Line 3 (São Paulo Metro)

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São Paulo Metro Line 3 (Red)
São Paulo Metro logo
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System São Paulo Metro
Status Operational
Locale São Paulo, Brazil
Termini Palmeiras-Barra Funda
Corinthians-Itaquera
Stations 18
Operation
Opened March 10, 1979
Operator(s) Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo
Technical
Line length 22 kilometres (14 mi)
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) 750 V DC third rail
Route map
Line 3 (São Paulo Metro)
Palmeiras-Barra Funda Free access to CPTM
Marechal Deodoro
Santa Cecília
República
Anhangabaú
Access to Line 1 (Blue)
Link to Line 1 (Blue)
5 kilometres (3.1 mi) mark
Bridge over Rio Tamanduateí
Pedro II
Brás Free access to CPTM
Elevated over CPTM Line 10 (Turquoise)
Bresser-Mooca
Tunnel under Abrigo Eng. São Paulo of CPTM
Link to rail yard
Belém
10 kilometres (6.2 mi) mark
Viaduct over Avenida Salim Farah Maluf
Tatuapé Access (fee required) to CPTM
Manobra de Tatuapé Terminal
Carrão
Penha
Terminal de Manobra e Estacionamento de Penha
15 kilometres (9.3 mi) mark
Vila Matilde
Guilhermina-Esperança
Patriarca
20 kilometres (12 mi) mark
Artur Alvim
Corinthians-Itaquera Access (fee required) to CPTM
Link to Rail yard

Line 3 (Red) of the São Paulo Metro covers the stretch of the metro network between Palmeiras-Barra Funda and Corinthians-Itaquera. It was formerly called the East-West Line. Line 3 is the busiest in the system.[1]

History[edit]

This line, initially called the East-West line, was only planned to be 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long, connecting the Casa Verde and Vila Maria districts of São Paulo, passing through the center of Barra Funda, , and Tatuapé, and be completely underground. But after a lengthy debate, it was decided that it would be constructed on the surface, taking advantage of the old Rede Ferroviária Federal train bed and sharing 23 kilometres (14 mi) of its lines—a move that prevented many expropriations.[2]

Train leaving the center of the city.

Construction began in 1972. With this design change, the East-West line would then be more than 30 kilometres (19 mi) long between Praça da Sé and Guaianases, parallel to the railroad tracks. The stretch between Guaianases and Calmon Viana, in Poá was planned to be built in a second phase, making full use the rail bed. The strength of this design change would be a cost equivalent to one third of the original budget. Because of international trends that dictate that the rail for metro systems used for urban transport be made exclusive to the metro, the design was changed again.[3]

Sé station, the system's busiest.

It was up to the Rede Ferroviária Federal (predecessor of CPTM) to modernize this passage. For this reason, the line opened already overloaded. Once this impasse was resolved, construction began on the western section. On March 10, 1979 the first stretch, between and Brás stations was opened. In the west, the line ended in Barra Funda. The current configuration is the same since 1988. The current record demand was made on November 7, 2008, with the transport of 1,468,935 people. On May 2–3, 2009 the stretch between Anhangabaú and Santa Cecília stations was closed to allow for the use of a tunnel boring machine being used for the extension project of Line 4 (Yellow). In 2010 work began on the installation of glass doors on the Line 3 platforms, starting with the Vila Matilde, Carrão and Penha stations.[1]

Train in Line 3 Red.

Expansion[edit]

An expansion is planned from Palmeiras-Barra Funda to Pio XI. Another extension is planned from Corinthians-Itaquera to Jacu Pêssego.

Stations[edit]

Code Station Platforms Position Connections District
BFU Palmeiras-Barra Funda Side platforms and Island platforms At grade Long Distance and Urban Bus terminal,
CPTM Lines: Line 7 (Ruby) and Line 8 (Diamond)
Barra Funda
DED Marechal Deodoro Superimposed Underground
Santa Cecília
CEC Santa Cecília Side platforms Underground Urban Bus Terminal (Amaral Gurgel) of SPTrans Santa Cecília
REP República Side platforms and Island platforms Underground Line 4 (Yellow) (in construction) República
GBU Anhangabaú Island platforms Underground Urban Bus Terminal (Terminal Bandeira) of SPTrans República and
PSE Side platforms and Island platforms Underground Line 1 (Blue)
PDS Pedro II Side platforms Elevated Expresso Tiradentes
BAS Brás Side platforms and Island platforms Elevated CPTM lines: Line 10 (Turquoise), Line 11 (Coral), and Line 12 (Sapphire) Brás
BRE Bresser-Mooca Island platforms At grade
Brás
BEL Belém Island platforms At grade
Belem
TAT Tatuapé Side platforms and Island platforms At grade Tatuapé Shopping Mall,
Boulevard Tatuapé Shopping Mall
CPTM Lines: Line 11 (Coral) and Line 12 (Sapphire) and Urban Bus Terminal
Tatuapé
CAR Carrão Island platforms At grade Urban Bus Terminal Tatuapé
PEN Penha Island platforms Partially Underground Urban Bus Terminal Penha
VTD Vila Matilde Island platforms At grade Urban Bus Terminal Vila Matilde
VPA Guilhermina-Esperança Island platforms At grade Bicycle parking Vila Matilde
PCA Patriarca Island platforms Elevated Urban Bus Terminal Penha
ART Artur Alvim Island platforms At grade Urban Bus Terminal Artur Alvim
ITQ Corinthians-Itaquera Side platforms and Island platforms Elevated CPTM: Line 11 (Coral) and Urban Bus Terminal Itaquera

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Daniel Gonzales. "Portas de plataforma serão instaladas em mais 7 estações do Metrô neste ano" (in Portuguese). Estadão.com.br. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  2. ^ "A linha vai correr pelos leitos da Central", Jornal da Tarde, 8/16/1973, pg. 16
  3. ^ "Metrô | Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo". Metro.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 2014-02-02.