Steregushchiy-class corvette

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10-YearAnniversary2018-01.jpg
The corvette Steregushchiy in 2018
Class overview
Name: Steregushchiy class
Builders:
Operators:
Preceded by: Grisha class
Succeeded by: Gremyashchiy class
Subclasses:
  • Project 20382 Tigr (export)
  • Project 20385 (domestic)
  • Project 20386 (domestic)
Cost: US$120-150m (est. for Tigr)
Built: 2001–present
In commission: 2008–present
Planned: 24
Building: 3
Completed: 7
Active: 6
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile corvette
Displacement:
  • Standard: 1,800 tons
  • Full: 2,200 tons[1] (2,500 tons Project 20385 [2])
Length: 104.5 m (343 ft)[1]
Beam:
  • 13 m (43 ft)[3]
  • 11.6 m (38 ft) (waterline)[1]
Draught: 3.7 m (12 ft)[1]
Installed power: 380/220 V AC, 50 Hz, 4x630 kW diesel genset
Propulsion: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 Kolomna 16D49 diesels 23,664 hp (17.6 MW)[1]
Speed: 27 kn (50 km/h; 31 mph)[1]
Range: 3,800 nmi (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)[1]
Endurance: 15 days
Complement: 90
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Air search radar: Furke 2 (Furke-E, Positiv-ME1, SMILE Thales for export)
  • Surface search radar: Granit Central Scientific Institute Garpun-B/3Ts-25E/PLANK SHAVE radar
  • Monument targeting radar
  • Fire control radar: Ratep 5P-10E Puma for A-190
  • Sonar: Zarya-M (Zarya-ME for export) suite, bow mounted. Vinyetka low frequency active/passive towed array
  • Navigation: Gorizont-25 integrated navigation system
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • EW Suite: TK-25E-5 ECM
  • Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers
Armament:
Aircraft carried:

The Steregushchiy class (Russian: Стерегущий, lit. 'Vigilant'), Russian designation Project 20380, is the newest class of corvettes being built for the Russian Navy. Designed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau, subsequent vessels were built to an improved design (Project 20381), incorporating the Poliment-Redut SAM system. The ship full displacement and dimensions are large for a corvette, thus it is designated as a frigate by NATO.[1] The Steregushchiy class has been further developed into the Gremyashchiy class (Project 20385) and Project 20386 subclasses. The export variant is known as Project 20382 Tigr.

History[edit]

The ships of the Steregushchiy class are multipurpose corvettes, designed to replace the Grisha class. Such ships are used for littoral zone operations, engagement of enemy submarines and surface ships, and gun support of landing operations.[5] The first batch built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg consists of four ships. A second building line has been started at Komsomolsk. The lead ship of this second batch was named Sovershennyy.

The Russian Navy has publicly announced that they expect to buy at least 30 of these ships, for all four major fleets.[6]

According to Jane's Naval Forces News, the first vessel was commissioned on 14 November 2007.[7]

An additional order of 10 corvettes was under consideration in the late 2019, according to the Deputy Commander of Pacific Fleet Igor Korolev. The ships were to be laid down at Amur Shipyard and to be commissioned into the Pacific fleet.[8]

Design[edit]

The Steregushchiy-class corvettes have a steel hull and composite material superstructure, with a bulbous bow and nine watertight subdivisions. They have a combined bridge and command centre, and space and weight provision for eight SS-N-25 missiles. Stealth technology was widely used during construction of the ships, as well as 21 patents and 14 new computer programs. Newest physical field reduction[clarification needed] solutions were applied too. As a result, designers considerably reduced the ship's radar signature thanks to hull architecture and fire-resistant radar-absorbent fiberglass applied in tophamper's design.[5]

The Kashtan CIWS on the first ship was replaced in subsequent vessels by 12 Redut VLS cells containing[9] 9M96E medium-range SAMs of the S-400 system. SS-N-27 (Kalibr type missiles) will be fitted to a larger domestic version, Project 20385.

The export version known as Project 20382 Tigr carries either eight supersonic SS-N-26 (P-800 Oniks) anti-ship missiles or sixteen subsonic SS-N-25 'Switchblade' (Kh-35E Uran).[10] It also carries two twin-tube launchers for 533mm heavy torpedoes.[10] The A-190E 100mm gun first used in the Talwar-class frigates is controlled by a 5P-10E system that can track four targets simultaneously.[10] Protection from air attacks is provided by the Kashtan CIWS and eight mounts for the SA-N-10 'Grouse' (9K38 Igla) SAM.[10]

Export[edit]

In 2007 the Indonesian Navy made an agreement in principle (pending a full contract) for four vessels of this type to replace their ageing Dutch-built Fatahillah-class corvettes. The first was to be built in Spain and fitted out in St. Petersburg, leaving open the option of Indonesian involvement in building the subsequent ships.[11] This agreement appears to have lapsed; in 2011 Indonesia signed a deal for two Milgem-class corvettes from Turkey. Rosoboronexport have briefed Singapore and the United Arab Emirates on the vessel.[10]

The first actual contract for the export version, Project 20382 Tigr, was signed at the 5th International Maritime Defense Show in St. Petersburg in July 2011 when Algeria ordered two ships.[12] The cost was estimated at US$120–150 million per ship.[13] One was to be delivered in 2014 and one in 2015.[14]

Operational history[edit]

  • Steregushchiy started sea trials in November 2006 and was commissioned in the Baltic fleet on 14 November 2007.
  • Soobrazitelnyy, the second ship in the class, was launched on 31 March 2010[15] and was expected to start sea trials in November/December 2010.[15] Soobrazitelnyy was commissioned in October 2011.
  • Boikiy was commissioned in May 2013.
  • Stoikiy was commissioned in May 2014. Flag-raising ceremony was conducted on 27 July 2014.[16]
  • Sovershennyy was launched in 2015 and joined the Pacific fleet in late July 2017.
  • Gromkiy was commissioned in December 2018.

Ships[edit]

Italics indicate estimates

Name Hull No. Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Project 20380/20381
Steregushchiy 530 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 21 December 2001 16 May 2006 28 February 2008 Baltic Active
Soobrazitelnyy 531 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 May 2003 31 March 2010[17] 14 October 2011[18][19] Baltic Active
Boikiy 532 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 27 July 2005 15 April 2011[20] 16 May 2013[21] Baltic Active
Sovershennyy 333 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 30 June 2006 22 May 2015 20 July 2017[22] Pacific Active
Stoikiy 545 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 10 November 2006 30 May 2012[23] 18 July 2014[24] Baltic Active
Gromkiy 335 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 17 February 2012[25] 28 July 2017[26] 25 December 2018[27] Pacific Active
Retiviy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 February 2015[28] 2020[29] 2020[30] Baltic Under construction
Strogiy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 20 February 2015[31] 2021[30] Baltic Under construction
Hero of the Russian Federation Aldar Tsydenzhapov 339 Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 22 July 2015[32] 12 September 2019[33] 2020[30][34] Pacific Launched
Rezkiy Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur 1 July 2016[35][36] 2021[30][34] Pacific Under construction
Project 20385
Gremyashchiy 337 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 1 February 2012[37] 30 June 2017[38] early 2020[39] Pacific In sea trials[40]
Provorniy Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 25 July 2013[41] September 2019[29] 2022[30] Pacific Launched
Project 20386
Merkuriy
(ex-Derzky)
Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 28 October 2016[42] 2021 2022[30][43] Northern Under construction

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ http://ic.pics.livejournal.com/ruspodplav/72462136/118761/118761_original.jpg
  3. ^ "Project 20380 Steregushchy Class Corvettes". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 December 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "Russian Navy to Receive Corvette Boiky by Year End". rusnavy.com. 16 November 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Corvette Boikiy built for Russian Navy to be launched in April". rusnavy.com. 18 February 2011. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Global Naval Forces - News and Defence Headlines - IHS Jane's 360". Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  8. ^ https://bmpd.livejournal.com/3891493.html
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  10. ^ a b c d e Pyadushkin, Maxim (20 August 2007). "Russian Navy Renews Surface Fleet - Little Red Corvette". Retrieved 10 November 2011.[dead link]
  11. ^ "Russia, Indonesia sign corvette construction agreement". sputniknews.com. 29 June 2007. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  12. ^ ОСК построит для Алжира два корвета проекта "Тигр" (in Russian). Flotprom.ru. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  13. ^ "L'Algérie achète deux corvettes à la Russie - Divers - Tout sur l'Algérie - page 1" (in French). Tsa-algerie.com. 30 June 2011. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  14. ^ Kington, Tom (31 January 2014). "Algeria Prepares To Receive LPD Amid Defense Spending Boost". Defense News. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Corvette Soobrazitelnyy is ready to meet the crew". rusnavy.com. 19 October 2010. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  16. ^ Корвет «Стойкий» вошел в состав Балтийского флота (in Russian). topspb.tv. 27 July 2014. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Russia set to float out 2nd stealth corvette". Sputnik. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
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  22. ^ "Корвет "Совершенный" вошел в состав Тихоокеанского флота" (Press release) (in Russian). Ministry of Defense of Russia. 20 July 2017. Archived from the original on 25 July 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  23. ^ "Severnaya Verf Shipyard Put Corvette Stoikiy Afloat". rusnavy.com. 30 May 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  24. ^ "ВМФ принял "Стойкий" спустя почти два месяца". Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  25. ^ "На Амурском судостроительном заводе состоялась церемония начала строительства корвета "Громкий"" (in Russian). Flotprom.ru. 17 February 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  26. ^ "В Комсомольске-на-Амуре вывели из цеха второй корвет для Тихоокеанского флота". flotprom.ru. 28 July 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  27. ^ "Корвет "Громкий" проекта 20380 вошел в состав ВМФ России". bmpd.livejournal.com. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
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  34. ^ a b "Два новейших корвета усилят Тихоокеанский флот России". izv.ru. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
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  37. ^ "В Санкт-Петербурге состоится закладка фрегата и корвета". Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
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  40. ^ "Russian cutting-edge missile corvette enters White Sea for state trials". TASS. 6 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
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  42. ^ "Корвет нового типа "Дерзкий" заложили на "Северной верфи" в Петербурге". Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
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External links[edit]