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Lebed class vessel on the deck of a transport ship, 1985
|Name:||Lebed class LCAC|
|Succeeded by:||Tsaplya class LCAC|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Air-cushioned landing craft|
|Length:||24.6 m (80 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||10.8 m (35 ft 5 in)|
|Draught:||1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × 10,000 hp (7,457 kW) MT-70 gas turbines|
|Speed:||55 knots (102 km/h; 63 mph)|
|Range:||100 nmi (190 km; 120 mi) at 50 kn (93 km/h; 58 mph)|
|Complement:||6 (2 officers)|
|Sensors and |
|Kivach-2 navigation radar|
|Armament:||1 × twin 12.7 mm "Utes-M" NSV machine gun|
The Lebed class is the Russian Navy equivalent to the U.S. Navy LCAC, though the U.S. version entered service seven years later. The Lebed class entered service in 1975, and by the early 1990s twenty had been produced. The ship has a bow ramp with a gun on the starboard side and the bridge to port. The Lebed class can be carried by the Ivan Rogov-class landing ship. The type began to be withdrawn following the fall of the Soviet Union, and by 2004 only three remained. Number 533 is in the Northern Fleet, while 639 and 640 took part in the Caspian Sea exercises of 2002.
Each hovercraft can carry up to 40 tons of cargo.
In popular culture
Lebed-class hovercrafts were featured in the 1986 Tom Clancy novel Red Storm Rising. In the novel, four Lebeds were used to carry military personnel and equipment from the disguised barge carrier MV Yulius Fuchik to Iceland in a surprise invasion.
- "Air-cushion landing craft - Project 1206". russian-ships.info. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Lebed Class Amphibious Assault Hovercraft Kaspiysk". wikimapia.org. 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.