|West Caucasian tur|
The West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica) is a mountain-dwelling goat-antelope native to the western half of the Caucasus Mountains range, in Georgia and European Russia. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List, as the wild population is estimated to be between 5,000 and 6,000 individuals.
West Caucasian turs stand up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh around 65 kg (143 lb). They have large but narrow bodies and short legs. West Caucasian turs have a chestnut coat with a yellow underbelly and darker legs. Their horns are scimitar-shaped and heavily ridged. In males, these horns are around 70 cm (28 in), while in females they are much smaller.
The West Caucasian tur is nocturnal, eating in the open at night, and sheltering during the day. Females live in herds of around 10 individuals, while males are solitary.
- Weinberg, P. (2020). "Capra caucasica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T3794A22143809. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T3794A22143809.en. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
- Knight, C. (1856). English Cyclopaedia/Cyclopaedia of Natural History. London: Bradbury and Evans. p. 771.
- Goodrich, Samuel Griswold (1859). Illustrated Natural History of the Animal Kingdom, vol. 1. New York: Derby & Jackson. p. 511.