Infanta Isabel Maria of Portugal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Infanta Isabel Maria
Regent of Portugal
Infanta D. Isabel Maria de Bragança.png
Infanta D. Isabel Maria; 1869.
Born (1801-07-04)4 July 1801
Palace of Queluz, Queluz, Portugal
Died 22 April 1876(1876-04-22) (aged 74)
Benfica, Lisbon, Portugal
Burial Pantheon of the Braganzas
Full name
Portuguese: Isabel Maria da Conceição Joana Gualberta Ana Francisca de Assis Xavier de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Joaquina Gonzaga
House Braganza
Father John VI of Portugal
Mother Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infanta Isabel Maria of Portugal ( Portuguese pronunciation: [izɐˈbɛɫ mɐˈɾiɐ]; Queluz, 4 July 1801 – Benfica, then Belém, 22 April 1876 was a Portuguese infanta (princess) daughter of King John VI of Portugal and his wife Carlota Joaquina of Spain. She acted as regent for two years.

Early life[edit]

Her full name was Isabel Maria da Conceição Joana Gualberta Ana Francisca de Assis de Paula de Alcântara Antónia Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Joaquina Gonzaga de Bragança e Bourbon. She was a titular of the Great-Cross of the Order of Our Lady of Conception; Dame of the orders of Saint Isabel and of the Noble Dames of Mary Louise and awarded with the Starry Cross of Austria.

Regency[edit]

Because Prince Pedro, who was heir to the throne, had just proclaimed the independence of Brazil, Prince Miguel was in Vienna, Queen Carlota Joaquina was exiled in Queluz and Isabel's older sisters (Maria Teresa and Maria Francisca of Assisi) had married to Spanish infantes (princes), Isabel Maria was chosen to be Regent of the Kingdom until the recently crowned Emperor of Brazil (Pedro I of Brazil and future Pedro IV of Portugal) returned. Pedro IV, however, immediately abdicated in favour of his daughter Maria da Glória (who became Maria II of Portugal), who was in London, with the condition that she should marry her uncle Miguel. Isabella Maria continued as regent until 1828, when a civil war started between absolutists, supporting Miguel, and liberals, supporting Maria II (called the Liberal War) that would end with a liberal victory and defeat and consequent exile of Miguel.

Later life[edit]

Isabel Maria retired from politics and turned her life to religion. She died unmarried in Benfica (at the time not a neighbourhood of Lisbon but a near town in Belém municipality) on 22 April 1876. She was the last surviving child of John VI of Portugal and the last grandchild of Maria I of Portugal. She is buried in the Royal Pantheon of the House of Braganza.

Titles[edit]

  • 4 July 1801 – 6 March 1826: Her Royal Highness Infanta Dona Isabel Maria of Portugal
  • 6 March 1826 – 26 February 1828: Her Royal Highness Infanta Dona Isabel Maria, Regent of Portugal
  • 26 February 1828 – 22 April 1876: Her Royal Highness Infanta Dona Isabel Maria of Portugal

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Infanta Isabel Maria of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 4 July 1801 Died: 22 April 1876
Political offices
Vacant
Title last held by
João, Prince of Brazil
Regent of Portugal
6 March 1826 – 26 February 1828
Succeeded by
Miguel