Infosys Prize

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The Infosys Prize
Infosys Prize.jpg
Awarded forContributions in six categories of research:
  1. Engineering and Computer Science
  2. Humanities
  3. Life Sciences
  4. Mathematical Sciences
  5. Physical Sciences
  6. Social Sciences
CountryIndia
Presented byInfosys Science Foundation
First awarded2008
Websitewww.infosys-science-foundation.com

The Infosys Prize is an annual award given to scientists, researchers, engineers and social scientists of Indian origin (not necessarily born in India)[1] by the Infosys Science Foundation and ranks among the highest monetary awards in India to recognize research. The prize for each category includes a gold medallion, a citation certificate, and prize money of US$100,000 (or its equivalent in Indian Rupees).[2] The prize purse is tax free in the hands of winners in India.[3] The winners are selected by the jury of their respective categories, headed by the jury chairs.

In 2008, the prize was jointly awarded by the Infosys Science Foundation and National Institute of Advanced Studies for mathematics.[4] The following year, three additional categories were added: Life Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Physical Sciences and Social Sciences. In 2010, Engineering and Computer Science was added as a category. In 2012, a sixth category, Humanities, was added.

Laureates in Engineering and Computer Science[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Engineering and Computer Science has been awarded annually since 2010.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2010 Ashutosh Sharma Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Awarded "in recognition of his fundamental contributions to the fields of surfaces and interfaces, adhesion, pattern formation, nanocomposites, materials science, and hydrodynamics, which have practical applications in such areas as energy storage, filtration, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and optoelectronics."
2011 Kalyanmoy Deb Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Awarded "for his work in the fields of evolutionary multi-objective optimization and genetic algorithms."[5]
2012 Ashish Kishore Lele National Chemical Laboratory Awarded "for his incisive contributions in molecular tailoring of stimuli responsive smart polymeric gels; exploring the anomalous behavior of rheologically complex fluids, and for building the bridge between macromolecular dynamics and polymer processing."[citation needed]
2013 V. Ramgopal Rao Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Awarded "for his wide-ranging contributions to nanoscale electronics, for integrating chemistry with mechanics and electronics to invent new functional devices, and for innovation and entrepreneurship in creating technologies and products of societal value."[citation needed]
2014 Jayant Haritsa Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for being a pioneer in the design and optimization of database engines that form the core of modern enterprise information systems. His many contributions have found direct use in various types of databases including decision‑support, biological and multilingual databases, as well as produced software tools for query optimization and metadata processing."[citation needed]
2015 Umesh Waghmare Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Awarded "for his innovative use of first- principles theories and modeling in insightful investigations of microscopic mechanisms responsible for specific properties of specific materials such as topological insulators, ferroelectrics, multiferroics and 2-dimensional materials like graphene."[citation needed]
2016 Viswanathan Kumaran Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for his seminal work in complex fluids and complex flows and especially in transition and turbulence in soft-walled tubes and channels."[citation needed]
2017 Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay Indian Statistical Institute Awarded "for her scholarly record in algorithmic optimization and for its significant impact on biological data analysis. Her discoveries include a genetic marker for breast cancer, determination of co-occurrence of HIV and cancers and the role of white matter in Alzheimer's disease."[6]
2018 Navakanta Bhat Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Awarded "for his work on the design of novel biosensors based on his research in biochemistry and gaseous sensors that push the performance limits of existing metal-oxide sensors. The prize recognizes his efforts to build a state-of-the-art infrastructure for research and talent training in nanoscale systems and for developing technologies for space and national security applications."[7]
2019 Sunita Sarawagi Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Awarded "for her research in databases, data mining, machine learning and natural language processing, and for important applications of these research techniques."[8]
2020 Hari Balakrishnan Massachusetts Institute of Technology Awarded "for his broad contributions to computer networking, his seminal work on mobile and wireless systems."[9]
2021 Chandrasekhar Nair Molbio Diagnostics Awarded for "his development and large-scale commercialization of Truenat, a new point-of-care testing platform for PCR-based medical diagnostics. Dr. Nair’s work has enabled testing for millions of COVID-19 cases across resource-limited settings in India and the diagnosis of multiple infectious diseases including tuberculosis all over the world."[10]
2022 Suman Chakraborty Professor, Mechanical Engineering, and Dean, Research and Development, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Awarded for "his pioneering work in elucidating the interaction of fluid mechanics, interfacial phenomena, and electromechanics at the micro- and nanoscale. Using this understanding he has helped to advance healthcare in resource-limited settings through the invention of novel low-cost medical devices for sensing, diagnostics and therapeutics."[11]

Laureates in Humanities[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Humanities has been awarded annually since 2012.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2012 Sanjay Subrahmanyam University of California, Los Angeles Awarded "for his path-breaking contribution to history. He is an outstanding scholar of early-modern (1500-1800) South Asian history. He has been able to develop a new genre of 'connected history,’ involving persons, products, and social and political processes stretching from Melaka in the East to Portugal in the West."[12]
Amit Chaudhuri University of East Anglia Awarded "for his imaginative and illuminating writings in literary criticism, which reflect a complex literary sensibility, and great theoretical mastery, along with a probing sense of detail. The Infosys Prize recognizes and celebrates the intellectual reach and the quiet humanity in his extraordinary writings."[13]
2013 Nayanjot Lahiri University of Delhi Awarded "for her outstanding contribution towards the integration of archaeological knowledge with the historical understanding of India from the earliest times. She is an exceptional scholar of proto-historic and early India. Her wide-ranging work on the past and present illuminates many aspects that include contemporary Indian society."[14]
Ayesha Kidwai Jawaharlal Nehru University Awarded "for her exceptional contribution to the field of theoretical linguistics. Her research on syntactic relations in Hindi-Urdu has related wider debates in linguistics to the study of Indian languages and has extended our understanding of India's linguistic diversity."[15]
2014 Shamnad Basheer Increasing Diversity by Increasing Access and SpicyIP Awarded "for his outstanding contributions to a broad range of legal issues and legal education. He has been doing this with remarkable fair‑mindedness in assessing opposing positions taken on quintessentially controversial areas, such as intellectual property laws."[16]
2015 Jonardon Ganeri New York University Awarded "for his outstanding scholarship and originality in interpreting and scrutinizing analytical Indian Philosophy. He has thrown light on the shared ground as well as the dichotomy between Indian and Greek traditions of philosophical reasoning, thereby illuminating both."[citation needed]
2016 Sunil Amrith Harvard University Awarded "for his outstanding contributions to the history of migration, environmental history, and the history of international public health, and in recognition of his field-changing research on the interrelated past of contemporary Asia."[17]
2017 Ananya Jahanara Kabir King's College London Awarded "for her highly original explorations of the long-standing historical elements - conceptual, social and cultural - in colonial modernity, and for her subtle and insightful ethnography of cultural and political life in Kashmir."[18]
2018 Kavita Singh Jawaharlal Nehru University Awarded "for her extraordinarily illuminating study of Mughal, Rajput and Deccan art, as well as her insightful writing on the historical function and role of museums and their significance in the increasingly fraught and conflicted social world in which visual culture exists today."[19]
2019 Manu Devadevan Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi Awarded "for his highly original and wide-ranging work on pre-modern South India."[20]
2020 Prachi Deshpande Center for Studies in Social Sciences Awarded "for her extraordinarily nuanced and highly sophisticated treatment of South Asian historiography."[9]
2021 Ângela Barreto Xavier University of Lisbon, Portugal Awarded for "her deeply researched and sophisticated analysis of conversion and violence in the Portuguese empire in India, especially Goa.Her extensive body of writings in both English and Portuguese have shown Xavier to be an important and original voice on colonial and imperial history."[21]

|- ! scope=row | 2022 | Sudhir Krishnaswamy | [National Law School of India University] | Awarded for "his insightful understanding of the Indian Constitution, especially his carefully argued account of the importance of the landmark ‘basic structure doctrine’ adopted by the Supreme Court in 1973 that guides and constrains various efforts to amend it, while also ensuring its stability in the face of executive and legislative outcomes in India’s political life. }} |}

Laureates in Life Sciences[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Life Sciences has been awarded annually since 2009.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2009 K. VijayRaghavan National Centre for Biological Sciences Awarded "for his many contributions as a developmental geneticist and neurobiologist."[22]
2010 Chetan E. Chitnis International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Awarded "for his pioneering work in understanding the interactions of the malarial parasite and its host, leading to the development of a viable malaria vaccine."[23]
2011 Imran Siddiqi Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology Awarded "for his breakthrough contributions to the basic understanding of clonal seed formation in plants which can be applied to revolutionize agriculture, especially in the developing world."[24]
2012 Satyajit Mayor National Centre for Biological Sciences Awarded "for new insights into regulated cell surface organization and membrane dynamics, necessary for understanding self-organization and trafficking of membrane molecules in living cells, and in signaling between cells."[25]
2013 Rajesh Sudhir Gokhale Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology Awarded "for his work in the field of lipid metabolism in M. tuberculosis. He discovered fatty acyl AMP ligases in tubercle bacillus, their role in the generation of the lipid components of its cell wall and of their existence in other organisms, where they play a role in biosynthesis of complex molecules."[26]
2014 Shubha Tole Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for her significant contributions to our understanding of how the brain's structure and circuitry are formed in the embryo. Her research uncovers common genetic mechanisms that control the development of the hippocampus, cortex and amygdala."[27]
2015 Amit Prakash Sharma International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Awarded "for his pioneering contributions towards deciphering the molecular structure, at the atomic level, of key proteins involved in the biology of pathogenesis of the malarial parasite."[citation needed]
2016 Gagandeep Kang Translational Health Science and Technology Institute Awarded "for her pioneering contributions to understanding the natural history of rotavirus and other infectious diseases that are important both globally and in India. Her findings have enormous implications for vaccines and other public health measures to thwart these infections."[28]
2017 Upinder Singh Bhalla National Centre for Biological Sciences Awarded "for his pioneering contributions to the understanding of the brain's computational machinery. His investigations have revealed essential neuronal computations that underlie the ability to acquire, integrate and store complex sensory information, and to utilize that information for decision and action."[29]
2018 Roop Mallik Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for his pioneering work on molecular motor proteins, which are crucial for the functioning of living cells. Mallik has identified and measured forces needed to transport large particles inside cells, and demonstrated their role in fundamental processes such as targeting pathogens for their destruction and moving lipid droplets for fatty acid regulation in the liver."[30]
2019 Manjula Reddy Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology Awarded "for her groundbreaking discoveries concerning the structure of cell walls in bacteria."[31]
2020 Rajan Sankaranarayanan Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology Awarded "for fundamental contributions towards understanding one of the most basic mechanisms in biology, the error-free translation of the genetic code to make protein molecules."[9]
2021 Mahesh Sankaran National Center for Biological Sciences, India Awarded in "recognition of his pioneering work on the ecology of tropical savannah ecosystems, his contributions to highlighting the biodiversity of important Indian ecosystems such as the Western Ghats, and his input to international reports on climate change and biodiversity that have provided scientific evidence to policy makers."[32]

Laureates in Mathematical Sciences[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Mathematical Sciences has been awarded annually since 2008.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2008 Manindra Agrawal Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Awarded "for his outstanding contribution in the field of complexity theory, a branch of mathematics and computer science concerned with the study of algorithms for solving mathematical and related scientific problems, and especially their efficiency and running times."[33]
2009 Ashoke Sen Harish-Chandra Research Institute Awarded "for his fundamental contributions to Mathematical Physics, in particular, to String Theory."[34]
2010 Chandrashekhar Khare University of California, Los Angeles Awarded "for his fundamental contributions to Number Theory, particularly his solution of the Serre conjecture."[35]
2011 Kannan Soundararajan Stanford University Awarded "for his path breaking work in analytic number theory and development of new techniques to study critical values of general zeta functions to prove the Quantum Unique Ergodicity Conjecture for classical holomorphic forms."[36]
2012 Manjul Bhargava Princeton University Awarded "for his extraordinarily original work in algebraic number theory. His work has revolutionized the way in which various fundamental arithmetic objects, such as number fields and elliptic curves, are understood."[37]
2013 Rahul Pandharipande ETH Zurich Awarded "for his profound work in algebraic geometry. In particular, for his work on Gromov-Witten theory for Riemann surfaces, for predicting the connection between Gromov-Witten and Donaldson‑Thomas theories, and for his recent work with Aaron Pixton that establishes this connection for Calabi-Yau 3-folds."[38]
2014 Madhu Sudan Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Microsoft Research Awarded "for his seminal contributions to theoretical computer science, especially in the areas of Probabilistically Checkable Proofs (PCP) and error‑correcting codes."[39]
2015 Mahan Mj Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for his outstanding contributions to geometric group theory, low-dimensional topology and complex geometry. In particular, for establishing a central conjecture in the Thurston program to study hyperbolic 3-manifolds and introducing important new tools to study fundamental groups of complex manifolds."[40]
2016 Akshay Venkatesh Stanford University Awarded "for his exceptionally wide-ranging, foundational and creative contributions to modern number theory. His unique ability to use wide-ranging techniques drawn from analytic number theory, ergodic theory, homotopy theory to address concrete problems in number theory and discover new phenomena attest to the essential unity of mathematics."[41]
2017 Ritabrata Munshi Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for his outstanding contributions to analytic aspects of number theory. Besides ingenious contributions to the Diophantine problem, he has established important estimates known as sub-convexity bounds for a large class of L-functions with methods that are powerful and original."[42]
2018 Nalini Anantharaman University of Strasbourg Awarded "for the effective use of entropy in the study of semiclassical limits of eigenstates in quantum analogs of chaotic dynamical systems and for her work on the delocalization of eigenfunctions on large regular graphs."[43]
2019 Siddhartha Mishra ETH Zürich Awarded "for his outstanding contributions to Applied Mathematics, in particular for designing computational methods that solve non-linear partial differential equations arising in different areas, analyzing their effectiveness and designing algorithms to implement them."[44]
2020 Sourav Chatterjee Stanford University Awarded "for his groundbreaking work in probability and statistical physics."[9]
2021 Neeraj Kayal Microsoft Research Awarded for "his outstanding contributions to Computational Complexity."[45]

Laureates in Physical Sciences[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Physical Sciences has been awarded annually since 2009.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2009 Thanu Padmanabhan Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics Awarded "for his contribution to a deeper understanding of Albert Einstein's theory of gravity in the context of thermodynamics, and for his work on the large scale structure in cosmology."[46]
2010 Sandip Trivedi Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for finding an ingenious way to solve two of the most outstanding puzzles of Superstring Theory simultaneously: What is the origin of dark energy of the Universe? Why is there no massless scalar particle?"[citation needed]
2011 Sriram Ramaswamy Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for his research on various aspects of the collective behaviour of living systems ranging from bacteria to schools of fish in the ocean."[47]
2012 Ayyappanpillai Ajayagosh National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology Awarded "for his pioneering development of methods for the construction of supramolecular functional materials, which can be employed as components in organic electronic devices and in powerful substance selective optical sensing and imaging."[citation needed]
2013 Shiraz Minwalla Institute for Advanced Study and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for his pioneering contributions to the study of string theory, quantum field theory and gravity, and for uncovering a deep connection between the equations of fluid and superfluid dynamics and Einstein's equations of general relativity."[citation needed]
2014 Srivari Chandrasekhar Indian Institute of Chemical Technology Awarded "for his diverse and notable contributions in synthetic organic chemistry with special focus on the synthesis of complex molecules from natural sources. He has devised innovative, practical approaches to pharmaceuticals of current interest to industry."[citation needed]
2015 G. Ravindra Kumar Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Awarded "for his pioneering experimental contributions to the physics of high intensity laser matter interactions. In particular for providing, for the first time, unequivocal evidence of turbulent magnetic fields and the discovery of terahertz frequency acoustic waves, in laser produced hot dense plasmas. These results have significance to testing stellar and astrophysical scenarios."[citation needed]
2016 Anil Bhardwaj Physical Research Laboratory Awarded "for his experiments on Chandrayaan-1 and Mars Orbiter missions that revealed new features of solar wind interactions with lunar surface and provided important clues for understanding thermal escape of the Martian atmosphere. He also made very significant contributions in detection and delineation of the nature and origin of planetary X-rays."[citation needed]
2017 Yamuna Krishnan University of Chicago Awarded "for her ground-breaking work in the emerging field of architecture of the building blocks of life—the DNA. By successfully manipulating DNA to create biocompatible nanomachines she has created novel ways of interrogating living systems, increasing our knowledge of cell function and getting one step closer to answering unresolved biomedical questions."[48]
2018 S. K. Satheesh Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for his pioneering scientific work in the field of climate change. His studies on black carbon aerosols, the dark, light absorbing, microscopic particles in air which greatly influence the energy balance of the atmosphere over the Indian subcontinent, have enabled a better understanding of the role of these particles on climate change, precipitation, and, human health in the Indian subcontinent."[49]
2019 Govindasamy Mugesh Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for his seminal work in the chemical synthesis of small molecules and nanomaterials for biomedical applications."[50]
2020 Arindam Ghosh Indian Institute of Science Awarded "for his development of atomically thin two-dimensional semiconductors to build a new generation of functional electronic, thermoelectric and optoelectronic devices."[9]
2021 Bedangadas Mohanty National Institute of Science Education and Research Awarded for "investigations of the nuclear force."[51]

Laureates in Social Sciences[edit]

The Infosys Prize in Social Sciences has been awarded annually since 2009.

Year Laureate(s) Institution(s) Citation
2009 Abhijit Banerjee Massachusetts Institute of Technology Awarded "for his contributions to the economic theory of development, and for his pioneering work in the empirical evaluation of public policy."[52]
Upinder Singh University of Delhi Awarded "for her contributions as a historian of ancient and early medieval Indian history."[53]
2010 Nandini Sundar Delhi School of Economics Awarded "in recognition of her contributions as an outstanding analyst of social identities, including tribe and caste, and the politics of knowledge in modern India."[citation needed]
Amita Baviskar Institute of Economic Growth Awarded "in recognition of her contributions as an outstanding analyst of social and environmental movements in modern India."[citation needed]
2011 Raghuram Govind Rajan University of Chicago Awarded "for his analysis of the complex interaction between financial institutions, governments and people."[54]
Pratap Bhanu Mehta Center for Policy Research Awarded "for broadening public discussion of important social, political and economic matters, bringing in heterodox perspectives and for constantly challenging reigning orthodoxies."[55]
2012 Arunava Sen Indian Statistical Institute Awarded "for his game-theoretic analyses of mechanism design for implementing social choice rules, when individuals have diverse information and incentives."[citation needed]
2013 Aninhalli R. Vasavi Nehru Memorial Museum & Library Awarded "for her distinctive and pioneering research that spans a remarkable range covering four main areas: Agrarian society at the intersection of economy, culture and environment; school education in varied regional contexts; globalization and its impact on the moral economy of urban occupations; and social science as seen from the vantage point of Indian languages and regional cultures."[citation needed]
2014 Esther Duflo Massachusetts Institute of Technology Awarded "in recognition of her pioneering and prodigious contributions to development economics, with important implications for policies pertaining to the delivery of services to the poor."[citation needed]
2015 Srinath Raghavan Center for Policy Research Awarded "for outstanding research that synthesizes military history, international politics, and strategic analysis into powerful and imaginative perspectives on India in global context."[citation needed]
2016 Kaivan Munshi University of Cambridge Awarded "in recognition of his remarkably deep analysis of the multifaceted role of communities, such as ethnic groups and castes, in the process of economic development."[citation needed]
2017 Lawrence Liang Ambedkar University Awarded "for his creative scholarship on law and society. His prodigious output in the fields of copyright law, digital technologies and media, and popular culture consistently raises probing questions about the nature of freedom, rights, and social development. His provocative answers link historical context and ethical practice in unexpected and illuminating ways."[56]
2018 Sendhil Mullainathan The University of Chicago Booth School of Business Awarded "for his path-breaking work in behavioral economics. Mullainathan's research has had substantial impact on diverse fields such as development, public finance, corporate governance and policy design. A significant part of this work is relevant to India. He is currently working on big data and machine learning issues and applications in economics."[57]
2019 Anand Pandian Johns Hopkins University Awarded "for his brilliantly imaginative work on ethics, selfhood and the creative process."[58]
2020 Raj Chetty Harvard University Awarded "for his pioneering research on identifying barriers to economic opportunity and for developing solutions to help people escape from poverty towards better life outcomes."[9]
2021 Pratiksha Baxi Jawaharlal Nehru University, India Awarded for her "her pioneering work on sexual violence and jurisprudence."[59]

|- !2022 |Rohini Pande |Yale University University, New Haven, Connecticut |Awarded for her "outstanding research on subjects of key importance, including governance and accountability, women’s empowerment, the role of credit in the lives of the poor, and the environment. Her empirical findings, based on diverse methodologies, offer major promise and potential for policy design in emerging economies, including India."[60] |}

Trustees[edit]

Controversies[edit]

Lawrence Liang, a professor of law awarded the Infosys Prize, was found guilty by an internal university inquiry committee of sexually harassing a doctoral student on multiple occasions.[61][62][63][64][65] Following the adverse finding, prominent activists, academicians and gender rights groups issued a public statement on social media condemning Liang and criticising the award of the Infosys Prize to Liang.[66]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

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