Iran Sun Cross
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The Iran Sun Cross, also known as the Persian cross or (Persian: نقش رستم Naqš-e Rostam) is an archaeological site located about 12 km northwest of Persepolis, in Fars province, Iran. Naqsh-e Rustam lies a few hundred meters from Naqsh-e Rajab.
The tombs are 60 meters high in a cross shape known locally as the 'Persian crosses', after the shape of the facades of the tombs. The entrance to each tomb is at the center of each cross, which opens into to a small chamber, where the king lies in a sarcophagus. The horizontal beam of each of the tomb's facades is believed to be a replica of the entrance of the palace at Persepolis.
One of the tombs is explicitly identified by an accompanying inscription to be the tomb of Darius I the Great (c. 522-486 BC). The other three tombs are believed to be those of Xerxes I (c. 486-465 BC), Artaxerxes I (c. 465-424 BC), and Darius II (c. 423-404 BC) respectively. A fifth unfinished tomb might be that of Artaxerxes III, who reigned at the longest two years, but is more likely that of Darius III (c. 336-330 BC), last of the Achaemenid dynasts.
In 1923, German archaeologist Ernst Herzfeld made casts of the inscriptions on the tomb of Darius I. Since 1946, these casts are held in the archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, DC.
- Herrmann, G. & Curtis, V. S. (2003). "Sasanian Rock Reliefs". Encyclopedia Iranica. Costa Mesa: Mazda.
- Hubertus von Gall "NAQŠ-E ROSTAM" in Encyclopædia Iranica 
- Lendering, Jona (2009). "Naqsh-i Rustam". Amsterdam: Livius.
- Unknown (2005). "Naghsh-e-Rostam".
Media related to Naqsh-e Rustam at Wikimedia Commons
- Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 5: Drawings and Maps, Records of Naqsh-i Rustam Collections Search Center, S.I.R.I.S., Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
- "The Drafsh Kaviani Emblem and its connections to the European-Gothic Cross". http://www.kavehfarrokh.com. 10 April 2011.