List of municipalities in Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia is the seventh-most populous of Canada's provinces and territories with 921,727 residents as of 2011 and is the second-smallest province in land area at approximately 52,939 km2 (20,440 sq mi). Nova Scotia's 60 incorporated municipalities are either upper-tier counties, which contains or lower-tier towns or municipal districts, or single-tier regional municipalities. Nova Scotia's 45 single-tier or lower-tier municipalities cover only 49.9% of the territory's land mass, but are home to 79.1% of its population. Municipalities in Nova Scotia are incorporated under the Municipal Government Act. This act gives municipal councils the power to make bylaws for “health, well being, safety and protection of persons” and “safety and protection of property” in addition to a few express powers.
Nova Scotia has two levels of municipal government with the exception of former counties of Cape Breton, Halifax and Queens which were contiguous with the current single-tier regional municipalities of Cape Breton, Halifax, and Queens. The 15 counties cover all territory in Nova Scotia apart from the three aforementioned regional municipalities, and contain all lower-tier municipalities.
Nova Scotia has three single-tier regional municipalities which are the only local municipality type in Nova Scotia to not also have a county level government. The largest regional municipality by population is Halifax which is the capital and largest municipality of Nova Scotia. Halifax's 390,096 residents represent 42.32% of the total population of the province. Halifax is also the largest municipality by area with 5,490.28km².
A town is a type of municipality in the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia. Towns are incorporated by order by the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board pursuant to sections 383 through 388 of Nova Scotia's Municipal Government Act.
Nova Scotia had 31 towns at the time of the 2011 Census. This total was reduced to 30 when Canso dissolved on July 1, 2012 to become part of the Municipality of the District of Guysborough. In the 2011 Census, the remaining 30 towns had a cumulative population of 106,564 and an average population of 3,552. Nova Scotia's largest and smallest towns are Truro and Annapolis Royal with populations of 12,059 and 481 respectively.
Nova Scotia has 12 municipal districts.
List of lower-tier municipalities
|Cape Breton||Regional Municipality||97,398||102,250||−4.7||2,433.35||40.0|
|East Hants||Municipal District||22,111||21,397||3.3||1,786.47||12.4|
|St. Mary's||Municipal District||2,354||2,587||−9.0||1,909.59||1.2|
|West Hants||Municipal District||14,165||13,871||2.1||1,241.95||11.4|
|Total regional municipalities||-||498,411||486,106||2.5||10,316.48||48.3|
|Total municipal districts||-||124,077||126,359||−1.8||17,004.18||7.3|
Nova Scotia has undergone various reforms to local government in the last few decades which has seen various municipalities dissolve and amalgamate into larger municipal units. The City of Sydney, Town of Dominion, Town of Glace Bay, Town of Louisbourg, Town of New Waterford, Town of North Sydney, Town of Sydney Mines, and Municipality of the County of Cape Breton dissolved April 1, 1995 to become part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. The City of Halifax dissolved April 1, 1996 to become part of the Halifax Regional Municipality, City of Dartmouth, Town of Bedford, and Municipality of the County of Halifax dissolved April 1, 1996 to become part of the Halifax Regional Municipality. The Town of Canso dissolved July 1, 2012 to become part of the Municipality of the District of Guysborough, the Town of Bridgetown dissolved April 1, 2015 to become part of the Municipality of the County of Annapolis, the Town of Springhill dissolved April 1, 2015 to become part of the Municipality of the County of Cumberland, and the Town of Hantsport dissolved July 1, 2015 to become part of the Municipality of the District of West Hants.
- Demographics of Nova Scotia
- Geography of Nova Scotia
- List of census agglomerations in Atlantic Canada
- List of communities in Nova Scotia
- List of counties of Nova Scotia
- List of designated places in Nova Scotia
- List of population centres in Nova Scotia
- List of towns in Nova Scotia
- List of villages in Nova Scotia
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 13, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Municipal Government Act". Office of the Legislative Counsel, Nova Scotia House of Assembly. June 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Decision NSUARB-MB-10-2" (PDF). Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.