Lincoln (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Lincoln in Lincolnshire.
Location of Lincolnshire within England.
|Electorate||72,662 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Karen Lee (Labour)|
|Number of members||Two until 1885, then one|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
Since the split of the seat City of York with effect from the 2010 general election, Lincoln has been the oldest constituency in continuous existence in the UK – established in 1265. Lincoln was a bellwether between 1974 and 2017. The seat bucked the national Conservative victory in 1970 by electing a Labour MP, as it did in 2017.
Lincoln is the only seat won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 among seven covering its county. Lee's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains of the Labour Party.
The seat has been considered relative to others an ultra-marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 2005 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 3.2% of the vote since the 12.5% majority won in 2005 and the seat has changed hands twice since that year.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 Sources
1918-1950: The County Borough of Lincoln, and the Urban District of Bracebridge.
1950-1974: The County Borough of Lincoln.
1974-1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.
1983-1997: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath, North Hykeham Central, North Hykeham North, North Hykeham South, Skellingthorpe, and Waddington West.
1997-2010: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven ward of Bracebridge Heath.
2010-present: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath and Waddington East, and Skellingthorpe.
Lincoln first sent Members to Parliament in 1265, thirty years before the first all-over coverage of cities and qualifying towns was introduced in the Model Parliament, and has done so ever since, although no records exist from before the end of the 13th century. The early elections were held at the Guildhall and the burgesses elected were usually officials of the borough.
The representation, originally two Members ("burgesses"), was reduced to one Member in 1885.
The seat was represented for five years by the future Cabinet minister Margaret Jackson, later Margaret Beckett.[n 4] Lincoln became the oldest constituency in the country in 2010 when the City of York constituency was divided.
The seat includes the University of Lincoln. From 1945 to 1972 Lincoln was continuously held by the Labour Party, often as a safe seat. The city has good transport links with Nottingham, Hull and the smaller ancient market towns in Lincolnshire, such as Spalding, Market Rasen and Boston. Lincoln was a bellwether constituency from October 1974 to 2015, voting for the party which would form the government in each election. In 2017 Labour took the seat despite being the 2nd largest party nationwide.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Caroline Kenyon||1,284||2.6||-1.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Ross Pepper||1,992||4.3||-16.0|
|Lincolnshire Independent||Helen Powell||286||0.6||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Reg Shore||9,256||20.2||+2.0|
|English Democrat||Ernest Coleman||604||1.3||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||6.75|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Lisa Gabriel||6,715||18.2||+5.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Lisa Gabriel||4,703||12.7||+1.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Lisa Gabriel||5,048||10.8|
|Natural Law||Adrian Myers||175||0.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||David Harding-Price||6,316||10.1||−9.3|
|Liberal||Sue E. Wiggin||603||1.0||+1.0|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Peter Zentner||6,316||10.1|
|Social Democratic||Frederick Stockdale||13,631||25.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|Democratic Labour||Frederick Stockdale||1,743||4.1|
|National Front||J. Noble||523||1.0|
|Revolutionary Reform||T. Kyle||77||0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Democratic Labour||Dick Taverne||13,714||34.6|
|Conservative||Peter Miles Moran||11,223||28.3|
|Labour gain from Democratic Labour||Swing|
|Democratic Labour||Dick Taverne||14,780||35.6|
|Conservative||Paul Miles Moran||13,299||32.0|
|Democratic Labour hold||Swing|
|Democratic Labour||Dick Taverne||21,967||58.2||+58.2|
|Democratic Conservative||Reginald Simmerson||198||0.5|
|Majority Rule||Malcolm Waller||100||0.3|
|Democratic Labour gain from Labour||Swing|
|Independent Liberal||Gilbert Blades||3,937||10.0|
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Geoffrey de Freitas||23,629||55.1|
|Conservative||Leslie Herbert Priestley||19,240||44.9|
|Labour||Geoffrey de Freitas||23,773||56.2|
|Labour||Geoffrey de Freitas||23,400||54.1|
|Labour||Geoffrey de Freitas||21,537||50.0|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Francis Hill||17,784||41.3|
Election in the 1940s
|Liberal||Frederick Charles Truman||9,625||28.2||n/a|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.4|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+13.5|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Benjamin Garnet Lampard-Vachell||11,978||34.3||-6.8|
|Liberal||A. G. Macdonell||4,952||17.6||-6.2|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+4.0|
|Unionist||Alfred Thomas Davies||11,338||42.0||-17.0|
|Liberal||A. G. Macdonell||6,447||23.8||n/a|
|Unionist||Alfred Thomas Davies||15,780||59.0||+11.3|
Elections in the 1910s
|C||Unionist||Alfred Thomas Davies||11,114||47.7||+0.6|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.8|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: Charles Roberts
- Unionist: J. Foster
|Free Trader||Charles Seely||2,129||19.8||-17.4|
Elections in the 1900s
|Free Trader||Charles Seely||3,718||37.2||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+20.2|
|Liberal Unionist||Charles Seely||4,002||50.4||−1.1|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||−1.1|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal Unionist||Charles Seely||3,808||51.5||+3.2|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.3|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.6|
- Caused by Palmer's death.
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||3,128||35.9||+5.1|
|Turnout||5,591 (est)||87.3 (est)||+3.0|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.9|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||1,784||30.8||N/A|
|Turnout||3,953 (est)||84.3 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||Unopposed|
|Turnout||1,639 (est)||95.7 (est)||−0.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||690||49.1||−14.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+14.4|
- Caused by Heneage's resignation.
|Liberal gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Sibthorp's death.
Elections in the 1850s
|Liberal||John Hinde Palmer||629||31.0||+4.1|
|Turnout||1,384 (est)||96.4 (est)||+24.8|
|Radical||John Hinde Palmer||541||26.9||+2.7|
|Turnout||1,006 (est)||71.6 (est)||−1.0|
- Caused by Sibthorp's death.
|Turnout||990 (est)||72.6 (est)|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Lincoln Cathedral was from 1311 until an intense storm in 1549 the world's tallest building
- Changed seat in 1983 to serve Derby South which she has held to date (winning most recently in 2010)
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Members of Parliament 1213-1702. London: House of Commons. 1878.
- "SUTTON, John I (d.c.1391), of Lincoln." History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- "SUTTON, Robert (d.1414), of Lincoln". History of Parliament. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "SALTBY, Robert, of Lincoln". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas, Speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 2011-12-01.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)
- Constantine Phipps later succeeded to the peerage as the 2nd Baron Mulgrave
- John Fenton-Cawthorne was expelled from the House of Commons on 2 May 1796
- Robert Hobart was known as Robert Hobart until 1793, and as Lord Hobart from 1793 until he acceded to the peerage in 1804 as the 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire
- Hill, Francis (1974). Victorian Lincoln. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 17, 74. ISBN 0-521-20334-1. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- "North Lincolnshire Election". Lincolnshire Chronicle. 23 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 19 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 204. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Edward Bulwer was known as Bulwer-Lytton from 1844, and in 1866 became the 1st Baron Lytton
- The election in 1847 of Charles Seely was declared void on 10 March 1848
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 232. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- Seely, Bob. "About Bob Seely". Bob Seely MP. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- "Pratt to Seely". It's About Lincoln. Angelic Aromas. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
- "General Elections". Berkshire Chronicle. 29 July 1837. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Domestic Intelligence". Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser. 21 March 1848. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Edward Heneage was later enobled as Baron Heneage
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Lincoln parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Election Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 14 June 1884. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Guardian Unlimited Politics (Election results from 1992 to the present)
- http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/ (Election results from 1951 to the present)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 187. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 137. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 172. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.