List of Cyrillic letters

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This is a list of letters of the Cyrillic script. The definition of a Cyrillic letter for this list is a character encoded in the Unicode standard that a has script property of 'Cyrillic' and the general category of 'Letter'. An overview of the distribution of Cyrillic letters in Unicode is given in Cyrillic script in Unicode.

Common letters[edit]

Letters contained in the Bulgarian and Russian alphabets.

Common alphabet
Аа Бб Вв Гг Дд Ее Ёё Жж Зз Ии Йй
Кк Лл Мм Нн Оо Пп Рр Сс Тт Уу Фф
Хх Цц Чч Шш Щщ Ъъ Ыы Ьь Ээ Юю Яя

Other letters[edit]

Extensions[edit]

Letter Name Notes
Ә ә Schwa Abkhaz, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Dungan, Kazakh, Kurdish, Tatar, Turkmen
Ԝ ԝ We Kurdish[1]
Ђ ђ Dje Serbian
Ԁ ԁ Komi De Komi (1919—1940)
Ԃ ԃ Komi Dje Komi (1919—1940)
Џ џ Dzhe Serbian, Macedonian, Abkhazian
Ӡ ӡ Abkhaz Dzje Abkhaz, Orok
Ꚁ ꚁ Dwe Abkhaz (1909—1926, replaced by Дә)[1]
Ꚃ ꚃ Dzwe Abkhaz (1909—1926, replaced by Ӡә)[1]
Ꙉ ꙉ Djerv Old Church Slavonic (Replaced by Ћ)[2]
Є є Ukrainian Ye Ukrainian
Ԑ ԑ Reversed Ze Enets, Khanty[3]
Ѕ ѕ Dze Macedonian
Ꙅ ꙅ Reversed Dze Old Church Slavonic,[2] Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian
Ꙃ ꙃ Dzelo Early Cyrillic alphabet (Replaced by Ѕ)[2]
Ԅ ԅ Komi Zje Komi (1919—1940)
Ԇ ԇ Komi Dzje Komi (1919—1940)
Ꙁ ꙁ Zemlya Early Cyrillic alphabet (Replaced by З)[2]
І і Belarusian-Ukrainian I Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian (to 1918), Kazakh, Komi, Rusyn, Udmurt
Ѵ ѵ Izhitsa Udmurt (to 1897), Abkhaz, Russian (until 1918 in a few rare Greek words), Serbian (until the 19th century)
Ꙇ ꙇ Iota Glagolitic (Cyrillic)[2]
Ј ј Je Serbian, Macedonian, Kildin Sami, Azerbaijani (to 1991), Udmurt (to 1897), Orok
Ҡ ҡ Bashkir Ka Bashkir
Ԛ ԛ Qa Kurdish[1]
Ѯ ѯ Ksi Early Cyrillic alphabet
Ҁ ҁ Koppa Old Church Slavonic (Replaced by Ч)
Ԉ ԉ Komi Lje Komi (1919—1940)
Small capital El Uralic Phonetic Alphabet[4]
Ӏ ӏ Palochka Abaza, Adyghe, Avar, Chechen, Dargwa, Ingush, Kabardian, Lak, Lezgian, Tabassaran
Ԋ ԋ Komi Nje Komi (1919—1940)
Ө ө Barred O Bashkir, Buryat, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Khanty, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Tuvan, Mongolian, Yakut
Ꚛ ꚛ Crossed O Old Church Slavonic[5]
Ꙩ ꙩ Monocular O Unknown (Rare) Until 14th - 15th Centuries[1]
Ꙫ ꙫ Binocular O Unknown (Exotic)[1]
Multiocular O Unknown (Ex: серафими многоꙮчитїи)[1]
Ѻ ѻ Round Omega Unknown (Rare) Until 14th - 15th Centuries
Ѡ ѡ Omega Early Cyrillic
Ꙍ ꙍ Broad Omega Slavic languages (Historic)[2]
Ѱ ѱ Psi Early Cyrillic
Ԍ ԍ Komi Sje Komi (1919—1940)
Ԏ ԏ Komi Tje Komi (1919—1940)
Ꚍ ꚍ Twe Abkhaz (replaced by Тә)[1]
Ү ү Straight U Dungan, Kazakh
Ѳ ѳ Fita Early Cyrillic, cf. Greek: Θ θ
Ҩ ҩ Abkhaz Ha Abkhaz
Һ һ Shha Kazakh
Ꚕ ꚕ Hwe Abkhaz (replaced by Ҳә)[1]
Ꚏ ꚏ Tswe Abkhaz (replaced by Цә)[1]
Ꙡ ꙡ Reversed Tse Old Novgorodian birchbark[6]
Ћ ћ Tshe Serbian
Ҽ ҽ Abkhaz Che Abkhaz
Ꚗ ꚗ Shwe Abkhaz (replaced by Шә)[1]
Ꙟ ꙟ Yn Romanian (Cyrillic)[2]
Ꙏ ꙏ Neutral Yer Late Medieval Russian[2]
Ѣ ѣ Yat Early Cyrillic, Proto-Slavic, Russian (until 1918), Bulgarian (until 1945), Ukrainian (until 1945)
Ꙕ ꙕ Reversed Yu Early East Slavic, Early Bulgarian[2]
Ѧ ѧ Little Yus Common Slavonic nasal vowel, Early Cyrillic
Ꙙ ꙙ Closed Little Yus Common Slavonic nasal vowel, Early Cyrillic[2]
Ѫ ѫ Big Yus Common Slavonic nasal vowel, Early Cyrillic
Ꙛ ꙛ Blended Yus Common Slavonic nasal vowel, Early Cyrillic, Middle Bulgarian[2]

Letters with diacritics[edit]

Letters with diacritics.
Letter Name Notes
А̀ а̀ A with grave Bulgarian, Macedonian
А́ а́ A with acute Russian
А̂ а̂ A with circumflex
Ӑ ӑ A with breve Chuvash
Ӓ ӓ A with diaeresis Hill Mari, Kildin Sami, Khanty, Serbian
А̄ а̄ A with macron Kildin Sami, Khanty, Bulgarian, Serbian
А̃ а̃ A with tilde
А̊ а̊ A with ring above
Ӓ̄ ӓ̄ A with diaeresis and macron Kildin Sami
Ә́ ә́ Schwa with acute Tatar
Ӛ ӛ Schwa with diaeresis
Ә̃ ә̃ Schwa with tilde Kninalug
В̌ в̌ Ve with caron
Ѓ ѓ Gje Macedonian
Ґ ґ Ghe with upturn Ukrainian
Г̄ г̄ Ghe with macron Karelian (1820's)
Г̌ г̌ Ghe with caron
Г̑ г̑ Ghe with inverted breve Aleut
Ғ ғ Ghe with stroke Kazakh, Uzbek
Ӻ ӻ Ghe with stroke and hook Nivkh[3]
Ғ̌ ғ̌ Ghe with stroke and caron
Г̣ г̣ Ghe with dot below
Ҕ ҕ Ghe with middle hook Abkhaz, Yakut
Ӷ ӷ Ghe with descender Abkhaz, Aleut
Г̧ г̧ Ghe with cedilla Karelian (1820's)
Д̆ д̆ De with breve Chuvash
Д̣ д̣ De with dot below
Е́ е́ Ye with acute Russian
Ѐ ѐ Ye with grave
Ӗ ӗ Ye with breve Chuvash
Ё̄ ё̄ Yo with macron Khanty
Е̄ е̄ Ye with macron Khanty, Bulgarian, Serbian
Е̃ е̃ Ye with tilde
Є̈ є̈ Ukrainian Ye with diaeresis Khanty
Ӂ ӂ Zhe with breve Moldavian
Ӝ ӝ Zhe with diaeresis Udmurt
Җ җ Zhe with descender Dungan, Tatar, Turkmen
З́ з́ Ze with acute
Ӟ ӟ Ze with diaeresis Udmurt
Ҙ ҙ Ze with descender Bashkir
З̌ з̌ Ze with caron
З̱ з̠ Ze with macron below
З̣ з̣ Ze with dot below
Ԑ̈ ԑ̈ Reversed Ze with diaeresis Khanty
И́ и́ I with acute Russian
Ѝ ѝ I with grave Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Russian
Ҋ ҋ Short I with tail Kildin Sami
Ӥ ӥ I with diaeresis Udmurt
Ӣ ӣ I with macron Tajik, Bulgarian, Serbian
И̃ и̃ I with tilde
Ї ї Yi Ukrainian, Rusyn
Ќ ќ Kje Macedonian
Ӄ ӄ Ka with hook Aleut, Khanty
Ҟ ҟ Ka with stroke Abkhaz
Ҝ ҝ Ka with vertical stroke Azerbaijani
Ԟ ԟ Aleut Ka Aleut[1]
Қ қ Ka with descender Kazakh, Khanty
К̣ к̣ Ka with dot below
Ԓ ԓ El with hook Chukchi, Khanty, Itelmen[3]
Ԡ ԡ El with middle hook Chuvash (1872)[1]
Ԯ ԯ El with descender Khanty[1]
Ӆ ӆ El with tail Kildin Sami
Ӎ ӎ Em with tail Kildin Sami
Ӈ ӈ En with hook Aleut, Kildin Sami, Khanty
Ԣ ԣ En with middle hook Chuvash (1872),[1] Udmurt (to 1897)
Ԩ ԩ En with left hook Orok[7]
Ң ң En with descender Dungan, Kazakh, Tatar, Bashkir, Khakas, Khanty
Ӊ ӊ En with tail Kildin Sami
О́ о́ O with acute Russian
О̀ о̀ O with grave Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian
О̄ о̄ O with macron Carpatho-Rusyn
Ӧ ӧ O with diaeresis Hill Mari, Meadow Mari, Khakas, Khanty, Udmurt
О̆ о̆ O with breve Itelmen, Khanty
О̂ о̂ O with circumflex Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian
О̃ о̃ O with tilde Khinalug
Ӧ̄ ӧ̄ O with diaeresis and macron
Ө́ ө́ Barred O with acute
Ӫ ӫ Barred O with diaeresis Khanty
Ө̄ ө̄ Barred O with macron Negidal, Orok, Selkup
Ө̆ ө̆ Barred O with breve Khanty
Ҧ ҧ Pe with middle hook Early orthographies for Abkhaz
Ԥ ԥ Pe with descender Abkhaz[8]
Р̌ р̌ Er with caron Nivkh
Ҏ ҏ Er with tick Kildin Sami
С́ с́ Es with acute
Ҫ ҫ Es with descender Bashkir, Chuvash
С̱ с̠ Es with macron below
С̣ с̣ Es with dot below
Ꚋ ꚋ Te with middle hook Abkhaz (1909—1926), Chuvash (1872)[1]
Т̌ т̌ Te with caron Chuvash (1872)
Ҭ ҭ Te with descender Abkhaz[8]
Т̣ т̣ Te with dot below
У́ у́ U with acute Russian
Ӳ ӳ U with double acute Chuvash
Ў ў Short U Belarusian, Dungan, Khanty, Uzbek
Ӱ ӱ U with diaeresis Hill Mari, Meadow Mari, Khakas, Khanty
Ӯ ӯ U with macron Carpatho-Rusyn, Tajik
У̃ у̃ U with tilde Khinalug
Ӱ́ ӱ́ U with diaeresis and acute
Ү́ ү́ Straight U with acute Mongolian
Ұ ұ Straight U with stroke Kazakh
Х̑ х̑ Kha with inverted breve Aleut
Ӽ ӽ Kha with hook Aleut, Nivkh, Itelmen,[3] Khanty
Ӿ ӿ Kha with stroke Nivkh[3]
Ҳ ҳ Kha with descender Khanty, Tajik
Х̱ х̠ Kha with macron below
Х̣ х̣ Kha with dot below
Х̮ х̮ Kha with breve below
Ѽ ѽ Omega with titlo Slavic languages (Historic)[2]
Һ̈ һ̈ Shha with diaeresis
Ԧ ԧ Shha with descender Azerbaijani Cyrillic (1939-1991)[9]
Ӵ ӵ Che with diaeresis Udmurt
Ҹ ҹ Che with vertical stroke Azerbaijani
Ҷ ҷ Che with descender Khanty, Tajik
Ӌ ӌ Khakas Che Khakas
Ҿ ҿ Abkhaz Che with descender Abkhaz
Ы̆ ы̆ Yerý with breve
Ӹ ӹ Yerý with diaeresis Hill Mari, Northwestern Mari
Ꙑ ꙑ Yerý with back yer Old Church Slavonic[2]
Ы̄ ы̄ Yerý with macron
Ы̃ ы̃ Yerý with tilde
Ҍ ҍ Semisoft Sign Kildin Sami
Э̄ э̄ E with macron
Ӭ ӭ E with diaeresis Kildin Sami
Э̆ э̆ E with breve Tundra Nenets
Ӭ́ ӭ́ E with diaeresis and acute Kildin Sami
Ӭ̄ ӭ̄ E with diaeresis and macron
Э̇ э̇ E with dot above
Ю̆ ю̆ Yu with breve Khanty
Ю̈ ю̈ Yu with diaeresis
Ю̈́ ю̈́ Yu with diaeresis and acute Rusyn
Ю̄ ю̄ Yu with macron
Я̆ я̆ Ya with breve Khanty
Я̈ я̈ Ya with diaeresis
Я̄ я̄ Ya with macron Kildin Sami
Ѷ ѷ Izhitsa with double grave accent (New) Church Slavonic

Ligatures[edit]

Ligatures
Letter Decomposition Name Notes
Ӕ ӕ АЕ Ligature A Ie Ossetian
Ꙣ ꙣ ДГ Soft De Old Church Slavonic[1]
Ԫ ԫ ДЖ Dzzhe Komi
Ԭ ԭ ДЧ Dche Komi
Ꚉ ꚉ ДЗ Dzze Abkhazian (replaced by Ӡ)[1]
Ꚅ ꚅ ЗЖ Zhwe Abkhazian[1]
Ꙗ ꙗ ІА Iotified A Old Church Slavonic[2]
Ѥ ѥ ІЄ Iotified E Old Church Slavonic
Ꙓ ꙓ ІѢ Iotified Yat Old Church Slavonic[2]
Ѩ ѩ ІѦ Iotified Little Yus Old Church Slavonic
Ꙝ ꙝ ІꙘ Iotified Closed Little Yus Old Church Slavonic, Middle Bulgarian[2]
Ѭ ѭ ІѪ Iotified Big Yus Old Church Slavonic
Ꙥ ꙥ ЛГ Soft El Old Church Slavonic[1]
Ԕ ԕ ЛХ Lha Early orthographies for Mordvin (Erzya and Moksha)[1]
Љ љ ЛЬ Lje Macedonian, Serbian
Ꙧ ꙧ МГ Soft Em Old Church Slavonic[1]
Ҥ ҥ НГ Ligature En Ghe Altay, Meadow Mari, Yakut
Њ њ НЬ Nje Macedonian, Serbian
Ꚙ ꚙ ОО Double O Early Cyrillic[5]
Ꙭ ꙭ ꙨꙨ Double Monocular O[1]
Ꙋ ꙋ ОУ or ОѴ Uk Old Church Slavonic[2]
Ѿ ѿ ꙌТ Ot Old Church Slavonic[1]
Ԗ ԗ РХ Rha Early orthographies for Mordvin (Erzya and Moksha)[1]
Ꚑ ꚑ ТС Tsse Abkhasian (to 1926)[1]
Ҵ ҵ ТЦ Ligature Te Tse Abkhasian
Ꚓ ꚓ ТЧ Tche Abkhasian (1909—1926)[1]
Ꚇ ꚇ ЧЧ Cche Abkhasian (to 1926)[1]
Ԙ ԙ ЯЕ Yae Early orthographies for Mordvin (Erzya and Moksha)[1]

Position Cyrillic letters in alphabet[edit]

Variants of Cyrillic are used by the writing systems of many languages, especially languages used in the former Soviet Union. The tables below list the Cyrillic letters in use in various modern languages and show the primary sounds they represent in them (see the articles on the specific languages for more detail). Letter forms with a combined diacritic which are not considered separate letters in any language (notably vowels with accent marks which are sometimes used in some languages to indicate stress and/or tone) are excluded from the tables, with the exception of ѐ and ѝ[a]. The highlighted letters are those of the basic (original) Cyrillic alphabet; archaic letters no longer in use in any language today are not listed.

For letters not on this list, see Template:Infobox Cyrillic letter.

Usage of letters in various languages
Language families Slavic languages Other Indo-European Uralic Caucasian
Alphabet ru be uk rue sr[b] bg mk mo os tg sjd mhr mrj udm kca yrk ab kbd ce
А а /a/ /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ //
Ӑ ӑ  
Ӓ ӓ   /ʲa/ /æ/ /ɐ/  
Ә ә   /ɤ~ʌ/  
Ӛ ӛ   /ɘ/  
Ӕ ӕ   /ɐ/  
Б б /b/ /β, b/ /b/
В в /v/ /ʋ~w/ /v/
Г г /ɡ/ /ɣ/ /ɦ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ, ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ, ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ/ /ɡ/
Ґ ґ   /ɡ/  
Ѓ ѓ   /ɟ~/  
Ғ ғ   /ʁ/  
Ӷ ӷ   /ɣ~ʁ/  
Ҕ ҕ   /ɣ/  
Д д /d/ /ð, d/ /d/
Ђ ђ   /d͡ʑ/  
Е е /je, e/ /e/ /je, ʲe/ /e/ /je, ʲe/ /e, ʲe, je/ /je, ʲe, e, ɤ/ /ɛ/ /e, ja, aj/ /e, ɛː, je, ie/
Ѐ ѐ   /e/[a]  
Ё ё /jɵ/[c] /jɔ/ /jɔ/   /jo/ /jɒ/ /jo, ʲo/ /jo/ /jo, ʲo/   /jo/
Ӗ ӗ  
Ҽ ҽ   /ʈʂ/  
Ҿ ҿ   /ʈ͡ʂʼ/  
Є є   /je/  
Ж ж /ʐ/ /ʒ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/
Ӂ ӂ   //  
Җ җ  
Ӝ ӝ   /d͡ʒ/  
З з /z/ /z~ʒ/ /z/
З́ з́   //[b]  
Ҙ ҙ  
Ӟ ӟ   /dʲʑ/  
Ӡ ӡ   /dz/  
Ѕ ѕ   /dz/  
И и /i/ /ɪ/ /i/ /i, ʲi/ /i/ /i~ɨ/ /i/
Ѝ ѝ   /i/[a]  
Ӥ ӥ   /i/  
Ӣ ӣ   /iː/  
І і /i/  
Ї ї   /ji/  
Ӏ ӏ   /ʔ/ /ʢ/
Й й /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/
Ҋ ҋ   //  
Ј ј   /j/ /j/    
К к /k/ // /k/
Қ қ   /q/   /kʰ/  
Ҟ ҟ   //  
Ҡ ҡ  
Ӄ ӄ   /q/  
Ҝ ҝ  
Л л /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l~ɮ/ /l/
Ӆ ӆ   //  
Љ љ   /ʎ/ /ʎ/  
М м /m/
Ӎ ӎ   //  
Н н /n/
Ӊ ӊ   //  
Ң ң  
Ӈ ӈ   /ŋ/   /ŋ/  
Ҥ ҥ   /ŋ/  
Њ њ   /ɲ/ /ɲ/  
О о /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/
Ӧ ӧ   /ø/ /ʌ/ /ø/  
Ө ө   /ŏ/  
Ӫ ӫ   /ɵ~ɞ/  
Ҩ ҩ   /ɥ/  
П п /p/ // /p/
Ԥ ԥ   /pʰ/  
Р р /r/ /r~ɾ/ /r/
Ҏ ҏ   //  
С с /s/ /s~ʃ/ /s/
С́ с́   //[b]  
Ҫ ҫ  
Т т /t/ // /t/
Ҭ ҭ   /tʰ/  
Ћ ћ   /t͡ɕ/  
Ќ ќ   /c~/  
У у /u/ [u]; /w/ /u/
Ў ў /w/  
Ӳ ӳ  
Ӱ ӱ   /y/ /y/  
Ӯ ӯ   /ɵ~ø/  
Ү ү  
Ұ ұ  
Ф ф /f/
Х х /x/ /h/ /χ/ /x/ /χ/ /x/
Ҳ ҳ   /h/   /ħ/  
Һ һ   /ʰ~h/  
Ц ц /ts/
Ҵ ҵ   /tsʼ/  
Ч ч // /ʈʂ/ // /ʈ͡ʂ/ // // // // /ʰ/ //
Ӵ ӵ   //  
Ҷ ҷ   //   /tʃʼ/  
Ӌ ӌ  
Ҹ ҹ  
Џ џ   /ɖ͡ʐ/ //   /ɖʐ/  
Ш ш /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ~ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/
Щ щ /ɕː/ /ʃ/ /ʃt/   /ʃ/ (/ʃ/) /ç/ /ʃ/ /ɕ(ː)/ /ʃ/ /ɕː/ /ɕ/  
Ъ ъ [d]   [d] /ɤ~ɐ/   [e] /ʔ/ [d] /ˠ/ /ʔ/
Ы ы [ɨ] /ɨ/   /ɨ/ (/i/) /ɨ/ /ɤ/ /ɨ~ɯ/ /ɨ/ /ə/ (/i/)
Ӹ ӹ   /ɯ~ə/  
Ь ь /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ (/ʲ/) /ʲ/ [f]
Ҍ ҍ   /ʲ/  
Э э [ɛ] /ɛ/   /ə/ (/e/) /e/ /e, ɛː/ /e, æ/   /e/
Ӭ ӭ   /ʲe/  
Ю ю /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/
Я я /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/
Alphabet ru be uk rue sr bg mk mo os tg sjd mhr mrj udm kca yrk ab kbd ce
Usage of letters in various languages
Language families Turkic languages Tung. Mongolic Chin.
Alphabet az tk kk ky krc ba tt alt kjh sah tyv uz ug cv evn bua mn xal dng
А а /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a/, /æ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a~æ/ /ɑ/ /a/ /a, ɑ/
Ӑ ӑ /ə/  
Ӓ ӓ  
Ә ә /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /ɤ/
Ӛ ӛ  
Ӕ ӕ  
Б б /b/ /b~p/ /b/ /w/ /b/ /p/
В в /v/ /β/ (/v/) /v/ /w/ /w/, /v/ (/v/) /v/ (/v/) /v/, /w/ /w/ (/v/) /ʋ/ /v/ (/w~β/) // /w/
Г г /ɡ/ /ɡ~ʁ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɣ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɣ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɢ/ /k/
Ґ ґ  
Ѓ ѓ  
Ғ ғ /ɣ/ /ʁ/ /ɣ/ /ɣ/ /ɣ/ /ʁ/  
Ӷ ӷ  
Ҕ ҕ /ɣ~ʁ/  
Д д /d/ /d~t/ /d/ /t/
Ђ ђ  
Е е /e/ /iɘ/ /je, e/ /e/ /e/ /e/, /je/, /jɤ/ /e/ /je, e/ (/e/, /je/) /e, je/ /ɛ/, /jɛ/ /e/ /ɛ/ /je/ /ji~jo/ /je/ /iɛ/
Ѐ ѐ  
Ё ё /jo/ (/jo/) /jo/ /ø/ /jo/ (/jo/) /jo/ (/jo/) (/jɔ/) (/jo/) /jo/ /jɔ/ /iɔ/
Ӗ ӗ /ɘ/  
Ҽ ҽ  
Ҿ ҿ  
Є є  
Ж ж /ʒ/ // //, /ʒ/ /ʒ/ (/ʒ/) /ʒ/ // /ʒ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/ // /ʐ/
Ӂ ӂ  
Җ җ // /ʑ/ // // /, /
Ӝ ӝ  
З з /z/ /ð/ /z/ (/z/) /z/ /ts/
З́ з́  
Ҙ ҙ /ð/  
Ӟ ӟ  
Ӡ ӡ  
Ѕ ѕ  
И и /i/ /ɪ/ /ɪ/, /ɯ/ /i/ /i, ei/
Ѝ ѝ  
Ӥ ӥ  
Ӣ ӣ  
І і   /ɘ/   /ɪ/  
Ї ї  
Ӏ ӏ  
Й й /j/ /j/, /ȷ̃/ /j/ /i/ /j/
Ҋ ҋ  
Ј ј /j/ /ɟ/  
К к /c/ (/k/) /k~q/ /k/ /k~q/ /k/ /k/, /q/ /k/ /k~q/ /k/ (/k/) (/kʰ~x/) (/k/) /kʰ/
Қ қ /q/ /q/  
Ҟ ҟ  
Ҡ ҡ /q/  
Ӄ ӄ  
Ҝ ҝ /ɟ/  
Л л /l/ /ɮ/ /l/
Ӆ ӆ  
Љ љ  
М м /m/
Ӎ ӎ  
Н н /n/
Ӊ ӊ  
Ң ң /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/
Ӈ ӈ /ŋ/
Ҥ ҥ /ŋ/ /ŋ/
Њ њ  
О о /o/ /uʊ/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /ɔ/
Ӧ ӧ /ø/  
Ө ө /ø/ /yʉ/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /o/  
Ӫ ӫ  
Ҩ ҩ  
П п /p/ /p~pʰ/ /p/ (/p/) (/pʰ/) /pʰ/
Ԥ ԥ  
Р р /ɾ/ /r/ /ɾ/ /r/ /ɾ/ /r/ /ɾ/ /r/ /ɚ, r/
Ҏ ҏ  
С с /s/ /θ/ /s/
С́ с́  
Ҫ ҫ /θ/ /ɕ/  
Т т /t/ /t~tʰ/ /t/ /tʰ/
Ҭ ҭ  
Ћ ћ  
Ќ ќ  
У у /u/ /w/, /ʊw/, /ʉw/ /u/ /u/, /w/ /u/ /ʊ/ /ɤu, u/
Ў ў /w/ /o/ /u/
Ӳ ӳ /y/  
Ӱ ӱ /y/  
Ӯ ӯ  
Ү ү /y/ /ʉ/ /y/ /y/ /y/, /w/ /y/ /ʏ/ /y/ /u/ /y/
Ұ ұ /ʊ/  
Ф ф /f/ /ɸ/ (/f/) /f/ /ɸ/ (/f/) /f~ɸ/ (/f/) /f/ (/f/) (/f~pʰ/) (/f/) /f/
Х х /x~χ/ /h~x/ (/x/) /h/ /x/ /χ/ /x/
Ҳ ҳ /h/  
Һ һ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/  
Ц ц (/ts/) (/t͡s/) (/ts/) /t͡s/ (/ts/) /t͡s/ (/ts/) (/t͡s/) (/ts/) (/ts/) /ts/ (/ts/) /t͡sʰ/
Ҵ ҵ  
Ч ч // (//) // /ɕ/ (/tʃ/) // /c/ // // // (/tʃ/) /ʰ/ /ʰ, ʰ/
Ӵ ӵ  
Ҷ ҷ  
Ӌ ӌ //  
Ҹ ҹ //  
Џ џ  
Ш ш /ʃ/ (/ʃ/) /ʃ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʂ/
Щ щ (/ʃ/) (/ɕ/) /ʃ, ʃː/ (/ʃ/) /ɕ/ /ʃɕ/ (/ʃtʃ/) /ɕː/ (/ɕː/) (/ʃ/) (/ɕː/, /ɕ/) (/ʃ/) /ɕ/
Ъ ъ [g] /ʲ/ /ʔ/ [g] /ˤ/ [ʔ] [g] [d] [g]
Ы ы /ɯ/ /ə/ /ɯ/ /ɨ/ /ɯ/ /ɤ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /i/ /ʉ/ /i/ /ɪ, ɨə/
Ӹ ӹ  
Ь ь [g] /ʲ/ /ʔ/ /ʲ/ [g] /ʲ/ [g] [g] /ʲ/ [g]
Ҍ ҍ  
Э э /e/ (/e/) /e/ /e/, /æ/ /e/ /e/, /ʔ/ (/e/) /e/ /ɛ/ /e/ /ɛ/ /e/ /ɛ/
Ӭ ӭ  
Ю ю /ju/ /jʉw/, /jʊw/ /ju, jy/ /y/ /ju/ /ju/, /jy/ (/ju/) /ju/ (/ju/) /ju/ /ju, jʊ/ /jʊ/ /iɤu/
Я я /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja, jɑ/ /æ/ /ja/ /ja/, /jæ/ (/jɑ/) /ja/ (/ja/) (/jɑ/) (/ja/) /ja/ /ia, iɑ/
Alphabet az tk kk ky krc ba tt alt kjh sah tyv uz ug cv bua mn xal evn dng

Summary table[edit]

The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЕ́ЀЕ̄
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇИ́ЍӢЙЈКЛ
ЉМНЊОО́О̀Ō
ПРСС́ТЋЌУ
У́ӮЎФХЦЧЏ
ШЩЪЫЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺ
Ғ̌ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̃Ё̄Є̈
ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠИ̃ҊӤҚӃ
ҠҞҜК̣ԚӅԮԒ
ӍӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱Т̌
Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́
ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾ
ҺҺ̈ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺОУ
ѠѼѾѢ
ѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴѶ
Ԙ
ԀԔԖԠ
ԢҦ
ԂԄԈԊԌԎ
ԆԞԪԬ
Г̧Г̄
Cyrillic alphabets comparison table
Early scripts
Church Slavonic А Б В Г Д (Ѕ) Е Ж Ѕ/З И І К Л М Н О П Р С Т Оу (Ѡ) Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ѣ Ь Ю Ѥ Ѧ Ѩ Ѫ Ѭ Ѯ Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ҁ
Most common shared letters
Common А   Б В Г   Д     Е     Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ       Ь     Ю Я  
South Slavic languages
Bulgarian А   Б В Г   Д Дж Дз Е     Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ     Ь     Ю Я
Macedonian А   Б В Г   Д Ѓ Ѕ Е     Ж   З   И   Ј     К   Л Љ М   Н Њ   О   П   Р   С   Т Ќ У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч Џ Ш
Serbian А   Б В Г   Д Ђ   Е     Ж   З   И   Ј     К   Л Љ М   Н Њ   О   П   Р   С   Т Ћ У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч Џ Ш
Montenegrin А   Б В Г   Д Ђ   Е     Ж   З З́ И   Ј     К   Л Љ М   Н Њ   О   П   Р   С С́ Т Ћ У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч Џ Ш
East Slavic languages
Russian А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Belarusian А   Б В Г Ґ Д     Е   Ё Ж   З     І     Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У Ў   Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш   Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Ukrainian А   Б В Г Ґ Д     Е Є   Ж   З   И І   Ї Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ     Ь     Ю Я
Rusyn А   Б В Г Ґ Д     Е Є Ё Ж   З   И І Ы Ї Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ     Ь     Ю Я
Iranian languages
Kurdish А   Б В Г Г' Д     Е Ә Ә' Ж   З   И       Й К К' Л   М   Н     О Ö П П' Р Р' С   Т Т' У     Ф Х Һ Һ'   Ч Ч' Ш Щ       Ь Э       Ԛ Ԝ
Ossetian А Ӕ Б В Г Гъ Д Дж Дз Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К Къ Л   М   Н     О   П Пъ Р   С   Т Тъ У     Ф Х Хъ Ц Цъ Ч Чъ Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Tajik А   Б В Г Ғ Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И   Ӣ   Й К Қ Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У Ӯ   Ф Х Ҳ     Ч Ҷ Ш   Ъ       Э   Ю Я
Romance languages
Moldovan А   Б В Г   Д     Е     Ж Ӂ З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш     Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Uralic languages
Komi-Permyak А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И І     Й К   Л   М   Н     О Ӧ П   Р   С   Т   У     Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Meadow Mari А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н Ҥ   О Ӧ П   Р   С   Т   У Ӱ   Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Hill Mari А Ӓ Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О Ӧ П   Р   С   Т   У Ӱ   Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ӹ Ь Э   Ю Я
Kildin Sami А Ӓ Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И   Й Ҋ Ј К   Л Ӆ М Ӎ Н Ӊ Ӈ О   П   Р Ҏ С   Т   У     Ф Х Һ Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Ҍ Э Ӭ Ю Я
Turkic languages
Bashkir А Ә Б В Г Ғ Д   Ҙ Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К Ҡ Л   М   Н Ң   О Ө П   Р   С Ҫ Т   У   Ү Ф Х Һ Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э Ә Ю Я
Chuvash А Ӑ Б В Г   Д     Е Ё Ӗ Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С Ҫ Т   У Ӳ   Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Kazakh А Ә Б В Г Ғ Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И І     Й К Қ Л   М   Н Ң   О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У Ұ Ү Ф Х Һ Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Kyrgyz А   Б   Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н Ң   О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У   Ү   Х       Ч   Ш     Ы     Э   Ю Я
Tatar А Ә Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж Җ З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н Ң   О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У   Ү Ф Х Һ Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Uzbek А   Б В Г Ғ Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К Қ Л   М   Н     О   П   Р   С   Т   У Ў   Ф Х Ҳ     Ч   Ш   Ъ       Э   Ю Я
Mongolian languages
Buryat А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й     Л   М   Н     О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У   Ү   Х Һ Ц   Ч   Ш     Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Khalkha А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж   З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н     О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У   Ү Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я
Kalmyk А Ә Б В Г Һ Д     Е     Ж Җ З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н Ң   О Ө П   Р   С   Т   У   Ү   Х   Ц   Ч   Ш         Ь Э   Ю Я
Caucasian languages
Abkhaz А   Б В Г Ҕ Д Дә Џ Е Ҽ Ҿ Ж Жә З Ӡ Ӡә И     Й К Қ Ҟ Л   М   Н     О Ҩ П Ҧ Р   С   Т Тә Ҭ Ҭә У     Ф Х Ҳ Ҳә Ц Цә Ҵ Ҵә Ч Ҷ Ш Шә Щ   Ы
Sino-Tibetan languages
Dungan А   Б В Г   Д     Е   Ё Ж Җ З   И       Й К   Л   М   Н Ң Ә О   П   Р   С   Т   У Ў Ү Ф Х   Ц   Ч   Ш Щ Ъ Ы   Ь Э   Ю Я

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • ^a ѐ and ѝ – considered variants of е and и, respectively, not separate letters – are included here because they are used in some South Slavic languages for preventing ambiguity and have been assigned separate Unicode code points.
  • ^b The letters з́ and с́ only appear in the Montenegrin alphabet, which is otherwise identical to the Serbian alphabet and was not given a separate column.
  • ^c In normal Russian texts ё is written without the dots, that is it appears as е. The dots are sometimes added to prevent ambiguity or in children books.
  • ^d In the indicated languages, ъ indicates that the preceding consonant is not iotated.
  • ^e In Ossetian, ъ is combined with consonants to indicate new phonemes, most commonly ejective consonants.
  • ^f In Chechen, ь is combined with both consonants and vowels to indicate various new phonemes.
  • ^g Only used in borrowings, not in native words.
  • There are many languages that use two or more scripts, for example Latin or Arabic.
  • In Belarusian and Ukrainian there is an apostrophe to indicate de-palatalization of the preceding consonant.
  • Azerbaijani has the apostrophe ⟨ʼ⟩ as a letter.
  • Nenets has the apostrophe ⟨ʼ⟩ and double apostrophe ⟨ˮ⟩ as letters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Everson, Michael; Birnbaum, David; Cleminson, Ralph; Derzhanski, Ivan; Dorosh, Vladislav; Kryukov, Alexey; Paliga, Sorin; Ruppel, Klaas (2007-01-12). "L2/07-003R: Proposal to encode additional Cyrillic characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Cleminson, Ralph (2006-10-31). "L2/06-359: Proposal for additional Cyrillic characters" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  3. ^ a b c d e Priest, Lorna (2005-08-02). "L2/05-080R2: Proposal to Encode Additional Cyrillic Characters (rev 2005/08/18)" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  4. ^ Everson, Michael; et al. (2002-03-20). "L2/02-141: Uralic Phonetic Alphabet characters for the UCS" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  5. ^ a b Shardt, Yuri; Simmons, Nikita; Andreev, Aleksandr (2011-02-25). "L2/10-394R: Proposal to Encode Some Outstanding Early Cyrillic Characters in Unicode" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Cleminson, Ralph; Everson, Michael (2009-03-13). "L2/09-020R: Proposal to encode two Cyrillic characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  7. ^ Yevlampiev, Ilya; Pentzlin, Karl (2011-07-06). "L2/11-265: Proposal to encode a missing Cyrillic letter pair for the Orok language" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ a b Everson, Michael; Priest, Lorna (2008-04-11). "L2/08-144: Proposal to encode two Cyrillic characters for Abkhaz" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  9. ^ Priest, Lorna (2008-07-28). "L2/08-182: Proposal to Encode Additional Latin and Cyrillic Characters" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.

External links[edit]