List of alternate history fiction

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This is a list of alternate history fiction, sorted by type.

Novels by date of publication[edit]

Before 1800[edit]

19th century[edit]









  • 2010 After America by John Birmingham, sequel to Without Warning.
  • 2010 Red Inferno: 1945 by Robert Conroy, the Allied advance on Berlin causes a paranoid Stalin to attack the American troops, forcing the Allies and a semi-rehabilitated Germany to work together to fight off the Soviet threat.
  • 2011 The Afrika Reich by Guy Saville, the British are defeated at Battle of Dunkirk, allowing the Nazis to conquer Europe and then Africa.
  • 2011 Castro's Bomb, by Robert Conroy, depicts Fidel Castro seizing control of Soviet nuclear bombs during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • 2011 11/22/63 by Stephen King, a time traveler stops the John F. Kennedy Assassination, only to create an even worse late 20th century for America.
  • 2012 Age of Aztec by James Lovegrove, envisions a world where the Aztec Empire conquered the globe, beginning with the defeat of Hernán Cortés by Moctezuma II.
  • 2012 Dominion by C. J. Sansom, Lord Halifax rather than Winston Churchill takes over the war effort in 1940, surrendering Britain to be a satellite state of Nazi Germany.
  • 2012 Faultline 49 by David M. Danson (pseudonym of Joe MacKinnon), reporter David Danson travels through U.S.-occupied Canada in search of the principal provocateur in the Canadian-American War (a conflict instigated by 11 September 2001 World Trade Center bombing in Edmonton, Alberta).
  • 2012 Himmler's War by Robert Conroy, Hitler is killed by a random Allied bombing in 1944, allowing Heinrich Himmler to become the leader of Germany and push new advances on the Allies.
  • 2012 The Impeachment of Abraham Lincoln by Stephen L. Carter, Abraham Lincoln survives his assassination and, two years later, faces an impeachment trial.
  • 2012 Kirov by John Schettler, the first novel in the longest running alternate history of WWII ever written, follows the saga of the Russian battlecruiser Kirov displaced in time to the 1940s, where its intervention radically alters the history of WWII. (40 linked series novels, and still continuing.)
  • 2012 The Mirage by Matt Ruff, Christian fundamentalists hijack airplanes and fly them into buildings in Iraq and Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab States declares a War on Terror and invades the U.S.
  • 2012 Rising Sun by Robert Conroy, imagines that the Battle of Midway is a defeat for the U.S. Navy, paving the way for Japan to attack the West Coast of the United States.
  • 2012 Pact Ribbentrop - Beck by Piotr Zychowicz, Hitler makes a pact with Poland rather than invading it, so after conquering Western Europe, the Poles join him in his 1941 attack on Soviet Union and defeat it together, dividing its territory.
  • 2012 North Reich, by Robert Conroy, considers if Britain had surrendered to Nazi Germany, and had a fascist regime installed across the Commonwealth and Empire, with Canada becoming a base from which Germany prepares to launch a war against the United States.
  • 2013 Fallout, by Todd Strasser, the Cuban Missile Crisis leads to World War III. Twelve-year-old Scott and his family must squeeze into a small fallout shelter with six uninvited neighbors and somehow survive without enough food or water for the next two weeks.
  • 2013 Shattered Nation: An Alternate History of the American Civil War, by Jeffrey Evans Brooks, A single telegram changes the course of the Civil War as a result Jefferson Davis never replaces Joseph E. Johnston with John Bell Hood as commander of the Army of Tennessee in the Battle of Atlanta.
  • 2014 Artam: One Reich, One Race, a Tenth Leader by Volkmar Weiss, the first Leader was killed in a plane crash in November 1941, the Reich did not declare war on the United States.
  • 2014 Napoleon in America, by Shannon Selin, imagines what might have happened if Napoleon Bonaparte had escaped from exile on St. Helena and wound up in the United States.
  • 2014 Time and Time Again, by Ben Elton, the main character travels back in time to stop Gavrilo Princip from assassinating Franz Ferdinand in 1914. He wants to prevent the Great War, saving millions and setting the twentieth century on a less destructive path. However, the outcome is wholly unanticipated.
  • 2014 Blessed Are The Peacemakers: A Shattered Nation Novella, by Jeffrey Evans Brooks, As a result of Joseph E. Johnston staying as commander of the Army of Tennessee the Confederacy wins the Battle of Atlanta over William Tecumseh Sherman's Army of the Tennessee allowing the peace platform candidate George B. McClellan to win the 1864 election over Abraham Lincoln and the Union agrees to a peace, Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge goes to Canada to negotiate the peace treaty between the Union and the Confederacy.
  • 2015 The Madagaskar Plan by Guy Saville, the British are defeated at Battle of Dunkirk allowing the Nazis to conquer Europe and Africa and implement the Madagascar Plan.
  • 2015 Clash of Eagles by Alan Smale, the first part of the Hesperian Trilogy. The Roman Empire never fell. In 1218, the Roman Emperor dispatch the 33rd Roman Legion to conquer the recently discovered North American continent.
  • 2016 Azanian Bridges by Nick Wood, set in a contemporary South Africa where apartheid is still enforced.
  • 2016 Underground Airlines by Ben Winters. The American Civil War never happened, with the Crittenden Compromise being adopted instead, and slavery remains legal in the Hard Four states of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and a united Carolina.
  • 2016 The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead, the Underground Railroad was a literal railroad, and not just a metaphor.
  • 2016 Manifest Destiny: Lincoln Sneezed by Brian Boyington, Lincoln survives John Wilkes Booth's assassination attempt.
  • 2017 Eagle in Exile by Alan Smale, the second part of the Hesperian Trilogy and sequel to Clash of Eagles.
  • 2017 House of the Proud: A Shattered Nation Novel, by Jeffrey Evans Brooks, It is 1867 and the Confederacy under John C. Breckinridge takes on political extremists in the country, Northern abolitionists plot to aid a slave revolt in Louisiana led by Sam while Confederate diplomats hope to get France into a treaty of friendship and a war is looming between the United States and the British Empire.
  • 2017 The Epiphany Machine by David Burr Gerrard, a mysterious tattoo machine is thought to influence events around John Lennon's assassination and 9/11.
  • 2018 The Trial and Execution of the Traitor George Washington, by Charles B. Rosenberg, in 1780, with the American Revolution in a seemingly endless stalemate, General George Washington is captured by British commandos.

Novel series[edit]

  • Red Gambit by Colin Gee, the Soviet Union extended World War II (or started World War III) by continuing to roll across Europe after the defeat of Germany in World War II.
    • Opening Moves
    • Breakthrough
    • Stalemate
    • Impasse
    • Sacrifice
    • Initiative
    • Endgame (in progress)
The series covers a renewed war in Europe, one that is initiated by the Soviet Union. The Western Allies are caught unprepared and both ground and air forces take heavy hits as the Red Army moves inexorably westwards. The series is written as a history, using fictional and real life characters to describe the events of 1945 through to 1947.[3][4][5][6]


Short stories and novellas[edit]

Role-playing/board games[edit]

  • 1988 Sky Galleons of Mars, set in an alternate Victorian Era where the major nations of Earth are extending their colonial interests on Mars and Venus.
  • 1988 Space: 1889, set in an alternate Victorian Era where the major nations of Earth are extending their colonial interests on Mars and Venus.
  • 1991 "Reich Star", set in a 2134 where the Axis powers won World War II
  • 1993 Forgotten Futures, settings inspired by Victorian and Edwardian science fiction and fantasy.
  • 1998 Crimson Skies, the United States crumbles into many hostile nation-states following the effects of the Great War, Prohibition, and the Great Depression.
  • 1999 Brave New World, superhero game set in a fascist United States of America living in a perpetual state of martial law since the 1960s.
  • 1999 GURPS Alternate Earths and GURPS Alternate Earths II
  • 2002 Godlike: Superhero Roleplaying in a World on Fire, 1936–1946, set in an alternate history version of World War II where people known as Talents have developed unexplained powers.
  • 2005 GURPS Infinite Worlds
  • 2007 DUST by Paolo Parente. World War II begins in 1939 like in real-life, but continues well into 1947 with three factions vying for global domination: the Allies (United States, Britain, and the French Empire), the Axis (Nazi Germany [after Adolf Hitler's assassination in 1943], Italy, and Japan) and the Sino-Soviet Union (the USSR and Communist China). A UFO crash in Antarctica the same year the war begins results in the discovery of a new mineral called VK, which helps bolster the development of advanced mechanoid vehicles.
  • 2008 Gear Krieg. Technological developments during the 1920s (including J. Walter Christie's invention of a bipedal mecha system) leads to a World War II where all major powers are equipped with more advanced military equipment than in reality.



TV shows[edit]

  • 1963–2014 Doctor Who has made extensive use of alternative history, especially (but not exclusively) since its relaunch in 2005. These include Inferno, Day of the Daleks, Pyramids of Mars (a brief glimpse of a dead Earth), Father's Day, Rise of the Cybermen. As well as Doomsday, the result is a "what if" scenario starting from the series three Christmas Special The Runaway Bride, through Smith and Jones, Voyage of the Damned, and several other episodes of series four.
  • 1966–2005 Star Trek has used the theme several times. Examples include: TOS- The City on the Edge of Forever (alternate World War II outcome); Animated Series- "Yesteryear"; NG- "Yesterday's Enterprise". Enterprise- "Storm Front" where Nazis seized East Coast of America. Also, the universe of "Mirror, Mirror", while in the original episode was just implied to be a parallel universe, was in later episodes shown to be an alternate history.
  • 1978 An Englishman's Castle. A 3-part BBC mini-series focusing on television writer Peter Ingram, who lives in a present-day Britain in which Nazi Germany won World War II.
  • 1983. Blackadder. Secret history: upon the death of Richard III in 1485 at Battle of Bosworth Field, Richard IV is crowned king of England, but this has (according to the prologue) been censored out of official histories by Henry VII, leaving the history we know.
  • 1985 Otherworld. A family is transported to an alternate Earth while exploring the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • 1987 Amerika was an ABC TV miniseries about life in the United States after a bloodless takeover engineered by the Soviet Union.
  • 1995–2000 Sliders. A gang of scientists, a musician and others as travellers who "slide" between parallel worlds by use of a wormhole referred to as an "Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky bridge". First episode was Soviet-ruled America after Soviets seized Americas. Other episodes were many alternate Earths as British America, Ancient Egyptian-ruled America, Spanish America, Druids-controlling America, Atomic Bombs never existed, and others.
  • 1995 Spellbinder. In an alternate world where static electricity is used as a power source.
  • 1997 Spellbinder: Land of the Dragon Lord. Sequel to original TV show.
  • 1997 Red Dwarf. The episode Tikka to Ride deals with a timeline in which John F Kennedy was never assassinated.
  • 1999 Blackadder: Back and Forth. A spoof of Doctor Who where a time traveling Blackadder's meddling with history causes changes including a French victory at the Battle of Waterloo.
  • 2001 Princess of Thieves. This retelling of the Robin Hood legend takes the legend's customary historical exaggeration to extremes, by ending with Richard the Lionheart being succeeded as King of England, not by his brother John Lackland, but by his son Philip of Cognac.
  • 2003–04 Evil Con Carne takes place in the year 2002 where the League of Nations still existed.
  • 2003–09 Battlestar Galactica – science fiction TV series. Its main events took place 150,000 years before present. The last episodes depict how people settled on Earth after a long journey in search of a new world.
  • 2004–05 Zipang. A Japanese warship is sent back in time to World War II, altering much of the situation at Midway, but also alters the loss of USS Wasp (CV-7), in which she is destroyed by a Tomahawk missile instead of being lost to a submarine.
  • 2006 The Boondocks: Return of the King, Martin Luther King, Jr. survives his assassination, ending up in a 32-year coma.
  • 2006 Code Geass. Britannia, the descendant of what was once Britain, is the primary world power and conquers Japan through the use of mecha called knightmares; an exiled Britannian prince named Lelouch leads the Japanese resistance against them.
  • 2011 Futurama. In the episode All the presidents' Heads, during a trip back in time, Fry accidentally causes Paul Revere to misdirect the American Revolutionaries, creating a timeline in which the American Revolution failed, and Great Britain went on to conquer all of North America, renaming it "West Britannia".
  • 2013 What If...? Armageddon 1962. John F. Kennedy is assassinated in December 1960, and under Lyndon B. Johnson's leadership, the Cuban Missile Crisis snowballs into nuclear war.
  • 2015 The Man in the High Castle (TV series). Based on the book with the same title, the show portrays a 1962 in which the Axis powers won World War II and divided the Americas.
  • 2015 Ascension (TV series). In 1963 The U.S. Government launches a covert space mission sending 600 volunteers aboard the USS Ascension self-sustaining [generation ship], on what should be a century-long voyage to colonize a planet orbiting Proxima Centauri to assure the survival of the human race from the escalation of Cold War.
  • 2016 11.22.63. Based on the book 11/22/63 by Stephen King, in which the main character goes back in time trying to save John F. Kennedy and altering the course of events.
  • 2017 Neo Yokio. Set where New York (or this universe as aforementioned 'New Yokio') that magicians saves city from take over by Demons in 19th century and gaining place in the upper echelons of society and becoming known as "magistocrats" ever since.
  • 2017 SS-GB_(TV_series). British drama series set in a 1941 alternative timeline in which the United Kingdom is occupied by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
  • 2018 1983 (TV series). Polish Netflix original series set in 2003. Two decades after a 1983 terrorist attack, a law student and cop uncover a conspiracy that’s kept Poland as a police state and the Iron Curtain standing.


Video games[edit]

  • 1996 Command & Conquer: Red Alert series, a series of computer real time strategy video games set in an alternate timeline, created when Albert Einstein travels back to the past and eliminates Adolf Hitler in an attempt to prevent World War II from taking place. This plan indirectly backfires and results in an unchecked Soviet invasion of Europe by Joseph Stalin in 1946.
  • 1997 Fallout (series), a series of role playing video games set in a post-apocalyptic United States where the world's timeline diverges after World War II, in which the cultural basis and technological aspects of the 1950s and the "World of Tomorrow" remains a part of everyday life.
  • 1999 Crimson Skies, PC game based on the original board game, the United States collapses during the Great Depression, leading to the rise of 23 nation-States in the former U.S. and Canada, new airplane and zeppelin technologies, and rampant air piracy.
  • 2000 Gunparade March, in which an alien invasion occurs in 1945, before the end of World War II. The series lead to the creation of an anime series.
  • 2002 Iron Storm, set in a world where World War I lasts more than half a century.
  • 2003 Crimson Skies: High Road to Revenge, video game sequel to PC game.
  • 2003 Enigma: Rising Tide, the British passenger ship Lusitania was not sunk by a German U-boat in World War I.
  • 2003 Freedom Fighters, set in an alternate Cold War where the Soviet Union drops the atomic bomb on Berlin in 1945 and eventually invades the United States in likely early 2000s.
  • 2006 Hearts of Iron II: Doomsday, contains a scenario involving Soviet forces attacking Allied forces in 1945, starting World War III.
  • 2006 Resistance: Fall of Man, set in 1951 Britain as human resistance forces attempt to drive out an alien species of unconfirmed origin called the Chimera.
  • 2007 War Front: Turning Point, set in an alternate version of World War II in which Adolf Hitler died during the early days of the war, and a more effective leadership arose to command Germany during the conflict.
  • 2007 World in Conflict, set in 1989 during the social, political, and economic collapse of the Soviet Union. However, the Soviet Union pursued a course of war to remain in power.
  • 2008 Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3, set in the time where Soviets successfully eliminated Albert Einstein, turning the war on the Soviet favors, but also the rise of the Empire of the Rising Sun, Japanese armies that will almost crush both Allies and Soviets.
  • 2008 The Crossing, a parallel universe that has the Knights Templar seizing the French throne.
  • 2008 Turning Point: Fall of Liberty, it depicts the invasion of the United States by Nazi Germany during the 1950s.
  • 2009 Damnation, set in the early part of the twentieth century after the American Civil War has spanned over several decades, where steam engines replace internal combustion engines.
  • 2013 Timelines: Assault on America, features an alternative history of World War II where Germany invades North America.
  • 2013 BioShock Infinite, set mostly in Columbia, a floating American city, during an alternate 1912.
  • 2014 Wolfenstein: The New Order, set in an alternate 1960 where Nazi Germany won World War II and now rules the entire world and the Moon.
  • 2015 Wolfenstein: The Old Blood, a prequel to Wolfenstein: The New Order about an Allied stealth operation at the German base, Castle Wolfenstein in 1946.
  • 2016 Homefront: The Revolution, takes place in an alternate timeline in the year 2029 where there is a North Korean occupation of the United States.
  • 2017 Prey, takes place in an alternate timeline's 2025, in which John F. Kennedy was never assassinated and the Space Race led to the construction of a large manned space station orbiting the Moon.
  • 2017 Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus, a sequel to Wolfenstein: The New Order, set in a Nazi-occupied America in 1961.
  • 2018 We Happy Few, set in dystopian town-state Wellington Wells an alternate 1964 where area besides Wellington Wells, is still seemly damaged England after The Second German Empire won WW2.

Game modifications[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Robert B. Schmunk. "Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "P.'s Correspondence"". Uchronia: The Alternate History List. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Review of Alternities". Archived from the original on 3 December 2008.
  3. ^ "THE RED GAMBIT SERIES BOOK COVERS". Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Opening Moves (The Red Gambit Series) [Kindle Edition]". Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Opening Moves – The First Book in the Red Gambit Series". Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Stalemate: The Third book in the Red Gambit Series (Paperback)". Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Barry Cohen (15 September 2000). "Writer explores alternate history in new play". Jewish News of Greater Phoenix. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  9. ^ Peter Marks (27 June 2006). "'Picasso's Closet': An Artist With No Place to Hide". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  10. ^ "Plays by Mac Rogers". Retrieved 26 September 2008.

External links[edit]