Major professional sports teams of the United States and Canada

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This article is a list of teams that play in one of the six major sports leagues in the United States and Canada: the Canadian Football League (CFL), Major League Baseball (MLB), Major League Soccer (MLS), the National Basketball Association (NBA), the National Football League (NFL), and the National Hockey League (NHL).

Future expansion teams whose inaugural seasons are confirmed are also included in this list.


This list does not include minor league teams. The leagues included and abbreviations used for those leagues are as follows:

  • Canadian Football League – (CFL)
  • Major League Baseball – (MLB)
  • Major League Soccer – (MLS)
  • National Basketball Association – (NBA)
  • National Football League – (NFL)
  • National Hockey League – (NHL)

Est. represents the first year the team played in its current media market. For brevity, only the most recent nicknames for teams that have had multiple nicknames in their current media market are listed.


Team City State/Province League Est. Franchise notes Ref
Anaheim Ducks Anaheim California NHL 1993 [1]
Arizona Cardinals Glendale Arizona NFL 1988 Previously the Chicago Cardinals (1920–1959) and St. Louis Cardinals (1960–1987).
Arizona Coyotes Glendale Arizona NHL 1996 Previously the Winnipeg Jets (1972–1996). [1]
Arizona Diamondbacks Phoenix Arizona MLB 1998
Atlanta Braves Atlanta Georgia MLB 1966 Previously the Boston Braves (1871–1952) and Milwaukee Braves (1953–1965).
Atlanta Falcons Atlanta Georgia NFL 1966
Atlanta Hawks Atlanta Georgia NBA 1968 Previously the Tri-Cities Blackhawks (1949–1951), Milwaukee Hawks (1951–1955) and St. Louis Hawks (1955–1968).
Atlanta United FC Atlanta Georgia MLS 2017
Austin FC Austin Texas MLS 2021 Expansion team that will begin play in 2021.
Baltimore Orioles Baltimore Maryland MLB 1954 Previously the Milwaukee Brewers (1901) and St. Louis Browns (1902–1953).
Baltimore Ravens Baltimore Maryland NFL 1996 The NFL considers the Ravens to have been created in 1996, despite being the same corporate entity as the previous season's Cleveland Browns. See also Cleveland Browns relocation controversy.
BC Lions Vancouver British Columbia CFL 1954 [2]
Boston Bruins Boston Massachusetts NHL 1924 [1]
Boston Celtics Boston Massachusetts NBA 1946
Boston Red Sox Boston Massachusetts MLB 1901
Brooklyn Nets New York City New York NBA 1967 Previously known as the New Jersey Americans (1967–1968), New York Nets (1968–1977) and New Jersey Nets (1977–2012).
Buffalo Bills Orchard Park New York NFL 1960
Buffalo Sabres Buffalo New York NHL 1970 [1]
Calgary Flames Calgary Alberta NHL 1980 Previously the Atlanta Flames (1972–1980). [1][3]
Calgary Stampeders Calgary Alberta CFL 1945 [4]
Carolina Hurricanes Raleigh North Carolina NHL 1997[n 1] Previously the Hartford Whalers (1972–1997). [1]
Carolina Panthers Charlotte North Carolina NFL 1995[n 2]
Charlotte Hornets Charlotte North Carolina NBA 2004 As part of a collaboration between this franchise, the New Orleans Pelicans and the NBA, the history of the original Charlotte Hornets (1988–2002), along with the history of the Charlotte Bobcats, are all now part of the history of the current Hornets franchise.[5]
Charlotte MLS team Charlotte North Carolina MLS 2021 Expansion team that will begin play in 2021.
Chicago Bears Chicago Illinois NFL 1921 Previously the Decatur Staleys (1920).
Chicago Blackhawks Chicago Illinois NHL 1926 [1]
Chicago Bulls Chicago Illinois NBA 1966
Chicago Cubs Chicago Illinois MLB 1870
Chicago Fire Bridgeview Illinois MLS 1997
Chicago White Sox Chicago Illinois MLB 1901
Cincinnati Bengals Cincinnati Ohio NFL 1968
Cincinnati Reds Cincinnati Ohio MLB 1882
FC Cincinnati Cincinnati Ohio MLS 2019
Cleveland Browns Cleveland Ohio NFL 1946 The original Browns relocated to Baltimore, Maryland and became the Baltimore Ravens in 1996. The NFL considers the original team and the current, founded in 1999, as one franchise. See also Cleveland Browns relocation controversy.
Cleveland Cavaliers Cleveland Ohio NBA 1970
Cleveland Indians Cleveland Ohio MLB 1901
Colorado Avalanche Denver Colorado NHL 1995 Previously the Quebec Nordiques (1972–1995). [1]
Colorado Rapids Commerce City Colorado MLS 1996
Colorado Rockies Denver Colorado MLB 1993
Columbus Blue Jackets Columbus Ohio NHL 2000 [1]
Columbus Crew SC Columbus Ohio MLS 1996
FC Dallas Frisco Texas MLS 1996
Dallas Cowboys Arlington Texas NFL 1960
Dallas Mavericks Dallas Texas NBA 1980
Dallas Stars Dallas Texas NHL 1993 Previously the Minnesota North Stars (1967–1993). [1]
D.C. United Washington District of Columbia MLS 1996
Denver Broncos Denver Colorado NFL 1960
Denver Nuggets Denver Colorado NBA 1967
Detroit Lions Detroit Michigan NFL 1934 Previously the Portsmouth Spartans (1929–1933).
Detroit Pistons Detroit Michigan NBA 1957 Previously the Fort Wayne Pistons (1948–1957).
Detroit Red Wings Detroit Michigan NHL 1926 [1]
Detroit Tigers Detroit Michigan MLB 1901
Edmonton Eskimos Edmonton Alberta CFL 1949
Edmonton Oilers Edmonton Alberta NHL 1972 [1]
Florida Panthers Sunrise Florida NHL 1993 [1]
Golden State Warriors San Francisco California NBA 1962 Previously the Philadelphia Warriors (1946–1962).
Green Bay Packers Green Bay Wisconsin NFL 1921
Hamilton Tiger-Cats Hamilton Ontario CFL 1950 Formed by the merger of the Hamilton Tigers (1869) and Hamilton Wildcats (1941).
Houston Astros Houston Texas MLB 1962
Houston Dynamo Houston Texas MLS 2006 Formed from by the transfer of the roster of the San Jose Earthquakes, who went on hiatus.
Houston Rockets Houston Texas NBA 1971 Previously the San Diego Rockets (1967–1971).
Houston Texans Houston Texas NFL 2002
Indiana Pacers Indianapolis Indiana NBA 1967
Indianapolis Colts Indianapolis Indiana NFL 1984 Previously the Baltimore Colts (1953–1983). See also Baltimore Colts relocation to Indianapolis.
Jacksonville Jaguars Jacksonville Florida NFL 1995
Sporting Kansas City Kansas City Kansas MLS 1996 Played in Kansas City, Missouri 1996–2008.
Kansas City Chiefs Kansas City Missouri NFL 1963 Previously the Dallas Texans (1960–1962).
Kansas City Royals Kansas City Missouri MLB 1969
LA Galaxy Carson California MLS 1996
Las Vegas Raiders Las Vegas Nevada NFL 2020 Previously the Oakland Raiders (1960–1982 and 1995–2019) and Los Angeles Raiders (1982–1994).
Los Angeles Angels Anaheim California MLB 1961
Los Angeles Chargers Carson California NFL 2017 Previously the San Diego Chargers (1961–2016). Previously located in Los Angeles in 1960.
Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles California NBA 1984 Previously the Buffalo Braves (1970–1978) and San Diego Clippers (1978–1984).
Los Angeles Dodgers Los Angeles California MLB 1958 Previously the Brooklyn Dodgers (1884–1957).
Los Angeles FC Los Angeles California MLS 2018
Los Angeles Kings Los Angeles California NHL 1967 [1]
Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles California NBA 1960 Previously the Minneapolis Lakers (1948–1960).
Los Angeles Rams Los Angeles California NFL 2016 Previously the Cleveland Rams (1937–1945) and St. Louis Rams (1995–2015). Previously located in Los Angeles from 1946–1994.
Memphis Grizzlies Memphis Tennessee NBA 2001 Previously the Vancouver Grizzlies (1995–2001). See also Vancouver Grizzlies relocation to Memphis.
Miami Dolphins Miami Gardens Florida NFL 1966
Miami Heat Miami Florida NBA 1988
Inter Miami Fort Lauderdale Florida MLS 2020 Expansion team that will begin play in 2020.
Miami Marlins Miami Florida MLB 1993
Milwaukee Brewers Milwaukee Wisconsin MLB 1970 Previously the Seattle Pilots (1969).
Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee Wisconsin NBA 1968
Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis Minnesota NBA 1989
Minnesota Twins Minneapolis Minnesota MLB 1961 Previously the Washington Senators (1901–1960).
Minnesota United FC St. Paul Minnesota MLS 2017
Minnesota Vikings Minneapolis Minnesota NFL 1961
Minnesota Wild St. Paul Minnesota NHL 2000 [1]
Montreal Alouettes Montreal Quebec CFL 1946/1996 The CFL considers all incarnations of the Alouettes one franchise. Current incarnation is a result of a move by the Baltimore Stallions (1994–1995) ownership, but the Stallions are not considered part of the Alouettes franchise.
Montreal Canadiens Montreal Quebec NHL 1909 [1]
Montreal Impact Montreal Quebec MLS 2012
Nashville Predators Nashville Tennessee NHL 1998 [1]
Nashville SC Nashville Tennessee MLS 2020 Expansion team that will begin play in 2020.
New England Patriots Foxborough Massachusetts NFL 1960
New England Revolution Foxborough Massachusetts MLS 1996
New Jersey Devils Newark New Jersey NHL 1982 Previously the Kansas City Scouts (1974–1976) and Colorado Rockies (1976–1982). [1]
New Orleans Pelicans New Orleans Louisiana NBA 2002 Temporarily relocated to Oklahoma City (2005–2007).
New Orleans Saints New Orleans Louisiana NFL 1967
New York City FC New York City New York MLS 2015
New York Giants East Rutherford New Jersey NFL 1925
New York Islanders New York City New York NHL 1972 [1]
New York Jets East Rutherford New Jersey NFL 1960
New York Knicks New York City New York NBA 1946
New York Mets New York City New York MLB 1962
New York Rangers New York City New York NHL 1926 [1]
New York Red Bulls Harrison New Jersey MLS 1996
New York Yankees New York City New York MLB 1903
Oakland Athletics Oakland California MLB 1968 Previously the Philadelphia Athletics (1901–1954) and Kansas City Athletics (1955–1967).
Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City Oklahoma NBA 2008 Previously the Seattle SuperSonics (1967–2008). See also Seattle SuperSonics relocation to Oklahoma City.
Orlando City SC Orlando Florida MLS 2015
Orlando Magic Orlando Florida NBA 1989
Ottawa Redblacks Ottawa Ontario CFL 1876/2002/2014 Since 2017, the CFL has treated all Ottawa-based teams in the CFL and its predecessor leagues as a single entity for record-keeping purposes. The previous teams were the Ottawa Rough Riders (1876–1996) and Ottawa Renegades (2002–2005). [6][7]
Ottawa Senators Ottawa Ontario NHL 1992 [1]
Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia Pennsylvania NBA 1963 Previously the Syracuse Nationals (1949–1963).
Philadelphia Eagles Philadelphia Pennsylvania NFL 1933
Philadelphia Flyers Philadelphia Pennsylvania NHL 1967 [1]
Philadelphia Phillies Philadelphia Pennsylvania MLB 1883
Philadelphia Union Chester Pennsylvania MLS 2010
Phoenix Suns Phoenix Arizona NBA 1968
Pittsburgh Penguins Pittsburgh Pennsylvania NHL 1967 [1]
Pittsburgh Pirates Pittsburgh Pennsylvania MLB 1882
Pittsburgh Steelers Pittsburgh Pennsylvania NFL 1933
Portland Trail Blazers Portland Oregon NBA 1970
Portland Timbers Portland Oregon MLS 2011
Sacramento Kings Sacramento California NBA 1985 Previously the Rochester Royals (1948–1957), Cincinnati Royals (1957–1972) and Kansas City Kings (1972–1985).
Sacramento Republic FC Sacramento California MLS 2022 Expansion team that will begin play in 2022.
Real Salt Lake Sandy Utah MLS 2005
San Antonio Spurs San Antonio Texas NBA 1973 Previously the Dallas Chaparrals (1967–1973).
San Diego Padres San Diego California MLB 1969
San Francisco 49ers Santa Clara California NFL 1946
San Francisco Giants San Francisco California MLB 1958 Previously the New York Giants (1883–1957).
San Jose Earthquakes San Jose California MLS 1996 The franchise was placed on hiatus in 2006, with the roster moving to Houston, Texas to become the Dynamo, and reactivated in 2008.
San Jose Sharks San Jose California NHL 1991 [1]
Saskatchewan Roughriders Regina Saskatchewan CFL 1910
St. Louis Blues St. Louis Missouri NHL 1967 [1]
St. Louis Cardinals St. Louis Missouri MLB 1882
St. Louis MLS team St. Louis Missouri MLS 2022 Expansion team that will begin play in 2022.
Seattle Mariners Seattle Washington MLB 1977
Seattle NHL team Seattle Washington NHL 2021 Expansion team that will begin play in 2021.
Seattle Seahawks Seattle Washington NFL 1976
Seattle Sounders FC Seattle Washington MLS 2009
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Tampa Florida NFL 1976
Tampa Bay Lightning Tampa Florida NHL 1992 [1]
Tampa Bay Rays St. Petersburg Florida MLB 1998
Tennessee Titans Nashville Tennessee NFL 1997[n 3] Previously the Houston Oilers (1960–1996).
Texas Rangers Arlington Texas MLB 1972 Previously the Washington Senators (1961–1971)
Toronto Argonauts Toronto Ontario CFL 1873 [8]
Toronto Blue Jays Toronto Ontario MLB 1977
Toronto FC Toronto Ontario MLS 2007
Toronto Maple Leafs Toronto Ontario NHL 1917 [1]
Toronto Raptors Toronto Ontario NBA 1995
Utah Jazz Salt Lake City Utah NBA 1979 Previously the New Orleans Jazz (1974–1979).
Vancouver Canucks Vancouver British Columbia NHL 1970 [1]
Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver British Columbia MLS 2011
Vegas Golden Knights Paradise Nevada NHL 2017 Expansion team that began play in 2017; first major professional sports team ever in Nevada and in Las Vegas.[9][10]
Washington Capitals Washington District of Columbia NHL 1974 [1]
Washington Nationals Washington District of Columbia MLB 2005 Previously the Montreal Expos (1969–2004). During the franchise's last two seasons as the Expos, it split its home schedule between Montreal and San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Washington Redskins Landover Maryland NFL 1937 Previously the Boston Redskins (1932–1936).
Washington Wizards Washington District of Columbia NBA 1973 Previously the Chicago Packers/Zephyrs (1961–1963), Baltimore Bullets (1963–1973), Capital Bullets (1973–1974) and Washington Bullets (1974–1997).
Winnipeg Blue Bombers Winnipeg Manitoba CFL 1930 [11]
Winnipeg Jets Winnipeg Manitoba NHL 2011 Previously the Atlanta Thrashers (1999–2011). [1]
  1. ^ The Hurricanes did not play in Raleigh until 1999, when the venue now known as PNC Arena opened. The team, as planned, played its first two North Carolina seasons in Greensboro.
  2. ^ The Panthers played their inaugural 1995 season on the campus of Clemson University in South Carolina while the venue now known as Bank of America Stadium was being completed in Charlotte.
  3. ^ The team did not play in Nashville until 1998. When relocating the franchise from Houston to Nashville, owner Bud Adams originally planned for the team to play both the 1997 and 1998 seasons in Memphis as the Tennessee Oilers during the construction of what is now known as Nissan Stadium. Low attendance led Adams to move the team to Nashville a year earlier than planned, playing in Vanderbilt Stadium until the new venue was completed for the 1999 season.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Teams". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  2. ^ "Historical timeline: 1950s". Canadian Football League. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  3. ^ "Calgary Flames history". Calgary Flames Hockey Club. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  4. ^ "The Stamps story". Calgary Stampeders Football Club. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  5. ^ "Charlotte Hornets Name Returns to Carolinas". NBA Media Ventures, LLC. May 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "CFL GUIDE & RECORD BOOK: 2017 EDITION" (PDF). p. 155. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  7. ^ "Ottawa officially announces REDBLACKS as team name". Canadian Football League. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  8. ^ "Historical timeline: 1870s". Canadian Football League. Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  9. ^ Rosen, Dan (June 22, 2016). "Las Vegas awarded NHL franchise". NHL Enterprises, LP. Retrieved June 24, 2016. The NHL becomes the first of the four major North American professional sports leagues to put a team in Las Vegas.
  10. ^ "Introducing the Vegas Golden Knights". NHL Enterprises LP. November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  11. ^ "Historical timeline 1930s". Canadian Football League. Archived from the original on 2011-10-20. Retrieved 2013-06-05.