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Coordinates: 51°42′20″N 8°31′20″W / 51.70556°N 8.52222°W / 51.70556; -8.52222
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Irish: Cionn tSáile
Inner Kinsale harbour and marina
Inner Kinsale harbour and marina
Kinsale is located in Ireland
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°42′20″N 8°31′20″W / 51.70556°N 8.52222°W / 51.70556; -8.52222
CountyCounty Cork
10 m (30 ft)
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key
Telephone area code+353(0)21
Irish Grid ReferenceW637506

Kinsale (/kɪnˈsl/ kin-SAYL; Irish: Cionn tSáile, meaning 'head of the brine'[2]) is a historic port and fishing town in County Cork, Ireland. Located approximately 25 km (16 mi) south of Cork City on the southeast coast near the Old Head of Kinsale, it sits at the mouth of the River Bandon, and has a population of 5,991 (as of the 2022 census)[1] which increases in the summer when tourism peaks.

Kinsale is a holiday destination for both Irish and overseas tourists.[3] The town is known for its restaurants,[4] including the Michelin-starred Bastion restaurant,[5] and holds a number of annual gourmet food festivals.[6]

As a historically strategic port town, Kinsale's notable buildings include Desmond Castle (associated with the Earls of Desmond and also known as the French Prison) of c. 1500, the 17th-century pentagonal bastion fort of James Fort on Castlepark peninsula, and Charles Fort, a partly restored star fort of 1677 in nearby Summercove.[7] Other historic buildings include the Church of St Multose (Church of Ireland) of 1190, St John the Baptist (Catholic) of 1839, and the Market House of c. 1600.[7] Kinsale is in the Cork South-West (Dáil Éireann) constituency, which has three seats.


Kinsale in the early 18th century
Kinsale is known for its historic streetscape and brightly coloured shops.

In 1333, under a charter granted by King Edward III of England, the Corporation of Kinsale was established to undertake local government in the town.[13]

The corporation existed for over 500 years until the passing of the Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Act 1840, when local government in Kinsale was transferred to the town commissioners who had been elected in the town since 1828. These Town Commissioners became the Kinsale Council under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 and the Kinsale Town Council existed until 2014 when this layer of local government was abolished in Ireland as part of measures to reduce the budget deficit following the financial crisis of 2008–2010 (see Post-2008 Irish economic downturn). It returned two members to the Irish House of Commons prior to its abolition in 1800.[citation needed]

In its history, Kinsale has also important occasional links with Spain. In 1518 Archduke Ferdinand, later Emperor Ferdinand I, paid an unscheduled visit to the town, during which one of his staff wrote a remarkable account of its inhabitants.[14][15]

Market House; built c. 1600

In 1601, a Spanish military expedition – the last of the Armadas launched against the Kingdom of England – landed in Kinsale in order to link with Irish rebel forces and attack England through Ireland. As a result, the battle of Kinsale took place at the end of the Nine Years War in which English forces, led by Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy, defeated the rebel Irish force, led by Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Red Hugh O'Donnell, two Gaelic princes from Ulster. The Irish forces were allied with the forces of King Felipe III of Spain, who was also King of Portugal and the Algarves.[16]

In September 1607, a few years after this battle, the Flight of the Earls took place from Rathmullan in County Donegal in West Ulster in which a number of the native Irish aristocrats, including both Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone and Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, abandoned their lands and fled to Continental Europe. Shortly after the battle, James's Fort was built to protect the harbour."James's Fort, Kinsale, County Cork". Buildings of Ireland. National Inventory of Architectural Heritage. Retrieved 3 February 2017.</ref> Completed by 1607, the central structure was a half-bastioned four-sided stone fortification, surrounded by pentagonal earthworks to a bastion fort or star-shaped fort design.[17]

In 1649, Prince Rupert of the Rhine declared Charles II as King of England, Scotland and Ireland at St Multose's Church in Kinsale upon hearing of the execution of Charles I in London by Parliamentarian forces during the English Civil War.[18] The Virginia trading fleet made this harbour the safest destination during their wartime voyages.[19]

Charles Fort, located at Summer Cove and dating from 1677 in the reign of Charles II, is a bastion-fort that guards the entrance to Kinsale Harbour. It was built to protect the area and specifically the harbour from the use by the French and Spanish in the event of a landing in Ireland. James's Fort, which dates from the reign of King James VI and I, is located on the other side of the cove, on the Castlepark peninsula. An underwater chain used to be strung between the two forts across the harbour mouth during times of war to scuttle enemy shipping by ripping the bottoms out of incoming vessels.[citation needed]

James II lands at Kinsale

James II landed at Kinsale in March 1689 with a force of 2,500 men,[20] raised with the support of King Louis XIV, as part of his campaign to regain power in England, Scotland and Ireland. In 1690, James II and VII returned to exile in France from Kinsale, following his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne by William III of England (also Stadtholder William III of the House of Orange-Nassau) after the 'Glorious Revolution' (or Revolution of 1688) in England against the background of wars involving France under King Louis XIV.[citation needed]

From 1694, Kinsale served as a supply base for Royal Navy vessels in southern Ireland, and a number of storehouses were built; it was limited to smaller vessels, however, due to the sandbar at the mouth of the river.[21]

English navigator and privateer Captain Woodes Roger mentions Kinsale in the memoir of his 1708 expedition from Cork; in particular, he mentions a pair of rocks known as 'the Sovereigne's Bollacks' on which his ship almost ran aground.[22][23] Kinsale's naval significance declined after the Royal Navy moved its victualling centre from Kinsale to Cork harbour in 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars in the period of France's First Empire.[citation needed]

Long Quay, Kinsale, c. 1900

When the ocean liner RMS Lusitania was sunk by a U-boat of the German Empire on 7 May 1915 on a voyage from New York City to Liverpool during the First World War, some of the bodies and survivors were brought to Kinsale and the subsequent inquest on the bodies recovered was held in the town's courthouse.[24] A statue in the harbour commemorates the effort. The Lusitania memorial is at Casement Square in Cobh, to the east of Cork city.

Kinsale was linked by a branch line via Farrangalway and Ballymartle to the Irish railway system of the Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway and its successors from 1863 until 1931, when the branch was closed by the Great Southern Railways during a low point in Kinsale's economic fortunes. The station, inconveniently located for the town and harbour, was on Barrack Hill and the line ran to a junction at Crossbarry on the Cork (Albert Quay) to Bandon line.[25]

In 2005, Kinsale became Ireland's second Fair Trade Town, with Clonakilty being the first. Kinsale, with its "electrifyingly bright streets", was rated as among the "20 most beautiful villages in the UK and Ireland" by Condé Nast Traveler in 2020.[26]


Bus Éireann provides Kinsale's primary means of public transport. Buses regularly operate from Kinsale to Cork City, with most of these stopping at Cork Airport on the way. Kinsale and Bandon are linked by public transport with a bus service provided by East Cork Rural Transport.

The Archdeacon Duggan Bridge, on the R600 road to the south-west of the town, was opened in March 1977 and named after Father Tom Duggan MC OBE, a chaplain in both WWI and WWII, and later a missionary priest in Peru. This bridge replaced an older cast iron structure of the early 1880s which was located approximately 3 km (1.9 mi) upstream on the River Bandon, near Tisaxon More (Tigh Sacsan Mór).[citation needed]


There are a number of primary and secondary-level schools in the area.[27] The town's community school was awarded "Best School in the Republic of Ireland" twice,[28][citation needed] as well as receiving awards at the BT Young Scientist Exhibition in 2014.[29]

Kinsale College offers a number of further education courses,[30] and the town also has a school of English.[citation needed]

Community and sports groups[edit]

Kinsale Yacht Club (KYC) began in 1950 and today is a sailing club that runs events for all ages of sailors and social activities throughout the year. Junior sailing includes Optimists, Lasers and 420's. The yacht classes include Squib (keelboat), International Dragon (keelboat) and A-Class Catamaran as well as three Cruiser Classes (Class I, II and III).[31]

Founded in 1982, the grounds of Kinsale Rugby Football Club are used for the annual Kinsale Sevens event, which attracts international teams and thousands of spectators annually.[32][33]

The Kinsale GAA club plays in the Carrigdhoun division of Cork GAA.[34] They won the Cork Football Intermediate County Championship in 2011, the first time since 1915.

Kinsale Badminton[35] club which is affiliated with Badminton Ireland is based in St Multose Hall Kinsale. It caters to both adult and juvenile players and enters teams in Cork county Leagues and Cups.

The Kinsale Branch of the Irish Red Cross has been in existence since 1939 and is staffed by volunteers, who are present at local events and activities – including the annual Kinsale Sevens rugby event.[36] The Kinsale Red Cross has 2 ambulances which are housed in a purpose-built building in Church Lane and crewed by trained volunteers.

Kinsale competes in the Irish Tidy Towns Competition and was the overall winner in 1986.[37][38]

Kinsale is the first 'Transition Town' in Ireland, and the Transition Town community organisation, supported by Kinsale town council, holds meetings locally. It has taken some guidance from the Kinsale Energy Descent Action Plan 2021, which has spawned further Transition Towns worldwide.[39]

Entertainment and culture[edit]

Kinsale quayside

Kinsale hosts an annual jazz festival, which takes place during the last weekend of October. Pubs and hotels in the town host concerts by jazz and blues groups throughout the weekend, including on the last Monday of October (which is a bank holiday in Ireland).[40][41]

The monumental steel, originally unpainted, sculpture The Great Wall of Kinsale, by Eilis O'Connell and installed in 1988 to celebrate Kinsale's achievements in the Tidy Towns competition, stands by Pier Road and Town Park.[42]

Bastion, a restaurant on Market/Main streets, received a Michelin Star in 2020.[5] Chef Keith Floyd was previously a resident of Kinsale.[43]

Government and politics[edit]

The town forms part of the Bandon-Kinsale electoral district on Cork County Council and is part of the Cork South-West constituency for Dáil Éireann elections.

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Kinsale is twinned with:


Residential developments in the 21st century include the Convent Garden scheme near the historic centre.[46] This development involves the conversion of the former St Josephs Convent of the Sisters of Mercy on Ramparts Lane into 79 apartments and the building of 94 houses in the grounds. After several years of inactivity,[47] construction and sales activity recommenced in 2015 and 2016.[citation needed]

A further residential development, Abbey Fort, includes 260 units at the north end of Kinsale.[48] Initial phases were completed in 2007–2012. Part of the 22-acre site at Abbey Fort was sold by the National Asset Management Agency in December 2015.[49]


As of the 2011 census, ethnically Kinsale was 76.5% White Irish, 18.5% other white, 0.5% black, 1% Asian, and 1% 'other', with 2.5% not stated.[50] In terms of religion, the 2011 census captured a population that was 76% Catholic, 10% other stated religions (mainly Protestant), 11% with no religion, and 3% not stated.[50]

Notable people[edit]

Harbour-side memorial to Timothy and Mortimer McCarthy by Graham Brett, 2000

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Census Mapping - Towns: Kinsale - Population Snapshot". visual.cso.ie. CSO. 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2024.
  2. ^ "Cionn tSáile/Kinsale". Placenames Database of Ireland (logainm.ie). Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht and Dublin City University. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  3. ^ "On Census Day, April 23rd 2006". Ireland News: Top Story. Irish Times. 1 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2009. Irish Times 1 July 2008
  4. ^ "Kinsale's tasty tours as foodie judges visit". southernstar.ie. Southern Star. 1 September 2017. Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Kinsale's Bastion has been awarded a Michelin star". 7 October 2019. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Kinsale Restaurant Week". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 9 February 2019. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019. The town runs three annual food events, with [Kinsale Restaurant Week], its Gourmet Festival, which in October celebrates its 43rd year, and the National Chowder Cook Off in April
  7. ^ a b "Historical Kinsale – Kinsale Chamber of Tourism & Business". Archived from the original on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Online Historical Population Reports Website". University of Essex. 2007. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  9. ^ "NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. 27 September 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  10. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  11. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  12. ^ "Sapmap Area – Settlements – Kinsale". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  13. ^ Appendix to the First Report ...: Southern, midland, western and south ... – Great Britain. Commissioners on Municipal Corporations in Ireland. 1835. Archived from the original on 16 May 2021. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  14. ^ Hiram Morgan (2016). Ireland 1518: Archduke Ferdinand's visit to Kinsale and the Dürer Connection. Cork. ISBN 9781874756248.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  15. ^ Laurent Vital (1518). "Archduke Ferdinand's visit to Kinsale in Ireland, an extract from Le Premier Voyage de Charles-Quint en Espagne, de 1517 à 1518". UCC Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016 – via ucc.ie.
  16. ^ "Kinsale Past and Present". West Cork Travel. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  17. ^ Marix Evans, Martin (1998). The Military Heritage of Britain & Ireland. Andre Deutsch Ltd. p. 220. ISBN 0233000607.
  18. ^ "Prince Rupert at Kinsale, 1649". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  19. ^ "Charles II - volume 161: July 1–7, 1666." Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles II, 1665-6. Ed. Mary Anne Everett Green. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1864. 485-510. British History Online. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  20. ^ "King James II". Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  21. ^ Coad, Jonathan (2013). Support for the Fleet: Engineering and architecture of the Royal Navy's bases, 1700–1914. Swindon, UK: English Heritage.
  22. ^ "Full text of "The Pirates' Who's Who: Giving Particulars Of The Lives and Deaths Of The Pirates And Buccaneers"".
  23. ^ "Privateer: Life aboard a British Privateer In the time of Queen Anne 1708–1711".
  24. ^ "Kinsale". Eircom. Archived from the original on 5 October 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  25. ^ See Cork And Kinsale And West Cork Railways Archived 5 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine (Illustrated London News 1863) for an account of the opening of the Kinsale branch line and Flickr stream Archived 16 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine for more recent photographic survey of the remains of the route and stations.
  26. ^ "THE 20 MOST BEAUTIFUL VILLAGES IN THE UK AND IRELAND, 20 October 2020". Archived from the original on 6 March 2021. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Kinsale Schools". kinsale.ie. Kinsale Chamber of Tourism & Business. Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  28. ^ "School scoops nine science gongs". independent.
  29. ^ "School scoops nine science gongs". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  30. ^ "About Us - Prospectus". kinsalecollege.ie. Kinsale College. Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  31. ^ "Kinsale Yacht Club". Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  32. ^ "Kinsale RFC". Kinsale RFC. 18 January 2009. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  33. ^ "Kinsale Sevens a crowning success". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 3 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  34. ^ "Kinsale GAA Club". Kinsale GAA. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  35. ^ "Kinsale Badminton Club". Archived from the original on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  36. ^ "Kinsale Red Cross – About Us". Kinsale Red Cross. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  37. ^ "Tidy Towns Competition 2015 Adjudication Report – Kinsale" (PDF). tidytowns.ie. 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  38. ^ "The Tidy Towns of Ireland "Celebrating 50 years"" (PDF). tidytowns.ie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2016.
  39. ^ Lawrence, Felicity (7 April 2007). "Article on Transition Towns". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  40. ^ "Something For the Weekend – Kinsale". The Independent. 22 October 2003. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  41. ^ "Kinsale Jazz Festival". Archived from the original on 31 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  42. ^ Paula Murphy (9 April 2016). "Modern Ireland in 100 Artworks: 1988 – The Great Wall of Kinsale, by Eilís O'Connell". Irishtimes.com. Archived from the original on 22 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  43. ^ Davenport, F.; Charlotte, Beech; Downs, T; Hannigan, D; Parnell, F; Wilson, N (2006). Lonely Planet Ireland. Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 1-74059-968-3.
  44. ^ "Helpful Links for Visitors: Sister Cities". City of Newport. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  45. ^ "The Mumbles Reporter". Themumblesbook.co.uk. February 2008. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  46. ^ "211819: The Ramparts, Kinsale, Co. Cork (04/53026)". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  47. ^ "Kinsale convent scheme reduced to 96 residences". Irish Examiner. 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  48. ^ "Abbey Fort Sales Brochure". dunboyconstruction.com. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  49. ^ "75:25 split for Cairn Homes and Loan Start on €503m Project Clear acquisition". 17 December 2015. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  50. ^ a b "Kinsale Urban And Rural". All-Island Research Observatory. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.

External links[edit]