Lithuanian Railways

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Lietuvos geležinkeliai
Group of public companies
Industry Rail transport
Founded 1860 (First Line)
1919 (Official)
Headquarters Vilnius, Lithuania
Key people
Stasys Dailydka, General Manager
Products Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Revenue €0.5 billion (2014)[1]
€0.1 billion (2007)
€0.05 billion (2007)
Total equity €1.0 billion (2015)[2]
Owner The Lithuanian state
Number of employees
10,505 (2011)
Website Official Site
Siemens ER20 CF locomotive (red) and 2M62U locomotive (green) at the central station in Vilnius
TEP70 in Vilnius

Lithuanian Railways (Lithuanian: Lietuvos geležinkeliai) is the national, state-owned railway company of Lithuania. It operates most railway lines in the country.

Lithuanian Railways' main network consists of 1749 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) broad gauge railway of which 122 km are electrified. They also operate 22 km of standard gauge line and a new ~100 km standard gauge line is under construction at the moment alongside the broad gauge from Šeštokai to Kaunas.[3] A 179 km 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in) narrow gauge network, is listed as an object of cultural heritage, was split into a separate company Aukštaitijos Siaurasis Geležinkelis in 2001. 68 km of narrow gauge, serving five stations, are regularly used, employing 12 locomotives.

In 2006 Lithuanian Railways transported 6.2 million passengers and 50 million tonnes of freight. Oil is the main freight item carried.[4]


In 1851, the government of Russia made the decision to build the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway. The line included a stretch from DaugavpilsVilniusKaunasVirbalis which was started in 1858 and finished in 1860. When the German army occupied Lithuania in 1915, the railway became the main supplier of food staff and ammunition for the German army. In 1918 Lithuanian independence was restored, and in 1919 the Lithuanian government concluded an agreement with Germany on the hand over of the railway assets to the Ministry of Transport.

During the years after World War I, Lithuanian Railways reconstructed the tracks, connecting them into a complete network. In 1923 the Klaipėda region was annexed by Lithuania and the port of Klaipėda became a part of the Lithuanian railway system. In 1940 the USSR occupied Lithuania, and railway activities were reorganized and all the agreements of Lithuania concluded with the neighbouring countries were terminated. In 1941, the Nazis occupying force changed most of the network from broad gauge to standard gauge. This was changed back by Soviets in 1944. During Soviet times all of the Baltic states railways were managed from Riga. In 1991, the railways of the Baltic region were once again divided into separate railway companies.[5]

Rolling stock[edit]

Škoda EJ575 at Kaunas Railway Station
Railcar PESA 620M

Locomotives and trainsets for use on Lithuanian Railways' main network (excluding Panevezys-Rubikiai narrow gauge line) include:[6]

Passenger Locomotives[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Image
TEP60 Kolomna Locomotive Works[7] 1960 2011 12 Diesel

TEP60-0926 Ignalina.JPG

TEP70 1987 Still in service 4

TEP70-0332 Nesterov Russia Nov2010.jpg


Freight Locomotives[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
M62 Voroshilovgrad Locomotive Works 1970 Still in service 40 Diesel Subclass M62K have new engines. M62 in Vilnius depot.jpg
2M62 1976 74 Twin-section version of M62. Locomotives 2M62-0001 to 2M62-0752 are equiped with M62 headlights, 2M62-0756 or later are equiped with DM62 headlights, 2M62-565 or later is equiped with new snowploughs. Subclasses 2M62K and 2M62M have new engines. Diesel Locomotive 2M62-0490.jpg
2M62U 1987 22 Updated version of 2M62 based on newer DM62 design. Snowplough and headlights are the same as later 2M62 have. They are also equiped with new fuel tanks and bogies without axle-box. Subclass 2M62UM have new engines.
ER20 Siemens 2007 44 Lietuvos Geležinkeliai ER20-001, Vilnius.jpg


Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
ČME3 ČKD 1964 Still in service 36 Diesel
ČME3M 2008 23 Rebuilt ČME3 units. ChME3ME-6750 Vilnius.JPG
TEM-TMH Bryansk Locomotive Works 2009-2015 61 ТЭМ ТМХ-004.jpg
TEM-LTH 2013 1 TEM-LTH-001 (cropped).jpg

Diesel Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
D1 Ganz Works 1963 2013 24 Diesel In 4-car formation. RAILWAY MUSEUM AT VILLINUS STATION LITHUANIA SEP 2013 (9963294774).jpg
DR1A Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1973 Still in service 5 In 5- and 6-car formations. Based on earlier DR1P. Two different shapes of nose were built in different time (the newest one is shown here). Example of older nose shape could be found at DR1AM line in this table. DR1A-450.jpg
DR1AM 1973 12 3-car formation adapted from DR1A. Equiped with new driving trailer cariages converted from trailer cariages in 1990s, the same conversions have been also made in other countries (named as DR1AM in Latvia/Ukraine/Georgia, DR1B/DR1BJ in Estonia, DRL1/MDP in Belarus). Kaunas Station (6004806955).jpg
AR2 1997 1 1-car Railbus. LG AR2-001 Vilnius 01.JPG
RA2 Metrovagonmaš 2008 4 In 2- and 3-car formations. RA2-033.jpg
620M Pesa 2009 12 1-car railcar based on DR1A design. PESA 620M.JPG
630M 2013 3 In 2-car formation. 630М-006.jpg
730ML 2016 7 In 3-car formation. Pesa 730ML-005.jpg

Electric Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
ER9M Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1976 Still in service 12 Electric In 4-car formation. ER9M multiple unit in Vilnius.JPG
EJ575 Škoda Transportation 2008 10 In 2- and 3-car formations. 575 LG ŽZO.JPG



Lithuania has chosen to electrify using 25 kV 50 Hz AC. Electrification is used only for commuter traffic between Vilnus and Kaunas, and on a short commuter branch. Electrification towards Belarus Molodechno station is being built as of 2016.

Electrifed lines as in 2016

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]