List of protected areas of Newfoundland and Labrador
This is a list of protected areas of Newfoundland and Labrador.
- 1 National parks
- 2 Provincial parks
- 3 Wilderness and Ecological Reserves
- 4 Privatization
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
- Gros Morne National Park
- Terra Nova National Park
- Torngat Mountains National Park
- Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve
The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Environment and Conservation Department, Parks and Natural Areas Division maintains a number of full-use, day use and natural scenic attraction parks, as well as a set of Provincial Park Reserves in both the island and mainland portions of the province.
The 14 provincial parks provide a variety of day use and camping facilities.
- Barachois Pond Provincial Park - St. George's
- Blow Me Down Provincial Park - Lark Harbour
- Butter Pot Provincial Park - St. John's
- Chance Cove Provincial Park - Renews
- J.T. Cheeseman Provincial Park - Port aux Basques
- Dildo Run Provincial Park - Virgin Arm
- Frenchman's Cove Provincial Park - Frenchman's Cove
- La Manche Provincial Park - St. John's
- Lockston Path Provincial Park - Port Rexton
- Notre Dame Provincial Park - Lewisporte
- Pinware River Provincial Park - Labrador South
- Pistolet Bay Provincial Park - Raleigh
- Sandbanks Provincial Park - Burgeo
- Sir Richard Squires Memorial Provincial Park - Deer Lake
Natural and Scenic Attractions
- The Arches Provincial Park - Rocky Harbour
- Cataracts Provincial Park - Colinet
- Codroy Valley Provincial Park - Channel-Port aux Basques
- Deadman's Bay Provincial Park - Lumsden
- Dungeon Provincial Park - Bonavista
- Gooseberry Cove Provincial Park - Placentia
Provincial Park Reserves
The provincial park reserves protect significant natural features or landscapes, and provide no day use or camping facilities. Many of these parks are the remaining landmass of former provincial parks privatized in 1995 or 1997, excluding campground space leased or sold to private operators or closed.
- Bellevue Beach Provincial Park Reserve - Bellevue
- Duley Lake Provincial Park Reserve - Labrador City
- Fitzgeralds Pond Provincial Park Reserve - Dunville, NL
- Flatwater Pond Provincial Park Reserve - Baie Verte
- Grand Codroy Provincial Park Reserve - Doyles
- Grand Lake Provincial Park Reserve - Goose Bay
- Jack's Pond Provincial Park Reserve - Arnold's Cove
- Jipujijkuek Kuespem Provincial Park Reserve - Morrisville
- Jonathan's Pond Provincial Park Reserve - Gander
- Marine Drive Provincial Park Reserve - Pouch Cove
- Windmill Bight Provincial Park Reserve - Lumsden
Wilderness and Ecological Reserves
These provincial reserves are intended to protect wilderness areas and wildlife habitat. They were created under the terms of the Wilderness and Ecological Reserves Act (WER Act) of 1980. With the exception of Burnt Cape, Cape St. Mary's, Mistaken Point and Witless Bay, these areas contain few facilities and provide limited access to the public.
- Avalon Wilderness Reserve
- Baccalieu Island Ecological Reserve
- Bay du Nord Wilderness Reserve
- Burnt Cape Ecological Reserve
- Cape St. Mary's Ecological Reserve
- Fortune Head Ecological Reserve
- Funk Island Ecological Reserve
- Gannet Islands Ecological Reserve
- Hare Bay Islands Ecological Reserve
- Hawke Hill Ecological Reserve
- King George IV Ecological Reserve
- Little Grand Lake Provisional Ecological Reserve
- Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve
- Redfir Lake - Kapitagas Channel Ecological Reserve
- Table Point Ecological Reserve
- Watts Point Ecological Reserve
- West Brook Ecological Reserve
- Witless Bay Ecological Reserve
Between 1995 and 1997, due to rising debt, the provincial government embarked on a program to reduce expenses in the Parks and Recreation system by privatizing a number of Provincial Parks and Natural and Scenic Attractions. This policy was controversial and was still being referenced negatively in debates in the Provincial House of Assembly as late as 2004.
The privatization initiative was intended to retain the level of parks and recreational areas available to residents of and tourists in the province, while reducing the expense to the provincial government. It is unclear how successful this was, as at least of some of the privatized properties were no longer operating as of 2001.
Parks Privatized or Closed (1997)
These parks and natural scenic attractions were privatized or closed in a second privatization initiative in 1997.
- Backside Pond Provincial Park - Trinity Bay
- Beothuck Provincial Park - Grand Falls-Windsor; privately owned and operating as of 2007.
- Catamaran Provincial Park - Badger; privately owned and operating as of 2011.
- David Smallwood Provincial Park - Gambo
- Flatwater Pond Provincial Park - Baie Verte
- Gushues Pond Provincial Park - Conception Bay; privately owned and operating as of 2011.
- Indian River Provincial Park - Springdale; known to be abandoned as of 2013.
- Northern Bay Sands - Northern Bay, Conception Bay
- Piccadilly Head Provincial Park - Port au Port
- River of Ponds Provincial Park - River of Ponds
- Sop's Arm Provincial Park - White Bay
- Square Pond Provincial Park - Gambo; privately owned and operating as of 2011.
Natural and Scenic Attractions:
- Eastport North - Glovertown
- Middle Cove - St. John's
- Pearson's Peak - Grand Falls-Windsor
- Point au Mal - Stephenville
- Point la Haye - Trepassey
- Salmon Cove Sands - Salmon Cove, Conception Bay
- Topsail Beach - St. John's
Parks Privatized or Closed (1995)
These 29 parks were apparently privatized or closed in an initial privatization initiative in 1995.
- Blue Ponds Provincial Park - Corner Brook; privately owned and operating as an RV park as of 2013.
- Cochrane Pond Provincial Park - Manuels; privately owned and operating as of 2013.
- Crabbes River Provincial Park - Crabbes River; privately owned and operating as an RV park as of 2013.
- Freshwater Pond Provincial Park - Marystown
- Holyrood Pond Provincial Park - St. Mary's Bay
- Jipujijkuek Kuespem Provincial Park (formerly Little River Provincial Park) - Morrisville
- Mary March Provincial Park - Buchans
- Mummichog Provincial Park - Channel-Port aux Basques
- Pipers Hole River Provincial Park - Swift Current; known to be abandoned by 2008.
Natural and Scenic Attractions and Outdoor Recreation Parks:
- Aspen Brook Provincial Park - Grand Falls-Windsor
- Black Bank Provincial Park - Barachois Brook
- Bottle Cove Provincial Park - Corner Brook
- Dog Bay Pond Provincial Park - Summerford
- Father Duffy's Well Provincial Park - Salmonier
- Glenwood Provincial Park - Gander
- French Islands Provincial Park - Burin
- Indian Cove Neck Provincial Park - Lewisporte
- Jiggin' Head Provincial Park - Summerville
- Maberly Provincial Park - Bonavista
- Northeast Arm Provincial Park - Glovertown
- Otter Bay Provincial Park - Channel-Port aux Basques
- Pasadena Beach Provincial Park - Pasadena
- Pearson's Peak Provincial Park - Grand Falls-Windsor
- Rattle Falls Provincial Park - Summerville
- Smith Sound Provincial Park - Clarenville
- South West Pond Provincial Park - Salmonier
- Stag Lake Provincial Park - Corner Brook
- Thorburn Lake Provincial Park - Clarenville
- Three Mile Lake Provincial Park - Port au Choix
- "Provincial Park Reserves". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation (Parks and Natural Areas Division). Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Wilderness and Ecological Reserves". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Conservation (Parks and Natural Areas Division). Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- "April 27, 2004 HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY PROCEEDINGS Vol. XLV No. 2". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Hansard). 2004-04-27. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
- "April 30, 2001 HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY PROCEEDINGS Vol. XLIV No. 17". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Hansard). 2001-04-30. Retrieved 2007-10-20.
- "Sad end to the story". The Telegram. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 1 Sep 2011.
- "Parks Properties Offering Business Opportunities in Rural Newfoundland". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Tourism, Culture and Recreation). 1997-02-27. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Catamaran Park". Catamaran Park. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 1 Sep 2011.
- "Gushue's Pond Park Family Campground". Gushue's Pond Park. May 2011. Retrieved 1 Sep 2011.
- "Square Pond Friends and Family RV Park". Square Pond Park. May 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- Government of Newfoundland and Labrador - Parks & Natural Areas Division