List of shipwrecks in July 1863

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The list of shipwrecks in July 1863 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during July 1863.

July 1863
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31 Unknown date

2 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Anna F. Schmidt  United States American Civil War: The 784-ton ship, with a cargo of clothes, medicines, clocks, sewing machines, and an invention for killing bed bugs, was captured and burned in the South Atlantic Ocean at 25°27′S 37°56′W / 25.450°S 37.933°W / -25.450; -37.933 (Anna F. Schmidt) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[1][2][3]

3 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Unidentified sloop  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop was destroyed at Cumberland, Virginia, by the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Commodore Morris ( United States Navy).[4]

4 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Two unidentified schooners  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Fleeing the approaching gunboat USS Sciota ( United States Navy), the two schooners, carrying cargoes of cotton, grounded on the coast of Texas in Corpus Christi Bay and were burned by boat crews from Sciota.[5]

5 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Judah Touro  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 332-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned at Shreveport, Louisiana, to prevent her capture by Union forces.[6]

6 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Express  United States American Civil War: The 1,072-ton full-rigged ship, sailing from Callao, Peru, to Antwerp, Belgium, with a cargo of guano, was captured and burned in the South Atlantic Ocean off Brazil at 28°28′S 30°07′W / 28.467°S 30.117°W / -28.467; -30.117 (Express) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[1][2][7]
Pride of the Yarra United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The steamer, bearing 50 passengers from Port Chalmers to Dunedin who had just arrived in the colony from Great Britain, collided with the paddle steamer Favourite near Sawyers Bay. The Pride of the Yarra was heavily holed and sank quickly. Twelve lives were lost, including Rev. Thomas Campbell, newly appointed rector of Otago Boys' High School, and his entire family.[8]

7 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Alice Dean  United States American Civil War: The 411-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was captured on the Ohio River at Brandenburg, Kentucky, by troops under the command of John Hunt Morgan ( Confederate States Army) aboard the captured John T. McCombs ( United States). They burned Alice Dean near the Indiana bank of the river between Mauckport and Morvin's Landing.[9]

8 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Constitution  United States American Civil War: The bark, captured in the Atlantic Ocean by the merchant raider CSS Georgia ( Confederate States Navy) on 25 June on the 48th day of a voyage from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Shanghai, China, with a cargo of coal, was used for target practice by Georgia′s gunners, set alight, and destroyed by the resulting fire.[10][11][12][13]
Rienzi  United States American Civil War: The whaler, a schooner returning from a whaling expedition to the South Pacific Ocean carrying a cargo of whale oil, was captured and burned in the Atlantic Ocean within 50 miles (81 km) of New York City by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[14][2][15]
William B. Nash  United States American Civil War: The brig, carrying a cargo of lard, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off New York City by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[14][2][16]

10 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Enoch Dean  United States American Civil War: Carrying African-Americans for the Freedmen's Bureau, the transport struck piles, ran aground, and was burned at Willstown Bluff on the Pon Pon River in Georgia, more than 30 miles (48 km) from the river′s mouth.[17]

12 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Kate  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer was forced aground at Smith's Island, North Carolina by the gunboat USS Penobscot ( United States Navy). The Confederates refloated her on 31 July and moved her to New Inlet, North Carolina, but abandoned her when U.S. Navy ships approached.[2]

13 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 July 1863
Ship Country Description
USS Baron DeKalb  United States Navy American Civil War: The City-class ironclad gunboat was sunk by a Confederate mine without loss of life in the Yazoo River 1 or 2 miles (1.6 to 3.2 km) below Yazoo City, Mississippi.[2][18]
CSS Edward J. Gay  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 823-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned and scuttled as a blockship by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River at the mouth of the Yalobusha River near Yazoo City, Mississippi, both to obstruct the Yalobusha and to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][19][20]
Manigault  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Hit by Union artillery the previous day, suffering one killed and boiler damage, the steam scow was burned by Union forces in Charleston Harbor off Charleston, South Carolina, at either James Island or Morris Island.[21]
Thomas Scott  United States The 149-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Ohio River above Warsaw, Kentucky.[22]
Two unidentified steamers  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The two steamers – possibly Fort Hindman and James Thompson – were burned in the Little Red River in Louisiana by the sidewheel gunboats USS Manitou and USS Rattler (both  United States Navy).[23]

14 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Electra  United States The 348-ton whaling ship was wrecked on Nunivak Island in the Bering Sea. (Some reports place her loss in the Aleutian Islands on either Ugamak Island or Unimak Island.)[24]
CSS Magnolia  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 824-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate forces on the Yazoo River 4 to 5 miles (6.5 to 8 km) above Yazoo City, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by approaching United States Navy gunboats.[2][25][26]
CSS Mary E. Keene  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 659-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled by Confederate forces in Mississippi at the foot of French Bend in the Yazoo River either near Yazoo City or 2 miles (3.2 km) below Greenwood to prevent her capture by approaching United States Navy gunboats. Union forces burned the portion of the wreck above the waterline on 24 July.[2][27][28]
CSS Peytona  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 685-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned and scuttled by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River at Eureka Landing near Satartia, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by United States Navy gunboats.[2][29][30]
CSS Prince of Wales  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 572-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate forces on the Yazoo River opposite Andrews Landing near Yazoo City, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by United States Navy gunboats.[2][31][30]
USS Sciota  United States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat collided with the screw steamer USS Antona ( United States Navy) on the Mississippi River in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, about 8 miles (13 km) above Quarantine Station and sank. She was refloated in late August, repaired, and returned to service.

17 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Arcadia  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 343-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled and burned by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River in Mississippi about a mile (1.6 km) below the mouth of the Yalobusha River or about a mile (1.6 km) below Greenwood to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][32]
Ferd Kennet (or Fred Kennett)  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 591-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned and scuttled by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River at the mouth of the Yalobusha River near Yazoo City, Mississippi, both to obstruct the Yalobusha and to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][33][20]

18 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 July 1863
Ship Country Description
George Peabody  United States American Civil War: The ship was aground at Mathias Point, Virginia.[2]
Hartford City  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The steamboat was burned by Confederate forces on either the Tallahatchie or Yazoo River in Mississippi to prevent her capture by Union forces.[34]

19 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Raccoon  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The crew of the 159-register ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran her aground on Drunken Dick Shoal near Moultrie House on the coast of South Carolina, after the screw sloop-of-war USS Canandaigua ( United States Navy) intercepted her as she tried to run the Union blockade from Nassau in the Bahamas into Charleston, South Carolina, with a cargo of lead. The broadside ironclad USS New Ironsides ( United States Navy) shelled her. Raccoon′s crew burned her on 20 July to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][35]

20 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Colonel Hill  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The steamer was boarded and burned on the Tar River near Tarboro, North Carolina, by men of the 12th New York Cavalry Regiment ( Union Army).[36][37]
Governor Morehead  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sternwheel paddle steamer was destroyed by Union Army forces in North Carolina in the vicinity of the Neuse and Pamlico Rivers or on the Tar River at Tarboro (sources disagree).[38][37]
Unnamed ironclad  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The incomplete ironclad warship, known informally as the "Tar River Ironclad," was captured and destroyed by the 3rd New York Cavalry Regiment ( Union Army) while still on the building ways at Tarboro, North Carolina.[39]

21 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Revenge  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 20-ton schooner, carrying a cargo of sugar, hides, and mineral salts, was captured and destroyed at Sabine Pass in Louisiana several miles above the Calcasieu Pass Bar by boat crews from the gunboats USS Cayuga and USS Owasco (both  United States Navy).[2][40]

25 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Boston  United States The 395-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned at Moore′s Bar on the Ohio River near Portsmouth, Ohio.[9]
H. D. Mears (or Meares)  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 338-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled by Confederate forces in the Sunflower River near Yazoo City, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by United States Navy forces.[2][41][42]

27 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Montézuma  French Navy The paddle frigate was wrecked. Her wreck was burnt on 10 September.[43][44]

28 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Paris  United Kingdom The paddle steamer was approaching Saint Helier harbour on Jersey in the Channel Islands at the end of a voyage from Saint-Malo, France, with 24 passengers and 12 tons of cargo, chiefly butter and eggs, aboard under the control of a pilotwhen she struck on a rock known as Grune Vaudin. The engines were immediately stopped and at once set for astern and the lifeboats were ordered lowered. Ten minutes after the vessel struck, she went down in 30 feet (9.1 meters) of water.[45][46]
Unidentified vessels  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Various vessels were destroyed at New Smyrna, Florida, by the schooner USS Beauregard, the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Oleander, and boats from the schooner USS Para and the gunboat USS Sagamore (all  United States Navy).

29 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 July 1863
Ship Country Description
Acacia United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The barque was wrecked on the bar at the mouth of the Hokianga Harbour. All hands were saved.[47]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date July 1863
Ship Country Description
Ben McCulloch  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on Tchula Lake in Mississippi by Confederate States Army cavalry to prevent her capture by Union forces.[48]
CSS Hart  Confederate States Army American Civil War: Scuttled in Grand Lake in the vicinity of Camp Bisland on Bayou Teche in Louisiana on 14 April 1863 to prevent her capture by Union forces, the 175-ton ironclad sidewheel paddle steamer had almost been refloated by Confederate forces when she was scuttled again upon the appearance of U.S. Navy gunboats.[49][50]
Cotton Plant  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on the Tallhatchie River in Mississippi to prevent her capture by Union forces.[51]
Flying Fish United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The schooner sailed from Napier, New Zealand, for Auckland on 8 July with six people on board, and was not sighted again.[47]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Alabama. 1862-1864. Captain Raphael Semmes"
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q usnlp.org Navy Chronology of the Civil War, July-December 1863
  3. ^ Gaines, p. 12.
  4. ^ Gaines, p. 193.
  5. ^ Gaines, p. 172.
  6. ^ Gaines, p. 68.
  7. ^ Gaines, p. 23.
  8. ^ Ingram & Wheatley, pp. 90–91.
  9. ^ a b Gaines, p. 134.
  10. ^ usnlp.org Navy Chronology of the Civil War, January-June 1863
  11. ^ Gaines, p. 13.
  12. ^ Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Georgia. 1863. Captain William Lewis Maury"
  13. ^ wrecksite.eu SV Constitution (+1863)
  14. ^ a b Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Florida. 1862-1863. Captain John Newland Maffitt. CSS Florida. 1864. Captain Charles M. Morris"
  15. ^ Gaines, p. 101.
  16. ^ Gaines, p. 110.
  17. ^ Gaines, p. 47.
  18. ^ Gaines, pp. 82-83.
  19. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Edward J. Gay
  20. ^ a b Gaines, p. 84.
  21. ^ Gaines, p. 151.
  22. ^ Gaines, p. 137.
  23. ^ Gaines, p. 76.
  24. ^ alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (E)
  25. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Magnolia
  26. ^ Gaines, p. 86.
  27. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Mary E
  28. ^ Gaines, p. 87.
  29. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Peytona
  30. ^ a b Gaines, p. 88.
  31. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Prince of Wales
  32. ^ Gaines, p. 82.
  33. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Ferd Kennet
  34. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Hartford City
  35. ^ Gaines p. 154.
  36. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Colonel Hill
  37. ^ a b Gaines, p. 116.
  38. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Governor Morehead
  39. ^ Gaines, p. 132
  40. ^ Gaines, p. 73.
  41. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: H. D. Mears
  42. ^ Gaines, p. 85.
  43. ^ wrecksite.eu SMS Undine (+1884)
  44. ^ Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, New York: Mayflower Books, 1979, ISBN 0-8317-0302-4, p. 285.].
  45. ^ "PSS Paris [+1863]". wrecksite.eu.
  46. ^ YvesDufiel (2008). Dictionnaire des naufrages dans la Manche.
  47. ^ a b Ingram & Wheatley, p. 91.
  48. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Ben McCulloch
  49. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Hart
  50. ^ Gaines, p. 66.
  51. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Cotton Plant

Bibliography[edit]


Ship events in 1863
Ship launches: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Ship commissionings: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Ship decommissionings: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Shipwrecks: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868