Prime Minister of Lithuania

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Lithuania
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
Algirdas Butkevičius in Oct, 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Algirdas Butkevičius

since 13 December 2012
Appointer President of Lithuania
Term length Legislative elections to the Seimas are held every four years at most and newly elected Seimas approves the Prime Minister. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holder Augustinas Voldemaras
Formation 11 November 1918

The Prime Minister of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Ministras Pirmininkas, literally translated as Minister-Chairman) is the head of the Government of Lithuania, and is chosen appointed by the President of Lithuania with the assent of the Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas. The modern office of Prime Minister was established in 1990, during the turmoil surrounding the Soviet Union's collapse, although the official title was "Chairperson of the Council of Ministers" until 25 November 1992.

Historically, the title of Prime Minister was also used between 1918 and 1940. This was during the original Republic of Lithuania, which lasted from the collapse of the Russian Empire until the country's annexation by the Soviet Union.

Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940)[edit]

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office[1] Political party
1 Augustinas Voldemaras
(1883–1942)
1st time
Augustinas Voldemaras.jpg 11 November 1918 26 December 1918 Party of National Progress[citation needed]
2 Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
1st time
SleževičiusMykolas.jpg 26 December 1918 5 March 1919 Peasant Union
3 Pranas Dovydaitis
(1886–1942)
Pranas Dovydaitis.jpg 13 March 1919 12 April 1919 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
2nd time
SleževičiusMykolas.jpg 12 April 1919 2 October 1919 Peasant Union
4 Ernestas Galvanauskas
(1882–1967)
1st time
Ernestas-Galvanauskas.jpg 7 October 1919 15 June 1920 Independent
5 Kazys Grinius
(1866–1950)
Kazys Grinius.jpg 19 June 1920 18 January 1922 Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
(4) Ernestas Galvanauskas
(1882–1967)
2nd time
Ernestas-Galvanauskas.jpg 2 February 1922 22 November 1923 Independent
6 Antanas Tumėnas
(1880–1946)
Fond blanc.svg 18 June 1924 27 January 1925 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
7 Vytautas Petrulis
(1890–1942)
PetrulisVyautas.jpg 4 February 1925 19 September 1925 Farmers' Association
8 Leonas Bistras
(1890–1971)
Fond blanc.svg 25 September 1925 31 May 1926 Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Mykolas Sleževičius
(1882–1939)
3rd time
SleževičiusMykolas.jpg 15 June 1926 17 December 1926 Lithuanian Popular Peasants' Union
(1) Augustinas Voldemaras
(1883–1942)
2nd time
Augustinas Voldemaras.jpg 17 December 1926 19 September 1929 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
9 Juozas Tūbelis
(1882–1939)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-08510, Joseph Tubelis.jpg 23 September 1929 8 June 1934 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
12 June 1934 6 September 1935
6 September 1935 24 March 1938
10 Vladas Mironas
(1880–1953)
Vladas Mironas.jpg 24 March 1938 5 December 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
5 December 1939 28 March 1939
11 Jonas Černius
(1898–1977)
Fond blanc.svg 28 March 1939 21 November 1939 Lithuanian Nationalist Union
12 Antanas Merkys
(1887–1955)
Antanas Merkys.jpg 21 November 1939 15 June 1940 Lithuanian Nationalist Union

Following the ultimatum in June 1940, the forces of Soviet Union entered Lithuania, prompting President Antanas Smetona to flee the country. Antanas Merkys, who assumed the position of acting President in accordance with the constitution, soon announced he had taken over the Presidency on a permanent basis and appointed Justas Paleckis, favored by the Soviet authorities, as the Prime Minister ahead of the "people's government". Merkys soon resigned, allowing Paleckis to assume the post of acting President as well.[2] The presidency of Merkys is not recognized as legitimate in modern Lithuania[3] and Paleckis is not listed as an interwar Prime Minister in government sources.[1]

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political party
Justas Paleckis
(1899–1980)
Fond blanc.svg 17 June 1940 24 June 1940

Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1990)[edit]

Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Lithuanian SSR
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR

Provisional Government of Lithuania (1941)[edit]

Acting Prime Minister of the Provisional Government
Coat of arms of Lithuania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lithuania
Constitution

Republic of Lithuania (1990–present)[edit]

From 11 March 1990 after adopting the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.

Parties

      LKDP       LDDP       TS / TS-LKD       LLS       LSDP       Independent

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Legislature
(Election)
Term of office[4][Note 1] Political party
1 Kazimira Prunskienė
(1943–)
K. Prunskiene.jpg Supreme Council
(1990)
17 March 1990 10 January 1991 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
2 Albertas Šimėnas
(1950–)
Fond blanc.svg 10 January 1991 13 January 1991 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
3 Gediminas Vagnorius
(1957–)
1st time
Fond blanc.svg 13 January 1991 21 July 1992 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
4 Aleksandras Abišala
(1955–)
Aleksandras Abišala 2008.03.31.jpg 21 July 1992 26 November 1992 Independent
(endorsed by Sąjūdis)
5 Bronislovas Lubys
(1938–2011)
BronislLubys (cropped).jpg Sixth Seimas
(1992)
12 December 1992 10 March 1993 Independent
(endorsed by Democratic Labour Party)
6 Adolfas Šleževičius
(1948–)
Fond blanc.svg 10 March 1993 8 February 1996 Democratic Labour Party
7 Laurynas Stankevičius
(1935–)
Fond blanc.svg 23 February 1996 19 November 1996 Democratic Labour Party
(3) Gediminas Vagnorius
(1957–)
2nd time
Fond blanc.svg Seventh Seimas
(1996)
4 December 1996 3 May 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
8 Rolandas Paksas
(1956–)
1st time
PAKSAS Rolandas.png 1 June 1999 27 October 1999 Homeland Union (Conservatives)
9 Andrius Kubilius
(1956–)
1st time
A.Kubilius 2010.png 3 November 1999 19 October 2000[5] Homeland Union (Conservatives)
(8) Rolandas Paksas
(1956–)
2nd time
PAKSAS Rolandas.png Eighth Seimas
(2000)
27 October 2000 20 June 2001 Liberal Union
10 Algirdas Brazauskas
(1932–2010)
1st time
Algirdas Brazauskas 1998.jpg 4 July 2001 15 November 2004[6] Social Democratic Party
(10) Algirdas Brazauskas
(1932–2010)
2nd time
Algirdas Brazauskas 1998.jpg Ninth Seimas
(2004)
29 November 2004 1 June 2006 Social Democratic Party
11 Gediminas Kirkilas
(1951–)
Gediminas Kirkilas 2007.jpg 6 July 2006 17 November 2008 Social Democratic Party
(9) Andrius Kubilius
(1956–)
2nd time
A.Kubilius 2010.png Tenth Seimas
(2008)
28 November 2008 16 November 2012[7] Homeland Union (Conservatives)
12 Algirdas Butkevičius
(1958–)
Algirdas Butkevičius in Oct, 2014.jpg Eleventh Seimas
(2012)
13 December 2012 Incumbent Social Democratic Party

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Term of office starts when the Prime Minister is appointed by presidential decree and starts forming the government. Term of office ends when the Prime Minister or the government is dismissed or their resignation is accepted by presidential decree. Term of office does not include the time served in an acting capacity, typically until the next Prime Minister forms a new government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ankstesnės Vyriausybės. Laikotarpiu 1918-1940". Government of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Senn, Alfred Erich (2007). Lithuania 1940: Revolution from Above. Rodopi. pp. 147–148. ISBN 9789042022256. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "History". President of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Ankstesnės Vyriausybės. Po 1990 metų". Government of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "DĖL LIETUVOS RESPUBLIKOS VYRIAUSYBĖS GRĄŽINAMŲ ĮGALIOJIMŲ PRIĖMIMO IR PAVEDIMO JAI EITI PAREIGAS". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "DĖL LIETUVOS RESPUBLIKOS VYRIAUSYBĖS GRĄŽINAMŲ ĮGALIOJIMŲ PRIĖMIMO IR PAVEDIMO LAIKINAI EITI PAREIGAS". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "DĖL LIETUVOS RESPUBLIKOS VYRIAUSYBĖS GRĄŽINAMŲ ĮGALIOJIMŲ PRIĖMIMO IR PAVEDIMO JAI LAIKINAI EITI PAREIGAS". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 

External links[edit]