Konpeki no Kantai
Cover of 1st. volume of Konpeki no Kantai
|Written by||Yoshio Aramaki|
|Published by||Tokuma Shoten|
|Original run||1990 – 1996|
|Kyokujitsu no Kantai|
|Written by||Yoshio Aramaki|
|Original run||1992 – 1997|
|Original video animation|
|Directed by||Takeyuki Kanda|
|Produced by||Hiromichi Matano|
|Written by||Yoshio Aramaki|
|Music by||Yasushi Tsuchida|
|Released||1993 – 2003|
|Released||March 31, 1995|
|Released||April 21, 1995|
|Released||November 2, 1995|
|Original video animation|
|Kyokujitsu no Kantai|
|Directed by||Takeyuki Kanda|
|Produced by||Takeshi Yamaguchi|
|Written by||Yoshio Aramaki|
|Music by||Yasushi Tsuchida|
|Released||1997 – 2002|
Konpeki no Kantai (紺碧の艦隊, lit. Deep Blue Fleet) is a Japanese alternate-history original video animation series produced by J.C.Staff. The series focuses on a technologically advanced Imperial Japanese Navy and a radically different World War II that was brought about by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's revival in the past due to unexplained circumstances. The series is also notable for using the Imperial Japanese calendar instead of the Roman calendar in denoting the years where the events of the series take place. It also spawned a 1997 OVA side story called Kyokujitsu no Kantai (旭日の艦隊, lit. Fleet of the Rising Sun), one manga sequel, and two turn-based strategy games for the PC-FX and the SNES.
Konpeki no Kantai is based on a novel series written by Yoshio Aramaki whose first volume was published in December 1990. The novel's popularity reportedly rose dramatically due to the start of the Gulf War the following month. Aramaki later wrote a different series called Kyokujitsu no Kantai (旭日の隊 lit. Fleet of the Rising Sun), elements of which were used in the OVA sequel. The two series, eventually sold more than five million copies. Between 1997 and 2000 Aramaki wrote two sequel series Shin Konpeki no Kantai (新・紺碧の艦隊 9 volumes) and Shin Kyokujitsu no Kantai (新・旭日の艦隊 18 volumes).
The title is a reference to the series' depiction of an advanced submarine force.
- 1 Point of Divergence
- 2 After Pearl Harbor
- 3 Shin Kyokujitsu no Kantai
- 4 Characters
- 5 Media
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Point of Divergence
In Konpeki no Kantai's first episode, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's death on April 18, 1943 still proceeds exactly as in the real event. Just before his damaged plane crashes into Bougainville Island, Yamamoto blacks out, before awakening in a ship quarters as his younger self. Unaware of what has just happened, Yamamoto speaks with a crewman, and discovers that he is on board the Japanese cruiser Nisshin. He is then informed that the date is May 28, 1905 and that Battle of Tsushima has just ended. Yamamoto discovers that he has somehow been transported back in time (or to a parallel world).
With his memory from the original timeline intact, Yamamoto decides to revert to his old name of Isoroku Takano, and vows to use his advanced knowledge of the next 38 years to ensure that Japan does not make the same mistakes as before.
Yamamoto's first priority is to spearhead a massive naval construction program. It involves building a large fleet of advanced battleships and supercarriers, nuclear submarines based on the design of the real-life I-400 Sen Toku submarine, and advanced combat aircraft that were in prototype or concept form during the late stages of the actual Pacific War.
His plan for success begins with a coup d'état against the hardline government of Army General Hideki Tōjō in late 1941, on the eve of the Pearl Harbor attack, and installing an ally, Lt Gen Yasaburō Otaka as prime minister. Otaka, who has also been transported back in time, agrees to work with Yamamoto to change history and ensure that the Japanese Empire emerges victorious against the United States in the Second World War.
Alternate Events of the Pearl Harbor Attack
The first episode of the series depicts the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. In this alternate history, Yamamoto uses his advanced knowledge of the future, combined with now superior technology of the Japanese navy, to ensure that the strategy and outcome of the attack are considerably different from the actual events which occurred:
|Alternate Depiction||Actual Events|
|Japan's declaration of war against the United States is delivered before the attack begins.||Due to the slow decoding and translation of diplomatic cables from Tokyo, the Japanese embassy in Washington did not deliver a written statement that peace talks were at an end until after the attack had begun. The actual declaration of war was not made until the following evening.|
|The attack is launched before daybreak since Japan has perfected nighttime aircraft carrier operations.||The original time of attack was at 6:30AM Hawaiian time, but the complications of launching the planes and making the 200-mile flight in the dark necessitated a change to the attack taking place at around 8AM. Unlike the British Fleet Air Arm the Japanese Navy was not capable of night carrier operations.|
|The raid begins with Japanese pathfinders dropping flares.||No flares were used during the attack by either side, since the attack took place at daytime.|
|The entire military base at Pearl Harbor is destroyed.||Most of Pearl Harbor's infrastructure, such as the power station, fuel depot, shipyards, submarine pens, armories, and the military headquarters sustained no damage during the attack. (Yamamoto later stated that sparing these facilities was a critical error.) |
|Following the initial attack, the Japanese fleet regroups and annihilates the remainder of the US Pacific Fleet, including its three aircraft carriers, as they return to Pearl Harbor to join the battle.||The Kido Butai Battle Group  turned back immediately without any further engagements with American forces. The huge distance the fleet had to travel between Japan and Hawaii (as well as the return trip) meant that the fleet's fuel capacity only permitted it to operate near Hawaii for a limited period of time. In addition, many of these ships were needed immediately to support Japanese military offensives in the Western Pacific.|
|The episode ends with Japanese troops invading Hawaii.||The Japanese military briefly considered trying to seize the Hawaiian Islands but decided that it was impractical, since Japan's ground forces, logistics and resources were already fully committed, not only to the Second Sino-Japanese War but also for military offensives in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific that were planned to occur almost simultaneously with the Pearl Harbor attack.|
After Pearl Harbor
Following the successful invasion, Japan uses Hawaii as its main north Pacific base. In subsequent episodes, the Japanese military easily defeats Allied forces in Southeast Asia and grants nominal independence to all of the territories formerly under European and American colonial rule under the banner of the Greater East Co. In subsequent battles in the Tasman Sea and the Torres Strait, the IJN further cripples American naval power and advances across the Pacific Ocean to strike at the West Coast of North America. An IJN submarine-carrier flotilla destroys the Panama Canal's Gatun locks to hinder American efforts to transfer ships from the Atlantic Fleet. The United States suffers more crushing setbacks, including a second Panama Canal attack and a Japanese surgical airstrike on the Manhattan Project's Los Alamos facilities. They prove too much for US President Henry Roosevelt, who dies of a stroke after learning of Los Alamos' destruction. His successor, Bill Truman, realizing that the United States cannot continue the war, sues for peace and accepts the surrender terms offered by Japan.
Although the Japanese are initially allied with Nazi Germany, German dictator Heinrich von Hitler becomes concerned about their string of victories and the rapid growth of Japan's technological and military power (partly boosted with the expertise of Albert Einstein). Hitler declares war on Japan, whose first thrust against Germany comes in the form of a precision attack by three intercontinental flying-boat bombers on the Nazis' atomic weapons research facility.
German forces start the invasion of India and the United Kingdom. On the Indian front, the Wehrmacht conducts an airborne assault on Kolkata and sends troops south to Cochin to meet other German forces coming down the western coast. Japan intervenes by deploying armored forces with surviving British and Indian units. Another IJN carrier fleet is also deployed to the Indian Ocean. The Americans lend their support by bombing German convoys. The submarine-carrier flotilla that attacked the Panama Canal (which now exists as a long tunnel to prevent future air attack) is later redeployed to the Bab el-Mandeb to ambush a Kriegsmarine force being sent to the Indian Ocean. Germany, meanwhile, defeats the Soviet Union as Stalin's forces surrender in the Ural mountains. US forces invade Brittany to ease the pressure off the German invasion of Britain, but the Wehrmacht holds their ground and drives the US forces into the sea, with the last troops forced to leave from their redoubt in Brest. Germany eventually conquers the southern half of England.
They are driven to a stalemate in India after Japanese bombers destroy the invasion headquarters in New Delhi and antisubmarine warfare ravages the Kriegsmarine's U-boat force in the Indian Ocean. Despite the attack on New Delhi, the conquest of India prompts Hitler to establish the Great European Empire. Nationalist Chinese forces stop the German advance in Xinjiang province while Japan sends military forces to bolster the People's Republic of East Siberia (a new state created in the Siberian region after the fall of the Soviet regime) as part of a new Asian Defense Force. At the same time, a change of government in Washington helps Japan return Hawaii to the US.
While the Germans are stopped in Mongolia, Britain and Japan team up for further action in the Atlantic. British troops and Japan's air and sea forces hold down the German invasion of Britain. At the same time, Japanese commandos infiltrate Hitler's main command center and destroys it with explosives, but Hitler survives. Japan fights off the Kriegsmarine's attacks in the South Atlantic while the British/Japanese forces in England muster enough combat power to push the Germans back and liberate London. The turn of events forces peace talks between Germany, Japan, Britain, and the US. The war ends by late 1950.
Shin Kyokujitsu no Kantai
In the 1997 sidestory Shin Kyokujitsu no Kantai (新旭日の艦隊: The New Fleet of the Rising Sun), Japan builds up on its success in the earlier series by expanding its blue-water capabilities to reach the Atlantic Ocean. It further details the presence of the IJN Atlantic fleet revealed in the latter half of Konpeki no Kantai, as well as expound on events only given passing mention in the series.
After Germany declares war on Japan, the Japanese navy begins challenging the Kriegsmarine in the North Atlantic. In a climactic battle in the second episode, the IJN Atlantic force's flagship, the super-battleship Yamato Takeru (lit. The Brave of Yamato) engages and destroys Germany's own super-battleship, the Bismarck II. The IJN later attacks German naval facilities in Kiel, the government quarter in Berlin, and a French-based battery of Heracles railway guns threatening London, earning them the Victoria Cross, which is bestowed on fleet commander Admiral Oshii. The move paves the way for trans-polar travel between Japan and Britain.
Having defeated the Soviet Union, Germany turns its focus to the West, destroying the White House in a surgical strike. It finally drives the US to rejoin the war - this time as Japan's ally - in the fight against Nazi Germany, which launched a modified Operation Sea Lion against Britain on August 15, 1947. Southern England falls to the Nazis, with the British government evacuating to Inverness. However, the Japanese fleet arrives in time to destroy the German beachhead and stop the invasion forces, many of which are found in Kingston-upon-Hull and Grimsby.
To keep in line with the World War II theme, Konpeki no Kantai/Kyokujitsu no Kantai also features some characters who closely resemble actual historical figures from the 1940s whose articles are linked. In all cases, only one part of their name is changed (given name or surname).
Empire of Japan
- Yasaburō Otaka - Prime Minister (Voiced by: Yuzuru Fujimoto)
- Isoroku Takano - War Minister (Voiced by: Yūsaku Yara)
- Saigo Nanshu  - Deputy Prime Minister (Voiced by: Kōzō Shioya)
- Takayoshi Kido  - Foreign Minister (Voiced by: Nobuo Tobita)
- Kazuyuki Maebara (Issei Maebara) - Admiral, I-601 Fugaku skipper and Deep Blue Fleet commander (Voiced by: Hideyuki Tanaka)
- Heihachiro Togo - Admiral (Voiced by: Daisuke Gōri)
- Imperial Duke Kokonoe (Voiced by: Jun'ichi Sugawara)
- Yoshiko Kawashu - Japanese Secret Agent (Voiced by: Ai Orikasa)
- Eisaku Takasugi - Vice-Admiral (Voiced by: Banjō Ginga)
- Otowa Kuki - Vice-Admiral and SNLF commander (Voiced by: Katsuhisa Hōki)
- Yajirō Shinagawa  - Commander (Voiced by: Shinya Ōtaki (1st voice) / Masaharu Satō (2nd voice))
- Hideki Nanjō - Prime Minister prior to being replaced by Yasaburō Otaka in a coup d'etat (in the novel only?).
- Shingo Genda - Commander (in the novel only?).
- Henry Roosevelt - President (Voiced by: Kan Tokumaru)
- Lewis MacArthur - General of the Army (Voiced by: Jun'ichi Sugawara)
- Harriet Eisenhower - General of the Army (Voiced by: Tomomichi Nishimura)
- Bill Truman - President (succeeds Roosevelt after dying of stroke) (Voiced by: Hirohiko Kakegawa)
- Arnold Fletcher - Admiral, US Pacific Fleet (Voiced by: Isshin Chiba)
- (Admiral) Kimmel - Admiral, US Pacific Fleet (Voiced by: Ikuya Sawaki)
Nazi Germany/Holy European Empire
- Heinrich von Hitler - Führer (Voiced by: Ikuya Sawaki)
- Erhardt Goering - Luftwaffe chief (Voiced by: Shinya Ōtaki)
- Alfred Himmler - SS head (Voiced by: Jun'ichi Sugawara)
- Peter Joachim Goebbels - Propaganda Minister
- Wilhelm Jodl - Kriegsmarine admiral
- Konrad von Rommel - Commander, German forces in India
- Walter Manteuffel - Hitler aide (Voiced by: Hideyuki Hori)
- Leon Trokki - Leader, People's Republic of East Siberia (Voiced by: Kazunobu Chiba)
- Keiston Churchill - British Prime Minister (Voiced by: Shoji Sato)
- Suavi Gandhi - Indian independence advocate
- Nerovitch K Stalin - Leader, USSR (Voiced by: Masaki Aizawa)
Konpeki no Kantai was released from 1994 to 2003 on LaserDisc and DVD, with the DVDs containing two episodes each. JC Staff eventually compiled it and Kyokujitsu no Kantai into three large DVD boxed sets. The first was released on July 29, 2005 by Tokuma Shoten and Happinet Pictures, only a few days before the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II. The first set in particular contains an art booklet and the 1997 special episode Secret Launch of the Sorai, a story of two Japanese engineers who develop the Sorai (the series' counterpart of the J7W Shinden fighter) and deploy it against a Tokyo-bound force of US B-30 long-range bombers launched from Alaska. The interception itself is featured in Episode 3. Pre-order rewards include a Zippo lighter replica from 1941 and a scale model of the I-601 submarine carrier. The second DVD box set was released on September 23, 2005. The last compilation was released on November 25, 2005. A Blu-ray release of the entire series was also developed, with the first set released on August 3, 2011, the second on November 25, 2011, and the last on February 24, 2012.
The series is available for purchase over the Internet from a number of sites but is only sold in DVD Region 2 format, which is not compatible with most DVD players available in the United States and Canada (which are Region 1) - although some newer DVD players are (or can be modified to be) region-free. However, all releases, including those available over the Internet, do not include dubs or non-Japanese subtitles. Neither series has been (or is planned to be) translated for release outside Japan because of their Japan-centric content, such as the Allied powers being depicted as villains while Japan's conduct during the war is depicted as being noble.
In March 1995, NEC Interchannel released a Konpeki no Kantai turn-based strategy game developed by MicroCabin for the NEC PC-FX video game console. The 3DO version of the game, published by Tokuma Shoten, was released the following month. The Super Famicom version of the game, developed by Access Co. and published by Angel (a subsidiary of Bandai), followed suit in November of the same year.
The game follows all combat operations depicted in the series, with battles fought on an isometric map. The player also has the capability to develop new weapons. However, where the anime series ends with Japan declaring victory with the US and Britain over Nazi Germany, Japan's survival in the war is uncertain when Otaka's government is deposed in another coup, Yamamoto dies in jail, and the Deep Blue Fleet's secrets are exposed.
- Thinking the Opposite: An Interview with Yoshio Aramaki by Mitsutaka Oide (available at the Dalkey Archive Press, University of Illinois).
- In 1916, Isoroku was adopted into the Yamamoto family (a family of former Nagaoka samurai) and took the Yamamoto name. At the time, Japanese families lacking sons often adopted suitable young men to carry on the family name.
- The aircraft appear to be based on actual prototypes such as the Mitsubishi J8M and Nakajima Kikka jet fighters, the Aichi S1A Denko night fighter, and the proposed Nakajima G10N ultra-long-range super-heavy bomber.
- Prange, Gordon William; Goldstein, Donald M.; Dillon, Katherine V. (1988). December 7, 1941: The Day the Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor. McGraw-hill. ISBN 978-0-07-050682-4., page 58.
- Prange, Gordon. At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor,
- Gailey, Harry A. (1997). War in the Pacific: From Pearl Harbor to Tokyo Bay. Presidio. ISBN 0-89141-616-1., page 98.
- The only military infrastructure to sustain serious damage were the airfields and hangars. Japanese military planners decided that unless the airfields were immediately targeted, the large number of American aircraft based on the Island would pose a severe threat to the Japanese attack force. Consequently, nearly all Japanese fighters not assigned to attack the warships in the harbor were ordered to strike the airfields. While this strategy was largely successful (all of the airfields suffered severe damage and very few American aircraft were actually able to join the battle), it meant that Japanese aircraft had to refrain from attacking nearly all of the other land-based military facilities.
- The Kido Butai (機動部隊, lit. Mobile Unit/Force) was the Japanese Combined Fleet's main carrier battle group until July 1942, when it was disbanded and its ships were transferred to the IJN 3rd Fleet.
- Kido Butai!: Stories and Battle Histories of the IJN's Carrier Fleet by Anthony Tully, last updated July 12, 2009.
- Prange, Gordon W. (1999). Dillon, Katherine V., ed. The Pearl Harbor Papers: Inside the Japanese Plans. Brassey's. ISBN 1-57488-222-8.
- The three aircraft carriers of the US Pacific Fleet were not at Pearl Harbor during the attack. The Enterprise and the Lexington were relatively close to Hawaii but neither encountered the Kido Butai battle group. The third carrier, the Saratoga was near San Diego during the attack and did not reach Hawaii until December 15. The four remaining American aircraft carriers, Yorktown, Hornet, Wasp and Ranger were operating in the Atlantic Ocean at the time of the attack.
- Despite several requests from the Japanese Combined Fleet, the Japanese Imperial Army refused to supply any ground forces or resources for an invasion of Hawaii as it wished to focus on operations in China and Southeast Asia (a lack of cooperation between the Army and Navy hampered Japanese military operations throughout the war.)
- Beginning in late December 1941, Yamamoto tried to secure support an invasion of Hawaii, but continued to face stiff opposition, not only from the army but also from Fleet Admiral Osami Nagano (永野修身), who felt that such an operation was too risky. Eventually, Yamamoto reportedly secured a tentative agreement for an invasion of Hawaii after military operations in the Western Pacific were completed and additional ground troops and warships were available. However, Japanese losses at the Battle of Midway made any future offensives against Hawaii impossible.
- Weinberg, Gerhard L., A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1994, page 260, 323, 329-330.
- The Yamato Takeru (lit. The Brave of Yamato) is presumably named after Prince Yamatotakeru (日本武尊, やまとたける), who was a legendary prince of Japan's Yamato dynasty.
- The fictional Yamato Takeru is presumably intended to be a hyper-advanced version of the real-life battleship Yamato which, along with her sister ship, the Musashi, were the largest and heaviest battleships ever constructed. Likewise, the Bismarck II is intended to be a similarly modified version of the Bismarck. Both were among the most famous warships of the Second World War.
- This character may be named after Saigō Takamori, who was considered of the most influential samurai in Japanese history, and who wrote poetry under the name Saigō Nanshū.
- This character may be named after 19th-century Japanese statesman Kido Takayoshi, who died in 1877.
- This character is likely named after 19th-century Japanese statesman Shinagawa Yajirō.
- Konpeki no Kantai, Kyokujitsu no Kantai Complete DVD Box 1 at Play-Asia.com (English).
- "紺碧の艦隊 x 旭日の艦隊 Complete DVD Box 1" (in Japanese). J.C.Staff. Archived from the original on 2009-01-03. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
- "Konpeki no Kantai, Kyokujitsu no Kantai Complete DVD Box 1". cdjapan.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- "Konpeki no Kantai, Kyokujitsu no Kantai Complete DVD Box 2". cdjapan.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- "Konpeki no Kantai, Kyokujitsu no Kantai Complete DVD Box 3". cdjapan.co.jp. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- Aramaki, Yoshio. The Deep Blue Fleet Casebook. Tokuma Shoten, 1992. ISBN 978-4-19-174979-5
- The War Strategy of Deep Blue Fleet. Tokuma Shoten, 1993.
- Yasuda, Takayuki. Kyokujitsu no Kantai FINAL (illustration book) Chuou Kouronsha Inc, 1996. ISBN 978-4-12-500440-2
- Konpeki no Kantai at JC Staff website (in Japanese)
- Kyokujitsu no Kantai at JC Staff website (in Japanese)
- Official Bandai Channel Konpeki no Kantai website (in Japanese) (Archived)
- Official Bandai Channel Kyokujitsu no Kantai website (in Japanese) (Archived)
- Interview with Mitsutaka Oide
- Japanese Re-fight the War, And Win, in Pulp Fiction
- Rising Sun, Iron Cross - Military Germany in Japanese Popular Culture by Matthew Penney. See pages 181-183 (17-19) for review of the "Konpeki no kantai" series.
- Konpeki no Kantai (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia