Kittanning, Pennsylvania

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Kittanning, Pennsylvania
Borough of Kittanning
The Kittanning Citizens Bridge, Armstrong County Courthouse, and downtown of Kittanning
The Kittanning Citizens Bridge, Armstrong County Courthouse, and downtown of Kittanning
Etymology: Lenape kithanink, 'on the main river'
Location of Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Coordinates: 40°49′12″N 79°31′17″W / 40.82000°N 79.52139°W / 40.82000; -79.52139Coordinates: 40°49′12″N 79°31′17″W / 40.82000°N 79.52139°W / 40.82000; -79.52139
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyArmstrong County
Settled1724 (Native American village)
Settled1803 (Borough)
Area
 • Total1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Land1.00 sq mi (2.58 km2)
 • Water0.25 sq mi (0.66 km2)
Population
 • Total4,044
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
3,846
 • Density3,861.45/sq mi (1,490.40/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
16201
Area code(s)724
FIPS code42-40040
School districtArmstrong

Kittanning (/kɪˈtænɪŋ/ pronounced k-TAN-ing) is a borough and the county seat of Armstrong County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.[3] It is situated 44 miles (71 km) northeast of Pittsburgh, along the east bank of the Allegheny River.

The name is derived from Kithanink,[4] which means 'on the main river' in Lenape or the Delaware language, from kit- 'big' + hane 'mountain river' + -ink (suffix used in place names). "The main river" is a Lenape term for the Allegheny and Ohio combined, which they considered as all one river.[5] The borough and its bridge have been used as a setting for several recent films.

History[edit]

The borough is located on the east bank of the Allegheny River, founded on the site of the eighteenth-century Lenape (Delaware) village of Kittanning at the western end of the Kittanning Path, an ancient Native American path.

In 1756, the village was destroyed by John Armstrong, Sr. at the Battle of Kittanning during the French and Indian War. During the attack, a blast from the explosion of gunpowder stored in Captain Jacobs's house was heard in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 44 miles away.

Kittanning was designated as the seat of Armstrong County when the county was organized. It was settled by European Americans largely after the American Revolutionary War, although Anthony Sadowski (also recorded by the anglicized name of Sandusky), a prominent Polish-American trader, and other Indian traders operated here before the war.

By the early in the 20th century, the city had developed considerable industry: large iron and steel works, foundries, and coal mines, all associated with the steel and iron industries of Pittsburgh; glassworks, flour and lumber mills; china, pottery, brick, lime, and clay works; and mirror and typewriter factories, breweries, etc. It reached its peak of population in 1930 and was adversely affected by the Great Depression. After World War II, changes in industry and restructuring of heavy industry caused a loss of jobs in many of these works, with an associated population decline.

The playground on North Jefferson Street was developed on the former site of the historic Kittanning Cemetery. In order to enable this, the city moved 274 graves in 1960 to a new cemetery formed along Troy Hill Road.

Keystone Marker for Kittanning

In 1900, 3,902 people lived in Kittanning, and in 1910, there were 4,311 inhabitants. After Kittanning merged with Wickboro (1910 population 2,775), in 1914, the population was estimated at 10,000, which was likely high. The 1920 census counted 7,153 residents. In 1930, there were 7,808 residents; in 1940, 7,550. Since late 20th century industrial restructuring, the population was 4,044 at the 2010 census. [3]

The Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 7 and Armstrong County Courthouse and Jail are each listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Geography[edit]

Kittanning is located at 40°49′12″N 79°31′17″W / 40.82000°N 79.52139°W / 40.82000; -79.52139 (40.820085, -79.521398).[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820318
183052665.4%
18501,561
18601,6968.6%
18701,88911.4%
18802,62438.9%
18903,09517.9%
19003,90226.1%
19104,31110.5%
19207,15365.9%
19307,8089.2%
19407,550−3.3%
19507,7312.4%
19606,793−12.1%
19706,231−8.3%
19805,432−12.8%
19905,120−5.7%
20004,787−6.5%
20104,044−15.5%
Est. 20163,846[2]−4.9%
Sources:[8][9][10]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 4,787 people, 2,032 households, and 1,117 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,615.2 people per square mile (1,777.2/km²). There were 2,251 housing units at an average density of 2,170.2 per square mile (835.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.31% White, 1.57% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 2,032 households, out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.0% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.96.

The borough median age of 40 years was the same as the county median age. The distribution by age group was 22.2% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $20,921, and the median income for a family was $30,822. Males had a median income of $29,036 versus $20,040 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $13,787. About 12.3% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Electricity[edit]

Education[edit]

All public schools in the Kittanning attendance area are a part of the Armstrong School District.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Several popular movies and televisions programs have been filmed in Kittanning.

The original bridge over the Allegheny River at Kittanning was torn down and replaced with the Kittanning Citizens Bridge, which was built higher above ground level to avoid flooding. Scenes with the town and bridge were the used in the film The Mothman Prophecies (2002) starring Richard Gere and Laura Linney, which was filmed in the Kittanning area.

Scenes for the 2009 horror movie My Bloody Valentine 3D were filmed in Kittanning.[13]

The 2010 pilot episode for Justified, starring Timothy Olyphant, was filmed in Kittanning and its surrounding areas.[14]

Filming for the movie One for the Money took place during Summer 2010.[15]

The setting for three episodes of the Netflix original TV series Mindhunter is based in Altoona, but scenes were actually shot in and around Kittanning in January 2017. [16]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on 2017-05-29. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "kithanink". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-06-11.
  5. ^ Smith, Robert Walker (1883). History of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Waterman, Watkins, & Co. Archived from the original on 2014-06-01. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
  6. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2002-05-27. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ "The Kittanning Paper". Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
  12. ^ "Family-Life TV". Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  13. ^ Fryer, Mitch (2008-04-30). "Producers, crew scout area for horror film". Leader Times. The Tribune-Review Publishing Co. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  14. ^ Owen, Rob (January 18, 2010). "Producer of FX's 'Justified' recalls 'boom' times here". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  15. ^ Signorini, Renatta (2010-08-31). "Cameras roll, traffic slows as filming on Kittanning Citizens Bridge starts". Leader Times. Trib Total Media. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
  16. ^ Weaver, Jonathan (2017-01-14). ""Mindhunter" Puts Spotlight on Kittanning for Netflix". The Kittanning Paper. Archived from the original on 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  17. ^ "Mitch Frerotte". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  18. ^ "HEINER, Daniel Brodhead, (1854 - 1944)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on 2012-10-16. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  19. ^ "Ed Hobaugh Stats". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  20. ^ "Teri Hope, Native Girl, Comes Home". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1961-11-28. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
  21. ^ "Michael Robert Morandini". Baseball-Reference.Com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved December 21, 2012.

External links[edit]