List of cities in Ontario

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A city is a subtype of municipalities in the Canadian province of Ontario. A city can have the municipal status of either a single-tier or lower-tier municipality.

Ontario has 51 cities[1] that had a cumulative population of 9,293,031 and an average population of 182,216 in the 2011 Census.[2] Ontario's largest and smallest cities are Toronto and Dryden with populations of 2,615,060 and 7,617 respectively.[2]

Ontario's newest city is Markham, which changed from a town to a city on July 1, 2012.[3]

History[edit]

Under the former Municipal Act, 1990, a city was both an urban and a local municipality.[4] Under this former legislation, the Municipal Board could change the status of a village or town to a city, upon review of an application from the village or town, if it had a population of 15,000 or more.[4] The Municipal Board could also incorporate a township as a city under the same conditions with the exception that the population requirements was 25,000 or more.[4] In the event an application was received from a village, town or township located within a county, the application could have only been approved by the Municipal Board if authorized by the Minister of Municipal Affairs.[4]

In the transition to the Municipal Act, 2001, these requirements were abandoned and, as at December 31, 2002, every city that:[5]

  • "existed and formed part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a lower-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city; and
  • "existed and did not form part of a county, a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford for municipal purposes" became a single-tier municipality yet retained its name as a city.

The current legislation also provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to name themselves as "cities", or other former municipal status types such as "towns", "villages" or "townships", or generically as "municipalities".[6]

Cities in Ontario[edit]

Name[1][2] Municipal
status[1]
Census division[1][7] Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Barrie[ON 1] Single-tier Simcoe 136,063[8] 128,430 5.9 77.39 1,758.1
Belleville Single-tier Hastings 49,454 48,821 1.3 247.21 200
Brampton[ON 2] Lower-tier Peel 523,911 433,806 20.8 266.34 1,967.1
Brant Single-tier Brant 35,638 34,415 3.6 843.29 42.3
Brantford[ON 3] Single-tier Brant 93,650 90,192 3.8 72.47 1,292.3
Brockville Single-tier Leeds and Grenville 21,870 21,957 −0.4 20.9 1,046.2
Burlington Lower-tier Halton 175,779 164,415 6.9 185.66 946.8
Cambridge[ON 4] Lower-tier Waterloo 126,748 120,371 5.3 113 1,121.7
Clarence-Rockland Lower-tier Prescott and Russell 23,185 20,790 11.5 297.86 77.8
Cornwall Single-tier Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 46,340 45,965 0.8 61.52 753.2
Dryden[ON 5] Single-tier Kenora 7,617 8,195 −7.1 65.84 115.7
Elliot Lake Single-tier Algoma 11,348 11,549 −1.7 714.56 15.9
Greater Sudbury[ON 6] Single-tier Sudbury 160,274 157,857 1.5 3,227.38 49.7
Guelph[ON 7] Single-tier Wellington 121,688 114,943 5.9 87.2 1,395.4
Haldimand County Single-tier Haldimand 44,876 45,212 −0.7 1,251.57 35.9
Hamilton[ON 8] Single-tier Hamilton 519,949 504,559 3.1 1,117.23 465.4
Kawartha Lakes Single-tier Kawartha Lakes 73,214 74,561 −1.8 3,083.06 23.7
Kenora Single-tier Kenora 15,348 15,177 1.1 211.75 72.5
Kingston[ON 9] Single-tier Frontenac 123,363 117,207 5.3 451.17 273.4
Kitchener[ON 10] Lower-tier Waterloo 219,153 204,668 7.1 136.79 1,602.1
London[ON 11] Single-tier Middlesex 366,151 352,395 3.9 420.57 870.6
Markham[ON 12] Lower-tier York 301,709 261,573 15.3 212.58 1,419.3
Mississauga[ON 13] Lower-tier Peel 713,443 668,599 6.7 292.4 2,439.9
Niagara Falls[ON 14] Lower-tier Niagara 82,997 82,184 1 209.71 395.8
Norfolk County Single-tier Norfolk 63,175 62,563 1 1,607.6 39.3
North Bay Single-tier Nipissing 53,651 53,966 −0.6 319.05 168.2
Orillia Single-tier Simcoe 30,586 30,259 1.1 28.61 1,069.2
Oshawa[ON 15] Lower-tier Durham 149,607 141,590 5.7 145.68 1,027
Ottawa[ON 16] Single-tier Ottawa 883,391 812,129 8.8 2,790.22 316.6
Owen Sound Lower-tier Grey 21,688 21,753 −0.3 24.22 895.5
Pembroke[ON 17] Single-tier Renfrew 14,360 13,930 3.1 14.35 1,000.7
Peterborough[ON 18] Single-tier Peterborough 78,698 75,406 4.4 63.8 1,233.6
Pickering Lower-tier Durham 88,721 87,838 1 231.59 383.1
Port Colborne Lower-tier Niagara 18,424 18,599 −0.9 121.97 151.1
Prince Edward County Single-tier Prince Edward 25,258 25,496 −0.9 1,050.45 24
Quinte West Single-tier Hastings 43,086 42,697 0.9 494.15 87.2
Sarnia Lower-tier Lambton 72,366 71,419 1.3 164.71 439.4
Sault Ste. Marie Single-tier Algoma 75,141 74,948 0.3 223.26 336.6
St. Catharines[ON 19] Lower-tier Niagara 131,400 131,989 −0.4 96.11 1,367.2
St. Thomas Single-tier Elgin 37,905 36,110 5 35.52 1,067.3
Stratford Single-tier Perth 30,886 30,516 1.2 26.95 1,146
Temiskaming Shores Single-tier Timiskaming 10,400 10,442 −0.4 177.91 58.5
Thorold Lower-tier Niagara 17,931 18,224 −1.6 83 216
Thunder Bay[ON 20] Single-tier Thunder Bay 108,359 109,160 −0.7 328.24 330.1
Timmins Single-tier Cochrane 43,165 42,997 0.4 2,979.15 14.5
Toronto[ON 21] Single-tier Toronto 2,615,060 2,503,281 4.5 630.21 4,149.5
Vaughan Lower-tier York 288,301 238,866 20.7 273.52 1,054
Waterloo[ON 22] Lower-tier Waterloo 98,780 97,475 1.3 64.02 1,542.9
Welland Lower-tier Niagara 50,631 50,331 0.6 81.09 624.4
Windsor[ON 23] Single-tier Essex 210,891 216,473 −2.6 146.32 1,441.3
Woodstock Lower-tier Oxford 37,754 35,822 5.4 49 770.5
Total cities 9,293,383 8,782,120 5.8 25,918.15 358.6

Notes:

  1. ^ The Barrie census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed around the City of Barrie.
  2. ^ Brampton is Canada's ninth-largest city.
  3. ^ The Brantford CMA includes the City of Brantford as well as the County of Brant, which is a single-tier city.
  4. ^ The City of Cambridge, as well as the cities of Kitchener and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  5. ^ Dryden is Ontario's smallest city by population.
  6. ^ Greater Sudbury is Ontario's largest city by area. The Greater Sudbury CMA is formed around the City of Greater Sudbury.
  7. ^ The Guelph CMA is formed around the City of Guelph.
  8. ^ Hamilton is Canada's tenth-largest city. The Hamilton CMA includes the cities of Burlington and Hamilton.
  9. ^ The Kingston CMA is formed around the City of Kingston.
  10. ^ The City of Kitchener, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Waterloo, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  11. ^ The London CMA includes the cities of London and St. Thomas.
  12. ^ Markham is Ontario's newest city, incorporated July 1, 2012
  13. ^ Mississauga is Canada's sixth-largest city.
  14. ^ The City of Niagara Falls, as well as the cities of Port Colborne, St. Catharines, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  15. ^ The Oshawa CMA is formed around the City of Oshawa.
  16. ^ Ottawa is Canada's capital and fourth-largest city. The Ontario portion of the Ottawa - Gatineau CMA includes the cities of Clarence-Rockland and Ottawa.
  17. ^ Pembroke is Ontario's smallest city by area.
  18. ^ The Peterborough CMA is formed around the City of Peterborough.
  19. ^ The City of St. Catharines, as well as the cities of Niagara Falls, Port Colborne, Thorold and Welland, form parts of the St. Catharines - Niagara CMA.
  20. ^ The Thunder Bay CMA is formed around the City of Thunder Bay.
  21. ^ Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's and Ontario's largest city by population. The Toronto CMA includes the cities of Brampton, Mississauga, Pickering, Toronto and Vaughan.
  22. ^ The City of Waterloo, as well as the cities of Cambridge and Kitchener, form parts of the Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA.
  23. ^ The Windsor CMA is formed around the City of Windsor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Markham to change from town to city". CBC News. May 30, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1990, Chapter M.45". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Municipal Councillor's Guide". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.