Lincoln (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lincoln
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Lincoln in Lincolnshire.
Outline map
Location of Lincolnshire within England.
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 72,662 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Lincoln
Current constituency
Created 1265
Member of parliament Karen Lee (Labour)
Number of members Two until 1885, then one
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Lincoln is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Karen Lee, a Labour Party politician.[n 2]

Since the split of the seat City of York with effect from the 2010 general election, Lincoln has been the oldest constituency in continuous existence in the UK – established in 1265. Lincoln was a bellwether between 1974 and 2017. The seat bucked the national Conservative victory in 1970 by electing a Labour MP, as it did in 2017.

Lincoln is the only seat won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 among seven covering its county. Lee's 2017 win was one of 30 net gains of the Labour Party.

The seat has been considered relative to others an ultra-marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 2005 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 3.2% of the vote since the 12.5% majority won in 2005 and the seat has changed hands twice since that year.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Lincoln, and the Urban District of Bracebridge.

1950-1974: The County Borough of Lincoln.

1974-1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.

1983-1997: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath, North Hykeham Central, North Hykeham North, North Hykeham South, Skellingthorpe, and Waddington West.

1997-2010: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven ward of Bracebridge Heath.

2010-present: The City of Lincoln, and the District of North Kesteven wards of Bracebridge Heath and Waddington East, and Skellingthorpe.

The constituency, as its name suggests, covers the cathedral city[n 3] of Lincoln in Lincolnshire, and most of its directly adjoining villages.

History[edit]

Lincoln first sent Members to Parliament in 1265, thirty years before the first all-over coverage of cities and qualifying towns was introduced in the Model Parliament, and has done so ever since, although no records exist from before the end of the 13th century. The early elections were held at the Guildhall and the burgesses elected were usually officials of the borough.

The representation, originally two Members ("burgesses"), was reduced to one Member in 1885.

The seat was represented for five years by the future Cabinet minister Margaret Jackson, later Margaret Beckett.[n 4] Lincoln became the oldest constituency in the country in 2010 when the City of York constituency was divided.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes the University of Lincoln. From 1945 to 1972 Lincoln was continuously held by the Labour Party, often as a safe seat. The city has good transport links with Nottingham, Hull and the smaller ancient market towns in Lincolnshire, such as Spalding, Market Rasen and Boston. Lincoln was a bellwether constituency from October 1974 to 2015, voting for the party which would form the government in each election. In 2017 Labour took the seat despite being the 2nd largest party nationwide.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1265–1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1307 (Jan) Hugh Skarlet[2] Henry de Windsor[2]
1369 John Sutton [3]
1372 John Sutton [3]
1373 John Sutton [3]
1381 Robert Sutton [4]
1377 (Oct) John Sutton [3]
1382 (May) Robert Sutton[4]
1383 Robert Saltby[5]
1384 (Nov) Robert Sutton[4]
1385 Robert Sutton[4]
1386 Robert Sutton[4] Robert Saltby[6]
1388 (Feb) Robert Sutton[4] John Sutton [3]
1388 (Sep) Gilbert Beesby Robert Harworth[6]
1390 (Jan) Nicholas Werk Robert Peck[6]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Robert Sutton[4] Robert Ledes[6]
1393 Thomas Thornhagh John Belasise[6]
1394 Robert Sutton[4] Robert Messingham[6]
1395 Robert Harworth Robert Ledes[6]
1397 (Jan) Robert Sutton[4] Robert Appleby[6]
1397 (Sep) Seman Laxfield John Thorley[6]
1399 Robert Sutton[4] William Blyton[6]
1401 Robert Harworth Gilbert Beesby[6]
1402 John Balderton William Blyton[6]
1404 (Jan) Seman Laxfield William Dalderby[6]
1404 (Oct) Nicholas Huddleston Robert Appleby[6]
1406 Richard Worsop Thomas Forster[6]
1407 Richard Worsop Richard Bell[6]
1410 ?
1411 John Bigge John Belasise[6]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Dalderby Thomas Forster[6]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Ryle Thomas Teryng[6]
1415 Thomas Archer Thomas Forster[6]
1416 (Mar) John Bigge Hamon Sutton[6]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Archer Robert Walsh[6]
1419 ?
1420 John Bigge Hamon Sutton[6]
1421 (May) John Bigge Hamon Sutton[6]
1421 (Dec) William Leadenham Richard Walsh[6]
1423 Hamon Sutton
1425 Hamon Sutton
1426 Hamon Sutton
1459 Thomas Fitzwilliam[7]
1510 ?
1512 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke[8]
1515 Robert Alanson Richard Clerke[8]
1523 Richard Clerke John Halton[8]
1529 Vincent Grantham William Sammes[8]
1536 Vincent Grantham Thomas Moigne[8]
1539 Robert Dighton Anthony Missenden[8]
1542 Anthony Missenden, died
and repl. in Jan 1543 by
George St Poll
William Alanson[8]
1545 George St Poll William Yates[8]
1547 George St Poll Thomas Grantham[8]
1553 (Mar) ?Robert Farrar ?
1553 (Oct) George St Poll Robert Farrar[8]
1554 (Apr) Robert Farrar William Rotheram[8]
1554 (Nov) George St Poll Robert Farrar[8]
1555 Robert Farrar ?[8]
1558 George St Poll Francis Kempe[8]
1558/9 Anthony Thorold Robert Farrar[9]
1562/3 Robert Monson Robert Farrar[9]
1571 Thomas Wilson Robert Monson[9]
1572 (May) Thomas Wilson John Welcome[9]
1584 Stephen Thymbleby John Joye[9]
1586 John Savile Thomas Fairfax[9]
1588/9 George Anton Peter Eure[9]
1593 George Anton Charles Dymoke[9]
1597 Thomas Grantham George Anton[9]
1601 (Oct) George Anton Francis Bullingham[9]
1604 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Tyrwhit
1614 Sir Thomas Grantham Edward Bash
1621 Sir Lewis Watson, (1st Baronet) Sir Edward Ayscough
1624 Sir Lewis Watson, 1st Baronet Thomas Hatcher
1625 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir John Monson
1626 Sir Thomas Grantham Robert Monson
1628-1629 Sir Thomas Grantham Sir Edward Ayscough
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
April 1640 Thomas Grantham John Farmery
November 1640 Thomas Grantham John Broxholme died 1647
and repl. by
Thomas Lister
1654 William Marshall Original Peart
1656 Humphrey Walcot Original Peart
1659 Robert Marshal Thomas Meres

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election Member[10] Party Member[10] Party
1660 John Monson Sir Thomas Meres
1661 Sir Robert Bolles, Bt
1664 Sir John Monson
1675 Henry Monson
1681 Sir Thomas Hussey, Bt
1685 Henry Monson
1689, January Sir Christopher Nevile
1689, May Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1690 Sir John Bolles, Bt.
1695 William Monson
1698 Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1701, January Sir Thomas Meres
1701, December Sir Edward Hussey, Bt
1702 Sir Thomas Meres
1705 Thomas Lister
1710 Richard Grantham
1713 John Sibthorpe
1715 Sir John Tyrwhitt, Bt Richard Grantham
1722 Sir John Monson
1727 Charles Hall
1728 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 5th Bt
1734 Charles Monson Coningsby Sibthorpe
1741 Sir John Tyrwhitt, 6th Bt
1747 Coningsby Sibthorpe
1754 George Monson John Chaplin
1761 Coningsby Sibthorpe
1768 Thomas Scrope Constantine Phipps[11]
1774 George Lumley Robert Vyner
1780 Sir Thomas Clarges, Bt
1783 John Fenton-Cawthorne[12]
1784 Richard Lumley-Savile
1790 Robert Hobart[13]
1796, 14 May George Rawdon
1796, 25 May Richard Ellison
1800 Humphrey Sibthorp
1806 William Monson
1808 John Savile
1812 John Nicholas Fazakerley Sir Henry Sullivan
1814 Coningsby Waldo-Sibthorpe
1818 Ralph Bernal
1820 Bobus Smith
1822 John Williams
1826 John Nicholas Fazakerley Charles Sibthorp
1830 John Fardell
1831 George Heneage Whig[14][15][16]
1832 Edward Bulwer[17]
1835 Charles Sibthorp Conservative
1841 William Rickford Collett
1847 Charles Seely[18] Radical[19][14][20][21]
1848 by-election Thomas Hobhouse Radical[22][23]
1852 George Heneage Whig[14][15][16]
1856 by-election Gervaise Sibthorp Conservative
1859 Liberal
1861 by-election Charles Seely Liberal
1862 by-election John Bramley-Moore Conservative
1865 Edward Heneage[24] Liberal
1868 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1874 Edward Chaplin Conservative
1880 John Hinde Palmer Liberal
1884 by-election Joseph Ruston Liberal

MPs 1885–present[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
1885 Joseph Ruston Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1886 Frederick Kerans Conservative
1892 William Crosfield Liberal
1895 Charles Seely Liberal Unionist
1906 Charles Henry Roberts Liberal
1918 Alfred Thomas Davies Coalition Conservative
1924 Robert Arthur Taylor Labour
1931 Walter Liddall Conservative
1945 George Deer Labour
1950 Geoffrey de Freitas Labour
1962 by-election Dick Taverne Labour (until 1972)

Lincoln Democratic Labour (from 1973)

1973 by-election
Oct 1974 Margaret Jackson later Beckett Labour
1979 Kenneth Carlisle Conservative
1997 Gillian Merron Labour
2010 Karl McCartney Conservative
2017 Karen Lee Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Lincoln[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Karen Lee 23,333 47.9 +8.3
Conservative Karl McCartney 21,795 44.7 +2.1
UKIP Nick Smith 1,287 2.6 -9.6
Liberal Democrat Caroline Kenyon 1,284 2.6 -1.6
Green Ben Loryman 583 1.2 +1.2
Independent Phil Gray 312 0.6 +0.6
Independent Iain Scott-Burdon 124 0.3 +0.3
Majority 1,538 3.2
Turnout 48,718 66.6 +3.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.1
General Election 2015: Lincoln[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Karl McCartney 19,976 42.6 +5.1
Labour Lucy Rigby 18,533 39.6 +4.3
UKIP Nick Smith 5,721 12.2 +10.0
Liberal Democrat Ross Pepper 1,992 4.3 -16.0
TUSC Elaine Smith 344 0.7 +0.7
Lincolnshire Independent Helen Powell 286 0.6 +0.6
Majority 1,443 3.0
Turnout 46,852 63.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Lincoln[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Karl McCartney 17,163 37.5 +4.6
Labour Gillian Merron 16,105 35.2 −10.2
Liberal Democrat Reg Shore 9,256 20.2 +2.0
BNP Robert West 1,367 3.0 N/A
UKIP Nick Smith 1,004 2.2 −1.3
English Democrat Ernest Coleman 604 1.3 N/A
Independent Gary Walker 222 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,058 2.3
Turnout 45,721 62.2 +4.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 6.75

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Lincoln[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gillian Merron 16,724 45.4 −8.5
Conservative Karl McCartney 12,110 32.9 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 6,715 18.2 +5.5
UKIP Nicholas Smith 1,308 3.5 +1.2
Majority 4,613 12.5
Turnout 36,856 56.5 +0.5
Labour hold Swing 5.1
General Election 2001: Lincoln[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gillian Merron 20,003 53.9 −1.0
Conservative Christine-Anne Talbot 11,583 31.2 +0.2
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 4,703 12.7 +1.8
UKIP Rodger Doughty 836 2.3 N/A
Majority 8,420 22.7
Turnout 37,125 56.0 −15.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Lincoln[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Gillian Merron 25,563 54.9
Conservative Tony Brown 14,433 31.0
Liberal Democrat Lisa Gabriel 5,048 10.8
Referendum John Ivory 1,329 2.9
Natural Law Adrian Myers 175 0.4
Majority 11,130 23.9
Turnout 71.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Lincoln[32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 28,792 46.1 −0.4
Labour Nick Butler 26,743 42.8 +9.2
Liberal Democrat David Harding-Price 6,316 10.1 −9.3
Liberal Sue E. Wiggin 603 1.0 +1.0
Majority 2,049 3.3 −9.6
Turnout 62,454 79.1 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Lincoln[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 27,097 46.5
Labour Nick Butler 19,614 33.7
Social Democratic Peter Zentner 6,316 10.1
RRPRC Thomas Kyle 232 0.4
Majority 7,483 12.8
Turnout 75.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Lincoln[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 25,244 46.4
Labour Malcolm Withers 14,958 27.5
Social Democratic Frederick Stockdale 13,631 25.1
Independent Gilbert Blades 523 1.0
Majority 10,286 18.9
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Carlisle 17,777 41.8
Labour Margaret Jackson 17,175 40.4
Liberal K. Melton 5,638 13.3
Democratic Labour Frederick Stockdale 1,743 4.1
National Front J. Noble 523 1.0
Revolutionary Reform T. Kyle 77 0.2
Majority 602 1.4
Turnout 77.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Margaret Jackson 14,698 37.1
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 13,714 34.6
Conservative Peter Miles Moran 11,223 28.3
Majority 984 2.5
Turnout 74.8
Labour gain from Democratic Labour Swing
General Election February 1974: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 14,780 35.6
Labour Margaret Jackson 13,487 32.5
Conservative Paul Miles Moran 13,299 32.0
Majority 1,293 3.1
Turnout 79.1
Democratic Labour hold Swing
Lincoln by-election, 1973
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Labour Dick Taverne 21,967 58.2 +58.2
Labour John Dilks 8,776 23.2 -27.7
Conservative Jonathan Guinness 6,616 17.5 -21.5
Democratic Conservative Reginald Simmerson 198 0.5
Majority Rule Malcolm Waller 100 0.3
Independent Jean Justice 81 0.2
Majority 13,191 34.9
Turnout 37,738 72.6
Democratic Labour gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1970: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dick Taverne 20,090 51.0
Conservative Richard Alexander 15,340 39.0
Independent Liberal Gilbert Blades 3,937 10.0
Majority 4,750 12.1
Turnout 74.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dick Taverne 23,006 58.3
Conservative Richard Alexander 16,469 41.7
Majority 6,537 16.6
Turnout 78.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dick Taverne 19,737 47.8
Conservative Michael McNair-Wilson 15,015 36.4
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,519 15.8
Majority 4,722 11.4
Turnout 80.3
Labour hold Swing
Lincoln by-election, 1962: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Dick Taverne 19,038 50.51
Conservative Percy Grieve 11,386 30.21
Liberal Patrick Furnell 6,856 18.19
Independent A. Taylor 412 1.09
Majority 7,652 20.30
Turnout 37,692
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,629 55.1
Conservative Leslie Herbert Priestley 19,240 44.9
Majority 4,389 10.2
Turnout 84.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,773 56.2
Conservative Peter Emery 18,551 43.8
Majority 5,222 12.3
Turnout 85.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Lincoln
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 23,400 54.1
Conservative Maurice Macmillan 19,840 45.9
Majority 3,560 8.2
Turnout 87.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Lincoln[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Geoffrey de Freitas 21,537 50.0
Conservative and National Liberal Francis Hill 17,784 41.3
Liberal Jean Henderson 3,753 8.7
Majority 3,753 8.7
Turnout 88.7
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Deer 14,052 41.3 -4.7
Conservative Walter Liddall 10,414 30.5 -23.5
Liberal Frederick Charles Truman 9,625 28.2 n/a
Majority 3,638 10.8 18.8
Turnout 80.3 -3.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +9.4

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Liddall 17,948 54.0 -4.9
Labour George Deer 15,264 46.0 +4.9
Majority 2,684 8.0 -9.8
Turnout 84.0 -4.9
Conservative hold Swing -4.9
General Election 1931: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Liddall 20,688 58.9 +24.6
Labour Robert Taylor 14,455 41.1 -2.5
Majority 6,233 17.8 27.1
Turnout 88.9 +0.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +13.5

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Taylor 15,176 43.6 +2.3
Unionist Benjamin Garnet Lampard-Vachell 11,978 34.3 -6.8
Liberal Robert Pattinson 7,719 22.1 +4.5
Majority 3,198 9.3 +9.1
Turnout 88.5 0.0
Labour hold Swing +4.5
General Election 1924: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Taylor 11,596 41.3 +7.1
Unionist George Hamilton 11,557 41.1 -0.9
Liberal A. G. Macdonell 4,952 17.6 -6.2
Majority 39 0.2 8.0
Turnout 88.5 +3.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +4.0
General Election 1923: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alfred Thomas Davies 11,338 42.0 -17.0
Labour Robert Taylor 9,251 34.2 -6.8
Liberal A. G. Macdonell 6,447 23.8 n/a
Majority 2,087 7.8 -10.2
Turnout 85.5 -0.4
Unionist hold Swing -5.1
General Election 1922 : Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alfred Thomas Davies 15,780 59.0 +11.3
Labour Robert Taylor 10,951 41.0 +12.5
Majority 4,829 18.0 -1.2
Turnout 85.9 +11.5
Unionist hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Roberts
General Election 1918: Lincoln[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Alfred Thomas Davies 11,114 47.7 +0.6
Labour Robert Taylor 6,658 28.5 N/A
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,550 23.8 -29.1
Majority 4,456 19.2 N/A
Turnout 23,322 74.4 −15.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.8
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Roberts
General Election December 1910 Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,484 52.9 +2.7
Conservative Robert Filmer 4,878 47.1 +17.0
Majority 606 5.8 -14.3
Turnout 10,362 89.5 −3.5
Registered electors 11,577
Liberal hold Swing -7.1
General Election January 1910 Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,402 50.2 -1.0
Conservative Robert Filmer 3,236 30.1 +18.5
Free Trader Charles Seely 2,129 19.8 -17.4
Majority 2,166 20.1 +6.1
Turnout 10,767 93.0 −0.8
Registered electors 11,577
Liberal hold Swing −9.8

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Roberts 5,110 51.2 +1.6
Free Trader Charles Seely 3,718 37.2 N/A
Conservative Henry Croft 1,162 11.6 −38.8
Majority 1,392 14.0 N/A
Turnout 9,990 93.8 +4.1
Registered electors 10,645
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +20.2
General Election 1900: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles Seely 4,002 50.4 −1.1
Liberal Charles Roberts 3,935 49.6 +1.1
Majority 67 0.8 −2.2
Turnout 7,937 89.7 −2.0
Registered electors 8,846
Liberal Unionist hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles Seely 3,808 51.5 +3.2
Liberal William Crosfield 3,590 48.5 −3.2
Majority 218 3.0 N/A
Turnout 7,398 91.7 +2.1
Registered electors 8,068
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.2
General Election 1892: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Crosfield 3,410 51.7 +4.3
Conservative Frederick Kerans 3,186 48.3 −4.3
Majority 224 3.4 N/A
Turnout 6,596 89.6 +8.9
Registered electors 7,358
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.3

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Kerans 3,159 52.6 +10.6
Liberal William Crosfield 2,851 47.4 −10.6
Majority 308 5.2 N/A
Turnout 6,010 80.7 −5.6
Registered electors 7,444
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +10.6
General Election 1885: Lincoln[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Ruston 3,726 58.0 −16.9
Conservative Frederick Kerans 2,701 42.0 +16.9
Majority 1,025 16.0 +5.2
Turnout 6,427 86.3 −1.0 (est)
Registered electors 7,444
Liberal hold Swing −16.9
By-election, 16 Jun 1884: Lincoln (1 seat)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Ruston 3,234 58.8 −16.1
Conservative Richard Hall[40] 2,263 41.2 +16.1
Majority 971 17.7 +6.9
Turnout 5,497 81.2 −6.1 (est)
Registered electors 6,769
Liberal hold Swing −16.1
  • Caused by Palmer's death.
General Election 1880: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Seely 3,401 39.0 +6.1
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 3,128 35.9 +5.1
Conservative Edward Chaplin 2,190 25.1 −11.2
Majority 938 10.8 N/A
Turnout 5,591 (est) 87.3 (est) +3.0
Registered electors 6,402
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.9
Liberal hold Swing +5.4

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Chaplin 2,107 36.3 N/A
Liberal Charles Seely 1,907 32.9 N/A
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 1,784 30.8 N/A
Majority 200 3.4 N/A
Turnout 3,953 (est) 84.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 4,689
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Seely Unopposed
Liberal John Hinde Palmer Unopposed
Registered electors 4,243
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Seely 878 34.9 +3.9
Liberal Edward Heneage 870 34.6 +2.1
Conservative John Bramley-Moore 765 30.4 −6.1
Majority 105 4.2 N/A
Turnout 1,639 (est) 95.7 (est) −0.7
Registered electors 1,713
Liberal hold Swing +3.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.6
By-election, 12 February 1862: Lincoln [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Bramley-Moore 715 50.9 +14.4
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 690 49.1 −14.4
Majority 25 1.8 −2.2
Turnout 1,405 94.3 −2.1
Registered electors 1,490
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +14.4
  • Caused by Heneage's resignation.
By-election, 9 November 1861: Lincoln[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Seely Unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative
  • Caused by Sibthorp's death.

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1859: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp 740 36.5 −4.7
Liberal George Heneage 658 32.5 +0.6
Liberal John Hinde Palmer 629 31.0 +4.1
Majority 82 4.0 −5.3
Turnout 1,384 (est) 96.4 (est) +24.8
Registered electors 1,435
Conservative hold Swing −4.7
Liberal hold Swing +1.5
General Election 1857: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp 829 41.2 −1.2
Whig George Heneage 641 31.9 −1.5
Radical John Hinde Palmer 541 26.9 +2.7
Turnout 1,006 (est) 71.6 (est) −1.0
Registered electors 1,405
Majority 188 9.3 +0.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.3
Majority 100 5.0 −4.2
Whig hold Swing −1.4
By-election, 16 January 1856: Lincoln[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gervaise Sibthorp Unopposed
Majority 188 9.3
Conservative hold
  • Caused by Sibthorp's death.
General Election 1852: Lincoln (2 seats)[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Sibthorp 840 42.4
Whig George Heneage 661 33.4
Radical Charles Seely 478 24.2
Turnout 990 (est) 72.6 (est)
Registered electors 1,363
Majority 179 9.0
Conservative hold Swing
Majority 183 9.2
Whig gain from Radical Swing

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Lincoln Cathedral was from 1311 until an intense storm in 1549 the world's tallest building
  4. ^ Changed seat in 1983 to serve Derby South which she has held to date (winning most recently in 2010)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Members of Parliament 1213-1702. London: House of Commons. 1878. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "SUTTON, John I (d.c.1391), of Lincoln." History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "SUTTON, Robert (d.1414), of Lincoln". History of Parliament. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "SALTBY, Robert, of Lincoln". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  7. ^ "Fitzwilliam, Sir Thomas, Speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford DNB. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  10. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)
  11. ^ Constantine Phipps later succeeded to the peerage as the 2nd Baron Mulgrave
  12. ^ John Fenton-Cawthorne was expelled from the House of Commons on 2 May 1796
  13. ^ Robert Hobart was known as Robert Hobart until 1793, and as Lord Hobart from 1793 until he acceded to the peerage in 1804 as the 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire
  14. ^ a b c Hill, Francis (1974). Victorian Lincoln. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 17, 74. ISBN 0-521-20334-1. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  15. ^ a b "North Lincolnshire Election". Lincolnshire Chronicle. 23 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 19 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ a b Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 204. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  17. ^ Edward Bulwer was known as Bulwer-Lytton from 1844, and in 1866 became the 1st Baron Lytton
  18. ^ The election in 1847 of Charles Seely was declared void on 10 March 1848
  19. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 232. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  20. ^ Seely, Bob. "About Bob Seely". Bob Seely MP. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  21. ^ "Pratt to Seely". It's About Lincoln. Angelic Aromas. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  22. ^ "General Elections". Berkshire Chronicle. 29 July 1837. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  23. ^ "Domestic Intelligence". Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser. 21 March 1848. p. 1. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  24. ^ Edward Heneage was later enobled as Baron Heneage
  25. ^ http://thelincolnite.co.uk/2017/05/full-list-lincoln-candidates-2017-general-election/
  26. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Lincoln parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  28. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  29. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  30. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  31. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  32. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  33. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  34. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  35. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  36. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950. 
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  40. ^ "Election Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 14 June 1884. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°14′N 0°32′W / 53.23°N 0.54°W / 53.23; -0.54