Outline of Lithuania

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The location of Lithuania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Lithuania:

Lithuaniasovereign country located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.[1][2] Situated along the south-eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, sharing borders with Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, Poland, and the Russian exclave of the Kaliningrad Oblast to the southwest. Lithuania is a member of NATO and of the European Union. Its population is about 2.8 million. The largest city and capital is Vilnius.

During the 14th century, Lithuania was the largest country in Europe, as present-day Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. With the Lublin Union of 1569 Poland and Lithuania formed a new state: the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, which was finally destroyed by its neighboring countries in 1795. Most of Lithuania's territory was annexed by the Russian Empire, until the Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, which declared re-establishment of a sovereign state. Between 1940 and 1945 Lithuania was occupied by both the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany at different times. When World War II was near its end in 1944 and the Nazis retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare its renewed independence.

Lithuania became a full member of the Schengen Agreement on 21 December 2007.[3] In 2009, Lithuania celebrated the millennium of its name.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable map of the Republic of Lithuania

Geography of Lithuania[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Lithuania
An enlargeable topographic map of Lithuania
 Belarus 680 km
 Latvia 576 km
 Russia 227 km
 Poland 91 km

Environment of Lithuania[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Lithuania

Natural geographic features of Lithuania[edit]

Regions of Lithuania[edit]

Main article: Regions of Lithuania

Ecoregions of Lithuania[edit]

Administrative divisions of Lithuania[edit]

Counties of Lithuania[edit]
Main article: Counties of Lithuania
Municipalities of Lithuania[edit]
Elderships of Lithuania[edit]

Demography of Lithuania[edit]

Government and politics of Lithuania[edit]

Politics of Lithuania

Branches of the government of Lithuania[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Lithuania[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Lithuania[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Lithuania[edit]

Foreign relations of Lithuania[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Lithuania is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Lithuania[edit]

Main article: Law of Lithuania

Military of Lithuania[edit]

Local government in Lithuania[edit]

History of Lithuania[edit]

Culture of Lithuania[edit]

Main article: Culture of Lithuania

Art in Lithuania[edit]

Sports in Lithuania[edit]

Main article: Sports in Lithuania

Economy and infrastructure of Lithuania[edit]

Main article: Economy of Lithuania

Education in Lithuania[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Lithuania


  1. ^ a b "Lithuania". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 
  2. ^ United Nations Geographical region and composition
  3. ^ "Lietuva įsiliejo į Šengeno erdvę" (Press release) (in Lithuanian). Vidaus reikalų ministerija. Retrieved 22 December 2007. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Lithuania

Maps and GIS