Je (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter Je
Cyrillic letter Je - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage: [j]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.[1]

It commonly represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in "yes".

History[edit]

The Cyrillic letter ј was introduced in the 1818 Serbian dictionary of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, on the basis of the Latin letter j.[1] Karadžić had previously used ї instead for the same sound, a usage he took from Dositej Obradović.[2]

Usage[edit]

Language pronunciation notes
Altai voiced postalveolar affricate /dʒ/
Azerbaijani /j/ corresponds to ⟨y⟩ in the official Latin alphabet
Kildin Sami voiceless palatal approximant /j̊/ the letter Short I with tail (Ҋ ҋ) is also used
Macedonian /j/ Prior to the development of the Macedonian alphabet in 1944-45, Macedonian authors used either І і or Й й.[3]
Orok
Ossetian /j/ used in the original (pre-1923) Cyrillic orthography
Serbian /j/ in Vuk Karadžić's alphabet, the letter Je replaced the traditional letter Short I (Й й), which invited accusations of submission to the Latin script and Catholic Church (in Austria) from the Orthodox clergy

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character Ј ј
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER JE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER JE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1032 U+0408 1112 U+0458
UTF-8 208 136 D0 88 209 152 D1 98
Numeric character reference Ј Ј ј ј
Code page 855 143 8F 142 8E
Windows-1251 163 A3 188 BC
ISO-8859-5 168 A8 248 F8
Macintosh Cyrillic 183 B7 192 C0

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Ј at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ј at Wiktionary

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.
  3. ^ Dontchev Daskalov, Roumen; Marinov, Tchavdar (2013), Entangled Histories of the Balkans: Volume One: National Ideologies and Language Policies, Balkan Studies Library, BRILL, pp. 451,454–456, ISBN 900425076X