Gepard-class frigate

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Vietnam People's Navy - Gepard 3.9 frigates.jpg
All four Gepard 3.9 frigates of Vietnam People's Navy - the biggest operator of the class
Class overview
NameGepard class (Project 1166.1)
BuildersZelenodolsk Plant Gorky
Preceded byKoni class
Cancelled2 (unconfirmed by Vietnam)
General characteristics
  • 1,500 tons (standard)
  • 1,930 tons (full load)
Length102.14 m (335.1 ft) (93.5 m waterline)
Beam13.09 m (42.9 ft)
Draught5.3 m (17 ft)
Propulsion2 shaft CODOG, 2 × boost M90 gas turbines (29,300 shp (21,800 kW) each), 1 × cruise 86B 18DRPN Type 61D Diesel (8,000 bhp (6,000 kW)), 3 × 600 kW (800 hp) diesel alternator sets
Speed28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range4,000 nmi (7,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Endurance15 days
Sensors and
processing systems
  • Radar: Cross Dome surface & air search radar
  • Cruise missile targeting: Bass Stand
  • Navigational radar: MR-231
  • Fire control radar: Pop Group SA-N-4, Bass Tilt for AK-630
  • Sonar: Medium-frequency hull mounted, medium-frequency towed variable depth sonar
Electronic warfare
& decoys

The Russian Gepard-class frigates (Project 1166.1) is a class of frigates that were intended as successors to the earlier Koni-class frigates and Grisha, and Parchim-class corvettes. The first unit of the class, Yastreb (Hawk), was laid down at the Zelenodol'sk Zavod shipyard at Tatarstan in 1991. She was launched in July 1993, after which she began fitting out; fitting was nearly completed by late 1995, when it was suspended due to lack of funds. Renamed Tatarstan, the ship was finally completed in July 2002, and became the flagship of the Caspian Flotilla. She has two sister ships, Albatross (renamed Dagestan), and Burevestnik (Storm Petrel), which was still under construction as of 2012.


These vessels are capable of employing their weapons systems in conditions up to Sea State 5. The hull and superstructure are constructed primarily of steel, with some aluminium-magnesium being used in the upper superstructure. They are equipped with fin stabilizers and twin rudders, and can use either gas turbines or diesel for propulsion in a CODOG configuration.

Export models[edit]

The Gepard class was designed from the outset as a lightweight, inexpensive export vessel. The Russians have offered five variants for foreign sale.

  • Gepard 1: Helicopter platform (no hangar), VDS deleted.
  • Gepard 2: Helicopter platform and hangar, VDS and SA-N-4 deleted.
  • Gepard 3: Increased beam of 13.8 metres (45 ft 3 in), displacement increased to 2,100 tons full load, single forward-placed Kortik CIWS in place of AK-630s, helicopter hangar above VDS housing.
  • Gepard 4: Unarmed version for search-and-rescue, though weapon mountings still in place.
  • Gepard 5: helicopter platform (no hangar), increased range to 6,000 nmi (11,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) knots, reduced speed of 23 knots (43 km/h), gas turbines replaced with 2 8,000 bhp (6,000 kW) diesels.

The Vietnam People's Navy received in March and August 2011 two Gepard 3.9-class frigates ordered in 2006, built in Russia at Tatarstan's Gorky Shipbuilding Plant. As of 2012 Vietnam was examining a purchase of two more, possibly built in Vietnam under license.[1][2] In late 2011 Vietnam signed a contract for an additional batch of two ships in an anti-submarine version.[3] A further two ships were ordered in 2014 to bring the total order up to six vessels.[4]

Sri Lanka began talks for the credit purchase of a Gepard 5.1 frigate in 2017 and the Sri Lankan cabinet approved the proposal by President Maithripala Sirisena for the purchase of the ship in September 2017.[5]


Operator No. Name Project Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
 Russian Navy 691 Tatarstan
11661 Zelenodolsk Shipyard 1993 2 July 2001 31 August 2003 Caspian Active
693 Dagestan
11661K 1994 1 April 2011[6] 28 November 2012[7] Active
 Vietnam People's Navy 011 Dinh Tien Hoang 11661E (Gepard 3.9) 10 July 2007 12 December 2010 [8] 23 March 2011 [9] VPN 4th Regional Command Active
012 Ly Thai To 27 November 2007 16 March 2011[citation needed] 22 August 2011 [10] Active
015 Tran Hung Dao 24 September 2013[citation needed] 27 April 2016[11] 6 February 2018 Active[12]
016 Quang Trung 24 September 2013[citation needed] 26 May 2016 6 February 2018 Active[13]

(might be cancelled)


In October 2015, Dagestan, in company with three other Russian Navy ships serving with the Caspian Flotilla, launched cruise missiles at targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front).[14] Peshmerga forces (Kurdish armed forces located in northern Iraq) published a video allegedly depicting two cruise missiles mid-flight en route to Syria.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pike, John (21 August 2014). "Project 1166.1 Gepard class". Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Vietnam Receives Second Russian-Made Frigate". Defense News. Agence France-Presse. 22 August 2011. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Vietnam Bought Second Batch of Russian Gepard-Class Frigates". 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on 2 September 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Vietnam purchases two more Russian frigates". Voice of Vietnam. 27 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Deal for Rs. 20 billion++ Russian patrol vessel this week, company chief comes in private jet". The Sunday Times. 3 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Missile ship Dagestan was launched in Zelenodolsk". 5 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Caspian Flotilla Commissions New Corvette". 28 November 2012. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Russian shipyard built frigate for Vietnam". 14 December 2009. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  9. ^ Работы над фрегатами "Гепард" для Вьетнама близки к завершению [Work on Gepard frigates for Vietnam close to completion]. (in Russian). 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Vietnam gets most modern patrol ship in region". Tuổi Trẻ. 22 August 2011. Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  11. ^ "Фрегат "Гепард 3.9" тожественно спущен на воду" [The frigate "Gepard 3.9" was launched]. Zelenodolsk Plant (in Russian). 27 April 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  12. ^ "Third Gepard frigate arrives to Vietnam from Russia". Naval Today. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Vietnam's fourth Gepard frigate arrives in Cam Ranh Bay". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  14. ^ Aji, Albert; Vasilyeva, Nataliya (7 October 2015). "Russia fires cruise missiles from warships into Syria". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Kurdish Video Lends Credibility to Russian Navy Caspian Sea Strike Mission Claims". USNI News. 7 October 2015.

External links[edit]