List of black holes

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This is a list of black holes (and stars considered probable candidates) organized by size (including black holes of undetermined mass); some items in this list are galaxies or star clusters that are believed to be organized around a black hole. Messier and New General Catalogue designations are given where possible.

Supermassive black holes and candidates[edit]


Intermediate-mass black holes and candidates[edit]

Stellar black holes and candidates[edit]

Multiple black hole systems[edit]

Binary black holes[edit]

  • SDSS J120136.02+300305.5 core black holes — a pair of supermassive blackholes at the centre of this galaxy[9]
  • PG 1302-102 – the first binary-cored quasar — a pair of supermassive blackholes at the core of this quasar[10][11]
  • Formerly, the two black holes which produced gravitational wave signal GW150914[7] (now a single stellar mass BH, see above)
  • Formerly, the two black holes which produced gravitational wave signal GW151226 (now a single stellar mass BH, see above)

Trinary black holes[edit]

As of 2014, there are 5 triple black hole systems known.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M87's satellite galaxy NGC 4486B, SEDS
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Andrea Thompson (1 April 2008). "Smallest Black Hole Found". 
  4. ^ Knapp, Alex (2012-02-22). "The Smallest Known Black Hole Has 20 Million Mile Per Hour Winds". Forbes. LLC. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  5. ^, "NASA's RXTE Detects 'Heartbeat' of Smallest Black Hole Candidate", 2011.12.15 (accessed 2011.12.17)
  6. ^ ScienceDaily, "Heaviest Stellar Black Hole Discovered In Nearby Galaxy", Oct. 18, 2007 (accessed 12-12-2009)
  7. ^ a b Abbott, Benjamin P.; et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration) (2016). "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (6): 061102. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116f1102A. PMID 26918975. arXiv:1602.03837Freely accessible. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102. 
  8. ^ Abbott, Benjamin P.; et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration) (2016). "GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116: 241103. PMID 27367379. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.241103. 
  9. ^ ESA (25 April 2014). "Unique pair of hidden black holes discovered by XMM-Newton". Space Daily. 
  10. ^ Xaq Rzetelny (8 January 2015). "Supermassive black hole binary discovered". 
  11. ^ Matthew J. Graham; S. George Djorgovski; Daniel Stern; Eilat Glikman; Andrew J. Drake; Ashish A. Mahabal; et al. (25 July 2014). "A possible close supermassive black-hole binary in a quasar with optical periodicity". Nature (published 7 January 2015). 518: 74–76. Bibcode:2015Natur.518...74G. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 25561176. arXiv:1501.01375Freely accessible. doi:10.1038/nature14143. 
  12. ^ a b Deane, R. P.; Paragi, Z.; Jarvis, M. J.; Coriat, M.; Bernardi, G.; Fender, R. P.; et al. (24 June 2014). "A close-pair binary in a distant triple supermassive black hole system". Nature (published July 2014). 511 (7507): 57–60. Bibcode:2014Natur.511...57D. PMID 24990745. arXiv:1406.6365Freely accessible. doi:10.1038/nature13454. 
  13. ^ Schawinski, Kevin; Urry, Meg; Treister, Ezequiel; Simmons, Brooke; Natarajan, Priyamvada; Glikman, Eilat (29 November 2011). "Evidence for Three Accreting Black Holes in a Galaxy at z ~ 1.35: A Snapshot of Recently Formed Black Hole Seeds?". The Astrophysical Journal Letters (published December 2011). 743 (2): 6. Bibcode:2011ApJ...743L..37S. arXiv:1111.6973Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/743/2/L37. L37. 
  14. ^ Liu, Xin; Shen, Yue; Strauss, Michael A. (18 April 2011). "Cosmic Train Wreck by Massive Black Holes: Discovery of a Kiloparsec-scale Triple Active Galactic Nucleus". The Astrophysical Journal Letters (published July 2011). 736 (1): 5. Bibcode:2011ApJ...736L...7L. arXiv:1104.3391Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/736/1/L7. L7. 

External links[edit]