List of municipalities in Nova Scotia

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Map of Canada with Nova Scotia highlighted in red
Location of Nova Scotia in Canada

Nova Scotia is the seventh-most populous of Canada's provinces and territories with 921,727 residents as of 2011 and is the second-smallest province in land area at approximately 52,939 km2 (20,440 sq mi).[1] Nova Scotia's 60 incorporated municipalities are either upper-tier counties, which contains or lower-tier towns or municipal districts, or single-tier regional municipalities. Nova Scotia's 45 single-tier or lower-tier municipalities cover only 49.9% of the territory's land mass, but are home to 79.1% of its population. Municipalities in Nova Scotia are incorporated under the Municipal Government Act.[2] This act gives municipal councils the power to make bylaws for “health, well being, safety and protection of persons” and “safety and protection of property” in addition to a few express powers.[3]

Upper-tier municipalities[edit]

Counties of Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia has two levels of municipal government with the exception of former counties of Cape Breton, Halifax and Queens which were contiguous with the current single-tier regional municipalities of Cape Breton, Halifax, and Queens. The 15 counties cover all territory in Nova Scotia apart from the three aforementioned regional municipalities, and contain all lower-tier municipalities.

Name County
Seat
Population
(2011)
Population
(2006)
Population
(2001)
Change (5-year)
(%)
Change (10-year)
(%)
Land
area
(km²)
Population
density
(per km2)
Annapolis Annapolis Royal 20,756 21,438 21,773 −3.2 −4.9 3,184.97 6.5
Antigonish Antigonish 19,589 18,836 19,578 4.0 0.6 1,457.82 13.4
Colchester Truro 50,986 50,023 49,307 1.9 3.4 3,627.69 14.1
Cumberland Amherst 31,353 32,046 32,605 −2.2 −4.0 4,271.14 7.3
Digby Digby 18,036 18,992 19,548 −5.0 −8.4 2,515.23 7.2
Guysborough Guysborough 8,143 9,058 9,827 −10.1 −20.7 4,044.22 2.0
Hants Windsor 42,304 41,182 40,513 2.7 4.4 3,049.08 13.9
Inverness Port Hood 17,947 19,036 19,937 −5.7 −11.1 3,830.40 4.7
Kings Kentville 60,589 60,035 58,866 0.9 2.9 2,122.18 28.5
Lunenburg Lunenburg 47,313 47,150 47,591 0.3 −0.6 2,907.93 16.2
Pictou Pictou 45,643 46,513 46,965 −1.9 −2.9 2,845.26 16.0
Richmond Arichat 9,293 9,740 10,225 −4.6 −10.0 1,244.24 7.5
Shelburne Shelburne 14,496 15,544 16,231 −6.7 −12.0 2,464.65 5.9
Victoria Baddeck 7,115 7,594 7,962 −6.3 −11.9 2,870.85 2.5
Yarmouth Yarmouth 25,275 26,277 26,843 −3.8 −6.2 2,123.25 11.9
Total counties - 418,838 423,464 431,133 −1.1 −2.9 42,558.91 9.8

Lower-tier municipalities[edit]

Map of present day Nova Scotia
Map of Nova Scotia, showing the major population centres

Regional municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has three regional municipalities. The largest municipality by population is Halifax which is the capital of Nova Scotia. Halifax's 390,096 residents represent 42.32% of the total population of the province. Halifax is also the largest municipality by area with 5,490.28km².

Towns[edit]

A town is a type of municipality in the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia. Towns are incorporated by order by the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board pursuant to sections 383 through 388 of Nova Scotia's Municipal Government Act.[4]

Nova Scotia had 31 towns at the time of the 2011 Census.[5] This total was reduced to 30 when Canso dissolved on July 1, 2012 to become part of the Municipality of the District of Guysborough.[6] In the 2011 Census, the remaining 30 towns had a cumulative population of 106,564 and an average population of 3,552. Nova Scotia's largest and smallest towns are Truro and Annapolis Royal with populations of 12,059 and 481 respectively.[5]

Municipal districts[edit]

Nova Scotia has 12 municipal districts.

List of lower-tier municipalities[edit]

Skyline of Halifax
Halifax is Nova Scotia's capital and largest municipality.
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Cape Breton is Nova Scotia's second-largest municipality.
Lunenburg harbourfront
The harbourfront of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia's third-largest municipality.
Name Municipal Type Population
(2011)
Population
(2006)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km²)
Population
density
(per km2)
Cape Breton Regional Municipality 97,398 102,250 −4.7 2,433.35 40.0
Halifax Regional Municipality 390,096 372,679 4.7 5,490.28 71.1
Queens Regional Municipality 10,917 11,177 −2.3 2,392.85 4.6
Amherst Town 9,717 9,505 2.2 12.02 808.4
Annapolis Royal Town 481 444 8.3 2.04 235.8
Antigonish Town 4,524 4,236 6.8 5.15 879.2
Berwick Town 2,454 2,454 0.0 6.66 368.6
Bridgetown Town 949 972 −2.4 3.54 267.8
Bridgewater Town 8,241 7,944 3.7 13.60 605.8
Clark's Harbour Town 820 860 −4.7 2.9 282.7
Digby Town 2,152 2,092 2.9 3.14 686.1
Hantsport Town 1,159 1,191 −2.7 2.13 544.6
Kentville Town 6,094 5,815 4.8 17.35 351.2
Lockeport Town 588 646 −9.0 2.32 253.4
Lunenburg Town 2,313 2,317 −0.2 4.01 576.9
Mahone Bay Town 943 904 4.3 3.13 301.4
Middleton Town 1,749 1,829 −4.4 5.44 321.6
Mulgrave Town 794 879 −9.7 17.81 44.6
New Glasgow Town 9,562 9,455 1.1 9.93 963.3
Oxford Town 1,151 1,178 −2.3 10.76 106.9
Parrsboro Town 1,305 1,401 −6.9 14.88 87.7
Pictou Town 3,437 3,813 −9.9 7.94 432.9
Port Hawkesbury Town 3,366 3,517 −4.3 8.11 414.8
Shelburne Town 1,686 1,879 −10.3 9.00 187.3
Springhill Town 3,868 3,941 −1.9 11.15 346.8
Stellarton Town 4,485 4,717 −4.9 8.99 498.8
Stewiacke Town 1,438 1,421 1.2 17.67 81.4
Trenton Town 2,616 2,741 −4.6 6.00 435.7
Truro Town 12,059 11,765 2.5 37.63 320.5
Westville Town 3,798 3,805 −0.2 14.39 264.0
Windsor Town 3,785 3,709 2.0 9.06 417.8
Wolfville Town 4,269 3,772 13.2 6.45 661.7
Yarmouth Town 6,761 7,162 −5.6 10.56 640.3
Argyle Municipal District 8,252 8,656 −4.7 1,528.10 5.4
Barrington Municipal District 6,994 7,331 −4.6 631.94 11.1
Chester Municipal District 10,599 10,741 −1.3 1,122.22 9.4
Clare Municipal District 8,319 8,813 −5.6 852.82 9.8
Digby Municipal District 7,463 7,986 −6.5 1,655.88 4.5
East Hants Municipal District 22,111 21,397 3.3 1,786.47 12.4
Guysborough Municipal District 4,189 4,681 −10.5 2,111.42 2.0
Lunenburg Municipal District 25,118 25,164 −0.2 1,759.64 14.3
Shelburne Municipal District 4,408 4,828 −8.7 1,818.49 2.4
St. Mary's Municipal District 2,354 2,587 −9.0 1,909.59 1.2
West Hants Municipal District 14,165 13,871 2.1 1,241.95 11.4
Yarmouth Municipal District 10,105 10,304 −1.9 585.75 17.3
Total regional municipalities - 498,411 486,106 2.5 10,316.48 48.3
Total municipal districts - 124,077 126,359 −1.8 17,004.18 7.3
Total towns - 106,564 106,364 0.2 283.76 375.5
Total municipalities - 729,052 718,829 1.4 27,604.42 26.4

Former municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has three former cities, which were added to the regional municipalities in the 1990s: Halifax, was the capital city of Nova Scotia, but became part of the Halifax Regional Municipality, which remains Nova Scotia's capital, Dartmouth, was the second largest city in Nova Scotia, but became part of the Halifax Regional Municipality, and Sydney, was the smallest city in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island's largest settlement, but became part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 13, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.canlii.org/en/ns/laws/stat/sns-1998-c-18/latest/part-1/sns-1998-c-18-part-1.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.community.gov.yk.ca/pdf/ma_pt.pdf
  4. ^ "Municipal Government Act". Office of the Legislative Counsel, Nova Scotia House of Assembly. June 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Decision NSUARB-MB-10-2" (PDF). Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.