laptops and other electronics may only be used once the aircraft is at cruising altitude and the Captain turns off the fasten seat-belt sign.
- in Canada, that passengers must ask a flight attendant prior to using electronics, and the use of external accessories (hard drives, mice, keyboards, printers, etc...) are not permitted. This has since been no longer implemented after Transport Canada changed its In-Flight Electronics Policy to those implemented in other countries.
- that seatbacks and tray tables should be in their upright and locked position and carry-on luggage stowed in the overhead locker or underneath a seat prior to takeoff.
- to review the safety information card prior to takeoff.
- "TAM." Pixel Labs. Retrieved on February 25, 2009.
- Montgomery, Bill. "Who needs clothes in an airline safety video?." Houston Chronicle. June 30, 2009. Retrieved on July 21, 2009.
- "Nudity, cartoons grab air travelers' attention." CNN. Friday July 31, 2009. Retrieved on August 26, 2009.
- "This will keep the seat backs in an upright position: Cabin crew perform in-flight safety demo... while dancing to Lady Gaga." Daily Mail. October 3, 2010. Retrieved on December 3, 2010.
Airline safety videos
- Air Astana A320 at travelandmedia.com (Kazakh, Russian and English)
- Air Austral B777 at Vibrason Productions (French and English)
- Airblue Airbus A320 series on YouTube at PrisLogix YouTube account
- Air New Zealand
- B737-300 (2009 "Nothing to Hide") on YouTube at the official Air New Zealand YouTube channel
- B737-300 (2010 "Crazy about Rugby") on YouTube at the official Air New Zealand YouTube channel
- B737-300 (2011 "Fit to Fly with Richard Simmons") on YouTube at the official Air New Zealand YouTube channel
- B777-300ER on YouTube at the official Air New Zealand YouTube channel
- Corsairfly 747 at Vibrason Productions (French and English)
- Delta Air Lines
- 737-700 on YouTube on the official Delta Air Lines channel
- 737-800 on YouTube on the official Delta Air Lines channel (English with English and Spanish subtitles)
- 747-400 on YouTube on the official Delta Air Lines channel (English with English and Japanese subtitles)
- 777 on YouTube on the official Delta Air Lines channel (English with English and Hindi subtitles)
- Vintage L-1011 on YouTube from the mid-1990s.
- LAN Airlines A320 on YouTube on the official LAN Airlines channel (Spanish and English)
- LAN Airlines A340 on YouTube on the official LAN Airlines channel (Spanish and English)
- LOT Polish Airlines 767-300 on YouTube on the official LOT Polish Airlines channel (Polish)
- Lufthansa A300 (early video from the 1980s) on YouTube
- Lufthansa A340 on YouTube
- Luxair B737 on the In-Visible Studio website
- Malaysia Airlines opening portion on YouTube on the official Hue Visual Lab Channel
- Malev 737-800 and Malev 767-200ER (English) at travelandmedia.com
- Malev 737-800 and Malev 767-200ER (Hungarian and English) at travelandmedia.com
- Philippine Airlines 747-400 on YouTube on the official AmbientMedia YouTube channel
- Royal Jordanian Airline A320 and A340 at travelandmedia.com (Arabic and English)
- SWISS A330/ A340 on YouTube on the official SWISS International Airlines Channel.
- TAM Airlines A319 (older version) on YouTube on Pitel Marcelo's account (Portuguese)
- TAM Airlines A321 on YouTube on the Pixellabs YouTube channel (Portuguese with English subtitles)
- TAM Airlines A340 on YouTube on the Pixellabs YouTube channel (Portuguese)
- Thomson Airways on YouTube on the Thomson Holidays YouTube channel
- United Airlines (post-merger) 777 on YouTube.
- Virgin America A320 on YouTube on the LetVAFly official channel
- Air India on YouTube
- Cebu Pacific Airlines Musical Instructions on YouTube
- Air Tahiti Nui (Airbus 340-300) on YouTube
- Malaysia Airlines on YouTube
- Northwest Airlines Safety Demo Audio and Script at youtube.com