List of protected areas of Alberta
|Provincial Parks||76||2,214 km2 (855 sq mi)|
|Wildland Provincial Parks||31||17,314 km2 (6,685 sq mi)|
|Provincial Recreation Areas||208||899 km2 (347 sq mi)|
|Wilderness Areas||3||1,010 km2 (390 sq mi)|
|Ecological Reserves||15||268 km2 (103 sq mi)|
|Natural Areas||139||1,299 km2 (502 sq mi)|
|Heritage Rangelands||2||120 km2 (46 sq mi)|
|National Parks||5||63,045 km2 (24,342 sq mi)|
|Total||476||90,747 km2 (35,038 sq mi)|
This is a list of protected areas of Alberta. Protected areas are managed by the Government of Canada or the Government of Alberta. The provincial government owns 60% of Alberta's landmass but most of this has not been formally protected. The total protected area throughout Alberta including federal and provincial protected areas is approximately 90,700 km2 (35,000 sq mi).
- Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks (shared with British Columbia)
- Dinosaur Provincial Park
- Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
- Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park (shared with Montana, United States)
- Wood Buffalo National Park (shared with Northwest Territories)
- Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park
Federally protected areas
Five National Parks of Canada (Banff, Elk Island, Jasper, Waterton Lakes and Wood Buffalo), managed by Parks Canada are located in the province. Several former national parks (such Buffalo National Park, Wawaskesy National Park, and Nemiskam National Park) formerly existed in Alberta, but were delisted in 1947.
There are several National Historic Sites of Canada in Alberta, but only two are operated by Parks Canada: Rocky Mountain House, which features an indoor interpretation centre and year-round in-person interpretation, and Frog Lake which has only outdoor interpretive panels to mark the site.
Provincially protected areas
There are several different departments and agencies that deal with land use in Alberta, however Alberta's provincial parks are managed by the Government of Alberta's Alberta's Ministry of Environment and Parks Parks Division whose mandate is to protect the province's natural landscapes in Alberta. The government has divided these natural areas into seven categories, provincial parks being one. These categories are:
- Ecological reserves
- Wilderness areas
- Wildland provincial parks
- Provincial parks
- Natural areas
- Heritage rangelands
- Provincial recreation areas
As of 2016[update], the province of Alberta managed 76 provincial parks, 32 wildland provincial parks, 208 provincial recreation areas, 15 ecological reserves, 3 wilderness areas, 139 natural areas and 2 heritage rangeland. Although these areas are the responsibility of the Alberta government, private companies have been contracted to handle various aspects of the operation of many parks (e.g. maintenance and campground operation).
List of wilderness areas
Wilderness areas have the strictest level of protection, no development of any kind is permitted, and travel is only permitted by foot.
- Ghost River Wilderness Area
- Siffleur Wilderness Area
- White Goat Wilderness Area
- Willmore Wilderness Park
List of provincial parks
- Birch Mountains Wildland (wildland)
- Caribou Mountains Wildland Park (wildland)
- Chinchaga Wildland Park (wildland)
- Dillon River Wildland Park (wildland)
- Fidler-Greywillow Wildland Park (wildland)
- Gipsy-Gordon Wildland Park (wildland)
- Hay-Zama Lakes (wildland)
- Kakwa Wildlands Park (wildland)
- Kananaskis Country (not a park but a provincially run tract of land containing several parks)
- Kazan Wildland Park (wildland)
- Richardson Wildland Park (wildland)
Other provincial lands
Approximately 60% of land in Alberta is public land owned by the Alberta government. For administrative purposes, the province is divided into two broad land use areas: the Green Area (forested land, almost entirely provincially owned) and the White Area (other). The Rocky Mountains Forest Reserve was created by the Forest Reserves Act of 1964. There are also 32 provincial grazing reserves located throughout Alberta. They are administered by Alberta Sustainable Resource Development.
- List of Canadian provincial parks
- List of provincial parks in Alberta
- List of National Parks of Canada
- Buffalo National Park (delisted national park)
- Alberta Sustainable Resource Development. "Provincial Grazing Reserves". Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
- "Land Reference Manual". Alberta Parks. Government of Alberta. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- About Alberta's Parks - AlbertaParks.ca Archived 2009-12-27 at the Wayback Machine
- "O.C. 455/2014". Government of Alberta. December 4, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "O.C. 22/2017". Government of Alberta. January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 21, 2017.
-  Archived March 12, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived September 13, 2004, at the Wayback Machine