List of cities in British Columbia

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Map of British Columbia with its notable cities.

A city is a classification of municipalities used in the Canadian province of British Columbia. British Columbia's Lieutenant Governor in Council may incorporate a community as a city by letters patent, under the recommendation of the Minister of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development, if its population is greater than 5,000 and the outcome of a vote involving affected residents was that greater than 50% voted in favour of the proposed incorporation.[1]

British Columbia has 52 cities[2][3][4] that had a cumulative population of 3,327,824 and an average population of 63,997 in the 2016 Census.[5] British Columbia's largest and smallest cities are Vancouver and Greenwood with populations of 631,486 and 665 respectively.[5] The largest city by land area is Abbotsford, which spans 375.55 km2 (145.00 sq mi), while the smallest is Duncan, at 2.07 km2 (0.80 sq mi).[5]

The first community to incorporate as a city was New Westminster on July 16, 1860,[2] while the province's newest city is Delta, which was redesignated from a district municipality to a city on September 22, 2017.[4]

List[edit]

Name Corporate name[2] Regional district[2] Incorporation date[2] Population (2016)[5] Population (2011)[5] Change (%)[5] Area (km2)[5] Population density[5]
Abbotsford Abbotsford, City of Fraser Valley December 12, 1995 141,397 133,497 5.9 375.55 376.5
Armstrong Armstrong, City of North Okanagan March 31, 1913 5,114 4,830 5.9 5.22 979.8
Burnaby Burnaby, City of Metro Vancouver September 22, 1892 232,755 223,218 4.3 90.61 2,568.7
Campbell River Campbell River, City of Strathcona June 24, 1947 32,588 31,186 4.5 144.36 225.7
Castlegar Castlegar, City of Central Kootenay January 1, 1974 8,039 7,816 2.9 19.67 408.6
Chilliwack Chilliwack, City of Fraser Valley April 26, 1873 83,788 77,936 7.5 261.65 320.2
Colwood Colwood, City of Capital June 24, 1985 16,859 16,093 4.8 17.67 954.2
Coquitlam Coquitlam, City of Metro Vancouver July 25, 1891 139,284 126,804 9.8 122.30 1,138.9
Courtenay Courtenay, The Corporation of the City of Comox Valley January 1, 1915 25,599 24,216 5.7 29.38 789.9
Cranbrook Cranbrook, The Corporation of the City of East Kootenay November 1, 1905 20,047 19,319 3.8 32.00 626.6
Dawson Creek Dawson Creek, The Corporation of the City of Peace River May 26, 1936 12,178 11,583 5.1 24.37 499.8
Delta Delta, City of Metro Vancouver September 22, 2017[4] 102,238 99,863 2.4 180.20 567.4
Duncan Duncan, The Corporation of the City of Cowichan Valley March 4, 1912 4,944 4,932 0.2 2.07 2,387.1
Enderby Enderby, The Corporation of the City of North Okanagan March 1, 1905 2,964 2,932 1.1 4.26 695.3
Fernie Fernie, The Corporation of the City of East Kootenay July 28, 1904 5,249 4,448 18.0 13.50 388.7
Fort St. John Fort St. John, City of Peace River December 31, 1947 20,155 18,609 8.3 26.27 767.3
Grand Forks Grand Forks, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary April 15, 1897 4,049 3,985 1.6 10.43 388.1
Greenwood Greenwood, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary July 12, 1897 665 708 −6.1 2.42 274.9
Kamloops Kamloops, City of Thompson-Nicola October 17, 1967 90,280 85,678 5.4 299.25 301.7
Kelowna Kelowna, City of Central Okanagan May 4, 1905 127,380 117,312 8.6 211.85 601.3
Kimberley Kimberley, City of East Kootenay March 29, 1944 7,425 6,652 11.6 60.62 122.5
Langford Langford, City of Capital December 8, 1992 35,342 29,228 20.9 39.94 885.0
Langley Langley, City of Metro Vancouver March 15, 1955 25,888 25,081 3.2 10.22 2,533.6
Maple Ridge Maple Ridge, City of Metro Vancouver September 12, 2014[6] 82,256 76,052 8.2 266.78 308.3
Merritt Merritt, City of Thompson-Nicola April 1, 1911 7,139 7,113 0.4 26.07 273.9
Nanaimo Nanaimo, City of Nanaimo December 24, 1874 90,504 83,810 8.0 90.76 997.2
Nelson Nelson, The Corporation of the City of Central Kootenay March 18, 1897 10,572 10,230 3.3 11.95 884.3
New Westminster New Westminster, The Corporation of the City of Metro Vancouver July 16, 1860 70,996 65,976 7.6 15.63 4,543.4
North Vancouver North Vancouver, The Corporation of the City of Metro Vancouver August 10, 1891 52,898 48,196 1.8 11.85 4,465.1
Parksville Parksville, City of Nanaimo June 19, 1945 12,514 11,977 4.5 14.56 859.6
Penticton Penticton, The Corporation of the City of Okanagan-Similkameen January 1, 1909 33,761 32,877 2.7 42.10 801.8
Pitt Meadows Pitt Meadows, City of Metro Vancouver April 25, 1914 18,573 17,736 4.7 86.51 214.7
Port Alberni Port Alberni, City of Alberni-Clayoquot October 28, 1967 17,678 17,743 −0.4 19.76 894.7
Port Coquitlam Port Coquitlam, The Corporation of the City of Metro Vancouver March 7, 1913 58,612 55,958 4.7 29.17 2,009.4
Port Moody Port Moody, City of Metro Vancouver March 11, 1913 33,551 33,011 1.6 25.89 1,295.9
Powell River Powell River, The Corporation of the City of Powell River October 15, 1955 13,157 13,165 −0.1 28.91 455.1
Prince George Prince George, City of Fraser-Fort George March 6, 1915 74,003 71,974 2.8 318.26 232.5
Prince Rupert Prince Rupert, City of Skeena-Queen Charlotte March 10, 1910 12,220 12,508 −2.3 66.28 184.4
Quesnel Quesnel, City of Cariboo March 21, 1928 9,879 10,007 −1.3 35.39 279.2
Revelstoke Revelstoke, City of Columbia Shuswap March 1, 1899 7,547 7,139 5.7 41.13 183.5
Richmond Richmond, City of Metro Vancouver November 10, 1879 198,309 190,473 4.1 129.27 1,534.1
Rossland Rossland, The Corporation of the City of Kootenay Boundary March 18, 1897 3,729 3,556 4.9 59.79 62.4
Salmon Arm Salmon Arm, City of Columbia Shuswap May 15, 1905 17,706 17,464 1.4 155.28 114.0
Surrey Surrey, City of Metro Vancouver November 10, 1879 517,887 468,251 10.6 316.41 1,636.8
Terrace Terrace, City of Kitimat-Stikine December 31, 1927 11,643 11,486 1.4 57.36 203.0
Trail Trail, City of Kootenay Boundary June 14, 1901 7,709 7,681 0.4 34.93 220.7
Vancouver[a] Vancouver, City of Metro Vancouver April 6, 1886 631,486 603,502 4.6 114.97 5,492.6
Vernon Vernon, The Corporation of the City of North Okanagan December 30, 1892 40,116 38,180 5.1 96.05 417.7
Victoria[b] Victoria, The Corporation of the City of Capital August 2, 1862 85,792 80,017 7.2 19.47 4,305.8
West Kelowna West Kelowna, City of Central Okanagan June 26, 2015[3] 32,655 30,902 5.7 123.53 264.4
White Rock White Rock, The Corporation of the City of Metro Vancouver April 15, 1957 19,952 19,339 3.2 5.12 3,893.1
Williams Lake Williams Lake, City of Cariboo March 15, 1929 10,753 10,832 −0.7 33.13 324.6
Total cities 3,327,824 3,133,081 4.5 4,263.15 1,081.81

Notes:

  1. ^ Vancouver is Canada's eighth-largest city and British Columbia's largest city by population. The Vancouver CMA includes the cities of Burnaby, Coquitlam, Langley, Maple Ridge, New Westminster, North Vancouver, Pitt Meadows, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Richmond, Surrey, Vancouver and White Rock.
  2. ^ Victoria is British Columbia's capital. The Victoria CMA includes the cities of Colwood, Langford and Victoria.

Former cities[edit]

Sandon held city status between 1898 and 1920.[7] Phoenix held city status between 1900 and 1919.[8]

City status eligibility[edit]

As of the 2016 Census, eight townsComox, Creston, Ladysmith, Osoyoos, Qualicum Beach, Sidney, Smithers and View Royal – meet the requirement of having populations greater than 5,000 to incorporate as a city. Also, 19 district municipalities meet the minimum population requirements to incorporate as a city.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Government Act: Part 2 — Incorporation of Municipalities". Government of British Columbia Queen's Printer. November 12, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Order in Council No. 357". Province of British Columbia. June 26, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Order in Council No. 362". Province of British Columbia. September 22, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses (British Columbia)". Statistics Canada. February 20, 2019. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  6. ^ "Order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council: Order in Council No. 513" (PDF). Province of British Columbia. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
  7. ^ "From Boom to Bust in 20 Years: Sandon's History as an Incorporated City". Sandon Museum. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  8. ^ "Name Details: Phoenix (Abandoned Locality)". GeoBC. Retrieved June 27, 2013.