King's commissioner

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Map of the Netherlands, linking to the province articles

The King’s commissioner (Dutch: Commissaris van de Koning, abbreviated to CvdK) is the head of a province in the Netherlands. The officeholder chairs both the states-provincial (directly elected provincial legislature) and the provincial-executive (executive branch), but has a right to vote only in the latter. When the reigning monarch is a female, the office is Queen's commissioner (Commissaris van de Koningin). As there are twelve provinces in the Netherlands, there are twelve King's Commissioners.

There are two levels of local government in the Netherlands: the provinces and the municipalities. The twelve provinces form the tier of administration between central government and the municipalities. The three tiers are organised in largely the same way, with a directly elected legislature, which in turn chooses the executive branch, headed by an appointed chairman. At the national and municipal levels, these are the King and the Mayor; at the provincial level it is the King's commissioner.

Tasks of the King’s commissioner[edit]

The King’s Commissioner is not elected by the residents of the province, but appointed by the Dutch Crown (the ministers, presided over by the monarch), for a term of six years, renewable. The King’s Commissioner can be dismissed only by the Dutch Crown. When a vacancy arises, the provincial council gives the Minister of the Interior a profile of the kind of candidate it would like to see in the job. Although all King’s Commissioners are prominent members of one or another of the major national political parties, they are expected to be politically impartial while they are in office.

The King's Commissioners play a role within the provincial administration and are the official representatives of central government in the provinces. They coordinate disaster management and prevention and pay regular official visits to the municipalities in their region.

The King's Commissioners play an important part in the appointment of municipal mayors. When a vacancy arises, the King's Commissioner first asks the municipal council for its views as to a successor, then writes to the Minister of the Interior, recommending a candidate. Since the King's Commissioners are both the chairs and full members of the provincial executives, they may include some of the executive's tasks in their portfolio. They also oversee the official apparatus[clarification needed] and any provincial utilities and represent the province in its dealings with business.

Naming practice in Limburg[edit]

In the Dutch province of Limburg, the King’s Commissioner is usually informally called Gouverneur ("governor"), as in Belgium. Similarly, the Provinciehuis ("Province Hall") at Maastricht is called Gouvernement ("Governor’s Residence"). This local custom arose from the particular status of the province in the nineteenth century. The official name of the office is currently the same as in the other provinces.

List of current King's commissioners[edit]

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Province King's Commissioner Party Serving since Previous Office
Flag of Drenthe.svg
Jetta Klijnsma Jetta Klijnsma
(born 1957)
Labour Party 1 December 2017
(3 years, 49 days)
State Secretary for
Social Affairs
and Employment
Flag of Flevoland.svg
Leen Verbeek Leen Verbeek
(born 1954)
Labour Party 1 November 2008
(12 years, 79 days)
Mayor of Purmerend
Frisian flag.svg
Arno Brok Arno Brok
(born 1968)
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
1 March 2017
(3 years, 324 days)
Mayor of Dordrecht
Flag of Gelderland.svg
John Berends.jpg John Berends
(born 1956)
Democratic Appeal
6 February 2019
(1 year, 348 days)
Mayor of Apeldoorn
Flag of Groningen.svg
Rene paas-1573367441 (cropped).jpg René Paas
(born 1966)
Democratic Appeal
18 April 2016
(4 years, 276 days)
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
Flag of Limburg (Netherlands).svg
Theo Bovens Theo Bovens
(born 1959)
Democratic Appeal
1 October 2011
(9 years, 110 days)
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
North Brabant-Flag.svg
Ina Adema Ina Adema
(born 1968)
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
1 October 2020
(110 days)
Mayor of Lepystad
Flag of North Holland.svg
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Arthur van Dijk
(born 1963)
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
1 January 2019
(2 years, 18 days)
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
Flag of Overijssel.svg
Andries Heidema Andries Heidema
(born 1962)
Christian Union 11 July 2018
(2 years, 192 days)
Mayor of Deventer
Flag Zuid-Holland.svg
Jaap Smit Jaap Smit
(born 1957)
Democratic Appeal
1 January 2014
(7 years, 18 days)
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
Utrecht (province)-Flag.svg
Netherlands politic personality icon.svg Hans Oosters
(born 1962)
Labour Party 1 February 2019
(1 year, 353 days)
Flag of Zeeland.svg
Han Polman Han Polman
(born 1963)
Democrats 66 1 March 2013
(7 years, 324 days)
Mayor of
Bergen op Zoom

See also[edit]