Je (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter Je
Cyrillic letter Je - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[j]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍЙІЇ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶД̣ԪԬД̆
ӖЕ̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣Ԑ
Ԑ̈ӠӢИ̃ҊӤИ́
ҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
ӅԮԒӍӉҢԨ
ӇҤО́О̀О̆О̂О̃
ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱
Т̌Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́Ӳ
ҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑
ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦҴ
ҶӴӋҸҼҾЫ̆
Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆
Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԀԔԖԠԢ
Ҧ
ԂԄԈԊԌ
ԎԆԞ
Ԙ

Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.[1]

It commonly represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in "yes".

History[edit]

The Cyrillic letter ј was introduced in the 1818 Serbian dictionary of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, on the basis of the Latin letter j.[1] Karadžić had previously used ї instead for the same sound, a usage he took from Dositej Obradović.[2]

Usage[edit]

Language pronunciation notes
Altai voiced palatal plosive /ɟ/
Azerbaijani /j/ corresponds to ⟨y⟩ in the official Latin alphabet.
Kildin Sami voiceless palatal approximant /j̊/ the letter Short I with tail (Ҋ ҋ) is also used.
Macedonian /j/ Prior to the development of the Macedonian alphabet in 1944-45, Macedonian authors used either І і or Й й.[3]
Orok
Ossetian /j/ used in the original (pre-1923) Cyrillic orthography.
Serbian /j/ in Vuk Karadžić's alphabet, the letter Je replaced the traditional letter Short I (Й й), which invited accusations of submission to the Latin script and Catholic Church (in Austria) from the Orthodox clergy.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character information
Preview Ј ј
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER JE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER JE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1032 U+0408 1112 U+0458
UTF-8 208 136 D0 88 209 152 D1 98
Numeric character reference Ј Ј ј ј
Named character reference Ј ј
Code page 855 143 8F 142 8E
Windows-1251 163 A3 188 BC
ISO-8859-5 168 A8 248 F8
Macintosh Cyrillic 183 B7 192 C0

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Ј at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ј at Wiktionary

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.
  3. ^ Dontchev Daskalov, Roumen; Marinov, Tchavdar (2013), Entangled Histories of the Balkans: Volume One: National Ideologies and Language Policies, Balkan Studies Library, BRILL, pp. 451, 454–456, ISBN 900425076X