Steregushchiy-class corvette

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10-YearAnniversary2018-01.jpg
The corvette Steregushchiy in 2018
Class overview
NameSteregushchiy class
Builders
Operators
Preceded byGrisha class
Succeeded by Gremyashchiy class
Subclasses
  • Project 20382 Tigr (export)
  • Project 20385 (domestic)
  • Project 20386 (domestic)
CostUS$120-150m (est. for Tigr)
Built2001–present
In commission2008–present
Planned26+: 18 (20380/81), 6 (20385), 2+ (20386)
Building5: 2 (20381), 2 (20385), 1 (20386)
Completed12: 9 (20380/81), 2 (20385), 1 (20386)
Active8: 7 (20380/81), 1 (20385)
General characteristics
TypeGuided missile corvette
Displacement
  • Standard: 1,800 tons
  • Full: 2,200 tons[1] (2,500 tons Project 20385[2])
Length104.5 m (343 ft)[1]
Beam
  • 13 m (43 ft)[4]
  • 11.6 m (38 ft) (waterline)[1]
Draught3.7 m (12 ft)[1]
Installed power380/220 V AC, 50 Hz, 4x630 kW diesel genset
Propulsion2 shaft CODAD, 4 Kolomna 16D49 diesels 23,664 hp (17.6 MW)[1]
Speed27 kn (50 km/h; 31 mph)[1]
Range3,800 nmi (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)[1]
Endurance15 days
Complement90
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Air search radar: Furke 2 (Furke-E, Positiv-ME1, SMILE Thales for export)
  • Surface search radar: Granit Central Scientific Institute Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/PLANK SHAVE radar
  • Monument targeting radar
  • Fire control radar: Ratep 5P-10E Puma for A-190
  • Sonar: Zarya-M (Zarya-ME for export) suite, bow mounted. Vinyetka low frequency active/passive towed array
  • Navigation: Gorizont-25 integrated navigation system
Electronic warfare
& decoys
  • EW Suite: TK-25E-5 ECM
  • Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers
Armament
Aircraft carried

The Steregushchiy class (Russian: Стерегущий, lit.'Vigilant'), Russian designation Project 20380, is the newest class of corvettes being built for the Russian Navy. Designed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau, subsequent vessels were built to an improved design (Project 20381), incorporating the Poliment-Redut SAM system. The ship full displacement and dimensions are large for a corvette, thus it is designated as a frigate by NATO.[1] The Steregushchiy class has been further developed into the Gremyashchiy class (Project 20385) and Project 20386 subclasses. The export variant is known as Project 20382 Tigr.

History[edit]

The ships of the Steregushchiy class are multipurpose corvettes, designed to replace the Grisha class. Such ships are used for littoral zone operations, engagement of enemy submarines and surface ships, and gun support of landing operations.[5] The first batch built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg consists of four ships. A second building line has been started at Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The lead ship of this second batch was named Sovershennyy.

The Russian Navy has publicly announced that they expect to buy at least 30 of these ships, for all four major fleets.[6]

According to Jane's Naval Forces News, the first vessel was commissioned on 14 November 2007.[7]

An additional order of eight corvettes of the project 20380 (and an additional two of the project 20385) was made in August 2020. Some of the ships may reportedly be built at the Amur Shipyard as destined for the Pacific Fleet, while others could be built at Severnaya Verf.[8][9][10] As of November 2020, the allocation between shipyards for the ten new vessels had still to be decided.[11] In December it was announced that the Amur Shipyard would build six new corvettes (two Project 20380 and four Project 20385) for the Pacific Fleet with projected service entry between 2024 and 2028. Construction was to begin in 2021.[12]

Design[edit]

The Steregushchiy-class corvettes have a steel hull and composite material superstructure, with a bulbous bow and nine watertight subdivisions. They have a combined bridge and command centre, and space and weight provision for eight SS-N-25 missiles. Stealth technology was widely used during construction of the ships, as well as 21 patents and 14 new computer programs. Newest physical field reduction[clarification needed] solutions were applied too. As a result, designers considerably reduced the ship's radar signature thanks to hull architecture and fire-resistant radar-absorbent fiberglass applied in tophamper's design.[5]

The Kashtan CIWS on the first ship was replaced in subsequent vessels by twelve Redut VLS cells containing[13] 9M96E medium-range SAMs of the S-400 system. SS-N-27 (Kalibr type missiles) will be fitted to a larger domestic version, Project 20385.

The export version known as Project 20382 Tigr carries either eight supersonic SS-N-26 (P-800 Oniks) anti-ship missiles or sixteen subsonic SS-N-25 'Switchblade' (Kh-35E Uran).[14] It also carries two twin-tube launchers for 533 mm heavy torpedoes.[14] The A-190E 100 mm gun first used in the Talwar-class frigates is controlled by a 5P-10E system that can track four targets simultaneously.[14] Protection from air attacks is provided by the Kashtan CIWS and eight mounts for the SA-N-10 'Grouse' (9K38 Igla) SAM.[14]

Export[edit]

In 2007 the Indonesian Navy made an agreement in principle (pending a full contract) for four vessels of this type to replace their ageing Dutch-built Fatahillah-class corvettes. The first was to be built in Spain and fitted out in St. Petersburg, leaving open the option of Indonesian involvement in building the subsequent ships.[citation needed] This agreement appears to have lapsed; in 2011 Indonesia signed a deal for two Milgem-class corvettes from Turkey. Rosoboronexport have briefed Singapore and the United Arab Emirates on the vessel.[14]

The first actual contract for the export version, Project 20382 Tigr, was signed at the 5th International Maritime Defense Show in St. Petersburg in July 2011 when Algeria ordered two ships.[15] The cost was estimated at US$120–150 million per ship.[16] One was to be delivered to the Algerian Navy in 2014 and one in 2015,[17] but over five years later, the IISS Military Balance 2020 did not list any such vessels in service with the Algerian Navy (IISS MB 2020, p. 341).

Operational history[edit]

  • Steregushchiy started sea trials in November 2006 and was commissioned in the Baltic Fleet on 14 November 2007.
  • Soobrazitelnyy, the second ship in the class, was launched on 31 March 2010[18] and was expected to start sea trials in November/December 2010.[18] The ship was commissioned in October 2011.
  • Boikiy was commissioned in May 2013.
  • Stoikiy was commissioned in May 2014. Flag-raising ceremony was conducted on 27 July 2014.[19]
  • Sovershennyy was launched in 2015 and joined the Pacific Fleet in late July 2017.
  • Gromkiy was commissioned in December 2018.
  • Hero of the Russian Federation Aldar Tsydenzhapov was commissioned in December 2020.[20]

2017[edit]

On 14 October 2017, Soobrazitelnyy's, Boikiy and tanker Kola embarked a deployment to the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The ships returned to their homeport on 14 January 2018 and were greeted by the commander of the Baltic Fleet Vice-Admiral Aleksandr Nosatov.[21]

2020[edit]

The first six corvettes participated in a large-scale exercise of the Russian Navy in March-April 2020. The exercise has been suggested to be an answer to the largest NATO post-Cold War simulation of amphibious landing in Europe Defender 2020.[22]

The Russian exercise started with corvette Stoikiy and tank landing ship (LST) Korolyov being deployed to the North Sea in early March.[23] In mid and late March, the three remaining corvettes saw deployments as well. Boikiy was active in the southern North Sea, together with LSTs Minsk and Kaliningrad, while Steregushchiy and Soobrazitelnyy were active in the central North Sea. Auxiliary ships present included the tug Nikolay Chiker, tankers Kola and Akademik Pashin,[24] as well as special-purpose ship Yantar.[25] Adding the Yaroslav Mudry's deployment to the Indian Ocean, this means that all active major surface combatants of the Baltic Fleet were active at the same time, which was an unprecedented event at the time and can be roughly compared only with the Ocean Shield 2019 exercise, where two LSTs, three corvettes and a frigate were active in the Baltic Sea.[26] At the same time, however, frigates Admiral Grigorovich, Admiral Essen[27] and Admiral Makarov of the Black Sea Fleet were also active.[28] On 26 March, the combined Russian force with two Black Sea Fleet frigates, three corvettes and two LSTs of the Baltic Fleet was tracked by a nine-ship strong Royal Navy squadron.[29]

At the Pacific Fleet, Sovershennyy and Gromkiy[30] held an exercise along with cruiser Varyag, destroyers Bystryy, Admiral Tributs, Admiral Panteleyev, tracking ship Marshal Krylov and icebreakers Sadko, Ivan Susanin, as well as civilian icebreaker Kapitan Khlebnikov[31] in the Sea of Japan. Another exercise was held in the Bering Sea by corvettes MPK-82, MPK-107, Ust-Ilimsk, Kholmsk, Moroz, Razliv, Iney, Smerch and two minesweepers.[32][33]

The second stage of the exercise started on 8 April, when Steregushchiy, Soobrazitelnyy and Stoikiy were again deployed to the Baltic Sea.[34] A day earlier, frigate Admiral Kasatonov, submarine Sankt Peterburg and tug Pamir of the Northern Fleet were reported to be in the Norwegian Sea on their way to the Baltic Sea as well.[35][36]

The intense period of exercises continued in mid April. At the Pacific Fleet they involved one LST and six anti-ship corvettes.[37] At the Northern Fleet they included two anti-ship,[38] three anti-submarine corvettes[39] and supposedly six nuclear submarines.[40] The Baltic Fleet held three more exercises involving two LSTs,[41] six anti-ship corvettes,[42] two anti-submarine corvettes[43] as well as other ships. Boikiy was deployed to the English Channel with tanker Akademik Pashin on 30 April.[44]

In November-December 2020, corvettes Steregushchiy, Boikiy and tanker Kola took part in an unusually intensive Russian naval activity in the North Sea and areas near the United Kingdom.[45][46] The deployments could have been an answer to the sailing of US, British and Norwegian warships to the Barents Sea for the first time after the Cold War earlier in 2020.[47] Destroyer Severomorsk, accompanied by the tanker Sergey Osipov had been active in the area, as well and shortly afterwards destroyer Vice-Admiral Kulakov, accompanied by the tanker Akademik Pashin and intelligence ship Viktor Leonov.[48][49] Vice-Admiral Kulakov, unusually, sailed west of the United Kingdom, in the area where the Russian Navy hasn't been known to be active since 2009[50] (in 2012 there was a friendly port call of Vice-Admiral Kulakov to Cork[51]). Russian ships in the area included also submarine Staryy Oskol, tug Kapitan Guryev and patrol ship Vasily Bykov.[52]

2021[edit]

During the February-March exercises of the Baltic Fleet, Boikiy, Soobrazitelnyy and Steregushchy[53] were active in the Baltic Sea, along with frigate Yaroslav Mudry,[54] anti-ship corvettes Mytishchy, Sovetsk, Odintsovo,[55] Zelenyy Dol, Serpukhov, Morshansk, Zarechnyy,[56] Passat, anti-submarine corvettes Aleksin and Kabardino-Balkariya,[57] LSTs Minsk and Korolyov, tanker Aleksandr Grebenshchikov, tug Anatoly Ptytsyn, research vessel Sibiryakov, minesweepers and other ships. The crews of the warships conducted artillery fires against targets simulating enemy warships and air attack weapons.[58][59][60] On 18 February, conventional submarine Rostov-na-Donu and escort tug Nikolay Muru transited the area towards the Mediterranean Sea, as well.[61] Finally, an amphibious landing exercise has been held with landing craft Michman Lermontov, Leytenant Rimskiy Korsakov, D-325,[62] Mordoviya[63] and others.[64]

Ships[edit]

Italics indicate estimates

Name Hull No. Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Project 20380/20381
Steregushchiy 530 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 21 December 2001 16 May 2006 28 February 2008 Baltic Active
Soobrazitelnyy 531 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 May 2003 31 March 2010[citation needed] 14 October 2011[65][66] Baltic Active
Boikiy 532 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 27 July 2005 15 April 2011[67] 16 May 2013[68] Baltic Active
Sovershennyy 333 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 30 June 2006 22 May 2015 20 July 2017[69] Pacific Active
Stoikiy 545 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 10 November 2006 30 May 2012[70] 18 July 2014[71] Baltic Active
Gromkiy 335 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 17 February 2012[72] 28 July 2017[73] 25 December 2018[74] Pacific Active
Retiviy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 February 2015[citation needed] 12 March 2020[75] 2021?[11][76] Black Sea[77] Launched
Strogiy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 February 2015[78] 2021?[76] Baltic or Black Sea[79] Under construction
Hero of the Russian Federation Aldar Tsydenzhapov 339 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 22 July 2015[80] 12 September 2019[81] 25 December 2020[82] Pacific Active
Rezkiy 343[83] Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 1 July 2016[84][85] 1 July 2021[86] By May 2022[87][76][88] Pacific Fitting out[89]
Grozniy Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur[90] 23 August 2021[91][92][93][94] Expected 2024[90] Pacific Under construction
TBD Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur Pacific Ordered
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg?[8][90] Ordered[10]
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg? Ordered
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg? Ordered
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg? Ordered
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg? Ordered
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg? By 2028 Ordered
Project 20385
Gremyashchiy 337 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 1 February 2012[95] 30 June 2017[96] 29 December 2020[97] Pacific Active; deploying from the Baltic to the Pacific Fleet as of August 2021.[98]
Provornyy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 25 July 2013[99] September 2019[100] 2022[76] Pacific Launched
Buyniy Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur[8] 23 August 2021[101][102][93][94] 2024? Pacific Under construction
TBD Amur Shipyard 2024? Pacific Steel cut/under construction[103]
TBD Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur Pacific Contract awarded[90]
TBD Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur By 2028[90] Pacific Contract awarded[90]
Project 20386
Merkuriy
(ex-Derzky)
Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 28 October 2016[104] March 2021[105] 2022[76][106] Northern or Black Sea[79] Fitting out/under construction
TBD Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg TBD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  54. ^ "Сторожевой корабль Балтийского флота "Ярослав Мудрый" провел артиллерийские стрельбы в море" [The patrol ship of the Baltic Fleet "Yaroslav Mudryy" conducted artillery fire at sea]. Ministry of Defense of Russia (in Russian). 13 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  55. ^ "Ракетные корабли Балтийского флота уничтожили условные береговые и морские цели крылатыми ракетами "Калибр"" [Missile ships of the Baltic Fleet destroyed conventional coastal and sea targets with Kalibr cruise missiles]. Ministry of Defense of Russia (in Russian). 12 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  56. ^ "Ракетные катера Балтийского флота провели комплекс артиллерийских стрельб" [Missile boats of the Baltic Fleet conducted an artillery fire exercise]. Ministry of Defense of Russia (in Russian). 9 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  57. ^ "Корабли Балтийского флота отработали задачи по уничтожению подводной лодки условного противника" [The ships of the Baltic Fleet completed the tasks of destroying a simulated enemy submarine]. Ministry of Defense of Russia. 17 March 2021. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
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