List of mammals of Europe

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This is a list of European mammals. It includes all mammals currently found in Europe (from northeast Atlantic to Ural Mountains and northern slope of Caucasus Mountains), whether resident or as regular migrants. Moreover, species occurring in Cyprus, Canary Islands (Spain) and Azores (Portugal) are listed here. If geographical range of given European mammal additionally overlaps Turkey, it is noted in some of cases. This checklist does not include species found only in captivity or extinct in Europe, except where there is some doubt about this. Each species is listed, with its binomial name and notes on its distribution where this is limited. Introduced species are also noted.

ExtinctionExtinctionExtinct in the WildCritically EndangeredEndangered speciesVulnerable speciesNear ThreatenedThreatened speciesLeast ConcernLeast ConcernIUCN conservation statuses

Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - Extinct, EW - Extinct in the wild
CR - Critically endangered, EN - Endangered VU - Vulnerable
NT - Near threatened, LC - Least concern
DD - Data deficient, NE - Not evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014[1])

Eulipotyphlans[edit]

Erinaceidae[edit]

Hedgehogs

Talpidae[edit]

Moles
Desmans

Soricidae (shrews)[edit]

Primates[edit]

Bats[edit]

Pteropodidae (megabat)[edit]

Rhinolophidae (horseshoe bats)[edit]

Vespertilionidae (evening bats)[edit]

Miniopteridae[edit]

Molossidae (free-tailed bats)[edit]

Nycteridae (slit-faced bats)[edit]

Lagomorphs[edit]

Leporidae (leporids)[edit]

Rodents[edit]

Sciuridae (squirrels)[edit]

Castoridae[edit]

Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)[edit]

Gliridae (dormice)[edit]

Muroids::Spalacidae (spalacids)[edit]

Muroids::Cricetidae[edit]

Hamsters
Lemmings
Voles

Muroids::Muridae[edit]

Old World rats and mice
Spiny mice
Jirds

Muroids::Dipodidae (dipodids)[edit]

Birch mice
Jerboas

Carnivorans[edit]

Ursidae (bears)[edit]

Canidae[edit]

European jackal (Canis aureus moreotica), a subspecies of golden jackal

Mustelidae (weasel)[edit]

Viverridae (viverrids)[edit]

Felidae (cats)[edit]

Phocidae (earless seals)[edit]

Odobenidae[edit]

Odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Equidae (horse)[edit]

Even-toed ungulates[edit]

Suidae (pigs)[edit]

Camelid (camels)[edit]

Bovidae (bovid)[edit]

Cervidae (deer)[edit]

Cetacea[edit]

Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins)[edit]

Killer whale
Bottlenose dolphin

Phocoenidae (porpoises)[edit]

  • Common porpoise, Phocoena phocoena LC
    (Baltic Sea subpopulation: CR, ssp. relicta - Black Sea harbour porpoise: EN)

Monodontidae[edit]

Kogiidae[edit]

Physeteridae[edit]

  • Sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus VU (Mediterranean subpopulation: EN)

Ziphiidae (beaked whales)[edit]

Balaenopteridae (rorquals)[edit]

Humpback whale

Eschrichtiidae[edit]

  • North Atlantic gray whale Eschrichtius robustus EX (possible vagrant from Pacific was recorded in 2010[7])

Balaenidae[edit]

Introduced animals[edit]

Macropodidae (macropods)[edit]

Erinaceidae[edit]

Sciuridae (squirrels)[edit]

Myocastoridae[edit]

  • Coypu, Myocastor coypus LC (introduced)

Muroids::Cricetidae[edit]

Hamsters
Muskrat
  • Muskrat, Ondatra zibethicus LC (introduced)

Muroids::Muridae[edit]

Old World rats and mice

Canidae[edit]

Mustelidae (weasel)[edit]

Herpestidae (mongooses)[edit]

Procyonidae[edit]

Bovidae (bovid)[edit]

Cervidae (deer)[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Macdonald D., Barrett P., Collins Field Guide: Mammals of Britain & Europe, HarperCollinsPublishers, London, 1993, ISBN 0-00-219779-0
  • Görner M., Hackethal H., Beobachten und bestimmen: Säugetiere Europas, Neumann Verlag, Leipzig, Radebeul, 1987, ISBN 3-7402-0025-1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to the IUCN Red List this distribution needs to be confirmed and bats from North Africa are treated as Pipistrellus kuhlii[3].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  2. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 474–475. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ Piraccini, R. 2016. Pipistrellus hesperidus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T136741A22035802. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136741A22035802.en. Downloaded on 06 January 2018.
  4. ^ Ellerman, J. R. and Morrison-Scott, T. C. S. (1966). Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals 1758 to 1946. Second edition. British Museum of Natural History, London. Pp. 306–307
  5. ^ WWF (2007) Strategy for the Conservation of the Leopard in the Caucasus Ecoregion. Strategic Planning Workshop on Leopard Conservation in the Caucasus. Tbilisi, Georgia, 30 May – 1 June 2007
  6. ^ Kitchener, A. C.; Breitenmoser-Würsten, C.; Eizirik, E.; Gentry, A.; Werdelin, L.; Wilting, A.; Yamaguchi, N.; Abramov, A. V.; Christiansen, P.; Driscoll, C.; Duckworth, J. W.; Johnson, W.; Luo, S.-J.; Meijaard, E.; O’Donoghue, P.; Sanderson, J.; Seymour, K.; Bruford, M.; Groves, C.; Hoffmann, M.; Nowell, K.; Timmons, Z.; Tobe, S. (2017). "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News (Special Issue 11).
  7. ^ http://www.irishtimes.com/news/science/are-grey-whales-climate-change-s-big-winners-1.2313730

External links[edit]