List of mental disorders

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The following is a list of mental disorders as defined by the DSM and ICD.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry, which includes over 450 different definitions of mental disorders.[1] The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) published by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the international standard system for classifying all medical diseases.[2] It also includes a section on mental and behavioral disorders.

The diagnostic criteria and information in the DSM and ICD are revised and updated with each new version. This list contains conditions which are currently recognized as mental disorders as defined by these two systems. There is disagreement in various fields of mental health care, including the field of psychiatry, over the definitions and criteria used to delineate mental disorders. Of concern to some professionals is whether certain mental disorders should be classified as "mental illnesses" or whether they would be better described as neurological disorders, or in other ways.

Anxiety disorders[edit]

Dissociative disorders[edit]

Mood disorders[edit]

Depressive disorders[edit]

Bipolar disorders[edit]


  • Secondary mood syndrome
  • Substances use induced mood disorder
  • Mania
  • Hypomania

Trauma and stressor related disorders[edit]

Neuro-developmental disorders[edit]

Sleep-wake disorders[edit]


Circadian rhythm sleep disorder[edit]

Neuro-cognitive disorders[edit]

Substance-related and addictive disorders[edit]

Substance related disorders[edit]

Disorders due to use of alcohol[edit]

Disorders due to use of cannabis[edit]

Disorders due to use of synthetic cannabinoids[edit]

Disorders due to use of opioids[edit]

Disorders due to use of sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic[edit]

Disorders due to use of Cocaine[edit]

Disorders due to use of Amphetamines[edit]

Disorders due to use of synthetic cathinone[edit]

Disorders due to use of caffeine[edit]

Disorders due to use of hallucinogens[edit]

Disorders due to use of nicotine[edit]

Disorders due to use of volatile inhalants[edit]

Disorders due to use of dissociative drugs including ketamine and phencyclidine (PCP)[edit]

Non-substance related disorder[edit]


Somatic symptom related disorders[edit]

Sexual dysfunctions[edit]

Elimination disorders[edit]

Feeding and eating disorders[edit]

Disruptive impulse-control, and conduct disorders[edit]

Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders[edit]

Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders[edit]

Personality disorders[edit]

In the DSM[edit]

  • General personality disorder

Cluster A[edit]

Cluster B[edit]

Cluster C[edit]

In the ICD[edit]

In the ICD-11 the category of personality was completely changed instead there are now six prominent personality traits or patterns any of which can be part of a personality disorder: Negative affectivity, Detachment, Dissociality, Disinhibition, Anakastia, and Borderline. Each of these traits can be ratted either mild, moderate, or severe


  • Gender dysphoria (also known as gender integrity disorder or gender incongruence, there are different categorizations for children and non-children in the ICD-11)
  • Medication-induced movement disorders and other adverse effects of medication
  • Catatonia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.
  2. ^ "International Classification of Diseases (ICD)". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.